Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 10, 2004
Taking a number of medications regularly could give you a serious headache
The frequent use of headache medications to make the pain of a headache disappear could trigger chronic daily headache (CDH), according to recent commentary appearing in Headache Currents.

Following heart care guidelines saves lives
The closer hospitals adhere to national guidelines for treating potential heart attack patients, the greater the decline in their mortality rates, according to a analysis of treatment patterns at 315 U.S. hospitals by Duke Clinical Research Institute researchers.

Initiative yields effective methods for anthrax detection; RAMP and MIDI, Inc., methods approved
AOAC INTERNATIONAL, and its subsidiary AOAC Research Institute, announced today the approval of two biodefense methods for the detection of Bacillus anthracis (commonly known as anthrax).

Senior citizens at risk for pneumonia
The recent flu vaccine shortage has focused attention on elderly people's risk for infection.

Health issues may affect grandmothers who are primary caregivers
Grandmothers who are caregivers to grandchildren are more prone to stress and depressive symptoms than non-caregivers according to the latest research by Case Western Reserve University's Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.

Morphine for chest pain increases death risk
While patients hospitalized for a heart attack have long been treated with morphine to relieve chest pain, a new analysis by researchers from the Duke Clinical Research Institute has shown that these patients have almost a 50 percent higher risk of dying.

Research effort seeks A's to gene expression Q's
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has launched a new $6.25 million, five-year program to explore and address challenges in measurement, validation and quality control for the rapidly growing field of gene expression profiling.Gene expression measurements impact everything from basic bioresearch to drug development and clinical diagnostics.

New program examines stem cells' potential to repair, replace damaged tissue
Maximizing the potential of stem cells to repair damaged tissue and possibly make new organs lost to disease or injury is the goal of the new Program in Regenerative Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia.

Sandia imagists overcome maelstrom obscuring Z machine's drive force
By inserting a pretty, two-inch-long crystal that reflects at only a single frequency into the hellish center of Sandia's Z machine as it fires, researchers have been able to visually filter out the bedlam of more than 99 percent of the energies generated.

New study finds significant improvements in pelvic pain, depression after hysterectomy
A study co-authored by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill shows for the first time significant improvements in self-reported pelvic pain and depression after hysterectomy.

Rogue finger gene got bats airborne
There has never been an explanation for the sudden appearance of bats some 50 million years ago.

Families who eat out pass up fruits and veggies
Families who dine out are more likely to shy away from eating fruits and vegetables than those who eat at home, Saint Louis University research finds.

Limitations of current evaluation techniques for the cost-effectiveness of treatments
A new study in the journal Value in Health presents a detailed overview of the current decision-analytic models used to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of therapeutic options in Parkinson's disease.

Keck Telescope images of Uranus reveal ring, atmospheric fireworks
As Uranus orbits to give Earth observers a more edge-on view of its rings, they're becoming brighter and more distinct, allowing astronomers at the Keck Observatory to see for the first time the innermost ring that was imaged only once before - by Voyager 2 in 1986.

Shared awareness key to successful computer-supported collaboration
Team members can collaborate more successfully and create better solutions to complex, ill-defined problems by using software tools that support members' shared understanding of long-term goals, plans, challenges and allocation of resources, say Penn State information sciences and technology researchers.

Global warming: Informal networking is the key to a swift response
A recent report on an unexpected sharp rise in atmospheric CO2 levels has raised the possibility of rapid global warming, but researchers at King's College London warn that some UK businesses, government departments and voluntary sector organisations are better equipped than others to respond to an increased risk of flooding, storms and extreme temperatures.

Solar disturbances spike aurora activity across the globe
A spot on the sun is bursting with large flares and tremendous coronal mass ejections, sending charged solar particles to Earth.

Drug may hinder recovery from heart attacks
Some new generation COX-2 inhibitors may not allow heart attack patients to recover fully, research indicates.

Old riverbed keeps chemicals from entering Ohio River
A long-dry riverbed in northeastern Ohio is preventing a pool of chemical waste from infiltrating the Ohio River, geologists have found.

