Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2004
UF study: Brown-nosing works better than boasting in job interviews
Sucking up or apple polishing are more likely to work in a job interview than boasting of one's accomplishments, a new University of Florida study finds.

Study identifies target for preventing sexual transmission of HIV
Researchers have shown that it may be possible to block male to female HIV transmission in heterosexual intercourse and have identified the target for blocking that transmission, according to an article from the Oct.

Study provides fresh insight on volcanic eruptions
New insights about the pre-eruptive behavior of Mount St. Helens may aid development of new volcano monitoring systems according to a study co-authored by University of Oregon geological sciences professor Katharine Cashman.

Scientists prepare for space probe's plunge into Titan's atmosphere
Early next year, a space probe will enter the atmosphere of Saturn's moon Titan and begin a scary descent into the unknown.

Low-cost climate-change insurance could help ensure better future
Doing a little now to mitigate long-term climate change would cost much less than doing nothing and making an adjustment in the future, say scientists whose paper appears in the Oct.

Life saving option replaces open heart surgery in newborns
A pioneering, minimally invasive technique may reduce the high death rate and neurological damage associated with open-heart surgery on newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS).

Statement: Implantable medical identification chip
The development of the medical identification chip, like recent advances in genetic testing, illustrate the importance of preserving the traditional right of patients to give or withhold consent for treatment and the disclosure their personal medical information.

Report: US criminal justice system unfair, unjust for Hispanics
Hispanics are overrepresented in the nation's criminal justice system, with Hispanic defendants imprisoned three times as often and detained before trial for first-time offenses almost twice as often as whites, despite being the least likely of all ethnic groups to have a criminal history, a report released today has found.

Mechanism discovered for muscle wasting seen in diabetes, AIDS and other diseases
Muscle wasting is associated with aging and a serious consequence of different diseases, including cancer and diabetes.

Researchers find protein that makes long-term memory possible
From language to literature, from music to mathematics, a single protein appears central to the formation of the long-term memories needed to learn these and all other disciplines, according to a team of researchers led by scientists at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health.

How to use math and a CT scanner to see how trees intercept light
A new trend in plant science research uses mathematical modelling, in combination with new technologies, to better understand the world around us.

Urinary incontinence runs in the family
Women are more likely to develop urinary incontinence if their mother or older sisters are incontinent, finds a study from Norway in this week's BMJ.

Super slow light may help speed optical communications
Physicists at NIST have proposed a new way to slow light down to almost one-millionth its usual speed--to the mere speed of a jet aircraft.

Livermore scientists join DOE consortium
A Department of Energy consortium of national laboratories including Livermore and universities today signed an agreement with Second Sight Medical Products Inc. to jointly develop technology that could restore sight to those who have lost vision later in life.

Northeastern University and Massachusetts Biotechnology Council to host drug discovery day
The Massachusetts Biotechnology Council (MBC) Drug Discovery Committee and Northeastern University invite you to a new event in drug discovery technology.

Surgeon General's report underscores the importance of new thinking on bone health
Mission Pharmacal will do its part to help encourage action against osteoporosis, the preventable disease that today's Surgeon General's Report--Bone Health and Osteoporosis: A Report of the Surgeon General

Oct. 22-24 Chinese-American frontiers of science meeting
The annual Chinese-American Frontiers of Science symposium, sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences, provides award-winning young scientists from the United States and China with the opportunity to interact and discuss their research.

Gastric bypass and stomach-stapling patients should recognize risk of nerve injury post-surgery
Mayo Clinic researchers have found a significant number of patients who undergo

Intra-abdominal fat in older women
The location of fat within the body is a better risk indicator for heart disease in older women than the level of obesity, according to a new study in the Nov.

Arctic mystery no longer: Dinosaurs walked Canada's great north
It may hard to believe, yet lush ferns and dinosaurs coexisted in Canada's great north 240 million years ago.

Study: Brain battles itself over short-term rewards, long-term goals
You walk into a room and spy a plate of doughnuts dripping with chocolate frosting.

NIST-led forum helps industrial networks protect against cyber attacks
A 500-member forum of industry, government and academic technical experts, led by NIST, has released a new draft set of cyber security requirements for industrial control systems.

New propulsion concept could make 90-day Mars round trip possible
A new means of propelling spacecraft being developed at the University of Washington could dramatically cut the time needed for astronauts to travel to and from Mars and could make humans a permanent fixture in space.

