Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 09, 2004
U-M study: Why men are attracted to subordinate women
Men are more likely to want to marry women who are their assistants at work rather than their colleagues or bosses, a University of Michigan study finds.

U of M research explores addiction as a computational process
A U of M researcher developed a computational model of addiction which can be used to make predictions about human behavior, animal behavior, and neurophysiology.

Is fitness your New Year's resolution? You need professional help
If one of your New Year's resolutions is to start a fitness regimen, you might want to seek professional help.

'Signal' identified that enables malarial parasites to target blood cells
Northwestern University researchers have identified a key molecular

Children's Hospital Boston launches major genetic study of autism
Children's Hospital Boston has launched an ambitious study of autism that will seek to pin down its genetic and biochemical causes.

Deep tremors under San Andreas fault could portend earthquakes
Seismologists have recently detected faint tremors deep underground where the Earth's tectonic plates plunge into the mantle, but now UC Berkeley researchers have discovered similar tremors under a horizontally moving transform fault.

Injectable gel could speed repair of torn cartilage
In a project that will likely be watched by athletes, a team of researchers at MIT and Harvard Medical School say they are developing an injectable gel that could speed repair of torn cartilage, a common sports injury, and may help injured athletes return to competition sooner.

European study highlights persistent 3 decade increase in childhood cancer incidence
Research from 19 European countries in this week's issue of The Lancet documents how childhood cancer, while still rare, has been slowly increasing over the past 3 decades.

Little evidence to link mercury fillings to human health problems
For more than 150 years dental amalgam has been used as a restorative material for dental cavities.

Ice study could stop people slip-sliding away
Going out and about in freezing conditions could become safer thanks to fundamental research at the University of Edinburgh into how we slip on ice.

Nanotubes glow, even within biological cells
In some of the first work documenting the uptake of carbon nanotubes by living cells, a team of scientists from Rice University and the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston have studied low concentrations of nanotubes in laboratory cell cultures.

Electric energy security, savings goals of power electronics research
Power electronics technology uses electronic circuits to convert and control electric energy with optimum efficiency.

Gene therapy reduces skin cancer to sunburn in mouse model
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas have successfully tested the first gene therapy for skin cancer, using a mouse model for the disease xeroderma pigmentosum, or XP.

Novel antibiotic shows promise in shortening treatment duration of tuberculosis
Scientists at Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development (J&JPRD) have identified a novel anti-tuberculosis (TB) compound that works better and faster than the current standard of care in mouse models of TB infection.

Another step towards understanding the causes of narcolepsy
Results of a preliminary study in this week's issue of The Lancet suggest a step forward in our understanding of the processes behind narcolepsy; there appears to be an underlying autoimmune process for people with a certain genetic profile.

Neural crest stem cells in skin could provide alternative to embryonic stem cell use
Cell replacement therapy offers a novel and powerful medical technology.

Chemical cousin of anti-anxiety drugs holds promise for psoriasis treatment
A new drug candidate previously shown to reduce harmful side effects of the autoimmune disease lupus also may be useful in treating psoriasis.

Screening for genital herpes should be targeted
Identifying asymptomatic people with genital herpes infection through targeted screening of high-risk groups may prevent disease transmission.

Global warming good news for coral reefs: research
Coral reefs globally could expand in size by up to a third in response to increased ocean warming and the greenhouse effect, says research by Australian scientists.

Supporters of NIH policy see publishers' gambit as possible diversion
Supporters of the NIH Enhanced Public Access Plan today raised questions when learning about the plans of various publishers and patient groups that publish scientific journals to make a limited amount of taxpayer-funded content available through the groups' Internet sites.

ORNL's Roberto receives National Materials Advancement Award
Dr. James B. Roberto, deputy director for science and technology at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has received the National Materials Advancement Award from the Federation of Materials Societies.

Genetic defect confers risk of major depression, resistance to SSRI drug therapy
A newly discovered genetic defect might represent an important risk factor for major depression, a condition which effects 20 million people in the U.S., according to Duke University Medical Center researchers.

Manipulating our memories of food can influence what we choose to eat, UCI study suggests
For the millions of Americans who worry about overeating during the holiday season, there may be hope: A new UC Irvine study suggests changing their memories of food may be a way to influence their eating habits.

New tuberculosis antibiotic may shorten treatment time, fight drug-resistant strains
A new antibiotic shows promise, thus far in mice, for treating tuberculosis much faster than current drugs do, scientists report.

Who did voters pick on Nov. 2? In some cases, we'll never know
A study found that the outcome of 10 major races in the Nov.

Study by US, Hebrew University scientists sheds light on how bacteria persist despite antibiotics
Persistence pays off - for bacteria as well as people.

New antibiotic target could mean the end of pneumonia
Scientists have found a

Dream home: Malaria parasite renovates to suit its tastes
The malaria parasite survives in its host by remodeling the red blood cells in which it dwells.

Nuclear-powered mission to Neptune could answer questions about planetary formation
In 30 years, a nuclear-powered space exploration mission to Neptune and its moons may begin to reveal some of our solar system's most elusive secrets about the formation of its planets -- and recently discovered ones that developed around other stars.

New easy-read road signs based on PSU research
New easier-to-read road signs based on Penn State research are appearing across the U.S. and Canada.

Scientists find atomic clues to tougher ceramics
A collaboration of scientists led by researchers with the U.S.

NIAID-sponsored clinical trial aims to boost flu vaccine supply
In an effort to expand the supply of flu vaccine available in the United States in the future, a clinical trial of an influenza vaccine widely used in Europe has begun recruiting participants at four sites nationwide.

Jefferson scientists find way to see breast cancer activity from outside the body
Using precise, radioactively labeled genetic probes, researchers at Jefferson Medical College have seen cancer gene activity from outside the body in laboratory mice.

Whooping crane shot in Kansas dies
The wild whooping crane that had been shot in Kansas and transported to the USGS-Patuxent Wildlife Research Center in Laurel, MD, for recovery, died overnight.

Rice cartilage experts win $1.5M NIH grant to bioengineer TMJ discs
Bioengineers at Rice University have received a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop new methods of using a patient's own cells to grow replacement cartilage for surgical implantation in patients suffering from TMJ disorders.

Artist/scientist 'dream team' assembles with goal of capturing and displaying gigapixel-sized images
An eclectic group of artists and scientists that organizers have dubbed the
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