Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 18, 2004
New internet resource facilitates international HIV/AIDS healthcare provider training
A major barrier to access to care for HIV/AIDS patients in resource limited settings -- the lack of trained healthcare providers -- is now eased with the launch of an internet-based clinical training resource database.

UIC tests two drugs for pediatric bipolar disorder
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago are conducting a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial to determine whether a novel antipsychotic is a better treatment option than a standard mood stabilizer for pediatric bipolar disorder.

Experimental lupus drug may also work against atherosclerosis
A drug that reduces symptoms of systemic lupus in mice may turn out to be effective against hardening of the arteries and thus prevent heart attacks, according to two poster presentations today at the American College of Rheumatology meeting in San Antonio.

Whites more likely to misidentify tools as guns when linked to black faces
People are more likely to misidentify tools as guns when they are first linked to African Americans, at least under extreme time pressure, new research suggests.

Peakadilly nv biopharmaceutical firm created
The Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) and Ghent University have started up a new biopharmaceutical company named Peakadilly nv.

Medical geneticists elected to Institute of Medicine
The Institute of Medicine recognizes two NHGRI researchers with one of the highest honors in the fields of medicine and health.

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet for Oct. 19, 2004
Highlights of the October 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine include: chronic prostatitis and pelvic pain not reduced by antibiotic or A-Blocker; simple exercises help many with vertigo and dizziness; a study that searches for best blood pressure drugs for black patients and; survivors of childhood cancer are at risk for subsequent breast cancer.

High fiber intake reduces estrogen levels in Latina women, according to researchers
Researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, the University of Hawaii in Honolulu, and the University of Helsinki in Finland have shown that, in Mexican American women, higher intake of dietary fiber is associated with lower circulating estrogen levels.

Zebrafish may offer researchers powerful new tool for studying innate immunity
For the first time, researchers have sequenced all 36 genes of novel receptors that appear to play a critical role in the innate immune protection of zebrafish - an achievement that could lead to a better understanding of infectious diseases and certain cancers.

High fiber intake reduces estrogen levels in Latina women, say Keck School of Medicine researchers
Researchers have shown that, in Mexican American women, higher intake of dietary fiber is associated with lower circulating estrogen levels.

Case Western Reserve University finds relaxation therapy reduces post-operative pain
A study conducted by researchers at Case Western Reserve University found that patients who used a relaxation technique, called

Patients undergoing weight loss surgery have high rates of H pylori bacteria
The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (a type of bacteria associated with gastrointestinal disorders) is high among patients about to undergo weight loss surgery, and treatment to eradicate the bacterial infection before surgery may be beneficial, according to an article in the October issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Getting the fluid balance right in malaria
Some investigators have suggested that children with malaria need a lot of fluids.

Hormone therapy's effect on breast density is not the same for all women, Group Health study finds
In recent years, scientists have discovered that hormone therapy (HT), specifically estrogen plus progesterone therapy, increases breast density, a change that makes it harder to detect breast cancer on mammograms.

Mayo Clinic research shows stroke rehabilitation best served by physical training
Research by an international team of scientists led by a Mayo Clinic physician provides evidence that physical training is the optimal treatment for stroke survivors' impaired movement and thinking -- not treatment with stimulants known as amphetamines, as has commonly been thought.

Identity thieves' 'phishing' attacks could soon get a lot nastier
The number of people who succumb to identity thieves'

UC Irvine scientists develop world's longest electrically conducting nanotubes
Researchers at the University of California, Irvine, today announced they have synthesized the world's longest electrically conducting nanotubes.

Men with prostate permalignant lesions have increased likelyhood of invasive prostate cancer
In the largest known study of its kind, scientists have confirmed that men with high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia or PIN, characterized by abnormal cells in the lining of prostate ducts, are at high risk for invasive prostate cancer.

Excess dietary fat accelerates breast cancer by altering the activity of a group of genes
Experiments carried out by scientists at the UAB on experimentally induced breast cancer tumours show that an excess of certain fats in the diet, known as omega-6, accelerates breast cancer, increasing the malignancy of the disease.

Insulin pumps effective for children with diabetes
Pre-school youngsters with type I diabetes can be treated as successfully with insulin pumps as with daily injections according to Indiana University School of Medicine researchers.

