Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 11, 2004
Blood pressure drugs may slow deterioration of Alzheimer's
Certain blood pressure drugs may slow the deterioration of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the October 12 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Topical medication effective in relieving symptoms of knee osteoarthritis
Symptoms of primary osteoarthritis of the knee, including pain and stiffness, were significantly improved in patients who used a topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), according to an article in the October 11 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Prescriptions for antibiotics to prevent anthrax uncommon after the 2001 anthrax attacks
Prescriptions for antibiotics that could be taken in advance to prevent against anthrax were uncommon among concerned patients after September 11, 2001 and the 2001 U.S. anthrax attacks, according to an article in the October 11 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Researchers provide road map for generating B cells from stem cells
Before stem cells can be used to treat patients, scientists will need to learn how to coax them to develop into the desired cell types, a major challenge.

Wound healers cause skin disease
Dutch researcher Manon Franssen has shown that cells which heal the skin following an injury play an important role in the development of the skin disease psoriasis.

Folate intake lowers women's risk of high blood pressure
Young women who consume more than 800 micrograms (ug) of folate per day can reduce their risk of developing high blood pressure by almost a third compared to those who consume less than 200 ug/day.

VitalSense(R) - Wireless vital signs monitoring
The Mini Mitter Company is proud to announce the release of VitalSense, an innovative and exciting new way to telemetrically monitor physiological parameters without wires or probes.

Northwestern receives $2.1 million grant for Parkinson's disease research
Northwestern University has received a three-year, $2.1 million award from the Picower Foundation to study the molecular and cellular mechanisms of Parkinson's disease.

Resistance genes discovered in ancestral tomato species
Dutch researcher Marco Kruijt has discovered two resistance genes that were probably present in an ancestral tomato species, prior to the evolution of modern tomato species.

Indigenous local law fights for its right to exist
In research sponsored by the Netherlands, René Orellana Halkyer investigated the development of indigenous law in Quechua-speaking Indian communities in Bolivia.

News briefs from the journal Chest, October 2004
News briefs from the journal CHEST highlight how multiple siblings may protect against asthma, how kids and parents inaccurately measure asthma medications, and the cost of tuberculosis in the United States.

Dartmouth study suggests caution against using certain drugs to unclog heart arteries
Dartmouth Medical School cardiology researchers have discovered a new mechanism for what drives the growth of muscle tissue in the lining of injured heart vessels that can eventually lead to blockage.

Cleveland stem cell investigators awarded $3.1 million
The Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine in Cleveland has received two grants totaling $3.1 million from the National Institute on Aging to study the role of stem cells in aging.

Immune therapy appears to reduce risk of second attack of multiple sclerosis symptoms
Intravenous immunoglobulin therapy may reduce the risk of a second attack of symptoms related to multiple sclerosis, according to an article in the October issue of The Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Analysis of tamoxifen studies reveals slight increase of stroke risk
A recent analysis of tamoxifen studies completed since 1980 revealed an increased risk of stroke in women who were randomized to tamoxifen versus placebo or other therapies.

Environmental exposures before and after birth can harm children's lungs
Children prenatally exposed to pollutants, such as motor vehicle exhaust, and postnatally exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) may be more likely to suffer from asthma and related symptoms early in life.

Slightly increased risk of Ischemic stroke found with tamoxifen
Researchers at Duke have found a slightly elevated risk of

Texas Children's Hospital specialists say proactive approach best defense against flu season
As Texas Children's Hospital braces for the upcoming flu season, parents are urged to schedule immunizations for at-risk youngsters and seek early treatment when symptoms are present.

Hunt for autism genes to be led by Hopkins researchers
With a three-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins scientists will lead the largest hunt for genetic contributors to autism, a neuropsychiatric condition whose causes are almost as mysterious today as when the condition was first described in 1943.

Healthy eating reduces the chance of spina bifida
According to Dutch researcher Pascal Groenen, a balanced diet reduces the risk of a baby with spina bifida.

UF scientists have bionanotechnology recipe to find elusive bacteria
A team of University of Florida researchers has created tiny hybrid particles that can speedily root out even one isolated E. coli bacterium lurking in ground beef or provide a crucial early warning alarm for bacteria used as agents of bioterrorism and for early disease diagnosis.