Russian/American scientists explore international nuclear security solutions
Russian and American scientists hope to help each other avert nuclear disasters by coming together at Vanderbilt Nov.

Northwestern Memorial Hospital receives prestigious real estate award
Northwestern Memorial Hospital's Galter Ambulatory Care Pavilion recently received

US DHS sponsored evaluation confirms superior performance of Response Biomedical's RAMP anthrax test
Response Biomedical Corp. (TSX-V: RBM) today announced the Company's RAMP Anthrax Test is the only rapid biological detection system to meet the new performance standards introduced by AOAC INTERNATIONAL for rapid immunoassay-based anthrax detection systems.

Cashmere High School student named American Fisheries Society Hutton Scholar
Sarah K. Eichler, a senior at Cashmere High School, is one of 65 students nationwide selected to participate in the American Fisheries Society 2004 Hutton Junior Fisheries Biology Program.

Heavy, lifetime alcohol users may be toasting metabolic syndrome
The risk of developing metabolic syndrome increases the more a person drinks - and beginning a heavy drinking pattern early in life seems to add extra risk.

Northwestern Memorial Hospital testing new procedure for patients with major depression
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), a non-invasive technique that uses repeated short bursts of magnetic energy to stimulate nerve cells in the brain, is now being tested at Northwestern Memorial Hospital and Northwestern University's Feinberg School of Medicine as a potential treatment for participants with major depression.

Study shows high-dose vitamin E supplements may increase risk of dying
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report that use of high-dose vitamin E supplements, in excess of 400 IU (international units), is associated with a higher overall risk of dying.

Safer drug prescribing for seniors in nursing homes: Canada leads the way
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care is the first long-term care facility in Canada, and one of the first in North America, to take a major leap forward in the use of health information technology to improve prescribing and follow-up of medications to institutionalized elderly.

MIDI, Inc receives Official Methods(SM) status for the confirmatory ID of the anthrax pathogen
MIDI, Inc. announced today that the Sherlock Microbial Identification System was awarded AOAC Official Methods of AnalysisSM status for the confirmatory identification of Bacillus anthracis, the anthrax pathogen.

Health state values for patients with CAD vary according to the measure used to generate them
A recent study published in the journal Value in Health presents the first attempt to compare two instruments using a population with coronary artery disease (CAD) enrolled in a multinational, randomized, double-blind clinical trial.

News tips for Wednesday, November 10, 2004
To complement our news releases, here are additional news tips reported by the American Heart Association's Public and Media Relations from more than 3,600 abstracts.

Ancient creature fossilized by the bacteria that ate it
High in the mountains of Antarctica, Ohio State University geologists unearthed the fossil remains of a 180-million-year-old clam-like creature that was preserved in a very unusual way: by the ancient bacteria that devoured it.

Cholesterol-lowering drug may also reduce risk of blood clots
Research conducted on animal models, has shown success in using the drug fluvastatin to inhibit the factors causing development of thrombosis.

Signaling pathway may be key to understanding roots of hypertension
Defeating high blood pressure may be a matter of a little molecular manipulation.

Not the end, but beginning of the world as we know it
Widespread volcanic activity, cyanobacteria and global glaciation may sound like the plot of a new, blockbuster disaster movie, but in reality, they are all events in the mystery surrounding the development of our oxygen-rich atmosphere, according to a Penn State geoscientist.

Gold nano anchors put nanowires in their place
NIST researchers have demonstrated a technique for growing well-formed, single-crystal nanowires in place---and in a predictable orientation---on a commercially important substrate.

Health concerns: Mosquito mapping may help
The Knowledge Engineering Lab in the department of entomology at Texas A&M University is heading up the project to develop the statewide Mosquito Spatial Information Management System.

Controversies regarding ovarian cancer treatments addressed
Trials have raised questions on the current management and standard of care for advanced ovarian cancer (AOC).

Looking for the secret to a healthier diet? Part of the answer might be at church, study finds
New Saint Louis University research finds a connection between how active you are in church and whether you eat the fruits and vegetables that are most nutritious.

