Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 21, 2004
Researchers discover 'hole' in global warming predictions
In the central United States, temperatures may not rise as high in the future, scientists from Saint Louis University and Iowa State University say.

Walking associated with reduced risk of dementia in older men
Older men who walked the least in a comparison group had nearly twice the risk for dementia compared to men who walked the most, according to a study in the September 22/29 issue of JAMA.

Moore Foundation awards $2.38 million for supernova research
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation of San Francisco has awarded $2,377,000 to the University of California at Berkeley's Space Sciences Laboratory, in support of the Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory).

October 4th conference to examine issues in race and genetics
The Congressional Black Caucus and The Johns Hopkins University will host a meeting of African American leaders to examine issues in race and genetics on October 4 from 9 a.m. until 5:30 p.m., at the Marriott At Metro Center, 775 12th Street NW, Washington, DC.

Health of world's sea lions the focus of Wakefield Symposium
More than 100 scientists who study the world's sea lions, including dozens who study the decline of Alaska's Steller sea lions, will gather in Anchorage, Alaska, from September 30 to October 3, 2004, for the 22nd Lowell Wakefield Fisheries Symposium.

Automated system delivers packages and profits
An automated packaging system for large items controlled by an advanced vision system delivers environmental benefits and a predicted 30% increase in the lead partner's turnover.

Antarctic glaciers accelerating in response to 2002 ice sheet collapse
Glaciers in Antarctica's most rapidly warming region have quickened their pace following the collapse of a Delaware-sized ice shelf in March 2002, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado at Boulder and a related study by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Termites could hold the key to self-sufficient buildings
Mounds built by highly-evolved African termites could inspire new types of building that are self-sufficient, environmentally friendly and cheap to run.

AAAS expert panel calls for voter-system research and reform
A panel of top experts on election technology and administration warned Tuesday that the American system of voting is broadly vulnerable to error and abuse, and called for a crash-course of study and reform to make results more reliable and to promote better access by voters, especially those who have historically encountered serious impediments to exercising their right to vote.

Virginia Tech supercomputer lead designer named one of 100 Top Young Innovators
Srinidhi Varadarajan, director of Virginia Tech's Terascale Computing Facility, has been named to the 2004 list of the world's 100 Top Young Innovators by Technology Review, MIT's Magazine of Innovation.

Glaciers surge when ice shelf breaks up
For the first time NASA, Canadian, and European satellites observed profound increases in the flow of glaciers into the open ocean, following the dramatic breakup of ice shelves two years ago in the Antarctic Peninsula.

Mediterranean diet and healthy lifestyle associated with significant reduction in death rate
Individuals 70 to 90 years old who adhered to a Mediterranean-type diet and several healthy lifestyle habits had a more than 50 percent lower death rate than those who did not, according to a study in the September 22/29 issue of JAMA.

Milk genome symposium
UC Davis researchers from fields including food science, nutrition, animal science and applied science will be among the invited speakers at the International Symposium on the Milk Genome & Human Health.

What genesis solar particles can tell us
The recent crash of NASA's Genesis space probe may have looked like bad news for scientists, but its cargo of particles captured from the sun should still yield useful information, according to Qing-Zhu Yin, a planetary scientist at UC Davis.

The book opens on the first tree genome
An international consortium including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Genome Canada, and the Umeå Plant Science Centre in Sweden, has released the first complete DNA sequence of a tree, Populus trichocarpa, the Black Cottonwood or poplar, one member of the most ecologically and commercially valuable group of trees in North America.

Abstract poster contest finalists announced
Six finalists were announced in the poster competition at the annual Environmental and Subsurface Science Symposium, hosted by the Inland Northwest Research Alliance (INRA).

Cancer Vaccines 2004: A Report from the World
New findings in the development of cancer vaccines from the USA, Australia, Europe and Japan will be presented as part of the International Cancer Immunotherapy Symposia Series.

Experimental drug shown to block mutant protein causing blood disease
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital have prolonged the lives of mice with a rare blood disorder by using an experimental drug that blocks signals promoting runaway growth of blood cells.

Researchers find troubling offshoot of schizophrenia
New research from the University of Alberta shows that most of the support programs available for family members of schizophrenics are geared towards adults--the siblings, parents, or spouses of individuals with schizophrenia--and the children are overlooked.

Northeastern University receives $12.4 million NSF grant for creation of nanomanufacturing institute
The National Science Foundation today announced a $12.4 million grant for a new nanoscale science and engineering center to be headquartered at Northeastern.

Space-tech at the Paralympics
At the 2004 Paralympics this week, Wojtek Czyz, the world record holder for long jump, will be trusting in space technology and expertise to help him win his first Olympic medal.

Androgen loss may lead to Alzheimer's
Decreased testosterone levels in aging men may lead to Alzheimer's disease, according to a new USC study.

Key cell-death step found
A fundamental cellular event related to programmed cell death has been decoded by cell biologists at UC Davis and Johns Hopkins University.

NSF awards 22 new projects for plant genome research
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has made 22 new awards as part of the seventh year of its Plant Genome Research Program (PGRP).

AIBS tapped to coordinate design of ecological observatories
The American Institute of Biological Sciences has entered into a 2-year agreement with the National Science Foundation to coordinate the creation of a blueprint and plan for the National Ecological Observatory Network.