Imaging studies clarify brain changes associated with language deficits in autism
Researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital have found that a structural difference previously observed in the brains of some boys with autism is found primarily in those with language problems and also appears in boys with a condition called specific language impairment.

Oct. 14 Web cast: Reporter's Workshop -- Covering Vaccines & Immunizations
The National Partnership for Immunization invites you to an important discussion about the complex world of vaccines, especially timely with last week's news of the influenza vaccine shortage.

Rice engineer wins prestigious Annunzio Award
The Christopher Columbus Fellowship Foundation today named Rice University bioengineer Jennifer West as the 2004 Frank Annunzio Award Columbus Scholar.

Defense provides additional $4.9 million for pathogen research tool
The Virginia Bioinformatics Institute at Virginia Tech has received $4.9 million in additional funding from the United States Department of Defense for the PathPort project, which is helping scientists amass and analyze information about disease organisms.

MRI can measure early benefits of cholesterol-lowering drugs and plaque reduction
Using modified magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, researchers at Johns Hopkins have been able to detect the early benefits of a cholesterol-lowering medication much sooner than before.

MRI shows brain changes underlying language deficits in autism
A significant new brain imaging study shows clear brain differences between autistic boys with language impairment and those with normal language development.

Wiley-VCH forms publishing partnership with Chinese Academy of Sciences
The Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry (SIOC), part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Wiley-VCH announced today the signing of an agreement to publish the Institute's flagship journal, Chinese Journal of Chemistry, starting in January 2005.

Research shows correlation between values and salary preferences of business executives
Executives who downplay ethics and values in their decision making may also be the ones who prefer extraordinarily high salaries for themselves.

Global air pollution map produced by Envisat's SCIAMACHY
Based on 18 months of Envisat observations, this high-resolution global atmospheric map of nitrogen dioxide pollution makes clear just how human activities impact air quality.

Problematic behaviour of dementing patients exacerbated
Dutch researcher Marjolein de Vugt has found that carers of dementing family members can exacerbate the dementing patient's problematic behaviour.

Respiratory therapists twice as likely to have asthma than other therapists
Respiratory therapists are at an increased risk of developing asthma and asthma-related symptoms due to their involvement in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with respiratory conditions.

'Junk' DNA may be very valuable to embryos
A new study sheds light on events orchestrating the changes when mammalian eggs are fertilized and become embryos.

Genetic link to risky pregnancy
When a particular combination of proteins is expressed by a mother and her developing fetus, the risk of developing preeclampsia increases, according to a study by Hiby and colleagues in the Oct 18 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Alcohol consumption may be associated with irregular heart beat in men
Alcohol consumption may slightly increase the risk for developing a certain type of irregular heart beat, known as atrial fibrillation, or atrial flutter, according to an article in the October 11 issue of The Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cells in retina found to behave like soap bubbles
Bubbles always try to minimize their surface area, even when clustered together.

Seroquel: The patient's choice
AstraZeneca today announced new data from the 17th European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP) meeting in Stockholm, Sweden which show that SEROQUEL(TM) (quetiapine) improves patients' quality of life and that 8 out of 10 patients are satisfied with it as a treatment.1 The results demonstrate that SEROQUEL is effective, well-tolerated and could potentially increase patient compliance - due to the high level of patient satisfaction seen in this and other studies.

Support groups aid women with 'breast cancer gene mutations'
A new study finds support groups can relieve the anxiety and depression associated with carrying BRCA1 or 2 gene mutations, the so-called

Workshop on Responsible Stem Cell Research
At this two-day workshop hosted by the committee, scientists, ethicists, and policy-makers will discuss the appropriate use and handling of stem cells derived from frozen embryos originally intended for in vitro fertilization procedures, as well as those derived from a process scientists call somatic cell nuclear transfer that is often referred to as therapeutic cloning.

New method identifies chromosome changes in malignant cells
In a boost to cancer research, Princeton scientists have invented a fast and reliable method for identifying alterations to chromosomes that occur when cells become malignant.

Cow's claw benefits from cushioned floor
Claw complaints and lameness in dairy cattle are a considerable problem in livestock farming.
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