Exercise prevents Parkinson's symptoms in lab model mimicking human form of the disease
Exercise might one day provide a non-invasive, non-pharmaceutical way to protect adults against the onset of symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD).

DOE labs, universities and second sight partner to speed development of 'artificial retina'
In an effort to speed the development of an artificial retina that could potentially help millions of people blinded by retinal diseases, five DOE national laboratories, a private company and three universities have signed agreements to form a research partnership.

Binge drinking: red wine and alcohol have different effects on platelets
Moderate alcohol consumption is believed to reduce mortality from cardiovascular disease.

Science, art, societal support debated by UH physics professors
Three University of Houston physicists will examine the relationship between science and art during a panel discussion held noon to 1 p.m., Friday, Oct.

'Energy blocker' kills big tumors in rats
Building on their earlier work, Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that an apparently nontoxic cellular

Lying and deceit - The Wizards Project
Most people simply can't tell when someone is lying or telling the truth.

Discovery is a step towards pollution-free cars
Scientists have made a world-first discovery which is a step towards using environmentally-friendly hydrogen to power our cars of the future.

New Jersey Institute of Technology environmentalist receives Fulbright Chair award
Nancy Lee Jackson, an associate professor of geography at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), has been awarded the Turin Chair as part of the Fulbright Distinguished Chairs Program.

Northwestern researchers pinpoint how false memories are formed
A group of researchers from various disciplines at Northwestern University literally have peered into the brain to offer new evidence on the existence of false memories and how they are formed.

OECD develops policy recommendations for a new generation of large projects in astronomy
The OECD Global Science Forum has developed findings and recommendations regarding future large projects in astronomy.

Mental incapacity among patients in medical wards more widespread than doctors realise
Doctors working in medical wards with acutely ill and predominantly elderly patients need to be more aware that mental incapacity among their patients-and therefore the inability to give informed consent about treatment-is a potentially widespread problem.

NIST fire data/simulations aid Chicago fire investigation
Had automatic sprinklers been present in a storage room in Chicago's Cook County Administration Building on Oct.

Purdue chemists give an old laboratory 'bloodhound' a sharper nose
Purdue University chemists have developed a fast, efficient means of analyzing chemical samples found on surfaces, resulting in a device that could impact everything from airport security to astrobiology to forensic science.

Vaccine preparedness, or not
An editorial in this week's issue discusses the impact of the temporary removal of Chiron's licence to provide influenza vaccines.

Research news from the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University
This issue of Nutrition Notes focuses on two recent studies from Tufts University on osteoporosis.

Drug companies should disclose adverse events before licensing
Following the withdrawal of the painkiller and anti-inflammatory drug rofecoxib (Vioxx), researchers in this week's BMJ argue that patients would be safer if drug companies disclosed adverse events before licensing.

The dangers of NHS reorganisation
The NHS should resist the temptation to reorganise and merge primary care trusts in the belief that it would bring benefit to patients, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.

First-ever Texan/German symposium opens doors
Collaborations between the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research in Germany and the University of Houston are providing impetus for polymers research developments that range from improving display devices to genetic profiling.

Call for randomised criminal-justice trials
A scientific approach to test the validity of criminal-justice interventions before they become implemented is proposed by the author of a Viewpoint in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Bioaerosols: New element in climate mystery
It might sound like science fiction, yet a laboratory accident is what spurred Parisa Ariya's research on the affect of bioaerosols on our climate.

Ephedrine and unheralded sudden cardiac death
Each year 80 to 100,000 Americans die suddenly from heart attacks without ever having had any symptoms of heart disease.

Research into the sense of touch in worms wins Eppendorf/Science Prize
Dr. Miriam B. Goodman has been awarded the 2004 international Prize in Neurobiology by the journal Science and Eppendorf.

Using fruitflies to examine alcohol tolerance
Alcohol tolerance both promotes and facilitates the increasing consumption of alcohol.

A new culprit in depression?
The brains of people with severe depression have lower levels of several related molecules that are key to the development, organization, growth and repair of the brain than the brains of people without the disease, or those with the bipolar form of depression, a new study finds.

When will Mount St Helens erupt?
Research reported in Science today (14 October 2004) shows that rocks erupted from the Mount St Helens volcano in 1980 preserve a remarkable record of the goings-on beneath the volcano in the period prior to its eruption.

