Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 05, 2005
Reduced progression of atherosclerosis tied to statin drugs lowering fats, protein
Aggressive therapy with statins -- drugs that inhibit cholesterol synthesis -- works better than moderate statin therapy in reducing fats and proteins in the blood that have been linked to atherosclerosis, a new multi-center study concludes.

New protein discovered by Hebrew University researchers
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have succeeded in discovering and isolating a new protein from the poplar tree with special structural and qualitative characteristics that could have consequences for development of future nanocapsules for drug delivery to cancer cells.

Scientists observe largest explosion in space
Scientists have observed the largest explosion in space, a finding that suggests that supermassive black holes - which produced the blast - are a bigger force to be reckoned with in the universe than previously thought.

Consumers to benefit from organic potato breakthrough
A team of European researchers, led by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, have found ten varieties of potato which can be grown organically but have significant resistance to blight.

Shepherds whistle while they work and brains process sounds as language
The human brain's flexibility to understand a variety of signals as language extends to an unusual whistle language used by shepherds on one of the Canary Islands.

Most powerful eruption in the universe discovered
Astronomers have found the most powerful eruption in the universe using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Elegant shape of Eiffel Tower solved mathematically by U. of Colorado professor
An American engineer has produced a mathematical model explaining the elegant shape of the Eiffel Tower that was derived from French engineer Gustave Eiffel's writings regarding his own fears about the effects of wind on such a structure.

Secondhand smoke linked to cervical cancer
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that exposure to secondhand cigarette smoke increases the risk of developing cervical tumors.

Researchers develop new tool to detect agents of bioterrorism
Scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have developed a new

NIST/EPA study aims at healthy indoor climate
New building owners might want to double check the performance of their ventilation systems before accepting the door keys from their contractors.

Subduction zone, shallow depth make lethal mix in earthquake that triggered Asian tsunami
Subduction zones, where two plates collide with each other, produce the most powerful earthquakes because they have long continuous fault lines.

Zebrafish may hold key to understanding human nerve cell development
Traditionally viewed as supporting actors, cells known as glia may be essential for the normal development of nerve cells responsible for hearing and balance, according to new University of Utah research.

Faces must be seen to be recognized
Recognizing faces is an innate ability in primates. A fascinating and central question in neurobiology is where in the hierarchy of visual processing face recognition takes place.

Aerodynamic improvements & flow control cut fuel consumption in heavy trucks
Flow control techniques and aerodynamic improvements developed at the Georgia Institute of Technology could save the US trucking industry hundreds of millions of gallons of fuel per year.

Swift X-ray telescope sees its first light and captures its first gamma-ray-burst afterglow
The Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) has seen first light and also has discovered its first gamma-ray-burst afterglow.

New research shows deadly drug mistakes spike at the start of each month, suggests pharmacy errors
Beware not the ides but the start of March - and April and May and every month.

Power line data transmission capacity: Bigger than DSL or cable
Penn State engineers have developed a new model for high-speed broadband transmissions over U.S. overhead electric power lines and estimate that, at full data rate handling capacity, the lines can provide bit rates that far exceed DSL or cable over similar spans.

Study finds herpes virus in 98% of healthy participants
A study led by Dr. Herbert Kaufman, Boyd Professor of Ophthalmology at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans found that 98% of the participants who are healthy individuals with no evidence of any symptoms did in fact shed herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1) DNA in their tears and saliva at least once during the course of the 30-day study.

Agilent Technologies announces breakthrough for cancer researchers studying chromosomal changes
Agilent Technologies announced a breakthrough development that enables the rapid advance of microarray-based comparative genomic studies in cancer.

Research offers hope of new treatments for liver damage 'plague'
Millions of patients suffering from liver damage (cirrhosis) and failure may benefit from research by the Universities of Edinburgh and Southampton which may lead to new life-saving treatments.

Scientists uncover new mechanism for the amygdala in fear recognition
A look of fear on another person's face is instantly recognizable.

Study determines commonly used contrast agent safe for 'universal use' in CT
The contrast agent iopromide, which has been used on more than 70 million patients worldwide, can be used for all types of CT imaging, regardless of the volume or dosage required, according to a new study by researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA.

Antibiotics protect nerves in mice by turning on genes
A family of antibiotics that includes penicillin may help prevent nerve damage and death in a wide variety of neurological diseases, including Lou Gehrig's disease, dementia, stroke, and epilepsy, Johns Hopkins researchers have found.

New CAD system detects colon polyps in colons previously obscured by contrast-enhanced fluid
A new computer-aided detection (CAD) system can help radiologists detect polyps in colons that contain contrast-enhanced fluid, says a new study that appears in the January 2005 issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Pinatubo's rivers show the danger isn't over when volcanic eruption ends
Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines, which erupted with devastating force in June 1991, is proving to be an ideal laboratory for studying the

NSBRI news: Bone-quality assessment tool for space and Earth
A portable imaging device currently in development by the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) will produce clear, highly detailed pictures of bone and tissue, helping physicians manage bone health for astronauts in space and civilians on Earth.

Injury toll in US homes tops 12 million yearly: UNC, other experts call for action
Unintentional injuries at home have become a major public health problem across the country, according to a series of new Home Safety Council-funded studies conducted at the University of North Carolina Injury Prevention Research Center.

Outlook is bleak for the smallest premature babies: 80 percent have impairment
Death or severe cognitive and neuromotor impairment are common outcomes among extremely premature infants, according to a new study published in The New England Journal of Medicine. The March of Dimes says premature birth has become a serious, common, and costly problem in the United States.

New 'ITN Scholars Program' provides junior faculty opportunity to develop clinical trials expertise
The Immune Tolerance Network (ITN) has announced a new, one-year clinical research fellowship program aimed at junior level faculty.

Workers with carpal tunnel find relief with night-time splinting
A new study conducted by researchers with the University of Michigan Health System, the VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System shows that night-time splinting can effectively improve hand and wrist discomfort for active workers with early symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome.

Exploring the brain's internal stopwatch
By studying how monkeys track a visual target, researchers have gained new insights into the strategies that the brain uses to measure time.

New programme will train the next generation of health leaders
Public health educators in developing countries will have access to intensive leadership training, thanks to a new programme launched today by Imperial College London and the London School for Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Smart bombs to blast tumours
Nanoscale polymer capsules could one day be used to deliver anti-cancer drugs direct to tumours, minimising the damage to surrounding tissue.

National Academies Advisory: Jan. 11 public briefing on perchlorate in drinking water
Perchlorate, a chemical used in rocket fuel and fireworks, has been found in drinking water supplies across the nation.

AGU Journal highlights - 5 January 2005
In this edition: Time to improve GPS accuracy; Linking floods and drought across the Atlantic Ocean; Explaining ozone reductions in California pine forests; Technique improves gas exchange measurement; Tracing water flow through Indonesia; Atmospheric chemistry's enhanced effect on organic aerosols; Linking Japanese and North American plates; Simulating cloud patterns on Jupiter and Saturn; Effect of dust layer, dryness on climate patterns; Special section on surface ocean-lower atmosphere study.

Scents and emotions linked by learning, Brown study shows
Are we born to love the smell of our mother's skin or do we learn to?

Bone specialists' hi-tech answer to patient care
Bone-disorder experts from across Europe have turned to the web in a unique alliance that will improve patient care.

The death of a very special chimpanzee
Clint, the chimpanzee whose genome is soon to be published, has died aged 24.
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