DuPont scientist named one of the world's top young innovators by MIT's 'Technology Review' Magazine
DuPont scientist Dr. Maria Petrucci-Samija has been named to the 2004 list of the world's 100 Top Young Innovators by Technology Review, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's (MIT) Magazine of Innovation.

$2.7 million grant to support creation of virtual zebrafish atlas
An inch-long tropical fish will enjoy improved global exposure thanks to a five-year, $2.7 million grant from the National Center for Research Resources-National Institutes of Health (NIH) awarded to Keith Cheng, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of pathology, Penn State College of Medicine.

Walking may protect elderly men from dementia, new study by U. Va. researcher shows
A new study released by the University of Virginia Health System, and published in the Journal of the American Medical Association links walking to a decreased risk of not only physical illness, but mental as well.

Uncertain Vision: Birt, Dyke and the Reinvention of the BBC
The BBC is the world's most famous and powerful cultural institution.

Survive and conquer with Wiley Survival Guides
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., announces the launch of the Wiley Survival Guides--a new series of challenging and illuminating books that will enable both the professional and layperson to triumph in the fields of engineering and science.

Menopause: What makes some cope better than others?
Why do some women pass through menopause with barely a hot flush or mood swing whilst others are stuck on a hormonal roller coaster?

NSF announces two cybersecurity centers to study internet epidemiology and 'ecology'
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has announced 33 new projects from its $30 million Cyber Trust program, including two new cybersecurity research centers that will focus on eliminating plagues of Internet worms and viruses and on building better security defenses through a deeper understanding of Internet

Physical activity, including walking, associated with better mental functioning in older women
Women aged 70 years and older who participated in higher levels of physical activity scored better on cognitive performance tests and showed less cognitive decline than women who were less active, according to an article in the September 22/29 issue of JAMA.

California scientists wage joint war on Internet plagues
The NSF has awarded $6.2 million to UC San Diego and the UC Berkeley-affiliated International Computer Science Institute for the creation of a new Center for Internet Epidemiology and Defenses (CIED), one of two new centers funded through NSF's Cyber Trust program.

NSF and AIBS sign cooperative agreement for NEON project office
The scientific community's effort to create a National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) enters a new phase today.

UAF scientists discover new marine habitat in Alaska
While researchers in Alaska this summer used high-tech submersibles and huge ships to plumb the deep-ocean depths in search of new species, a team of scuba diving scientists working from an Alaska fishing boat has discovered an entirely new marine habitat just a stone's throw from shore.

Nuclear power helps protect Japan from high oil prices
Nuclear power contributes to Japan's energy security by reducing the economic impact of an oil price shock.

UIC unveils world's most powerful MRI for decoding the human brain
The University of Illinois at Chicago unveiled today the world's most powerful magnetic resonance imaging machine for human studies, capable of imaging not just the anatomy but metabolism within the brain.

Scientific forum addresses menstrual cycle as vital sign
Leading health experts define menstrual cycle as critical indicator of women's overall health at this scientific forum.

University of Maryland School of Medicine scientist receives prestigious presidential award
Steven D. Munger, PhD, assistant professor of Anatomy and Neurobiology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine has received the 2003 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

Study explores gene transfer to modify underlying course of Alzheimer's disease
Investigators at Rush University Medical Center have successfully initiated a new technique that uses gene therapy to deliver nerve growth factor into regions of the brain where neurons are degenerating, in order to prevent cell death and reverse cell atrophy, two hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease.

Mediterranean diet may be effective in reducing metabolic syndrome and associated symptoms
In a study in the September 22/29 issue of JAMA, Katherine Esposito, M.D., of the Second University of Naples, Italy, and colleagues demonstrated that a Mediterranean-style diet had beneficial effects on endothelial (a layer of flat cells lining the closed internal spaces of the body, including the blood vessels) function and in reducing vascular inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndrome.

Rice bioengineer named to Technology Review's TR100
Rice University bioengineer Rebekah Drezek has been named to the 2004 list of the world's 100 Top Young Innovators by MIT's Technology Review magazine.

Environmental issues center of Inland Northwest Research Alliance 4th Annual Symposium
The former Secretary of Interior, Bruce Babbitt, addressed the importance of science and how it relates to politics within the Pacific Northwest and the U.S., during the opening session of the fourth annual Inland Northwest Research Alliance Environmental and Subsurface Science Symposium in Spokane, WA.

High speed space-tech cooling creates new era in cosmetics
Cool your product from 22º C to 2º C in just two minutes with no electricity, simply by 100% natural evaporation, using an advanced simulation technique from Europe's Ariane launcher.

Certain genes boost fish oils' protection against breast cancer
Researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California and the National University of Singapore who found that fish oils appear to reduce breast cancer risk have now discovered that the oils may especially benefit women with particular genetic makeups.

Study endorses wood as 'green' building material
A new report concludes that wood is one of the most environmentally-sensitive building materials for home construction - it uses less overall energy than other products, causes fewer air and water impacts and does a better job of the carbon

Georgetown to open Center for Trauma and the Community
Georgetown University Medical Center today celebrated the official opening of the Georgetown Center for Trauma and the Community, a collaborative research initiative focused on developing effective mental health treatment in primary care settings for low-income women and their families.
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