Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 26, 2004
New system 'sees' crimes on audiotape
The Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a real-time magnetic imaging system that enables criminal investigators to

Technology points to possible targets for epilepsy and Alzheimer's drugs
Using new technology to measure protein levels in human tissue, scientists at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center hope to identify new targets for drugs to treat Alzheimer's disease and epilepsy.

Skin sterol provides new information about heart disease risk
New clinical research on skin sterol testing was presented yesterday at the Canadian Cardiovascular Congress.

Passage of Marin County GMO ban would encourage widespread use of harsh pesticides
The American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB) sent a letter today to Steve Kinsey, President of the Marin County Board of Supervisors, urging defeat of local Ballot Measure B.

New tool reveals molecular signature of cancer and HIV
Scientists have designed a new molecular tool, dubbed

Radiotherapy + cetuximab significantly improve disease control and survival in head and neck cancer
Combination treatment using the monoclonal antibody cetuximab, along with high dose radiotherapy in the treatment of patients with loco-regionally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck results in significant improvements in both loco-regional control and overall survival.

Study: Inadequate physical activity worsens as teenagers become adults
While promoting physical activity and encouraging people to limit the time they spend watching television are important throughout life, those efforts are critical before adolescence, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill investigation concludes.

IC-medtech licenses promising cancer therapeutic from Summa Health System
In September 2001, researchers at Summa Health System in Akron, Ohio reported that moderate doses of the vitamins C and K3 were eliminating many types of cancer cells including prostate, bladder, renal and ovarian.

Smoking affects same 'feel good' brain chemical system as heroin
Smokers often say that lighting up a cigarette can calm their nerves, satisfy their craving and help them relax.

Emory study details dolphin brain evolution for the first time
In the first-ever comprehensive analysis of its kind, a new Emory University study maps how brain size changed in dolphins and their relatives the past 47 million years, and helps to provide some answers to how the species evolved in relation to humans.

Use of stomach acid-suppressive medications associated with increased risk of pneumonia
Individuals who use gastric acid-suppressive medications may be at an elevated risk of developing community-acquired pneumonia, according to an article in the October 27 issue of JAMA.

Virginia Tech announces its rebuilt System X achieves 12.25 teraflops
After achieving international honors and accolades for building System X, the fastest supercomputer at any academic institution in the world (November, 2003 TOP500 List), Virginia Tech announces that its rebuilt System X is now operating at 12.25 teraflops.

Powering the future
Florida Institute of Technology scientists and engineers are joining forces to create the university's first hydrogen fuel cell research center, boosted by a $900,000 federal appropriation.

Appendix rupture in children associated with race and health insurance status
Asian children and black children experience higher rates of ruptured appendixes than white children, as do uninsured or Medicaid-insured children, compared to children covered by private insurance, according to a study in the October 27 issue of JAMA.

Six new Roybal Centers for Applied Gerontology established by National Institute on Aging
The National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced the establishment of six new Edward R.

Dr. John Deaton designs for peace
A former aerospace experimental psychologist, Deaton is the cultural subject matter expert who develops the scenarios and scripts the voice dialogues in this interactive video game prototype.

DepoDur found to be innovative option for postoperative pain relief
Data from two clinical trials presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists' Annual Meeting in Las Vegas this week support the safety and efficacy of DepoDurTM (morphine sulfate extended-release liposome injection) CII -- an innovative single-dose epidural injection designed to improve postoperative pain control.

Using over-the-counter drugs to treat upper respiratory infections may save $4.75 billion annually
Using nonprescription, or over-the-counter (OTC), medications to treat common upper respiratory infections could save $4.75 billion a year, according to a new study conducted by researchers from Northwestern University.

ESA joins European effort to create Digital Libraries for science
Spacecraft constantly scan the Earth, creating hundreds of gigabytes of new data products daily.

Moffitt doctor's talk on ovarian cancer receives international first place award
A physician at H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute at the University of South Florida received a first-place international award for his lecture on individualized treatment for patients with advanced stage ovarian cancer.

Therapy, medication combination superior for children with obsessive-compulsive disorder
Children with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) fare best when treated with a combination of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and sertraline (trade name Zoloft), researchers at Duke University Medical Center and their colleagues at two other research institutions have determined.