Keck zooms in on the weird weather of Uranus
Capitalizing on the incomparable optical capabilities of the Keck Telescope, scientists have gained an unprecedented look at the atmosphere of Uranus, providing new insight into some of the most enigmatic weather in the solar system.

Malnutrition in early years leads to low IQ and later antisocial behavior, USC study finds
Malnutrition in the first few years of life leads to antisocial and aggressive behavior throughout childhood and late adolescence, according to a new University of Southern California study.

Study shows inadequate psychiatric care in assisted living facilities
Research conducted among elderly persons residing in assisted living (AL) facilities in Maryland reveal high prevalence of dementia and other psychiatric disorders, but a lack of recognition and treatment by caregivers.

Heavy drinking raises the risk of early death after heart attack
Heavily drinking - or binging - even intermittently, almost doubles a person's risk of dying after a heart attack, compared to that of a moderate drinker.

New gene target found for common brain tumors in children
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have linked a stem-cell gene to a portion of one of the most common childhood brain cancers, opening the door to tailored therapies that block the gene's tumor-promoting ability.

System lowers breast augmentation re-operation rate by 17 percent
Plastic surgeons can reduce breast implant re-operations in augmentation patients to 3 percent by following a new system of decision and management algorithms, according to a study published in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® (PRS), the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

Tiny exosomes extracted from donor cells may be 'magic bullet' for drug-free transplants
Nano-scale particles that are shed by dendritic cells may hold the key to achieving transplant tolerance - the long-term acceptance of transplanted organs without the need for drugs, suggests a study by University of Pittsburgh researchers published in the Nov.

The blotchier the face, the better the wasp
Putting on airs doesn't cut it in the wasp world.

Los Alamos computers map hurricane utility impacts
Predicting with uncanny accuracy the effects of recent hurricanes, Los Alamos National Laboratory computer models are helping the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Assurance, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and other organizations plan for future disasters.

Adolescent gamblers often suffer psychiatric problems
The younger a person is when they begin to gamble, the more likely they are to develop psychiatric and substance use problems.

University health study identifies undiagnosed diabetics
A University of Edinburgh research project looking at the risks of heart disease and stroke associated with poor circulation to the legs -- the Edinburgh Artery study --found that more than half of the people they had enrolled into the study with diabetes did not realise they had the disease.

High doses of vitamin E supplements do more harm than good
Daily vitamin E doses of 400 international units (IU) or more can increase the risk of death and should be avoided.

Leading tobacco manufacturer conceals links to tobacco research facility
A public-health article published online by The Lancet (
OHSU unique in broadbased teaching of new breast exam recommendations
A new report published by the American Cancer Society recommends training health care providers in a standardized version of clinical breast exam to find palpable cancers.

Monitoring life, one breath at a time
Researchers have created a tiny device that can monitor a victim's breathing in emergency situations by effectively shrinking an operating room machine into a small, disposable tool that can be carried to a disaster site.

UT Southwestern Moncrief Cancer Center is first in Texas to treat patients with TomoTherapy
UT Southwestern Moncrief Cancer Center this week began treating patients with a TomoTherapy system utilizing image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT).

American ethnic groups less likely to have cholesterol controlled
Compared with non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics who qualify for cholesterol-lowering drug treatment are less likely to have their

Mouse model gives insight to human hair loss
A progressive skin disease causing hair loss in adult humans was identified in laboratory mice, providing a genetic tool to study the disease known as alopecia areata (AA).

Crohn's disease treatment shows promise in clinical trial
In an initial clinical trial led by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, doctors found that up to 75 percent of people with Crohn's disease responded to an experimental new treatment, and up to 50 percent had long-term remission of symptoms.

New Soyuz model successfully launched
The maiden flight of a Soyuz 2-1a launch vehicle took place on Monday 8 November 2004 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia at 21:30 Moscow time (19:30 Paris).

