Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 10, 2005
Conference to examine effects of dietary supplements in patients taking blood thinning medications
The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute will convene a conference this week to evaluate the risks of interactions between dietary supplements and prescription blood-thinning medications which are used by four million Americans to ward off heart attack or stroke.

Unique presentation of delirium after stem cell transplantation
In the first study of its kind, researchers say half of patients undergoing stem cell transplantation exhibit signs of delirium, but the warning signs are subtler and can be easily missed by clinicians.

New family of genes could serve as a potential cancer marker
A new family of genes called Novel Structure Proteins (NSP) could have the potential for predicting the possibility of tumor growth in a patient.

The UK's top science stories (Newsline update - issue 31)
Press release promoting the latest edition of EPSRC's Newsline publication.

Dartmouth researcher mines Amazon.com to measure literary tastes
Amazon.com, according to Dartmouth professor Mikhail Gronas, has opened a door to new avenues of literary study.

Jefferson scientists help explain statins' effects in Alzheimer's disease
Scientists have taken another step in understanding the potential effects of anti-cholesterol drugs on Alzheimer's disease.

Lovers no good at spotting others in love
The next time you're at a party with the love of your life, don't spend a lot of time trying to identify other couples in love - chances are, you aren't very good at it.

Weight loss may be an early sign of dementia in the elderly
Dementia-associated weight loss begins before the onset of the definite dementia symptoms and accelerates by the time of the diagnosis, according to a study in the January issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

A stellar debut for Gemini Observatory's online image gallery
To celebrate the New Year - and to mark the formal debut of its online Image Gallery - the Gemini Observatory has released three striking new images.

Hubble's infrared eyes home in on suspected extrasolar planet
Unique follow up observations carried out with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope are providing important supporting evidence for the existence of a candidate planetary companion to a relatively bright young brown dwarf star located 225 light-years away in the southern constellation Hydra.

Predator fish heat their eyes to track prey
Large and powerful predators such as swordfishes, tunas, and many sharks are unique among fishes in that they possess physiological mechanisms that warm their eyes.

Health report-card fears make doctors forgo potential life-saving heart treatment
Nearly 80 percent of interventional cardiologists in New York State admit they have avoided performing a risky but potentially life-saving angioplasty on a patient, out of fear that if the patient dies it skews the doctor's personal mortality

New guideline: Corticosteroids recommended for duchenne muscular dystrophy
Corticosteroids can be beneficial in the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and can be offered as a treatment option, according to the American Academy of Neurology and the Child Neurology Society in a new practice guideline published in the January 11 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

A comprehensive response to HIV could prevent 10 million AIDS deaths in Africa by 2020
This week in the premier open access journal PLoS Medicine, a study demonstrates that combining the two approaches of prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS could avert more than 29 million new HIV infections by 2020.

Spinal cord injury patients show improvement in early device study
Ten patients with complete motor and sensory spinal cord injury were implanted with an oscillating field stimulator to regenerate nerve fibers, promoting some degree of functional recovery.

World Year of Physics 2005 begins with Paris conference
The World Year of Physics 2005 will officially launch at the Physics for Tomorrow conference in Paris, January 13-15.

Good news from big bad black holes
Astronomers have discovered how ominous black holes can create life in the form of new stars, proving that jet-induced star formation may have played an important role in the formation of galaxies in the early universe.

Can plant research lead to new insights in cancer research?
The development of cancer is a complex process with a number of different causes.

Physicians' response to religion-related conflicts in medicine
Physicians may encounter situations in which their medical recommendations conflict with a patient's religious beliefs, according to an article in the January 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Searle grant funds proteomics initiative
To help position Chicago as a leader in the emerging field of proteomics, the Searle Funds at The Chicago Community Trust have awarded a $1.5 million grant to the Chicago Biomedical Consortium for the Proteomics/Bioinformatics Demonstration Project, led by scientists at Northwestern University, the University of Chicago and the University of Illinois at Chicago.

News briefs from the journal Chest, January 2005
New briefs from the journal Chest highlight medical studies regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and depression and sleep-disorders and their link to cardiovasular diease.

Astronomers find evidence for tens of thousands of black holes
UCLA astronomers present the first evidence that tens of thousands of black holes are orbiting the monstrous black hole at the center of the Milky Way, 26,000 light years away.

Stowers researcher answers fundamental question of cell death
Chunying Du, Ph.D., Assistant Investigator at the Stowers Institute, has published findings that reveal a previously unknown pathway of Bruce, the gene encoding a protein that inhibits apoptosis, or programmed cell death.

Later entry into Grade 1 boosts self-esteem later in life, study shows
A new study from the University of Alberta suggests it may be better to enroll your child in the first grade later than sooner.

Chandra finds evidence for swarm of black holes near the Galactic Center
A swarm of 10,000 or more black holes may be orbiting the Milky Way's supermassive black hole, according to new results from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Rapidly rotating star dubbed 'King of Spin' by research team
New ultraviolet observations indicate a Milky Way star is spinning nearly 200 times faster than Earth's sun, the probable result of a merger between two sun-like stars whose binary orbit recently collapsed, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder astronomer.

New guidelines conclude all aerosol therapy devices equally effective
New evidence-based guidelines for the selection of aerosol medication devices conclude that health-care providers should avoid basing device selection exclusively on device efficacy.

Healthy cleavage: How statins protect against Alzheimer disease
This week in PLoS Medicine, the international medical journal freely available online, a study shows that cholesterol-lowering statins seem to have a protective effect against Alzheimer disease.

