Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 02, 2004
New research tool aids study of national well-being
A new research method that quantifies people's quality of life -- beyond how much money they make -- could lead to a national index of well-being, similar to key measures of economic health.

Progress in cardiovascular disease
You are cordially invited to the Cardiac Institute's 11th Annual Cardiac Symposium at Maimonides Medical Center.

Endocrine Society calls for clinical guidelines on androgens for women
The Endocrine Society, which represents more than 12,000 endocrinologists who are specially trained to diagnose, treat and conduct basic and clinical research on complex hormonal disorders, today called for new clinical guidelines on the use of androgens in women/female sexual dysfunction.

November/December 2004 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
The September/October issue of Annals of Family Medicine features articles on the future of primary care, health care disparities, depression in elderly patients and the problem of no-shows.

The impact of body weight on the progression of knee osteoarthritis
To better understand the effect of body weight on the course of knee OA, researchers at Boston University focused on an important predictor of disease progression: limb malalignment, defined by joint space loss at the point where the thigh and shin bones connect to the knee.

Northwestern and Chicago Botanic Garden join forces to train botanists
Where would we be without plants? At a time when native plant species are increasingly endangered around the world, so is the plant scientist.

VGTI researchers help uncover why aging reduces immune system function
Scientists at the Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute at Oregon Health & Science University have made a discovery that helps explain why our immune system worsens with age.

Bosons crystallize in 2-D traps
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have unveiled a fundamental change in the properties of matter.

Sacrificial burial deepens mystery at Teotihuacan, but confirms the city's militarism
A spectacular new discovery from an ongoing excavation at the Teotihuacan's Pyramid of the Moon is revealing a grisly sacrificial burial from a period when the ancient metropolis was at its peak, with artwork unlike any seen before in Mesoamerica.

New method measures emotional quality of daily experience
For Marcel Proust, the taste of a madeleine conjured remembrance of the distant past.

Medication errors in sick children may be higher than previously thought
The level of medication errors in sick children might be substantially higher than previously estimated, according to a study in this week's BMJ.

Is the internet encouraging suicide pacts?
A disturbing new trend in suicide pacts involving strangers meeting over the internet (cybersuicide) is emerging, warns a consultant psychiatrist in this week's BMJ.

Salt-water minnow research helps explain human cardiology
Doctors and their patients have puzzled over why certain cholesterol-lowering drugs work better in some people than others.

Adults taking eplileptic medications more likely to be unemployed
A study published in the journal Epilepsia shows higher unemployment and a lower health-related quality of life (QoL) in patients who had epilepsy as a child.

Guidance on chaperones hard to implement in general practice
Guidance about the use of chaperones for intimate examinations is difficult to implement fully in general practice, according to a study published on
Report finds new model of care can improve quality, lower costs and increase physician efficiency
Widespread implementation of the New Model of care recommended in the recently released

Obesity gets you where you live, UH study finds
Low-income, ethnic minority populations may be more vulnerable to obesity because of inadequate access to healthy foods, according to a study from the University of Houston College of Education.

Artery variations increase complication risk in liver transplants
3D MDCT angiography is a more efficient way to classify liver arterial anatomy before liver surgery, according to researchers from Duke University in Durham, NC.

Eating red meat may increase the risk of rheumatoid arthritis
Recently, a team of British researchers found that a diet lacking in fruit, especially varieties high in vitamin C, increases the risk of inflammatory arthritis, a common early sign of RA, as much as three-fold.

Meridiani Planum could have been suitable for life on Mars
A report on the rover Opportunity's exploration of Meridiani Planum, Mars, with the observation,

Choosing the kind of fat to avoid obesity
The type of fat ingested may create the conditions for or, on the other hand, prevent the development of obesity.

Study gives US a 'C' for lagging support of international reproductive health and population efforts
In a comprehensive study released today by Population Action International (PAI) - an independent policy and research organization based in Washington, D.C.

Replicating an eel's nerve circuitry may aid paralyzed people
In a collaboration blending biology and robotics, researchers are unraveling the circuitry in an eel's spinal cord to help develop a microchip implant that may someday help paralyzed people walk again.

USC-led team of scientists recreates DNA-mending pathway in test-tube
One of five known DNA-repair mechanisms in cells has been completely analyzed and reconstituted in a test tube by an international collaboration of researchers led by scientists from the University of Southern California.

Medical negligence system is 'secretive, unaccountable and unregulated'
The current system for determining medical negligence is

Establishing pediatric stroke trials
You are cordially invited to

Exercise doesn't work for us all
For an unhappy few, slogging away at exercise will have no effect on fitness levels or on the risk of developing diseases.

Thinking beyond deworming
300 million people in the developing world are seriously ill from intestinal worms.

Emergency departments failing to meet essential standards for children
Five years after accident and emergency departments were found to be lacking in essential services for children, many still fail to meet the minimum standards, says a study on
Cyber detective links up crimes
An artificial intelligence system could search for similarities in past crimes and alert detectives.

Good results with only one egg in in-vitro fertilization
Nearly as many women who received only one embryo at a time gave birth as women who received two embryos.

UNH scientist co-authors report in Nature showing movement of glacier has doubled speed
The world's fastest glacier, Greenland's Jakobshavn Isbrae, doubled its speed between 1997 and 2003.

Direct payments to households in poor countries could improve maternal & child health
Results of a study from Honduras in this week's issue of The Lancet show how direct cash payments from government to poor families improves the take-up of antenatal and infant health services.

No long-term harm from repeated prenatal ultrasound examination
Results of a study from Australia in this week's issue of The Lancet provide reassurance to the safety of repeated ultrasound examination during pregnancy.

Employees bring bad moods home, but they disappear by morning
A good night's sleep may be the remedy for a bad day at work, suggests a new University of Florida study on the unexplored relationship between job satisfaction and the shifting moods of employees.

Common lineage suggested for viruses that infect hosts from all three domains of life
Scientists at The Wistar Institute, working in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Helsinki, have discovered structural similarities among viruses that infect hosts from all three domains of life.

2004 Science-in-Society Award winners announced
Stories about the possible health and environmental dangers of nanotechnology, the ethical and moral implications of a

Impact of 2002 Canadian forest fires felt 700 miles away in Baltimore, Maryland
Airborne particulate matter from forest fires in the Canadian providence of Quebec traveled more than 700 miles to homes in Baltimore, Md.

Save up your energy reserves for a longer life!
Research done in the last decade has suggested that limiting energy availability, for example, by dietary restriction, may extend the lifespan of different organisms.

How are we doing? Researchers aim to measure national well being
A new research tool developed by an interdisciplinary team of psychologists and economists could help social scientists more accurately evaluate how well individuals and society are faring.
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