My favourite aunt is purple
Supposed psychic powers that enable people to see auras around others may simply be a quirk of the brain, according to a University College London (UCL) study of a rare form of synaesthesia where some people see colourful 'auras' around their loved ones.

UT Southwestern researchers uncover process for sugar-induced fat formation
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas are one step closer to understanding how high carbohydrate diets lead to obesity and diabetes.

NYU Child Study Center researcher receives award from NARSAD
Rachel Klein, Ph.D., Director of the Institute for Anxiety and Mood Disorders at the New York University Child Study Center and Professor of Psychiatry at the New York University School of Medicine, has been awarded the fourth annual Joy and William Ruane Prize for Children and Adolescent Psychiatric Research.

Stimulating exercise leads to fitter, leaner figures
Brisk walking allied to the use of an abdominal muscle stimulation machine can improve fitness and body appearance, according to a study carried out by researchers at the University of Ulster.

Minimally invasive surgery for heart rhythm abnormality proven effective
A minimally invasive approach to curing the most common heart rhythm abnormality, atrial fibrillation, takes half the time of the traditional surgical procedure but is equally effective, according to research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Lessons of Northern Ireland's shattered communities
Leaders from some of the world's shattered communities meeting in Hungary will hear from University of Ulster expert Dr Peter Shirlow this week about segregation in Northern Ireland - and ways in which community activists are trying to ease its divisive repercussions.

Study explores treatment for urinary incontinence among prostate cancer surgery patients
A College of Nursing faculty member, Joanne Patterson Robinson, has been awarded a three-year $327,000 grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research at the National Institutes of Health to study pelvic floor muscle exercise for men with urinary incontinence after prostate cancer surgery.

UIC team develops new screening tool for pediatric bipolar disorder
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago unveil the first parent rating scale designed to screen for pediatric bipolar disorder.

Telephone follow-up does not reduce rehospitalization for low-risk heart failure patients
Nurse care management - a widely used system of telephone-based health instruction and follow-up designed to help patients manage their illnesses - did not lower rehospitalization rates in clinically low-risk heart failure patients, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

UCLA scientists discover new way to fix defective gene
UCLA scientists have devised a novel way to repair one of the genetic mutations that cause ataxia-telangiectasia, (A-T), a life-shortening disorder that devastates the neurological and immune systems of young children.

Consuming fruits and vegetables lowers risk of developing NHL
While the struggle continues to encourage Americans to consume more fruits and vegetables, science has now suggested its value in preventing yet another form of cancer.

Two UT Southwestern physicians elected to National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine
Two faculty members at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas - one specializing in genetics and heart disease and the other in urologic illness - were elected today to the Institute of Medicine, a component of the prestigious National Academy of Sciences.

Manipulation of epigenome turns off as many genes as it turns on
Agents believed to selectively

Weight loss surgery can help reduce metabolic syndrome in obese patients
Obese patients who underwent surgical treatment for weight loss had significant reductions in the components of the metabolic syndrome one year after surgery, according to an article in the October issue of The Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Common gout drug shown to reduce risk from colorectal cancer
A commonly prescribed drug used to treat gout may also offer some protection against colorectal cancer, according to a new study reported during the American Association for Cancer Research Third Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research here.

New version of tumor-suppressor linked to progression of childhood cancer
Researchers have discovered an unexpected role as a tumor promoter for a molecule that was previously thought to function exclusively as a cancer suppressor in neuroblastoma (NB), a highly aggressive and deadly childhood cancer.

Symposium highlights new emerging therapies for the treatment of lupus
Lupus treatments will be highlighted during a symposium at this year's American College of Rheumatology (ACR) annual scientific meeting in San Antonio, TX.

Pigment cell transplantation appears helpful for treating patients with stable vitiligo
Patients with stable vitiligo, a skin disorder characterized by patches of lighter colored, or depigmented skin, may achieve good repigmentation of these areas with skin transplants using skin taken from normally-pigmented areas of their own bodies, according to two articles in the October issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Robert W. Allington to receive Pittcon Heritage Award
The Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF) today announced that Robert W.

Errors in medicine: The patient's perspective
The first study of the patient's perspective on errors in medicine suggests that patients are more disturbed with lack of access to and relationships with their physicians than technical errors in diagnosis and treatment.

