Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 30, 2004
Citrus shows promise for certain childhood cancer
Orange juice and cancer don't mix. In fact, the popular citrus drink could become a cocktail to prevent or stop the deadly disease in humans.

Holiday feasting could sabotage liposuction results
Although liposuction is mistakenly viewed by some as a

Diagnostic imaging surge by non-radiologists draws concern
Imaging experts say they are alarmed by the dramatic increase in the number of diagnostic imaging tests being performed by physicians other than radiologists.

Wipeout! Surfing creates wave of unique injuries
Much as surfers have their own peculiar lingo, they also incur an array of injuries from the sport that can be just as peculiar to physicians, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

The logic of life brings order to our genes
Our genomes consist of networks of roughly 25,000 interacting genes, and these networks are obviously very stable and resilient to changed conditions.

Scholarship to attract 'top students' for optometry
A four-year scholarship designed to attract top-notch students for optometry with high-caliber research and leadership potential was created in honor of Desiree Hopping, O.D., a University of Houston College of Optometry 1981 alum.

December Geology media highlights
Topics of the December Geology magazine include: impact of shifts in the North Atlantic current on European climate; new method for estimating elevations of Earth's ancient land surfaces; evidence of terrestrial causes of the Permian-Triassic mass extinction; evidence of a major Precambrian asteroid impact in northwestern Australia; the relationship of intensified hydrologic cycles and global heat transfer during greenhouse phases of Earth's history; and insights into Martian mineralogy based on experiments involving weathering of iron phases in the Martian atmosphere.

Herpes virus offers new hope in curing cancer
In laboratory studies at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, researchers have successfully treated the most common malignant abdominal tumor of childhood: neuroblastoma tumors.

UT Southwestern initiating trials in humans for ricin vaccine
A potential vaccine for the deadly toxin ricin, a

Fussy Baby Network answers cries for help in community
With the help University of Chicago pediatricians and LaRabida Children's Hospital, the Erikson Institute's Fussy Baby Network meets a real need in the Chicago community, responding to parents' concerns about their infants' inconsolable crying.

Discrimination against gay men, lesbians and bi-sexuals could lead to mental health problems
A team of researchers have discovered that high levels of discrimination could lead to an increase in mental health problems among gay men, lesbians and bi-sexual men and women.

Purdue engineers create model for testing transistor reliability
Researchers at Purdue University have created a

Other highlights in the December 1 JNCI
Other highlights in the December 1 JNCI include a study of exposure to the pesticide chlorpyrifos among pesticide workers, an investigation of celocoxib-induced apoptosis in lung cancer cells, and an examination of the relation of two proteins to DNA repair and malignant melanoma.

Computer analysis shows scientists could reconstruct the genome of the mammalian common ancestor
A new study demonstrates that computers could be used to reconstruct with 98 percent accuracy the DNA of a creature that lived at the time of the dinosaurs more than 75 million years ago--a small, furry nocturnal animal that was the common ancestor of all placental mammals, including humans.

Imaging tool may help physicians diagnose bipolar disorder
Magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy may prove to be the definitive diagnostic test for bipolar disorder, a serious brain illness characterized by an alternating pattern of extreme emotional highs and lows, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Academy meeting examines the vaccine & avian influenza crisis
Effective vaccinations against influenza were established many years ago. However, lack of availability of vaccines and the potential for new influenza subtypes to spread in pandemics represent new challenges to global public health.

Russia- wide tiger count begins
A team of conservationists led by the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) announced the first range-wide count in nine years of Siberian (Amur) tigers, one of the world's most threatened big cats.

National experts to discuss high-tech offshoring in free IEEE-USA webcast
Outsourcing Conversations is a free Webcast designed to discuss the offshore outsourcing (offshoring) of high-tech jobs overseas and its impact on the U.S. economy and technical workforce.

Imatinib (Gleevec) has activity in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma
A new clinical study has shown that imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) has activity in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma (KS).

Bill Moyers to receive 2004 Global Environmental Citizen Award
The Center for Health and the Global Environment (
Mayo Clinic discovers potential marker for aggressive kidney cancer
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered a key molecule that lets doctors identify one of the most aggressive types of kidney cancer.

NIH makes award to UNC for Genome Fingerprint Scanning program
The National Center for Research Resources (NCRR), a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today it will provide more than $1 million over three years to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to further develop and make more widely available a Genome Fingerprint Scanning (GFS) program.

Employment reduces chronic drug use, UH professors find
It's said that

US trees affected by growing number of health concerns
A number of emerging forest health issues are affecting the overall vitality of North American forests, say plant pathologists with The American Phytopathological Society (APS).

