Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 12, 2004
Study documents adverse events of pneumococcal vaccine in children
Examination of reports from the first two years after licensure of a new vaccine against pneumococcal infections indicates that the majority of adverse effects are minor, but that continued surveillance is warranted, according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.

Epilepsy associated with higher risk for learning disabilities
A recent study published in Epilepsia indicates that people who have uncontrolled seizures on the left side of their brains are more likely to have learning disabilities, in comparison to people who have seizures on the right side of their brains.

New study on smallpox in monkeys reveals tactics of a killer
Results of a new study in monkeys offer scientists a rare glimpse of how, on a molecular level, the smallpox virus attacks its victims.

Doctors miss chances to provide diet, exercise counseling to patients at risk of heart disease
Physicians are missing opportunities to counsel patients already at risk of developing heart disease about the health benefits of improved diet and exercise, according to research from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

OHSU researchers study sixth-graders to prevent type 2 diabetes
This fall Oregon Health & Science University researchers are conducting a pilot study to test whether changes in physical education (PE) classes, food choices in cafeterias and vending machines, and advertisements for healthy choices can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

New system translates improved diagnostic information to target radiation at tumors
As diagnostic imaging and radiation treatment technologies both become more capable and precise, physicians using them face an increasingly difficult task: how to transfer information from the diagnostic systems to the treatment planning systems.

Americans pay for unethical medical expert witnesses
With medical liability insurance premiums skyrocketing, the role of a physician expert witness and how they can contribute to increasing malpractice costs is certainly controversial.

Stanford to test effects of drug widely used for pediatric hypertension
The National Institutes of Health awarded the Stanford University School of Medicine a $4.3 million contract to test whether a drug commonly used to treat hypertension in pediatric patients actually works safely and effectively in children.

FSU scientist links iron imbalance to Parkinson's disease
You might want to toss those iron-fortified vitamins, because absent a diagnosed deficiency too much of a good thing can be bad.

Length of stay for inpatient medical rehab decreasing, efficiency increasing; death rate on the rise
Although medical rehabilitation patients are spending less time as inpatients at facilities, their functional outcomes have not declined.

Limiting angioplasty to experienced hospitals will not reduce access to care
Standards of volume that limit angioplasty procedures to more experienced hospitals and physicians will not require most patients to travel longer distances for care, according to a new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center and Duke's Fuqua School of Business.

Mitochondria findings may help beat wide range of disease
New findings explaining the complicated process by which the

Highlights of American Anthropological Assoc. meeting
5,000 anthropologists meet at the Atlanta Hilton in hundreds of sessions.

Sealing corneal incisions with a drop of chemistry, BU researchers develop gel for cataract surgery
By introducing just the right biocompatible molecules to one another, a research team led by Boston University's Mark Grinstaff has produced an elastic, transparent gel that sets so fast and adheres so surely to the eye's surface that it could soon become the first and best choice for sealing corneal incisions.

Researchers find frozen north may accelerate climate change
NASA-funded researchers have found that despite their sub-zero temperatures, a warming north may add more carbon to the atmosphere from soil, accelerating climate warming further.

Epilepsy study shows memory loss after brain surgery
Epilepsy, recently published a one-year follow-up study that finds some post-surgical epilepsy patients have a significant decline in verbal memory.

Study in Royal Society journals presents evidence for inherited factors in homosexuality
Royal Society weekly journal release including evdidence for inherited factors in homosexuality, hunting by echolocation in sperm whales and cannibalism in beetles.

Technique for genetically modifying blood stem cells brings cure for blood diseases closer
The condition of mice with a genetic blood disease called beta-thalassemia improved significantly following treatment of their blood forming cells with a gene that enabled them to produce the type of hemoglobin normally found only in the fetus.

Faces age due to fat loss, skin changes - not gravity
To the surprise of many people, the loss of fat and sun exposure play a bigger role than gravity in aging the face, according to a study presented today at the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) Plastic Surgery 2004 conference in Philadelphia.

Health, food, new technologies featured during ACS meeting Oct. 17-20 in Peoria, Ill.
Research on honey as a potential replacement for synthetic antioxidants will be featured at the 36th Great Lakes regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Peoria, Ill., Oct.

Touching research: How white blood cells navigate
The power of touch among blood cells is the focus of a team of biomedical engineers at the University of Rochester that has received an $11.5 million grant to study a process that is fundamental to our health: How do mechanical forces govern our white blood cells and assure that they protect our bodies from invaders like the flu?

Rutgers-led research offers new clues in the genetic mysteries of maize
Rutgers researchers, with the support of the National Science Foundation, have pushed back the frontiers on the genetic nature and history one of the world's most important crops - corn.

Printer forensics to aid homeland security, tracing counterfeiters
Researchers at Purdue University have developed a method that will enable authorities to trace documents to specific printers, a technique law-enforcement agencies could use to investigate counterfeiting, forgeries and homeland security matters.

Promethei Terra, southern highlands of Mars
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show a part of the southern highlands of Mars, called Promethei Terra.

PNNL set to take advantage of new high-speed network connection
A new fiber optic network that connects Richland to Seattle will allow Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to increase the amount of data the research facility can exchange with the U.S. and international science communities by as much as 300 times current rates.

Interactive breathing device found effective in lowering high systolic blood pressure
With fewer than 1 in 3 Americans with hypertension successfully controlling his or her blood pressure, medication, diet and exercise might not be enough.

Severe pain relief may be possible with a common anesthetic drug
A novel treatment using a common anesthetic drug has shown success in reducing the severe pain caused by Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS), according to a study published in the September 2004 issue of Pain Medicine.

Effort to control trade in great white sharks gets teeth from international community
Vilified in popular culture as a relentless man-eater, the great white shark finally received today global recognition as a persecuted species worthy of protection, as participants of the 13th meeting of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) adopted a proposal to improve management and monitoring of trade in jaws, teeth and fins from the world's largest predatory fish.

Healthy foods choices highlighted during National Chemistry Week, Oct. 17-23
Taking proper nutrition choices will be part of the overall theme of

Surgical treatment for obesity appears effective for weight loss and related disorders
A summary of data from numerous studies suggests that the majority of morbidly obese patients who underwent bariatric (obesity) surgery experienced effective weight loss and improvement in diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea, according to an article in the October 13 JAMA.

Concerns about fertility affect treatment decisions in one-third of young breast cancer patients
A new study shows that concern about infertility resulting from breast cancer therapy influenced treatment decisions in nearly one-third of young patients.

Estrogen protects male rats from aortic aneurysms
When it comes to abdominal aortic aneurysms - life-threatening bulges or weak areas in the main artery feeding blood to the lower half of the body - new research shows that it is definitely better to be female.

UNC scientists identify sticky protein in sickle cell red blood cells
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reveals why red blood cells from people with sickle cell disease are stickier than healthy red cells, pointing the way to potential new treatments for sickle cell disease.

Texas universities expanding new information network
University of Houston is joining a fast new research network in Texas making the ubiquitous fact-finding capabilities of the Internet seem like wrestling microfiche.

Change in polio vaccine policy eliminates cases of vaccine-associated polio in US
A change in the national polio vaccination policy has led to the elimination of vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis (VAPP), according to a study in the October 13 issue of JAMA.
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