Marijuana-like compounds may aid array of debiliating conditions ranging from Parkinson's to pain
No longer a pipe dream, new animal research now indicates that marijuana-like compounds can aid a bevy of debilitating conditions, ranging from brain disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinson's disease, to pain and obesity.

Combination therapy, not medication alone, most effective for treating children with OCD
Treating children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with a combination of cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) and the medication sertraline is more effective than CBT or sertraline alone, according to a study in the October 27 issue of JAMA.

Research identifies patent barriers to drug importation schemes
George W. Bush and John Kerry, along with many other politicians, have said they're for the importation of less-expensive pharmaceuticals from Canada, but according to a Penn State business law researcher, legal barriers may prevent government-run plans from ever working without industry cooperation.

Chimpanzee 'workshop' discovered in Congo
Scientists have discovered that a remote rainforest in Central Africa, saved from logging by a collaboration among the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society, a timber company and the Republic of Congo, is home to a population of innovative, tool-making chimpanzees that

Global Tech Confidence slips as China booms, report finds
The Global Technology Confidence Index (GTCI) report was recently released by The Howe School at Stevens Institute of Technology, showing a notable worldwide decrease in both business confidence and the technology confidence index itself.

Mystery unwrapped: Texas A&M team uncovers mummy secrets
Some Texas A&M University researchers examining ancient Egyptian mummies may have unwrapped - literally - some of the mysteries that embalmers used to preserve bodies more than 3,000 years ago.

A time to rhyme
A team of researchers focusing on the different ways children and adults create false memories may have uncovered a more fundamental relationship between age and linguistic development.

GENEPI: a tool to refine and fine-tune radiotherapy treatment for cancer
The EU-funded GENEPI project will provide the facility for essential research which will improve and refine radiotherapy for European cancer patients.

LSU FACES Lab building database of missing persons, unidentified remains
Funded in part by a grant of more than $11,000 from the Louisiana Commission on Law Enforcement, LSU's Forensic Anthropology and Computer Enhancement Services Laboratory, or FACES Lab,is working on the Louisiana Identification Analysis Project, an effort to compile a comprehensive database of Louisiana's missing and unidentified persons.

Lung function regulated by circadian rhythms
Circadian rhythms, the body's biological processes that repeat in 24-hour cycles, may have a significant effect on a person's lung function and, ultimately, help determine the best time of day for exercise and the administration of medications and medical procedures.

MRI improves treatment of deforming birthmarks
Magnetic resonance (MR) guidance improves the treatment of low-flow vascular malformations, which are birthmarks or growths consisting of enlarged veins.

Several new techniques show promise for spinal cord repair
Novel methods for transplanting cells into areas damaged by spinal cord injury and experimental drug treatments show promise for aiding those suffering from injury to their spinal cord.

New radiotherapy regime benefits young women with breast cancer
Women under 35 years of age with breast cancer can have an almost 20% lower risk of their disease recurring if they are treated using a new radiotherapy regime.

Gene therapy approach reverses diabetic neuropathy in animal model, Pitt study finds
Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh have demonstrated for the first time that gene therapy can reverse diabetic neuropathy.

'Aggregate and the Environment'
The American Geological Institute has recently published the newest addition to the Environmental Awareness Series entitled

Scientists detail latest advances in development of prosthetic devices for paralyzed
New research is speeding the development of brain-controlled devices that may soon allow amputees and paraplegics to use their limbs.

Elderly experience long-term cognitive decline after surgery
Duke University Medical Center researchers have found that two years after major non-cardiac surgery, 42 percent of elderly patients will have experienced a measurable cognitive decline.

Munching microbes could cleanse arsenic-contaminated groundwater
Microbial processes ultimately determine whether arsenic builds to dangerous levels in groundwater, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Cassini-Huygens makes first close approach to Titan
Today the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini-Huygens spacecraft makes a fly-by of Saturn's largest moon Titan - the closest ever performed.

Safer medical implants, more comfortable fabrics among research items at Rochester meeting
A symposium on research that could lead to safer medical implants and a look at how coating technology has made fabrics more comfortable are on tap for the 32nd Northeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society in Rochester, N.Y., Oct.31-Nov.