Last ion engine thrust puts SMART-1 on the right track for its Moon encounter
From 10 to 14 October the ion engine of ESA's SMART-1 carried out a continuous thrust manoeuvre in a last major push that will get the spacecraft to the Moon capture point on 13 November.

Patients with chronic sinus do not necessarily develop antibiotic resistance
Patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS, inflammation of the nasal passages and sinuses) do not necessarily develop resistance to antibiotics although they may be treated for long periods of time with these drugs, according to an article in the October issue of The Archives of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Discovery might improve design, effectiveness of anti-cancer drugs
Working with an enzyme that degrades anti-cancer drugs in humans, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill biochemists and colleagues have made a discovery that they believe eventually could help improve such drugs' design and effectiveness.

Oats not safe for all patients with celiac disease
Are oats safe for patients with celiac disease? Some patients studied here have an immune response to the oat protein avenin and show disease symptoms.

France and Australia resume Southern Ocean carbon dioxide research
French and Australian scientists resume measurements of Antarctic waters south of Australia this week to assess their capacity as a massive oceanic sponge to absorb greenhouse gases and store them away for hundreds or perhaps thousands of years.

Combination hormone therapy doubles breast density and quadruples risk of abnormal mammograms
Postmenopausal women who take combination estrogen-plus-progestin hormone-replacement therapy for one year experience a twofold increase in breast density - a known risk factor for breast cancer - and a quadrupled risk of having an abnormal mammogram, according to new findings from a sub-study of the Women's Health Initiative, or WHI.

Nevirapine is better than efavirenz at raising 'good' cholesterol
Comparison of two commonly prescribed non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors shows that patients on nevirapine have better blood lipid profiles.

Mouse model of osteoarthritis
Through genetic manipulation, David Kingsley and colleagues have reduced signaling by bone morphogenetic factors in joint regions, and created a valuable model for the study of arthritis.

Small business at NJIT's business incubator takes two awards
A new and innovative technology company participating in the Enterprise Development Center program at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) has received two awards for their promising achievements.

2000 years of North American drought
Researchers from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of The Earth Institute at Columbia University have developed tree-ring chronologies based on measurements from 20- to 30-thousand tree samples across the United States, Mexico, and parts of Canada to reconstruct a history of drought over the last 2005 years.

Gourmet cooking on the way to Mars
Technologies from space provide new solutions for food handling on Earth.

A nanowire with a surprise
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and their collaborators have discovered that a short, organic chain molecule with dimensions on the order of a nanometer (a billionth of a meter) conducts electrons in a surprising way: It regulates the electrons' speed erratically, without a predictable dependence on the length of the wire.

Sister study opens nationwide
A new study that will look at 50,000 sisters of women diagnosed with breast cancer opened today for enrollment across the United States.

Researchers guide light through liquids and gases on a chip
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Cruz, have reported the first demonstration of integrated optical waveguides with liquid cores, a technology that enables light propagation through small volumes of liquids on a chip.

Biomedical engineers at case develop first sliver-sized sensor to monitor glucose levels
Miklos Gratzl, associate professor of biomedical engineering and researcher at the Case School of Engineering, has developed for the first time a

Michelle Trudeau wins 2004 Victor Cohn Prize for Excellence in Medical Reporting
Michelle Trudeau, a correspondent for National Public Radio who has covered mental health, human behavior and brain science for more than two decades, has been awarded the 2004 Victor Cohn Prize for Excellence in Medical Science Reporting.

An old adage about apples finds scientific backing
To paraphrase an old adage: Can an apple a day keep colon cancer at bay?

UCSD medical researchers use brain cell transplants to correct muscle spasms after aneurysm surgery
Transplantation of human brain cells corrected involuntary muscle spasms in rats with ischemic spinal cord injury, according to research published online October 12 and in print October 19, 2004 in the European Journal of Neurosciences by investigators at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

Rutgers is on the 'NIH Roadmap'
NIH has awarded more than $4 million in three grants to partnerships involving institutes and centers at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, and the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ).

Urine testing might prove to be an alternative screening test for cervical cancer
A study involving 143 women from Senegal, West Africa has shown that a simple urine test might provide an alternative to Pap screening for cervical cancer.

Experts debate benefits, dangers of chlorine in C&EN point-counterpoint
Two leading experts in the field of chlorine chemistry, Terrence Collins, professor of chemistry at Carnegie Mellon University, and C.T.
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