Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 03, 2004
People cause more soil erosion than all natural processes
Human activity causes 10 times more erosion of continental surfaces than all natural processes combined, an analysis by a University of Michigan geologist shows.

Tithonium Chasma, Valles Marineris, on Mars
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show the western end of the Valles Marineris Canyon system on Mars.

Ecosystem remodelling among vertebrates during the Permian-Triassic extinction
The biggest mass extinction of all time happened 251 million years ago, at the Permian-Triassic boundary.

International Rice Functional Genomics meeting in Tucson Nov. 15-17
The latest developments in the structural, functional and evolutionary genomics research on rice are the focus of the 2nd International Symposium on Rice Functional Genomics.

Research team discovers possible genetic mechanism behind congenital heart defects
Researchers at The Hospital for Sick Children (Sick Kids) and Mount Sinai Hospital (MSH) have discovered a possible genetic mechanism behind congenital heart defects.

Stanford environmental molecular science institute will study pollutants, one molecule at a time
The National Science Foundation has established a new research institute at Stanford University dedicated to tackling environmental pollution problems at the molecular level.

Growth factors confer immortality to sperm-generating stem cells
Researchers at Penn's School of Veterinary Medicine have identified the growth factors essential to allow spermatogonial stem cells, the continually self-renewing cells that produce sperm, to exist in culture indefinitely.

Structure of new DNA enzyme family member found
Cornell researchers, trying to understand how proteins evolve and function by looking at their structural features, have uncovered the crystal structure of AIRs kinase, a protein involved in making the building blocks of DNA correctly.

Researchers discover potential skin cancer prevention target
Scientists at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center have identified a protein that serves as a master regulator of skin cancer - a finding that could lead to new ways to prevent skin cancer before it starts.

Symposium honors Paul Ribbe for contributions to mineral and geochemical science
Paul Ribbe, professor emeritus of geosciences at Virginia Tech, advanced the crystallography of feldspars and launched a series of books that have become the definitive work on mineralogy.

University of Pittsburgh researcher gets CDC grant to study youth violence
Anthony Fabio, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor of neurosurgery at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and investigator with the university's Center for Injury Research and Control has received nearly a half-million dollar, three-year research and training grant from the U.S.

Zombie networks fuel cybercrime
It's becoming increasingly easy to execute an attack on company websites.

Researchers grow sperm stem cells in laboratory cultures
A team of researchers working with cells from mice has overcome a technical barrier and succeeded in growing sperm progenitor cells in laboratory culture.

Consequences of SARS revealed
2 years after the world first became aware of a new form of fatal pneumonia, some of the extraordinary and unexpected consequences of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak of 2002-2003 are revealed in a series of articles in the November issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Dealing with casualties from a terrorist attack
Doctors from one of the two hospitals closest to the Madrid bombings have described their experience of March 11th, 2004 in an article published today in Critical Care.

Allergy - cancer link
Some allergic conditions could increase your risk of suffering from blood cancer as an adult, according to a new study published this week in BMC Public Health.

Initial sensor for p53 tumor-suppressing pathway identified
The p53 protein is the end of the line in a vital signaling cascade that triggers cells with damaged DNA to self-destruct.

Surgical procedure to treat GERD in children found to be ineffective
According to a study published in the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, more than 60 percent of the children who received surgical fundoplication to control gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) had recurring symptoms of the disease months following surgery.

TIGER Workshop puts focus on space for African water management
A TIGER Initiative offer to make ESA satellite data available for monitoring African water resources sparked an enthusiastic take-up by researchers across the continent and beyond it.

Stretching the supply of flu vaccine: Solution offered in new SLU research in New England Journal
In light of this fall's serious flu vaccine shortages, a new study in the New England Journal of Medicine points to a way that less vaccine can be used to vaccinate more people.

Possible origin of cosmic rays revealed with gamma rays
An international team of astronomers has produced the first ever image of an astronomical object using high energy gamma rays, helping to solve a 100 year old mystery - an origin of cosmic rays.

Researchers uncover how infections combat plant immune responses
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, with colleagues at the University of Florida and at UC Davis, have uncovered how viruses circumvent the immune response of plants.

Food shortages threaten Antarctic wildlife
Antarctic whales, seals and penguins could be threatened by food shortages in the Southern Ocean.

Gene mutations responsible for childhood cataracts discovered
Gene mutations responsible for causing cataracts in children have been identified by a team of University of Utah vision researchers.

Roman face cream discovered and reproduced
Cosmetic face cream used by fashionable Roman women has been analysed by scientists at Bristol University, UK, and then reproduced.

Scientists pioneer biotech techniques to halt infestation of history, art treasures in tropics
UN University scientists are using new biotech sciences to protect priceless art and historical archives in tropical countries from decay caused by insects, heat, humidity and other natural causes.

First diesel military motorcycle to hit the road
A unique technology partnership between Cranfield University and California-based Hayes Diversified Technologies (HDT) has created the world's first production diesel military motorbike - and the first bike of any kind with a purpose-designed diesel power unit.

ORNL project earns top honor from Southeast tech transfer group
A technology that can scan living small animals and other biological objects has been honored as project of the year by the Southeastern Region of the Federal Laboratory Consortium.

Weather hots up under wind turbines
Wind farms have a significant effect on the climate, according to US researchers who modelled a hypothetical wind farm.

Advances in plasma physics at Annual APS Meeting
Ultra compact accelerators for science and medicine, a plasma window 'force field', and x-ray snap shots of the world's most powerful x-ray source at plasma physics meeting in Savannah.

November-December GSA Bulletin media highlights
This issue includes the following topics: paleoenvironment of early tool-making humans in east-central Ethiopia; origins of the Central American isthmus and the subsequent Great American Biotic Exchange; new evidence that California's coastal ranges, the Sierra Nevada, the Great Basin desert all might be the product of a single geologic event; and new technology for improving underground mining operations.

BU chemist to map DNA's surface, uncovering details that will show how structure abets function
In a second round of funding for technology-related research that will contribute to the international research effort known as ENCODE, the National Human Genome Research Initiative (NHGRI) is supporting a Boston University-based effort to map the topography of the DNA molecule.
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