Scientists zero in on why time flows in one direction
The big bang could be a normal event in the natural evolution of the universe that will happen repeatedly over incredibly vast time scales as the universe expands, empties out and cools off, according to two University of Chicago physicists.

Can't place a name to the face you just saw?
Scientists at the University of Arizona in Tucson are trying to determine what goes on inside the brain when it sees a face.

Stimulating nerve cells with laser precision
Biomedical engineers and physicians at Vanderbilt University have brought the day when artificial limbs will be controlled directly by the brain considerably closer by discovering a method that uses laser light, rather than electricity, to stimulate and control nerve cells.

Toddlers' imitation predicts well-developed conscience
A recent study tested whether naturally-occurring differences in how 1-year-olds imitate their mothers can predict which children will show a well-developed conscience as preschoolers.

American College of Chest Physicians announces new Critical Care Institute
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) announced today the formation of the new ACCP Critical Care Institute (ACCP-CCI) as a center of excellence within the ACCP, housing programs and initiatives related to critical care medicine.

Further evidence reveals the association between periodontal disease and coronary artery disease
Research is racing to help healthcare professionals further understand how periodontal diseases are linked to cardiovascular disease.

NIA establishes new demography centers to enhance knowledge about older americans
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has established four new Centers on the Demography of Aging at Harvard University, Princeton University, the University of North Carolina, and Pennsylvania State University.

AAN, ANA announce support for embryonic and adult human stem cell research
The American Academy of Neurology and the American Neurological Association, together representing more than 18,000 neurologists and neuroscience professionals, today announce their support for government funding of adult and embryonic stem cell research.

Paving the way for pioneers
With more than $1 million in NASA funding, Zhang is researching cosmic and energetic solar radiation, seeking how the two space weather components affect human beings, as space travelers and as end-users of space technology.

Almost good enough to eat
Researchers interviewed fishers in 18 Atlantic Forest costal communities and along four Amazonian rivers in an investigation of the dietary restrictions among fishing communities.

Swallowing multiple magnets poses danger to children
Children who swallow multiple magnets need immediate medical attention. When two magnets lie in adjacent bowel loops, they may attract each other across the intestinal walls.

Government development policies, not communities, main threat to forest conservation projects
A current backlash against collaborative conservation and wildlife management schemes is unjustified, according to new ESRC-sponsored research into communal reserves in Peru.

New insights into hormone therapy highlight when estrogen best aids brain
New hormone therapy studies demonstrate estrogen's ability to directly stimulate neurons, repair damaged neurons, and stimulate support cells--most of which can alleviate some of the cognitive decline associated with menopause.

Early disclosure: Post-operative radiotherapy improves progression-free survival in prostate cancer
Immediate post-operative radiotherapy following surgery to remove the prostate results in improved progression-free survival for prostate cancer patients.

Researchers develop neural prosthesis allowing a monkey to feed self using only its brain
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh have demonstrated that a monkey can feed itself with a robotic arm simply by using signals from its brain, a development that will change the future role of prosthetics.

Family therapy reduces stress symptoms in adolescent survivors of childhood cancer
Family therapy and other psychological treatments may help reduce symptoms of post-traumatic stress among teenaged survivors of childhood cancer---as well as among their parents.

Immune system in a bottle could help prevent flu vaccine shortage
Picture a honeycomb and each compartment in the honeycomb is coated with living cells from a person's mouth, skin or a piece of bone.

Increased investment in radiotherapy will improve cure rates for European cancer patients
The scenarios where radiotherapy can be used for curative (and palliative) treatment of cancer have steadily increased, and radiotherapy now forms a part of the treatment of more than 50% of all cancer patients.

Paving the way to better roads: LSU Profs receive $600K for digital testing of road-top materials
A $600,000 grant to a group of LSU professors will allow them to develop a digital method for examining and testing asphalt concrete, possibly paving the way to safer, less costly roadways in the future.

Animal study suggests safer immunization approach to Alzheimer's
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have had preliminary success with a method of immunization intended to dissolve the plaques in brain tissue that are associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Nerve navigation findings prompt new direction for spinal cord research
A piece of the puzzle of how nerves find their way across the midline of the brain and spinal cord in a developing embryo has been found by Medical College of Georgia researchers.
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