Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 08, 2004
Eight New Hartford doctoral fellows in Geriatric Social Work selected
The John A. Hartford Foundation of New York City and The Gerontological Society of America (GSA) selected eight outstanding doctoral students for the Hartford Doctoral Fellows Program in geriatric social work.

Emory chemists develop bacteria that may help decaffeinate coffee
Chemists at Emory University have made an important advance in harnessing the ability of bacteria to make new molecules, and their discovery could eventually lead to the creation of naturally decaffeinated coffee plants.

Cogtest plc seals deal with Lundbeck: Cogtest battery for use in multinational schizophrenia trial
This pivotal Phase III study will provide answers to questions about the properties of a new drug in the treatment of cognitive impairment in Schizophrenia.

Mayo Clinic research shows common airborne fungi cause chronic stuffy nose
A team led by Mayo Clinic researchers has determined that over-reactive immune responses to airborne fungi could cause the stuffy noses and airway inflammation among sufferers of chronic rhinosinusitis.

Type of hormone therapy may affect heart attack severity
Research in monkeys suggests that the type of progestin in hormone therapy could dramatically affect heart attack severity.

Pioneering spirit wins UH geophysics professor kudos at international meeting
Innovations in seismic 'sonograms' and a fierce dedication to growing the geophysics industry have earned UH Geophysics Professor Fred Hilterman top honors at the global geophysical community's largest gathering.

Cooperation to create a new tuberculosis vaccine
Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology and MOLOGEN initiate development of a new tuberculosis subunit vaccine.

Lithium may protect neurons from radiation therapy
Patients who undergo radiation for treatment of brain tumors may survive their cancer only to have lasting memory and learning deficiencies, the impact of which can be particularly devastating for children.

International MRC trial finds a routine treatment for head injury may do more harm than good
A major, international Medical Research Council (MRC) trial has found that a routine treatment for patients with head injuries, widely used around the world for the last 30 years, does not improve survival rates and may do more harm than good.

Going from a 'Web of links' to a 'Web of meaning' could be a matter of semantics
Computer scientist Jeff Heflin and others are building the Semantic Web, which they hope will handle more data, resolve contradictions and draw inferences from users' queries.

Animal research suggests benefits of low-dose estrogen therapy
Research in monkeys found that low-dose estrogen therapy significantly reduced the progression of fatty buildup in the arteries leading to the heart, according to research at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, reported today at the annual meeting of the North American Menopause Society in Washington, D.C.

Presidential candidates speak out on science policies
Presidential candidates answer questions about missile defense, climate change, funding for research, nuclear weapons and more in an article in the October 2004 issue of Physics Today.

New Jersey Institute of Technology professor to develop supersized virtual library
Led by Michael Bieber, PhD, associate professor of information systems and co-director of the Collaborative Hypermedia Research Laboratory at NJIT, a group of information scientists and librarians received last month a total of more than $2 million in federal funding to develop computer software to create such a tool.

Mentally ill have higher odds of developing brain, lung cancers
Men and women with mental disorders have higher odds of being diagnosed with brain tumors and lung cancer and they develop these cancers at younger ages than individuals without mental illness.

Why do African-American women have more pregnancy problems?
Black women are three times more likely than white women to die during pregnancy, and twice as many black babies as white babies die in infancy.

Under the surface, the brain seethes with undiscovered activity
Researchers at the University of Rochester have found in reality that roughly 80 percent of our cognitive power may be cranking away on tasks completely unknown to us.

Foundation to honor physicians and community health initiatives around the world
The CHEST Foundation announced today it will hold its annual

Study describes basic mechanism in cell growth control involving damaged DNA
In a report currently appearing in the online issue of the journal Nature Cell Biology, scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine and the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center describe - for the first time - how some proteins interact to ensure that the cell does not continually divide when its DNA is damaged.

Soy could be good for the heart and bones of premenopausal women
New research in monkeys suggests that a diet high in soy could be good for the hearts and bones of premenopausal women.

Children's Hospital Boston wins $2.5 million in health surveillance grants
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has made two large grants to the Children's Hospital Boston Informatics Program as part of a first-ever CDC initiative to sponsor innovative research in public health.

New technique targets pesticide-resistant insects
Australian and UK scientists have developed a technique to effectively control the 'super pests' that are highly resistant to pesticides used on important food and fibre crops worldwide.

Study lays down genetic basis for sinus disease and nasal polyps
In a three-year analysis of more than 10,500 genes, one-third of the human genome, researchers at Johns Hopkins have found a starting point to establishing the genetic basis for sinus disease and the growth of nasal polyps, illnesses not well understood despite their prevalence.

Phoning home from the ocean floor - by computer
Oceanographers will soon be able to sit in their labs ashore and communicate with instruments in the water at ocean observatories around the world, enabling researchers to direct instruments to respond to recent events like hurricanes and earthquakes in that area.

Electronics recycling made easy
Onyx launches prepaid recycling service called OnyxPak(TM). It encourages recycling of lighting and electronic waste by offering a fast and cost-effective manner to stay in compliance with today's changing regulations.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2004
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory focus on fusion, geography, biology and energy efficiency.

Chronic sinusitis sufferers have enhanced immune responses to fungi
Scientists supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, have discovered that people with chronic sinus inflammation have an exaggerated immune response to common airborne fungi.

Smoking and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), like many chronic diseases of the immune system, likely results from a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental triggers.

Revolutionary HIV drug Fuzeon wins most prestigious award for innovation
Today, HIV drug Fuzeon was awarded the 2004 International Prix Galien for the most innovative new medicine.
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