Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 13, 2004
Mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma
A study from the Institute of Environmental Medicine (IMM) at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, found that 10 or more years of mobile phone use increase the risk of acoustic neuroma and that the risk increase was confined to the side of the head where the phone was usually held.

UK celebrates 50 years of CERN
Yesterday, October 12th, the UK celebrates 50 years of partnership with CERN, Europe's Particle Physics Laboratory.

INEEL uses extremophile bacteria to ease bleaching's environmental cost
In the steamy waters of Yellowstone National Park's hot springs lives a type of bacterium that could help make industrial bleaching cheaper and more environmentally friendly.

Award-winning INEEL probe to help safely monitor hazardous waste sites
Chemicals buried underground don't always sit still. Sometimes, hazardous waste can travel out of landfills, wandering through soil layers near aquifers.

Anti-cholesterol drug treats Alzheimer's disease in mice
A drug that jams a key enzyme regulating cholesterol drastically reduces the levels of brain-clogging amyloid plaque in mice engineered to have a human form of the amyloid protein.

U-M professor to test flu shot and nasal spray flu vaccine side by side
A University of Michigan influenza expert is beginning a three-year direct comparison of the effectiveness of flu shots versus nasal spray flu vaccine.

Angiogenesis therapy successful for peripheral arterial disease
Duke University Medical Center researchers have shown that they can stimulate the body to produce its own naturally occurring growth factors to promote blood vessel growth into tissue damaged by peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD).

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights from the upcoming Journal of Neuroscience discuss two distinct glutamate signals in bergmann glia, and forming intracortical projections.

Oct. 15-17 Bioinformatics meeting in Irvine, Calif.
At this meeting, part of the National Academy of Sciences' Arthur M.

Blacks report better sexual, urinary function after prostate surgery than whites
A study from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California shows that five years after surgery for prostate cancer, African-American men reported better sexual and urinary function than non-Latino white men.

Study using robotic microscope shows how mutant Huntington's protein affects neurons
Using a specially designed robotic microscope to study cultured cells, researchers have found evidence that abnormal protein clumps called inclusion bodies in neurons from people with Huntington's disease (HD) prevent cell death.

Plastic fantastic - bringing space composites down to Earth
Innovative uses for plastics, rubber and their derivatives will be on display next week in Düsseldorf, at the world's leading trade fair for plastics and rubber, K2004.

Original research presented at AAFP Annual Scientific Assembly
Twenty-four researchers will present their original research papers during the Family Medicine Research Presentations at the American Academy of Family Physicians' annual Scientific Assembly this week in Orlando.

Australian expertise helps resurrect Iraq's ancient marshlands
Australian expertise has played a major role in the new international effort to assess and remediate Iraq's once magnificent Mesopotamian marshlands, which were drained and burned under Saddam Hussein's regime in one of the world's worst environmental tragedies.

Nazis and medical ethics: Context and lessons
The practice of medicine in Nazi Germany still profoundly affects modern-day medical ethics codes.

New way of controlling cholesterol may help treat Alzheimer's
A new approach to controlling blood cholesterol levels already being investigated to prevent cardiovascular disease also may be a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease.

When looking isn't seeing: Is cockpit design flawed?
New research suggests that the design of aircraft cockpit displays may benefit from a radical change.

Plastic surgeons perform first entire face reconstruction
Hundreds of thousands of people are burned in fires each year with many suffering from facial burns as a result.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
This issue contains an article on how drug/DNA combinations could offer longer-lasting more efficient flu vaccine.

The American Psychological Association recognizes ten companies' commitment to employee health
The American Psychological Association (APA) today recognized 10 companies for their innovative programs and policies that help create psychologically healthy workplaces.

Technology award presented to Weizmann Institute scientist
Prof. Ehud Shapiro of the Weizmann Institute of Science has received the 2004 World Technology Award for Biotechnology.

Coke versus Pepsi: It's all in the head
The preference for Coke versus Pepsi is not only a matter for the tongue to decide, Samuel McClure and his colleagues have found.

U. Va. researchers unravel a central mystery of how hearing happens
Scientists at the University of Virginia Health System have helped solve the mystery of how the human ear converts sound vibrations and balance stimuli into electrical impulses the brain can interpret.

Long-sought key to hearing may be found in protein discovery
Researchers at Harvard Medical School and their colleagues report in the October 13 Nature advanced on-line edition that they have identified a protein deep in the inner ear that they believe translates sound into the nerve impulses used by the brain.

Melanin makes skin vulnerable to harmful ultraviolet rays
Blondes and redheads not only are more susceptible to skin cancer, but the source of their skin and hair pigmentation, melanin, actually magnifies the damaging effects of ultraviolet (UV) rays.

Research shows liquid water may have been on Mars briefly
A Ph.D. student at Virginia Tech has research published this week in Nature that shows Mars probably had liquid water at some point, but likely for only a short time, geologically speaking.

