Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 28, 2004
Far more men than women favor routine paternity testing at birth
Substantially more men than women favor routine paternity testing when a baby is born, according to a recent University of Washington survey, but the surprise to researchers is that the percentage of men favoring such testing wasn't higher.

Researchers find signs of grain milling, baking 23,000 years ago
Archaeologists have found strong evidence that wheat and barley were refined into cereals 23,000 years ago, suggesting that humans were processing grains long before hunter-gatherer societies developed agriculture.

Gene clusters predict atherosclerosis severity, susceptibility
Duke University Medical Center researchers have identified specific clusters of genes within human aortas that appear to predict with great specificity which patients may be at highest risk for developing atherosclerosis, as well as the severity of the disease.

Bush nominates NJIT space explorer Louis Lanzerotti to NSF governing board
President George W. Bush has nominated Louis J. Lanzerotti, PhD, distinguished professor of physics at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), to serve on the National Science Board (NSB), the 24-member governing body of the National Science Foundation (NSF).

UCSF scientist Joe Derisi named MaCarthur Fellow
Joseph DeRisi, PhD, of UCSF, has been named a 2004 MacArthur Fellow, one of the highest honors bestowed on an individual in the United States.

Study: Emission of smog ingredients from trees is increasing rapidly
Changes in U.S. forests caused by shifts in land use practices may have inadvertently worsened ozone pollution, according to a study led by Princeton University scientists.

Mathematical analysis: It may not be possible to create 'perfect lens'
Researchers at Purdue University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have completed a mathematical analysis showing that it isn't quite possible to build a so-called

Giving computers the jitters helps explain human behavior
Penn State researchers have developed a computer program that mimics the results when a human appraises a task as threatening and feels worried before starting.

Climate change a focus of new NSF-supported research on how decisions are made in a world
Five interdisciplinary research teams will share some $25 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) over the next five years to study important aspects of problems associated with understanding climate-related decisions under uncertainty.

Carnegie Mellon receives $6.9 million to create new climate center
Carnegie Mellon University's Department of Engineering and Public Policy will receive $6.9 million over the next five years from the U.S.

American Sociological Association announces Award for Excellence in Reporting of Social Issues
The American Sociological Association is pleased to announce the launch of an award for the media, the ASA Award for Excellence in the Reporting of Social Issues.

Winning combination to build bone density in children
Few studies have examined the interactive effects of calcium intake and activity, especially ones that differentiate between the types of activity that most positively affect bone density.

Supernova warning system will give astronomers earlier notice
A Supernova Early Warning System (SNEWS) that detects ghostlike neutrino particles that are the earliest emanations from the immense, explosive death throes of large stars will alert astronomers of the blasts before they can see the flash.

Good vibrations in the nanoworld
Accessing vibrational modes of molecular chains at the site of a specific atom in molecules is no longer a dream.

Depression also a problem in patients with Parkinson's
While Parkinson's disease typically brings to mind symptoms such as tremors and slow movement, researchers have found that nearly half of all Parkinson's patients also suffer from depression.

High resolution satellite imagery assists hunt for infectious 'kissing bugs'
In the midst of crammed slums in the Nicaraguan district of Matagalpa, aid workers are hunting house-to-house for hidden killers, their search guided by high-resolution satellite imagery supplied through an ESA-backed project.

MR imaging during brain surgery improves tumor removal
A specially adapted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner can help physicians remove brain tumors and all of the residual cancer during one surgical procedure, according to a study published in the October issue of the journal Radiology. Using intraoperative MR-guidance, surgical strategy was changed in one out of four cases.

New guideline evaluates treatments for postherpetic neuralgia
A new guideline from the American Academy of Neurology evaluates treatments for postherpetic neuralgia.

Searching the sources of mysterious particles from the universe
The H.E.S.S. Telescope system, a new scout to the high-energy universe, will be opened on September 28, 2004 in the vicinity of the Gamsberg/Namibia.

NJIT solar physicist publishes text about sun and space
A book exploring the sun and interplanetary space co-edited by, New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) Professor of Physics Dale Gary, PhD was released this past week.

Researchers use semiconductors to set speed limit on light
In a nod to scientific paradox, researchers at UC Berkeley have slowed light down in an effort to speed up network communication.

Food columnist wins top chemistry reporting award
Robert L. Wolke, a food columnist for the Washington Post, has been named the 2005 recipient of the American Chemical Society's James T.

Fuel cell celebrates one year
The University of Alaska Fairbanks and Fuel Cell Technologies of Kingston, Ontario, have announced that the five-kilowatt solid oxide fuel cell installed in Fairbanks has successfully passed the one-year field operational mark.

16 APS exercise research highlights, from reduced flu mortality to proteomics & obesity
Of 400 research presentations Oct. 6-9 at the APS
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