Spider silks, the ecological materials of tomorrow?
Spider silks could become the intelligent materials of the future, according to a review article published this month in the journal Microbial Cell Factories.

Hebrew University researcher finds 'sweet' way to help prevent heart disease
People who eat the Israeli-developed fruit known in Hebrew as pomelit (a cross between a grapefruit and a pomelo) or drink its juice regularly will be able to lower their blood cholesterol and increase their blood antioxidant activity, thus improving their chances of preventing blocked heart arteries and heart attacks, says a researcher at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Study finds continued reduction in breast cancer incidence associated with longer use of raloxifene
Raloxifene (Evista) continues to be associated with more than a 50% reduction in breast cancer incidence beyond the first 4 years of treatment, according to a new study in the December 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

NJIT physicists expect new super lens to reveal first light by early 2006
Solar physicists at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) say they expect to see dawn's first light by January of 2006 with the new 1.6-meter telescope currently under construction.

Horwitz Prize to be shared by Tony Hunter, Anthony Pawson
Columbia University has announced that its 2004 Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize will be shared by two researchers whose scientific contributions to the understanding of signal transduction - the transfer of information within and between cells - have led to drug therapies that halt the spread of cancer.

Tamoxifen's risks similar in African American and white women
African American and white women who are treated with tamoxifen for breast cancer appear to have the same risks of contralateral breast cancer and thromboembolic events, according to a new study in the December 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

International Polar Year preparations
On Monday, Nov. 29 the University of Alaska Fairbanks held a workshop on the International Polar Year (IPY) at the Geophysical Institute.

Higher education for single low-income moms benefits society
In encouraging low-income single mothers to earn a college education, federal and state governments, along with higher education institutions, will make a solid, long-term investment for the whole society, a Penn State researcher says.

Some harms of beta-carotene supplementation may persist after discontinuing use
A 6-year follow-up of a large, randomized trial in people with a history of smoking has found that the overall harm associated with beta-carotene supplementation on cardiovascular disease mortality disappeared quickly after participants stopped taking the supplements.

Thyroid treatment can trigger homeland security detectors
Medical procedures such as iodine therapy, a popular thyroid treatment, can result in patients triggering radiation detectors for up to three months after treatment, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

ESA service makes customised maps available to African aid workers
The map is not the territory, runs the famous quote, but maps do represent an unparalleled tool for emergency management.

Simple intervention nearly eliminates catheter-related bloodstream infections
As many as 28,000 patients die each year in the U.S. because of catheter-related bloodstream infections, but doctors and nurses who implement simple and inexpensive interventions can cut the number of deaths to nearly zero, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Four ORNL researchers named AAAS fellows
Four researchers working at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are among the 308 to be elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Small study shows SAMe may improve treatment of depression
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have found that adding the nutritional supplement SAMe to a standard antidepressant may be helpful to patients who have not responded to single-drug treatment for clinical depression.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
This issue of the Journal of Neuroscience contains the following article: Rotenone and the Parkinsonian fly by Helene Coulom and Serge Birman.

Researchers reconstruct parts of the genome of a common mammalian ancestor
Researchers have re-created with remarkable accuracy part of the genome of the common ancestor of all placental mammals, a small shrew-like creature that prowled the forests of what is now Asia more than 80 million years ago.

MRI shows liver tumors freezing in real time
Cryotherapy combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is giving doctors unprecedented control during liver cancer treatment by allowing them to observe the tumors freezing in real time, according to a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).

Fragmented habitats no ultimate refuges for forest-dwelling tropical birds
Deep-woods bird species that manage to hang on in remaining patches of a deforested area of Brazil gain no real advantage in avoiding extinction, Duke University ecologists have found.

When Earth turned bad: New evidence supports terrestrial cause of end-Permian mass extinction
Two hundred and fifty million years ago, ninety percent of marine species disappeared and life on land suffered greatly during the world's largest mass extinction.

Iris Murdoch's last novel reveals first signs of Alzheimer's disease
The last novel written by author Iris Murdoch before she died reveals signs of the first stages of Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the latest online issue of Brain.

Novel AT2R gene transfer prevents hypertension-related enlarged heart, cardiac fibrosis
Using a novel vector delivery system for AT2R, University of Florida researchers discovered an approach that prevented enlargement and hardening of the heart associated with hypertension.

CT helps find cause of puzzling cough in WTC rescue workers
Radiologists are one step closer to solving a mysterious condition affecting World Trade Center (WTC) rescue and recovery workers.

Highlights of the December Journal of the American Dietetic Association
The December 2004 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest.
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