Reconstituted blood is better for infants' heart surgery than fresh blood
Using reconstituted blood - packed red cells and fresh-frozen plasma that are mixed in the operating room just before use - for heart bypass surgery in infants works better than using fresh whole blood, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and Children's Medical Center Dallas have found.

Energy and nanotechnology workshop to focus on solar energy
Prospects for solar energy in the 21st century will be analyzed by scientists, policy-makers, economists and industry experts meeting at Rice Univesity's Baker Institute for Public Policy in Houston Oct.

Laboratory test of evolutionary theory confirms importance of links between populations
Researchers studying the evolutionary dynamics of bacteria and viruses in bubbling glass tubes have confirmed an evolutionary theory of central importance to ecologists studying more familiar flora and fauna in the wild.

Flu crisis need not cost lives
The US has received only half the flu vaccine doses it was expecting this winter, yet it will not necessarily lead to more deaths as long as people follow official advice.

Phillip A. Sharp to present 2004 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture at Chemical Heritage Foundation
Phillip A. Sharp, Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), will present the 2004 Ullyot Public Affairs Lecture at the Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF).

NASA experiment celebrates 20 years in orbit
From volcanic eruptions to ozone holes, a NASA instrument that monitors Earth's upper atmosphere marks twenty years in orbit.

Whole blood may do more harm than good in pediatric heart surgeries
A standard medical practice at some of the nation's largest children's hospitals - using whole, recently donated blood for certain infant open heart surgeries - may do more harm than good.

Summa study finds portion control induces greatest weight loss
The journal, Obesity Research, today published an article on the results of a 24-month federally funded obesity study led by Summa Health System researchers in Akron, Ohio.

Flies have morning and evening clocks
Two groups of researchers have independently discovered the long sought dual body clocks in the brain of fruit flies that separately govern bursts of morning and evening activity.

New survey reveals treatment goals of people with schizophrenia
A large-scale survey focusing on treatment goals for schizophrenia sheds new light on what physicians and people with schizophrenia feel is important for long-term quality care.

Los Alamos instrument yields new knowledge of Saturn's rings
University of California scientists working at Los Alamos National Laboratory have begun to analyze data from an instrument aboard the joint U.S.-European spacecraft Cassini.

Channel protein converts vibrations to electrical signal
Researchers have identified a molecule that can transform the mechanical stimulus of a sound wave into an electrical signal recognizable by the brain.

People are of 'two minds' on moral judgments
You and your fellow townspeople are hiding in a cellar from marauding soldiers.

UK astronomers scan the skies for threat from space
British astronomers are providing a vital component to the world-wide effort of identifying and monitoring rogue asteroids and comets.

McMaster University researchers find simple handgrip exercise lowers blood pressure
In two studies at McMaster University's Department of Kinesiology, researchers demonstrated that doing isometric handgrip (IHG) contractions three times a week for eight weeks led to lower blood pressure in people who were already taking medication for high blood pressure (hypertension).

Johns Hopkins team wins British biotech business plan competition
A team of four budding biomedical engineers from Johns Hopkins University won the North American arm of the Biotechnology Young Entrepreneurs Scheme (YES), an academic business plan competition designed to teach young postgraduate scientists the issues involved in commercialization of science.

UMHS researchers help hone use of substance to improve lung function in premature infants
Using a device already used in the neonatal intensive care unit to monitor lung function in premature infants, University of Michigan Health System researchers have taken a step in helping neonatal specialists administer a substance that helps babies breathe easier.

National Institute on Aging Neuroimaging Initiative for Alzheimer's disease
Because brain imaging offers great potential for tracking the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the National Institute on Aging is launching a landmark study to find neuroimaging and other methods for monitoring the progression of AD aimed at significantly reducing the time and cost of clinical trials.

Gladstone researchers resolve key Huntington's disease mystery in Nature cover story
A mystery long associated with Huntington's disease has been resolved by a team of researchers at the UCSF-affiliated Gladstone Institute of Neurological Disease, thanks to a specially designed microscope that allows researchers to track changes in cells, including those associated with neurodegeneration, over long lengths of time.

Liquid universe
Physicists in New York have finally recreated the conditions moments after the birth of the cosmos.

Where in the brain decisions are made
While neurobiologists have long suspected that certain regions of the brain are specifically involved in making decisions, the challenge has been to develop rigorous laboratory behavioral experiments that could pinpoint those areas.

The brain science behind 'A beautiful mind'
In article in today's issue of the journal Neuron, two neuroscientists - Paul Glimcher of New York University and Michael Dorris, a former NYU colleague currently at Queens University, Canada - offer evidence for the neurological basis for the theories of John Nash, the Nobel-winning economist who pioneered game theory.

Purdue professor puts new spin on quantum computer technology
A team of researchers has created a device that can effectively split a stream of quantum objects such as electrons into two streams according to the spin of each, herding those with

National Institute on Aging, industry launch Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) in conjunction with other Federal agencies, private companies and organizations today launched a $60 million, 5-year public-private partnership -- the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative -- to test whether serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), other biological markers, and clinical and neuropsychological assessment can be combined to measure the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD).
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