Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 06, 2004
New genetic tools provide clues to the effects of exercise and diet on obesity, diabetes
Children's National Medical Center researchers have described the molecular basis for the improvement in several CVD risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome and the importance of skeletal muscle in governing these changes.

Marine Biological Laboratory summer investigator wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced today that Avram Hershko, a summer researcher at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, had been awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
This issue of the Journal of Neuroscience contains: rescuing mice from spinocerebellar ataxia, and FGF and cortical laminar development.

Carnegie Mellon researchers challenge popular decision-making theory
Researchers in the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University have completed a study challenging a popular theory that claims bodily states can guide decision-making when conscious knowledge isn't available.

NIH awards Emory and Georgia Tech $10 million for partnerships in cancer nanotechnology
The NIH has awarded scientists from Emory University and the Georgia Institute of Technology two new collaborative research grants to establish a multidisciplinary research program in cancer nanotechnology and to develop a new class of nanoparticles for molecular and cellular imaging.

Bovine genome sequence available
The first draft of the bovine genome sequence is now freely available to biomedical and agricultural researchers around the world.

One in 6 chronically ill adults skip Rx drugs due to cost
A nationally representative survey of older adults finds that 18 percent of those with chronic conditions such as heart disease and depression skip some of their prescription medicines because of out-of-pocket cost pressures, and 14 percent do so at least every month.

Next step to the quantum computer
Physicists from the University of Bonn have succeeded in taking a decisive step forward towards processing quantum information with neutral atoms: They managed to set up a quantum register experimentally.

Livermore scientists predict novel melt curve of hydrogen
Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have discovered a new melt curve of hydrogen, resulting in the possible existence of a novel superfluid - a brand new state of matter.

$12.5 million in subcontracts awarded for fusion experiment at Princeton
The US Department of Energy's (USDOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has awarded two subcontracts for the fabrication of major components for the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX), now under construction at the Laboratory.

Astronomers tackle 400-year-old heavenly mystery
On Oct. 9, 1604, sky watchers were startled by the sudden appearance in the western sky of a

For some TV apparel shoppers, program hosts may help lead to impulse buys
For people who buy clothing on television shopping channels, the hosts of the programs may play a significant role in leading them to make purchases.

Chest 2004 hosts world experts in pulmonary, sleep, and critical care medicine
Cardiopulmonary, sleep, and critical care experts from around the world will present the latest research related to clinical chest medicine during CHEST 2004, the multidisciplinary world congress on diseases of the chest, held October 23-28, in Seattle, WA.

Democrats or Republicans: Who is better for physical science?
Will a Democratic or a Republican administration be better for the physical sciences?

Vein camera keeps injections on target
An invention that projects a ghoulish image of a patient's veins onto their skin, could save the pain of botched attempts to pierce a suitable vein for an injection or blood test.

$5 million grant awarded to U.VA health system targets leukemia drug development, creates new jobs
A research team at the University of Virginia Health System has been awarded a five-year, $5 million grant to develop new targeted drug treatments for leukemia, or cancer of the blood.

Biologists ID molecular block for social 'cheaters'
Research appearing in the Oct. 7 issue of the journal Nature describes how evolutionary biologists and geneticists at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine isolated a genetic mechanism that counters competitive pressures and stabilizes cooperation.

$25 million funds health promotion studies at UT School of Public Health
University of Texas Prevention Research Center, part of the University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston, will receive nearly $25 million in federal funds over the next five years to continue programs aimed at helping children and adolescents establish healthy lifestyle behaviors and to improve cancer screening among adults.

Viruses found in untreated city water
Viruses from human sources occur in the La Crosse, Wisconsin municipal drinking water supply prior to its chlorination, according to a study published today in the scientific journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Brain circuit may permit scientists to eavesdrop on memory formation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have identified a circuit in the brain that appears crucial in converting short-term memories into long-term memories.

After flu exposure, mild exercise protects mature mice from dying
University of Illinois researchers report that four consecutive days of moderate exercise in mice after they were infected with influenza protects them from dying, compared with mice that didn't exercise.

Endoscopic approach best for repairing bone defect between brain, nasal cavity
The best approach for repairing breaks in the thin bone that separates the brain from the nasal cavity is through the nasal cavity, according to an analysis of 92 patients who had this increasingly common approach to treating a fortunately rare problem.

Bugs in the gut could play key role in understanding human disease and drug toxicity
Understanding how microbes in the gut interact with the body could lead scientists and doctors to new a understanding and novel treatments for diseases say scientists from Imperial College London and Astra Zeneca.

The PSA bounce - Does it have clinical significance?
Using the largest known prostate cancer data set of patients treated solely with external-beam radiation in the U.S., radiation oncologists have examined the

Discovery of the oldest remains of a woman who died in childbirth
3,000 years ago, a woman of the Argaric culture went into a difficult labour with a badly positioned foetus.

Muscle-building hand-grips aid systolic blood pressure, carotid AD, endothelial function
A high-tech version of the muscle crowd's hand-grip has demonstrated the ability to lower blood pressure, improve the flexibility of the carotid artery and heighten vasoactive sensitivity in people taking medication for hypertension.

