Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 2004
ORNL system eliminates perchlorate, helps scientists trace source
An award-winning system developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to clean up perchlorate pollution is now also helping scientists determine whether the contamination is natural or man-made.

p110 delta: A key player in the allergic response
Findings from the University College London Branch of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR), published in this week's Nature, detail how inactivating a key signalling molecule called p110delta reduced the effect of allergies on mice.

Neurosurgeons identify growth of new adult brain cells, possible treatment for epilepsy
It had long been thought that once the human brain is fully matured, no new brain cells develop.

Northwestern University receives $7.5 million for regenerative medicine
A group of seven Northwestern University scientists, engineers and physicians who are tackling two critical health problems -- the treatment of paralysis and diabetes -- has received $7.5 million over five years from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering at the NIH.

Babies born after surgery on eggs
Twenty children have been born to women for whom IVF had failed, after doctors performed a kind of transplant surgery on their eggs.

Neurosurgeons looking at stem cells from skin to fight brain tumors
A team of neurosurgeons and scientists from Italy is looking into whether stem cells derived from a brain tumor patient's own skin can be used to fight the tumors.

Study links warm offices to fewer typing errors and higher productivity
Warmer workers make significantly fewer errors and produce more; chilly workers may boost the cost of labor by 10 percent, accordong to a study by Cornell University's Human Factors and Ergonomics Laboratory.

Passage of GMO ban in San Luis Obispo would encourage use of harsh pesticides
Voters in San Luis Obispo County are being encouraged by the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) to vote

AAAS CEO Alan I. Leshner statement on the UN cloning debate
A statement from Dr. Alan I. Leshner, CEO of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and executive publisher of the journal Science, on the debate over research cloning that is scheduled to begin at the United Nations on Thursday 21 October 2004.

Genetic data crunching achieves milestone at Stanford
Five years ago this week, the Stanford Microarray Database booted up, and a level of computing power was suddenly available to the field of molecular biology that only a few years earlier was inconceivable.

Genetically modified parasite lets researchers probe immune system's memory
Researchers have found an immune system cell can

Cedars-Sinai October 2004 medical tipsheet
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center's October tipsheet includes information about: 1) Flu vaccines for pregnant women; 2) Use of over-the-counter at-home defibrillators; 3) Acoustic neuroma; 4) Outsmarting brain tumors patient conference; 5) Parkinson's disease research.

Study reports genetic susceptibility to alcoholism in NMDA receptor
Receptors in the brain that are highly sensitive to alcohol may function differently in a person with a family history of alcoholism.

Endocrine Society and Hormone Foundation call for increased research
The Endocrine Society and its patient education affiliate, The Hormone Foundation, today called for more research into osteoporosis and low bone mass.

SAMAB 15th Annual Conference
Southern Appalachia is one of America's unique cultural, biological, and physical landscapes, offering cherished natural beauty and vibrant culture that draws million of visitors and an increasing number of new residents.

Mining census data without violating privacy
With funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF) a consortium lead by Cornell University will expand and test techniques for using data from the U.S Census Bureau and other government agencies without violating the confidentiality that both law and ethics demand.

Long-term study demonstrated ADDERALL XR® is an effective option to treat adolescents with ADHA
Shire Pharmaceuticals Group plc (NASDAQ: SHPGY, LSE: SHP.L, TSE: SHQ CN) announced today that ADDERALL XR® (an extended release, mixed salts amphetamine product) is effective and generally well-tolerated for adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Better analyses of wind, damage models would help insurers anticipate hurricane costs
Hurricane damage models used by insurance companies produce widely varied results, resulting in uncertainty in their risk and their rates.

Honey could be healthy alternative to high-fructose corn syrup in Halloween candy
Soda, Halloween candy and other food products that contain high-fructose corn syrup and other sweeteners could one day get a fresh makeover using honey, one of the most ancient sweeteners, researchers say.