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Story ideas from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are a prototype energy system, a giant screen at the Center for Computational Sciences, a state-of-the-art instrument recently installed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the possiblity of a nitrogen oxide (NOx) sensor, and reducing the of increasing levels of nitrogen in rainfall.

Good news for Pluto-Spitzer astronomers say KBOs may be smaller than thought
Pluto's status as our solar system's ninth planet may be safe-if a recently discovered Kuiper Belt Object is a typical

USF neuroscientists awarded $1.1 million NIH grant to improve Alzheimer's vaccine
University of South Florida neuroscientists have been awarded a $1.1 million federal grant to improve the safety and effectiveness of an experimental Alzheimer's vaccine in a mouse model.

Award will help unlock mysteries of one of Earth's most important organisms
A University of Washington marine microbiologist who uses molecular tools to study phytoplankton - of interest not just to oceanographers but to ecologists, climate scientists, biomedical researchers and materials scientists alike - will receive $4.1 million during the next five years as a Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation investigator in marine science.

Implants that move in your brain
American researchers have developed a device that automatically moves electrodes inside the brain to where the strongest neural signal is coming from.

UGA's Peabody Archives receives a 'Save America's Treasures' grant to preserve television programs
The University of Georgia's Walter J. Brown Media Archive and Peabody Awards Collection has received a

Beta blockers after cardiac surgery reduce length of stay and complications
Starting beta-blocker treatment within 24 hours of cardiothoracic surgery provides significant recovery benefits according to new research in The Annals of Pharmacotherapy.

MicroRNA study points to novel path for treating diabetes
A study of a recently discovered microRNA gene reveals that its function is to regulate the secretion of insulin in the pancreas.

Drug-eluting stents adopted quickly, with early disparities
In the first comprehensive survey of its kind, Duke Clinical Research Institute researchers have documented that while the adoption of new drug-eluting stents has been rapid, their use has not been universally uniform among patients receiving them.

Sex-determining genes of infectious fungus resemble human Y chromosome
Fungi and animals, including humans, have a lot in common when it comes to the arrangement of genes that determine their sex, according to new work by Howard Hughes Medical Institute geneticists at the Duke University Medical Center.

Good parenting protects against chronic illness says professor of public health
Research reveals that good parenting not only helps to reduce criminality, conduct disorder and delinquency in children but could promote good health and prevent chronic disease in adulthood, says Professor.

Reassuring findings from first study on sperm donor identification
A study published in Europe's leading reproductive medicine journal Human Reproduction (Thursday 11 November), should help allay fears that removing anonymity from sperm donors might lead to problems for the children or for their biological fathers.

Designing an ultrasensitive 'optical nose' for chemicals
A laser-based method for identifying a single atom or molecule hidden among 10 trillion others may soon find its way from the laboratory to the real world.

New research results: 'Heart jacket' shown to be effective
New research results from Saint Louis University and other institutions found a

Interventions can improve lifespan in patients with ischemic heart disease
A recent study using 2,467 patients with established coronary artery disease concluded that when medical facilities select interventional methods to lower cholesterol they experience improved morbidity and mortality in patients with Ischemic Heart Disease.

Intervention boosts activity in kids, especially minorities
A short, moderately intense exercise intervention helped third-graders switch to healthier activities such as soccer and swimming instead of watching TV, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2004.

Insecticide resistance in mosquitoes being studied
Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Texas Cooperative Extension and the Mosquito Control Division of the Harris County Public Health and Environmental Services Department are working together to study insecticide resistance in mosquitoes and develop a strategy to overcome it.

Gene exchange between species is aided by parasitism
Gene exchange between different plant species is made possible by their parasites, according to an Indiana University Bloomington report in this week's Nature.

Polaroid sunglasses let astronomers take a closer look at Black Holes
An international team led by an Edinburgh astronomer have discovered that by studying polarised light from black holes they can focus much more closely on what exactly is going on around them.

Study supports the use of mechanical assistance
The success of long-term implantable ventricular assist devices (LVAD) or artificial hearts has led to their increased use in patients previously thought to be unsuitable for mechanical support. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to