Biotech breakthrough in islet cell replacement for type 1 diabetes
Northwestern University has received a major grant from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) to advance technologies in the field of islet cell replacement for the treatment of type 1 diabetes.

Experimental drug prevents vaginal simian HIV transmission in monkeys Science study says
Potentially important insights for understanding vaginal transmission of HIV and designing new HIV prevention strategies may come from a new SHIV study in monkeys.

Major overhaul needed in end-of life care for patients with dementia
Three University of Chicago geriatricians call for wide-reaching efforts to improve end-of-life care for patients with dementia.

The CF Foundation urges all states to include newborn screening for cystic fibrosis in test panels
The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation strongly urges all states to implement comprehensive programs for routine newborn screening for cystic fibrosis (CF).

National Academies advisory: Oct. 26 crisis communications workshop in Philadelphia
'News and terrorism: Communicating in a crisis' is a series of workshops being held around the nation that involve local participants.

Perceptual decision-making hub pinpointed in human brain
A perceptual decision-making hub at the front of the brain makes the call on whether you're looking at a face or a house - and likely many other things - scientists have discovered.

Department of Energy announces new agreement with USC, national labs and private company
In an effort to speed the design and development of an artificial retina, U.S.

Laughter helps patients communicate emotion in therapy sessions
In the October issue of The Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases, researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital report the first physiologic evidence of the role of laughter during psychotherapy.

Amphibians in dramatic decline; Up to 122 extinct since 1980
The world's amphibian species are under unprecedented assault and are experiencing tens of thousands of years worth of extinctions in just a century, according to the most comprehensive study ever conducted.

Mass metrology CD-ROM now available in Spanish
NIST is distributing a Spanish-language CD-ROM providing training for the calibration of mass standards used for testing commercial measuring equipment.

MIT's novel fabrics see the light
In work that could lead to applications including multifunctional textile fabrics and all-optical computer interfaces, MIT researchers report the creation of flexible fibers and fabrics that can not only sense light, but also analyze its colors.

Muscling in on a deadly cancer
In a pair of new studies, University of Utah scientists took early but significant steps to fight a particularly deadly childhood muscle cancer by identifying some of the genetic events that cause the disease and then engineering mice that develop the tumors.

Not all beers are created equal
Per capita consumption of ethanol derived from alcohol sales can indicate a population's overall alcohol-drinking behaviors.

NHGRI seeks next generation of sequencing technologies
The National Human Genome Research Institute announces effort to develop innovative technologies that will dramatically lower the cost of sequencing whole genomes.

Scientists find new clues underlying mood disorders
Researchers have found altered gene activity in people who suffer from major depression, a discovery that may one day help doctors better diagnose and treat the condition.

Abdominal fat indicates severity of metabolic syndrome in obese, postmenopausal women
New research indicates that the presence of intra-abdominal fat can predict the existence and severity of metabolic syndrome in obese, older women.

Promising results for malaria vaccine trial
Encouraging phase II results of a trial to test the efficacy of a malaria vaccine for young children is published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

National Chemistry Week celebrates health and wellness in Washington, D.C., area
Several hundred local elementary and middle school students in Washington, D.C., and Annandale, Va., will discover the contributions of chemistry to health and wellness Oct.

A controlled study of peripheral neuropathy after bariatric surgery
Nutritional support before and after surgery seems to the key factor in determining whether people have neurological complications following gastric bypass surgery, according to study, in the Oct.

Herbal, nutritional supplements linked to ocular side effects
An estimated 42 percent of Americans use herbal medicines or nutritional supplements.

Ancient Chinese folk remedy packs anti-cancer punch
A group of promising cancer-fighting compounds derived from a substance used in ancient Chinese medicine will be developed for potential use in humans.

Nanotech and crystal engineering featured at ACS meeting Oct. 20-22 in Manhattan, Kan.
Research nanotechnology, crystal engineering and environmental remediation will highlight the 39th Midwest regional meeting of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, in Manhattan, Kan., Oct.

Identifying genes that contribute to a low level of response to alcohol
A low level of response (LR) to alcohol is predictive of future risk of alcoholism.

Emotion coaching can help children overcome impacts of family violence
When women engage in a technique called emotion coaching, even in families where there is domestic violence, their children are less aggressive, depressed and withdrawn, researchers have found.

Time-lapse movies show brain cells move like a two-stroke engine
Rockefeller University scientists show that nerve cells in the developing brains of humans and other mammals move in a two-part
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