Primary instrument is delivered for ESA's CryoSat mission
Due for launch next spring, ESA's ice mission CryoSat marked an important milestone last week when the innovative SAR/Interferometric Radar Altimeter (SIRAL) instrument was delivered to the prime contractor Astruim GmbH for integration into the satellite.

CERN to host EnviroInfo 2004
On 21-23 October 2004, following a proposal from the administration of the Canton of Geneva, CERN will host the EnviroInfo 2004 Conference as part of the programme of events celebrating the Organization's 50th anniversary.

Bovine genome assembled
The first draft of the bovine genome sequence has been deposited into free public databases for use by biomedical and agricultural researchers around the globe, leaders of the Bovine Genome Sequencing Project announced today.

Sopping salts could reveal history of water on Mars
Epsom-like salts believed to be common on Mars may be a major source of water there, say geologists at Indiana University Bloomington and Los Alamos National Laboratory.

New EUREKA project doubles intermodal freight train capacity
EUREKA project E! 2388 LOGCHAIN MUSIC has doubled the existing intermodal freight train capacity and increased traffic volume from Norway, Sweden and Finland to Germany and the rest of Europe via an intermodal conveyor belt.

'Immediately open access' option for the leading journal Genome Research
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press announced today that authors of papers in its journal Genome Research can now choose to have their papers made freely available online immediately upon publication.

Old bones unearth new date for giant deer's last stand
A new investigation into extinctions caused by climate change has revealed that the giant deer, previously thought to have been wiped out by a cold spell 10,500 years ago, instead survived well into the modern era.

Irwin Rose wins 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Irwin Rose, a researcher in the UC Irvine College of Medicine, has been named a recipient of the 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Friction stir processing research center created
South Dakota Tech, and engineering and science university in Rapid City, S.D., has joined with Brigham Young University, the University of South Carolina, the University of Missouri- Rolla and more than 18 industry partners to create the first NSF I/UCRC and national research center to focus on friction stir processing.

New study will tackle three major killer diseases
Researchers from the University of Edinburgh are launching a new two-year study aimed at improving treatment for three of Scotland's most common life-threatening diseases: heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Clemson, mathematicians count on future
Turns out discrete math isn't discrete after all. In fact, it permeates everything from super-secret security networks to underground gambling networks.

Is Interleukin-6 the 'holy grail' of exercise mediation?
Interleukin-6 is a muscle-contraction-induced factor that mediates some of the exercise effects in other tissues and organs such as the liver and adipose tissue.

Bovine genome completed
Researchers will now have access to the bovine genome sequence as the first draft is made available to the public--an effort that will fortify the next several decades of cattle research, leaders of the $53-million Bovine Genome Sequencing Project announced today.

Obese women with early-stage breast cancer more likely to die than women of normal weight
Women who are obese when they are diagnosed with early-stage breast cancer are at a greater risk of dying of their disease than women of normal weight.

Study shows potential for Antarctic climate change
While Antarctica has mostly cooled over the last 30 years, the trend is likely to rapidly reverse, according to a computer model study by NASA researchers.

Scientific organizations unite to influence science policy and promote the ERC
On 25-26 October 2004, UNESCO will host a conference in Paris on the European Research Council (ERC), a new funding mechanism for basic research at the European level that should be funded through the EC Framework Programme.

A watch that's smarter than you?
In the not-so-distant future, your wristwatch could stop you if you try to run out the door without the necessities you need for the day, like your keys, wallet or cell phone.

Interactive health information system to detect Japanese encephalitis in Asia
Voxiva, Inc. and the international non-profit organization, PATH, are teaming to bring a public health solution to tracking a killer disease in Asia.

University of Edinburgh hosts European conference on childhood disability
Experts will gather in Edinburgh this week to examine research and best practice for children with disability and discuss how best to overcome the barriers they face in areas such as learning and mobility.

Researchers find chemosignal that encourages women's sexual desire
Breastfeeding women and their infants produce a substance that increases sexual desire among other women, according to research at the University of Chicago.

Denver physician patents minimally invasive technology for hair transplantation surgery
James A. Harris, M.D., of the Hair Sciences Center of Colorado has invented and patented a new minimally invasive technology which will revolutionize the field of hair transplantation surgery.

Forum at Virginia Tech to address issues of human cloning
Choices and Challenges at Virginia Tech will hold a public forum entitled

New Military Biomaterials R&D Center to hold first meeting
The new Center for Military Biomaterials Research (CeMBR) has been set up by the New Jersey Center for Biomaterials and will hold its first open meeting on Oct.

Carnegie Mellon co-hosts second annual Robot Hall of Fame induction
Carnegie Mellon University and the Carnegie Science Center co-host the second annual Robot Hall of Fame induction ceremony Monday, Oct.

Men with advanced, incurable prostate cancer can benefit from docetaxel
An international study led by a Canadian researcher shows that men with advanced, incurable prostate cancer can survive an average of three months longer and face less symptoms when offered a new treatment for prostate cancer.

Gene from 1918 virus proves key to virulent influenza
Using a gene resurrected from the virus that caused the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic --recorded history's most lethal outbreak of infectious disease-- scientists have found that a single gene may have been responsible for the devastating virulence of the virus.
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