Leading scientists to discuss research applications for therapeutic cloning
As members of the United Nations General Assembly are set to vote on the future of cloning research, possibly within days, leading scientists including Gerald Schatten, Ph.D., of the University of Pittsburgh will take part in a symposium on the status of current work in cloning and ethics surrounding such research on Wednesday, Oct.

Sinusitis, bronchitis account for more than 30 million missed workdays each year
Sinusitis and bronchitis take a significant toll on a person's ability to participate in everyday life and have a sizable economic impact, accounting for more than 30 million missed workdays each year, according to survey results released by University of Pittsburgh otolaryngologist Berrylin Ferguson, M.D.

Mice thrive despite massive genetic makeover
Can you lose scores of pages from a novel and still follow the story line?

'Science of better' convenes operations researchers in Denver
Led by decision-making specialists in homeland security, corporate management, and public health, the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS®) holds its annual meeting in Denver from Sunday, October 24 to Wednesday, October 27 at the Adams Mark Hotel.

Citizen environmental monitoring in Appalachia
Citizen environmental monitoring (CEM) is the repeated collection of, and in some cases analysis of, environmental data by local volunteers.

Bacteria-killing vs. bacteria-inhibiting drugs in treating infections
When treating an infection, physicians may face a choice between using a bactericidal (bacteria-killing) drug, a bacteriostatic (bacteria-inhibiting) drug or a combination of the two.

The 'green' side of pumpkins -- purging pollution from contaminated soils
While parents and youngsters are busy carving jack-o-lanterns in preparation for Halloween, Canadian scientists are hard at work on another way to use the popular yellow-orange plant.

Gene for Joubert syndrom with excessive brain folds discovered by UCSD researchers and Harvard team
Researchers at the UCSD School of Medicine have discovered the gene for a form of Joubert Syndrome, a condition present before birth that affects an area of the brain controlling balance and coordination in about 1 in 10,000 individuals.

International human genome sequencing consortium describes finished human genome sequence
The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium, led in the United States by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) and the Department of Energy (DOE), today published its scientific description of the finished human genome sequence, reducing the estimated number of human protein-coding genes from 35,000 to only 20,000-25,000, a surprisingly low number for our species.

Antipsychotic drugs linked to insulin resistance in children
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center say a group of drugs known as

A bag that never forgets
By mix and matching patches of smart material you can build artificial intelligence into everyday objects.

Academics find that finger of destiny points their way
Male scientists are good at research because they have the hormone levels of women and long index fingers, a new study says.

For inferring the biological tree of life, simple is better
Evolutionary biologists may want to reconsider whether the method now in vogue for constructing evolutionary trees from DNA sequences is accurate according to a study published in Nature on Oct.

Academics find that the finger of destiny points their way
Male scientist are good at research because they have the hormone levels of women and long index fingers, a new study says.

Indiana a national leader in new federal funding for health information technology
Over the next 5 years, Indiana will receive $10.8 million, of which $9.3 million was awarded to the Indiana University School of Medicine, from a new federal program to promote the use of information technology in health care.

UC Riverside professor organizes a workshop on vitamin D and cancer treatment and prevention
UC Riverside Professor Anthony Norman, regarded as one of the world's leading experts on Vitamin D, is organizing a three-day meeting on Vitamin D and cancer treatment and prevention on Wednesday, November 17 through Friday, November 19, 2004, in Bethesda, Md.

Large-scale forces shape local ocean life, global study shows
In an epic research project spanning 14 years and seven continents, a research team based at Brown University has photographed and cataloged nearly 3,000 species of sponges, corals and other shallow water ocean invertebrates from Antarctica to Australia.

Mollusk research center will propagate endangered species
A new Freshwater Mollusk Conservation Center has been established at Virginia Tech to study and propagate some of the 70 endangered mussel species in the United States.

Early life stress can inhibit development of brain-cell communication zones, UCI study finds
High stress levels during infancy and early childhood can lead to the poor development of communication zones in brain cells - a condition found in mental disorders such as autism, depression and mental retardation.

Incentives for US farmers reduce water waste
Subsidized

DFG research training groups become increasingly international
The Research Training Groups of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) are attracting increasing numbers of applicants.
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