K-Staters research willingness to engage in minor moral and legal violations
Many factors influence a person's willingness to engage in moral and legal violations such as speeding, cheating on tests, etc.

Shakespeare's writings indicate he may have had syphilis
Shakespeare's name usually inspires thoughts of kings, fairies, lovers, wars and poetic genius--not syphilis.

Discovery by astronomers poses a cosmic puzzle: Can a 'distant' quasar lie within a nearby galaxy?
An international team of astronomers has discovered within the heart of a nearby spiral galaxy a quasar whose light spectrum indicates that it is billions of light years away.

Entrepreneurism Center at UC San Diego funds commercialization of lung, shock, other devices
A UC San Diego center is funding eight projects of engineering faculty to help commercialize their technologies.

Macular degeneration patients benefit from self-management training
A 12-hour self-management program for individuals with advanced age-related macular degeneration (AMD) leads to lasting improvements in mood and function, especially in depressed patients, and decreases the development of clinical depression in AMD patients over time, according to a University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Shiley Eye Center study published in the January 2005 Archives of Ophthalmology.

Spitzer sees dusty aftermath of Pluto-sized collision
Astonomers say a dusty disc swirling around the nearby star Vega is bigger than earlier thought.

Drought's growing reach: NCAR study points to global warming as key factor
The percentage of Earth's land area stricken by serious drought has more than doubled since the 1970s, according to a new analysis by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Queen's discovery sheds new light on ancient temperatures
A new discovery by a team of Queen's University scientists suggests that ancient earth was much colder than previously thought - a discovery that has broad implications for those studying the earth's climate.

Gene vaccine protects mice against development of Her2/neu breast cancer
Based on successful animal studies, a novel vaccine that uses immune cells as factories to produce Her2/neu protein may offer a way to treat some human breast cancers, say researchers at The University of Texas M.

Global space cooperation for disaster relief
The recent tragedy striking the coastlines of the Indian Ocean has highlighted the benefits of international cooperation in Earth Observation for the management of disaster relief, while demonstrating the scope for improved cooperation in the future.

Young artist envisions a tumultuous encounter with Saturn's moon Titan
A 15-year-old from Harrisburg, North Carolina - competing against both other students and adults - won the grand prize in The Planetary Society's international art contest, 'Imagining Titan: Artists Peer Beneath the Veil'.

Development of portable infectious disease detector
A portable device similar to today's home pregnancy tests that can quickly detect the presence of infectious diseases, including HIV-AIDS and measles, as well as biological agents such as ricin and anthrax, is the object of a new joint university/industry research project.

Columbia study shows depression intensifies from one generation to the next
Nearly 60 percent of children whose parents and grandparents suffered from depression have a psychiatric disorder before they reach their early teens, according to a new study published in the January issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and the New York State Psychiatric Institute.

Scientists reveal molecular secrets of the malaria parasite
A four-year, international research project has made use of genomics, proteomics and gene expression studies to trace how malaria parasites evolve on a molecular level as they move between their hosts and insect vectors.

An invasion of cheats: The evolution of worthless nuptial gifts
So-called nuptial gifts - often consisting of food or tokens - are typically bestowed by males on females as part of courtship and copulation rituals in many species.

Care of rural stroke patients improves with telephone support
The care of rural stroke patients was improved when an urban stroke center offered telephone assistance in treatment, according to a study published in the January 11 issue of Neurology, the scientific journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Orqis receives FDA approval to expand clinical trial of Cancion® CRS™ therapy to 40 centers
Orqis Medical Corp. today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration has approved an expansion of the Cancion® CRSTM clinical trial from eight to 40 medical centers nationwide, accelerating the trial's recruitment and enrollment efforts.

Colorectal cancer screening underutilized
Fewer than half of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer had received a screening procedure at least six months prior to their diagnosis, according to a new study.

Penn study may lead the way for first medication to treat cocaine addiction
Cocaine dependence is a major public health problem affecting thousands of people around the globe.

Hubble's infrared eyes home in on suspected extrasolar planet
Unique follow up observations carried out with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope are providing important supporting evidence for the existence of a candidate planetary companion to a relatively bright young brown dwarf star located 225 light-years away in the southern constellation Hydra.

Physician response to conflicts between faith and medicine
This study shows that conflicts between a doctor's best medical advice and a patient's religious concerns are not uncommon, that most physicians strive to accommodate the demands of a patient's faith, but that certain types of conflict tend to push doctors over a threshold toward negotiation, persuasion, and appeal to other authorities.

2005 NIH Director's Pioneer Award program opens
The National Institutes of Health announces the 2005 NIH Director's Pioneer Award, a key component of the NIH Roadmap for Medical Research.

Cleft palate research receives £200,000 award
Pioneering research that could lead to a breakthrough in understanding the causes of cleft palate in newborn babies has begun in Manchester.

UAlbany-CNSE scientists make make magnetic silicon, advancing spin-based computing
Scientists at the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) at the University at Albany announced research that could lay the foundation for using silicon to develop chips with magnetic properties, potentially impacting the development of electron-spin-based or

Insufficient sleep associated with overweight and obesity
Obese and overweight patients in a study group reported sleeping less than their peers with normal body mass indexes (BMIs), according to an article in the January 10 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Sleeping less may be related to weight gain
Lack of sleep could make you fat. In an editorial published in the Jan.
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