Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 04, 2005
Yale opens Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA) in India
On a recent trip to India, Yale President Richard C.

Intermetallic mystery solved with atomic resolution microscope
Intermetallics could be the key to faster jets and more efficient car engines.

Varicella vaccine effective on chicken pox; Impact on herpes zoster unclear
The varicella vaccine is almost 90 percent effective against chickenpox, but its impact on herpes zoster (shingles) is unknown and needs wider surveillance, Yale School of Medicine researchers write in today's New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) perspective section.

Grid expectations for networked computing: From global Earth monitoring to black hole detection
Whether dealing with high-power particle accelerators, astronomical observatories or Earth-watching spacecraft, modern science involves vast volumes of information, and researchers require powerful Grid computing techniques to manage this data deluge.

Tiny superconductors withstand stronger magnetic fields
Ultrathin superconducting wires can withstand stronger magnetic fields than larger wires made from the same material, researchers now report.

UC Riverside researchers testing accuracy of data mining programs developed for homeland security
Researchers from UC Riverside and Lucent Technologies are working with an $800,000 grant from the Department of Homeland Security to evaluate the effectiveness of modern data-mining tools to discover patterns of behavior that may reveal threats to national security.

Effects of autism reach beyond language, new research suggests
A new study suggests that people with autism may perform unusually well on some tests of visual processing.

Non-lethal weapons focus of research study
Injuries produced by law enforcement use of so-called non-lethal weapons will be the focus of a study at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, funded by a $104,071 grant from the National Institute of Justice.

Drought reduces nitrogen-fixing in legumes
In drought conditions, the capacity for retaining carbon in legume nodules is limited and this may be the reason why there is a drop in nitrogen-fixing in legumes under these conditions.

New survey finds red dress symbol prompts women to take action to care for their hearts
The Heart Truth, a national awareness campaign for women about heart disease sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), will host the Red Dress Collection 2005 Fashion Show today at Olympus Fashion Week in New York City on National Wear Red Day.

Dean Speth named Lee Kuan Yew Distinguished Fellow
Gus Speth, dean of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Sciences, has been named Lee Kuan Yew Distinguished Fellow for 2005 in Singapore.

DuPont's first biologically derived polymer receives global recognition
DuPont's newest polymer innovation, the first DuPont polymer derived from a biological source, has been recognized by the China State Intellectual Property Office and China Central Television (CCTV) as

PET/MRI scans may help unravel mechanisms of prenatal drug damage
Scientists have demonstrated a new way to assess the potentially damaging effects of prenatal drug exposure--a technique that could also be used to monitor a fetus's response to therapeutic drugs--using sophisticated, noninvasive medical imaging tools, reports the February issue of the Society of Nuclear Medicine's Journal of Nuclear Medicine. Scientists used PET combined with MRI to track the uptake and distribution of trace amounts of cocaine in pregnant monkeys.

Methamphtetamine's ruinous effects on children documented in Midwest study
In its destructive effect on rural families and their children, methamphetamine may be in a class of its own, based on the first study from an ongoing research project in seven Central Illinois counties, conducted by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Six research units given the go-ahead
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) is establishing six new Research Units in order to promote cooperation between outstanding scientists and researchers in innovative research projects.

UCR scientist part of project team accepted to NASA's small explorer program
Astrophysicist Gary Zank is part of a scientific team developing the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX), a satellite that will make the first map of the boundary between the Solar System and interstellar space, and which has been selected as part of NASA's Small Explorer program (SMEX).

BioMed Central welcomes the new National Institutes of Health public access policy
BioMed Central welcomes the announcement of the US National Institutes of Health's (NIH) new public access policy.

Finland tops environmental scorecard at World Economic Forum in Davos
Finland ranks first in the world in environmental sustainability out of 146 countries according to the latest Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) produced by a team of environmental experts at Yale and Columbia Universities.

Cricket's finicky mating behavior boosts biodiversity
The Laupala cricket is the world's fastest-evolving invertebrate, say evolutionary biologists from Lehigh University and the University of Maryland.

Weight-loss and exercise study compares center- and home-based programs
A University of Central Florida study seeks to find out whether women who follow weight-loss and exercise programs at home fare as well as those who go to a center to work out and meet with counselors.

Bayou blues: Working to save the US from the worst potential oil, gas and fishing crisis
An impending crisis that could have a detrimental impact on the oil and gas infrastructure and fishing industry in the United States is leading scientists to investigate how to stop rapid deterioration and to start restoring marsh land in Louisiana's southern coastal wetlands-which are losing a piece of land the size of a football field every 35 minutes.

The Public Library of Science urges researchers to comply with the new NIH public access policy
The Public Library of Science responds to the US National Institutes of Health [NIH] announcement that it expects all of its grantees to make articles arising from their NIH-funded research freely available online in the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central.

Scientists discuss improved biopesticides for locust control in West Africa
Last year, locusts stripped fields of crops and trees of foliage across several countries, causing severe income and food supply loss.

Women's health, tissue regeneration is focus of Illinois & Carle Hospital initiative
Women's health and human-tissue regeneration are the focus of an agreement announced Feb.

Premature births from inflammation and infection rapidly detected by proteomics technology
A combination of four proteins that result from inflammation and infection and lead to premature birth can be rapidly and accurately detected in the amniotic fluid of pregnant women using proteomics technology, Yale researchers report in two studies in the February issue of British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Listening to fear: Helping kids cope, from nightmares to the nightly news
From the monster under the bed to the bullying upperclassman, a new book by Steven Marans of the Yale School of Medicine Child Study Center provides coping strategies for parents on these and other fears children and adolescents face.

Infectious agent linked to mad cow disease found in organs other than the brain
Prions, infectious proteins associated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or Mad Cow Disease, were previously thought to accumulate mainly in the brain, but Yale and University of Zurich researchers report in Science that other organs can also become infected.

New surgical procedure could save millions
A new procedure that could save millions of dollars annually in medical costs - and result in much better patient outcomes and satisfaction - was performed for the first time in the world this week at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

NJIT hosts Spring Career Fair: Employers expected to increase hiring...
Despite what you have read about layoffs and downsizing, the job market for computer engineers has done a complete turn-around. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to