Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 17, 2004
NIH halts use of COX-2 inhibitor in large cancer prevention trial
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced today that it has suspended the use of COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib (Celebrex(R) Pfizer, Inc.) for all participants in a large colorectal cancer prevention clinical trial conducted by the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

USF spin-out company Saneron CCEL wins federal award for cell therapy
A novel approach to cell therapy has won a federal award and a new patent for a team of researchers from Saneron CCEL and the University of South Florida.

44% of Americans favor curtailing some Muslim liberties
In a study to determine how much the public fears terrorism, almost half of respondents polled nationally said they believe the U.S. government should -- in some way -- curtail civil liberties for Muslim Americans, according to a new survey released Dec.

Youki spray curbs spread of superbug MRSA
In wound care treatment bandages and dressings may become archaic tools of the past.

Prentiss Foundation awards $5 million to University Hospitals
The Elisabeth Severance Prentiss Foundation has awarded $5 million to University Hospitals of Cleveland to create an inpatient psychiatric unit, including a crisis management team, for children and adolescents at Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital.

Chemical process developed to use cotton gin residue
Virginia Tech researchers have developed manufacturing processes that can extract specific chemicals from cotton gin residue and make two products - ethanol, which can be a fuel in automobiles, and xylitol, a sugar.

Alfred Sommer awarded prestigious Pollin Prize
Alfred Sommer, MD, MHS, dean of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, is this year's recipient of the prestigious Pollin Prize for Pediatric Research.

Mercury on the horizon
A naturally occurring contaminant, mercury is found in water and soil but scientists are not exactly sure how mercury makes its way through the environment.

Emory chemists reveal challenge to reaction theory
For nearly 75 years, transition-state theory has guided chemists in how they view the way chemical reactions proceed.

Yo-yo diet redistributes toxins in body tissue; Olestra+caloric cut boosts toxic excretion
University of Cincinnati researchers tested how diet affects distribution in the body of a chlorinated hydrocarbon toxin related to DDT, PCBs and dioxins.

Stratospheric balloon launched from Antarctica's McMurdo base
The balloon raised Cream (Cosmic Ray Energetics And Mass) experiment up to 40 kilometres of height.

Risk of tuberculosis doubles in first year of HIV infection
The risk of tuberculosis infection doubles within one year of HIV infection, according to a study published in the Jan.

Case announces launch of gene expression analysis software
Case Western Reserve University has announced that its BAMarrayTM software is now available for download and licensing.

Fleeting images of fearful faces reveal neurocircuitry of unconscious anxiety
Fleeting Images of Fearful Faces Show Where the Brain Processes Unconscious Anxiety - New Research from Columbia University Medical Center.

Future chemical engineers race for finish line with fuel cell car
Putting the pedal to the metal, two University of Houston students tested their mettle with the creation of a fuel-cell-driven car in a national competition, placing 13th among nearly 40 U.S. teams.

Assuming leadership position on athletic team can help in performance
Taking a key leadership role in professional sports such as team captain can actually enhance athletic performance, rather than serve as a distraction, according to a Penn State researcher.

Novartis announces collaboration with Bayer for EMSELEX®
Novartis Pharma AG announced today the start of a collaboration between Novartis Pharma GmbH and Bayer Vital AG for the commercialization and distribution of EMSELEX® (darifenacin hydrobromide), 7.5 mg and 15 mg in Germany.

Your brain and you: Forecasting the ethical challenges ahead for neuroscience and society
Are we ready for a future where brain scans invade our private thoughts?

UCSB scientists build nanoscale 'jigsaw' puzzles made of RNA
Scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara, working at the leading edge of bionanotechnology, are using assembly and folding principles of natural RNA, or ribonucleic acid, to build beautiful and potentially useful artificial structures at the nano-scale.

Children's anxiety prior to surgery linked to behavioral changes
A child's level of anxiety prior to surgery is predictive of whether they will experience post-surgical delirium and maladaptive behavioral changes, including anxiety, nighttime crying, and bedwetting, according to a Yale study.

ADE-BIOTEC present their first on-site plant for the treatment of pig purines
The novelty of the system lies in the possibility of having an on-site installation at the farm itself, thus avoiding the transport of the purines to other, off-site plants for their treatment.

New compound could enhance cancer treatments
The discovery of a new compound by Michigan State University researchers could lead to improved chemotherapy treatments for different types of cancers - potentially with fewer side effects.

No guessing game: Texas A&M team trying to predict earthquakes
People in earthquake-prone California often talk about the

DFG loosens eligibility requirements for the Emmy Noether Programme
Five years after the establishment of the Emmy Noether Programme to promote outstanding young researchers, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation, DFG) has made the eligibility requirements more flexible.

DNA may hold key to information processing and data storage
A University of Minnesota-led team has used DNA's ability to assemble itself into predetermined patterns to construct a synthetic DNA scaffolding with regular, closely spaced docking sites that can direct the assembly of circuits for processing or storing data.

Four teams awarded inaugural translational cancer research grants
The American Association for Cancer Research, in alliance with The V Foundation for Cancer Research, has announced the first-ever recipients of The V Foundation-AACR Grants in Translational Cancer Research.

Few Americans are aware they have chronic kidney disease
Ten to 20 million people in the United States have kidney disease but most don't know it, according to researchers at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) at the National Institutes of Health, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

ESA presents space solutions at post-Kyoto climate summit
Two months from now comes a landmark day in planetary history: the Kyoto Protocol finally comes into legal force on 16 February 2005.
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