Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 18, 2005
Collaborative care, training boosts adolescent depression treatment in primary care clinics
A model program featuring primary care physicians, nurses, and mental health providers working collaboratively to bring best-practice depression treatments into primary care clinics significantly improves health outcomes, quality of life, and depression care for adolescents (age 13-21).

'Bumpy' glass could lead to self-cleaning windows, slick micromachines
Ohio State University engineers are designing super-slick, water-repellent surfaces that mimic the texture of lotus leaves.

Astronomers: 'Bullet star' shines 350 times brighter than the sun
For decades, scientists have observed that Regulus, the brightest star in the constellation Leo, spins much faster than the sun.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Highlights from this week's Journal of Neuroscience include locating one's self at the temporoparietal junction.

AGI and USGS provide unique tsunami disaster relief
In light of the recent tsunami disaster in Indonesia and other parts of Asia, the U.S.

Program effective at reducing depression in teens
An intervention for adolescents aimed at improving the quality of treatment for depression is effective at reducing depression, according to a study in the January 19 issue of JAMA.

Doctor report cards not always clear when comparing quality of care
According to a new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers, when choosing a doctor based on increasintly popular

CPR performance does not follow guidelines
New research indicates that CPR performed outside the hospital and in the hospital often does not meet or adhere to standard guidelines, according to 2 studies in the January 19 issue of JAMA.

ASBMB-Amgen Award Lecture to focus on orphan nuclear receptors
Barry Forman, Principal Investigator and Assistant Professor at the Beckman Research Institute of the City of Hope National Medical Center and the Gonda Diabetes Center, has been selected to receive the 2005 ASBMB-AMGEN Award.

UCLA/VA researchers discover fat gene
UCLA/VA scientists have identified a new gene called lipin that regulates how the body produces and uses fat.

Diet, exercise, stimulating environment helps old dogs learn
According to conventional wisdom, old dogs and new tricks aren't a good match.

A much-needed shot in the arm for HIV vaccine development
The development of an HIV vaccine remains one of the most difficult challenges confronting biomedical research today.

Cogtest and NetMet join forces
Two leading forces in cognitive research will team up to speed the development of effective treatments for disorders ranging from Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia to diabetes and heart disease.

Adding radiation therapy to chemotherapy improves survival in patients with high-risk breast cancer
For patients with high-risk breast cancer treated with radical mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, the addition of radiation therapy leads to better survival outcomes with few long-term toxic effects, according to a 20-year follow-up of a randomized trial, which appears in the January 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Study in Royal Society journal on managing GM crops for environmental benefit
Studies in the Royal Society journals include: MJanaging GM sugar beet for environmental benefits; Cypress twigs preserved in Baltic amber; and others.

First x-ray laser gets funding
Plans by SLAC to build a revolutionary new synchrotron X-ray source received a major boost this year thanks to $54 million in funding provided by Congress in the fiscal 2005 budget appropriation.

Other highlights in the January 19 JNCI
Other highlights in the January 19 JNCI include a study of the impact of adding HPV types to the HPV DNA test on the test's accuracy, an examination of possible reasons behind the rise in esophageal adenocarcinoma, a study of the role of human protein cripto-1 in angiogenesis, a review of epigenetic changes in prostate cancer, and a commentary on the design of a trial of selenium and vitamin E for prostate cancer prevention.

Fat deficiency gene also spurs obesity
A gene earlier found to underlie lipodystrophy--a disorder characterized by a severe deficiency of fat--can also spur obesity, according to new research.

Big, old fish key to restoring groundfish stocks
Studies have found that large, old and oily groundfish are significantly more important than their younger counterparts in maintaining healthy marine fish stocks - the larvae from their eggs better resist starvation and have a much greater chance of survival.

PENN study emphasizes need for national guidelines for assisted reproductive technology programs
Based on a national study, bioethics researchers found a lack of screening standards for determining which infertile patients should be eligible to use assisted-reproductive technology in order to achieve parenthood.

Study of CPR quality reveals frequent deviation from guidelines
New technology has allowed researchers to measure, for the first time, how closely well-trained hospital staff comply with established guidelines for cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Fat hormone acts on brain circuit to curb obesity, diabetes
New research finds that a single brain region is sufficient for normal control of blood sugar and activity level by the fat hormone leptin.

Use of estrogen therapy may increase risk for gallbladder disease
Cholelithiasis (gallstones in the gallbladder) is estimated to affect between 10 percent and 15 percent of the US population, with one million new diagnoses yearly.

