Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 09, 2005
NSF grant supports women researchers at South Dakota Tech
A South Dakota Tech researcher has received funding from the National Science Foundation to add women undergraduate students to his research team.

Simulations show how growing black holes regulate galaxy formation
Using a new computer model of galaxy formation, researchers have shown that growing black holes release a blast of energy that fundamentally regulates galaxy evolution and black hole growth itself.

NASA finds 2004 fourth warmest in over a century
Last year was the fourth warmest year on average for our planet since the late 1800s, according to NASA scientists.

Campus can be effective site for anti-smoking efforts
College campuses provide a captive audience for cigarette-makers, but a new review of tobacco intervention studies suggests that universities are also effective sites for anti-smoking efforts.

NYU psychology researchers show how attention enhances visual perception
Researchers at New York University have determined the location in the brain where involuntary attention enhances visual processing.

NIH to investigate Ohio State University spinal injury course
NIH will investigate PCRM charges that OSU spinal injury course violates federal animal welfare regulations.

Natural climate change may be larger than commonly thought
A new study of climate in the Northern Hemisphere for the past 2000 years shows that natural climate change may be larger than generally thought.

Combating blindness is vision of UT, ORNL project
Millions of people at risk of becoming blind could one day be helped by an Oak Ridge National Laboratory technology originally intended to understand semiconductor defects.

New monkey species name to be auctioned
The Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), in partnership with Bolivian protected area authorities, announced today a one-of-a-kind international auction for the right to name an entire species of monkey.

Hypertension in African Americans linked to two genomic regions
A first-of-its-kind application of a novel statistical method of analysis to African Americans has identified regions on chromosomes 6 and 21 that likely harbor genes contributing to high blood pressure in that group.

First love ruins him for all others
Forget a box of chocolates and a dozen roses. When it comes to attracting a mate, the male sagebrush cricket brings a special nuptial gift to his partner.

Routine HIV screening should be expanded, study finds
A new cost-effectiveness analysis has led researchers from Duke University Medical Center and the Veterans Affairs (VA) Palo Alto Health Care System to recommend that routine voluntary screening for HIV, the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), should be expanded well beyond current guidelines to include health care settings where the incidence of the virus would be expected to be low.

Falling ants glide back to trunk to avoid dangers of forest floor
The tropical canopy is full of ants that forage out to the tips of twigs, occasionally getting knocked off by wind or birds.

When cobras spit, there's not a dry eye in the house
Spitting cobras spit their venom into the faces of potential attackers.

World's fastest oscillating nanomachine holds promise for telecommunications, quantum computing
Nanotechnology leapt into the realm of quantum mechanics this past winter when an antenna-like sliver of silicon one-tenth the width of a human hair oscillated in a lab in a Boston University basement.

Falling canopy ants glide home
Steve Yanoviak tosses ants from very high places: tropical forest canopy trees.

Economist calls for tax on the unborn to pay for cut greenhouse gases
University of Warwick Economist Professor Andrew Oswald is to call for the introduction of innovative Global Warming Bonds that would financially reward companies and individuals that reduce emissions now but which would be paid for by taxes on those yet to be born.

Bird brains show how trial and error may contribute to learning
Neurobiologists have found that a crucial learning circuit in the forebrain of finches enables them to improvise and change their song.

UCSD team discovers specialized, rare heart stem cells in newborns
The first evidence of cardiac progenitor cells - rare, specialized stem cells located in the newborn heart of rats, mice and humans - has been shown by researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

PCBs, fungicide open brain cells to Parkinson's assault
Scientists investigating the link between PCBs, pesticides and Parkinson's disease have demonstrated new and intricate reactions that occur in certain brain cells, making them more vulnerable to injury after exposures.

Love me; Love my jokes
That sought-after trait in a mate --

Early HIV screening prolongs life and is affordable, Stanford study shows
Expanding HIV screening would be a relatively cost-effective way to increase life expectancy and decrease disease transmission.

New species of coral discovered off southern California
A new species of black coral has been discovered off southern California, including around the Channel Islands, by Milton Love, University of California, Santa Barbara marine researcher, and Mary Yoklavich of NOAA Fisheries.

Working moms need to negotiate better terms on childcare burden
A recent study from the University of Michigan suggests that the Super Mom syndrome is real, and that many married working women will volunteer to work a

Study shows protective equipment not very effective for rugby players
A new study conducted by researchers at the universities of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, now shows protective equipment used in rugby union has only limited effectiveness in preventing injuries.

Carnegie Mellon's Red Team seeks $2 million robot racing prize
Carnegie Mellon University's Red Team (
First measurement of Titan's winds from Huygens
Using a global network of radio telescopes, scientists have measured the speed of the winds faced by Huygens during its descent through the atmosphere of Titan.

Stevens VP to speak at US Army research conference
Stevens Institute of Technology's VP for Institute Technology Initiatives, Dr.

Leukemia drug breakthrough study in New England Journal of Medicine
A clinical trial of the experimental drug Revlimid has shown promise as an innovative way to treat patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a form of pre-leukemia.

Review finds not enough evidence to say gun laws reduce violence
Despite a proliferation of gun registration requirements, bans on specific firearms and

Boosting HIV screening can increase survival and is cost effective
Expanded HIV screening can increase patient life span, prevent the spread of the disease, and is cost effective, researchers at Yale, Harvard and the Massachusetts General Hospital report in the February 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).

'Broken heart' syndrome: Real, potentially deadly but recovery quick
Shocking news, such as learning of the unexpected death of a loved one, has been known to cause catastrophic events, such as a heart attack.

Physicians call for increased funding for federal infectious disease programs
As President Bush released his proposed budget for fiscal year 2006, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has urged Congress and the Administration not to allow federal infectious disease programs that are vital to the nation's health to stagnate due to lack of funding.
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