Deficient DNA repair capacity associated with increased risk of breast cancer
Deficiencies in the ability of cells to repair damaged DNA are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, according to a new study in the January 19 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

African Americans half as likely to receive surgery for esophageal cancer
African Americans with esophageal cancer are half as likely as whites to be seen by a surgeon and to receive life-prolonging surgery, a new study shows.

Simpler 'alphabet' guidelines for treating acute coronary syndrome reduce risk
A simplified approach to the management of patients with an acute coronary syndrome (chest pain at rest or with mild exertion) can help ensure that precise risk-reducing strategies are followed to the letter by doctors and other caregivers of patients with this medical condition, according to a study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Newly discovered virus linked to childhood lung disorders and Kawasaki disease
A newly discovered virus may be responsible for many respiratory tract illnesses in infants and children, and may be associated with an important multi-organ disease whose cause has remained a mystery for decades, according to articles in the Feb.

Online database highlights opportunities to license Sandia intellectual property
A new online database created to highlight opportunities to license Sandia National Laboratories' intellectual property is now available to the general public.

ASU researcher says we should better prepare for future calamities
The massive tsunami that hit Indian Ocean nations has left many wondering what could have caused such a disaster and if there is anything humans can do to control or mitigate future events.

Higher folate intake associated with decreased risk of hypertension in women
The researchers found that younger women who consumed at least 1,000 micrograms a day of total folate (dietary plus supplemental) had a 46 percent decreased risk of hypertension, compared with those who consumed less than 200 micrograms a day of total folate.

Rice student wins award for revolutionary MRI research
The creation of a revolutionary class of contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging has earned Rice University doctoral student Balaji Sitharaman a 2004 George Kozmetsky Award for Outstanding Graduate Research in Nanotechnology from the Nanotechnology Foundation of Texas.

More of Titan's secrets to be unveiled on 21 January
One week after the successful completion of Huygens' mission to the atmosphere and surface of Titan, the largest and most mysterious moon of Saturn, the European Space Agency is bringing together some of the probe's scientists to present and discuss the first results obtained from the data collected by the instruments.

Florida Department of Citrus responds to URMC's release on grapefruit-drug interactions
The Florida Department of Citrus (FDOC) is seeking clarification on allegations about grapefruit-drug interactions made without appropriate scientific support in a University of Rochester Medical Center's press release dated January 17th.

UCI professor creates formula for designing landscapes best suited for people's well-being
At $350 million, New York City's Sept. 11 memorial for Ground Zero features pools of water, oak trees and vast open space for the sun to shine through.

2001-2002 survey finds that many recover from alcoholism
More than one-third (35.9 percent) of U.S. adults with alcohol dependence (alcoholism) that began more than one year ago are now in full recovery, according to an article in the current issue of Addiction.

Global Technology Confidence hits new high in Q4 2004
The Global Technology Confidence Index (GTCI) report for fourth-quarter 2004 was recently released by the Wesley J.

Mandated parental notification laws concerning prescription contraception would affect teenagers
Legislation has been proposed that would mandate parental notification for minors obtaining prescription contraception from federally funded family planning clinics.

Spinal repair pioneer to speak in NY on 20th Jan
The first clinical trials seeking to repair spinal cord injury on a pilot group of selected patients are set to begin at University College London (UCL) within the next three years, says Professor Geoffrey Raisman, director of the newly established Spinal Repair Unit at UCL.

Controversial drug shown to act on brain protein to cut alcohol use
A naturally occurring hallucinogen advocated by some clinicians as a potent anti-addiction drug has been rigorously studied for the first time, confirming its ability to block alcohol craving in rodents, and clarifying how it works in the brain.

Desertification alters regional ecosystem climate interactions
Using advanced remote-sensing techniques from U-2 surveillance plane and field studies, scientists from Carnegie Institution Department of Global Ecology have for the first time determined large-scale interactions between ecosystems and the climate during the process of desertification.

Quality of in-hospital CPR may fail to meet guidelines
In the second report, Benjamin S. Abella, M.D., M.Phil., of the University of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, and colleagues conducted a study to determine whether well-trained hospital staff perform CPR compressions and ventilations according to guideline recommendations.

Huygens lands in Titanian mud
Although Huygens landed on Titan's surface on 14 January, activity at ESA's European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany, continues at a furious pace.

Editorial urges 'black-box' warning for Bextra and Celebrex
Physicians should avoid prescribing Bextra altogether, or use it only as a drug of last resort, says a researcher from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and colleagues in an editorial published on-line Jan.
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