Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 22, 2005
Perchlorate found in dairy and breast milk samples from across the country
In a new study of breast milk and store-bought milk from across the United States, scientists at Texas Tech University found perchlorate in every sample but one.

Contaminated needles not contributing to spread of HIV in Africa
Injections with dirty or contaminated needles are not contributing to the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

Referrals to palliative care come too late to improve quality of life for cancer patients
Referrals to palliative care often come too late to improve quality of life for patients with cancer, a new study has found.

Three Nobel laureates to speak at 06 AACBNC Meeting
The theme of the next annual meeting of the Association of Anatomy, Cell Biology and Neurobiology Chairpersons (AACBNC) will be

UT Southwestern researchers see hope for treating blindness in preemies
Hoping to prevent blindness in premature babies, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified a protein that responds to oxygen levels in cells and tissues and also affects the developing eye.

UK scientist wins highest international prize for tribology research
A prestigious award will return to the UK for the first time in 19 years this week, when Professor Hugh Spikes is presented with the Tribology Trust's Gold Medal at Buckingham Palace on 24 February 2005.

Exercise therapy builds strength, mobility in MS patients
Exercise therapy can improve muscle strength, mobility and other signs of fitness in people with multiple sclerosis, according to a recent review of studies.

Urgent measures needed to retain our lead in pharmaceuticals
Europe and the USA have an enviable lead in

Cancer in patients with hepatitis C
People infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) have a higher risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma, according to a recent study of the Swedish population.

Frozen sea discovered near Martian equator from 3D images of Mars Express
The discovery, by an international team of scientists led by University College London (UCL), the Open University (OU), and the Free University of Berlin, of a frozen sea close to the equator of Mars has brought the possibility of finding life on Mars one step closer.

Research advances quest for HIV-1 vaccine
Scientists have uncovered new information that may help guide design of vaccines for HIV-1, the virus that causes AIDS.

Insurance incentives might help smokers quit, study says
Health insurance that pays the full cost of smoking-cessation treatments can increase quit rates, compared to benefit plans that pick up only part of the tab or that offer no cessation benefits at all, according to a new review of studies.

World's biggest study of multi-million pound health problem launched
UK researchers have launched the world's biggest ever study of an embarrassing problem that costs health services millions - constipation.

Investigational transplant drug effectively preserves kidneys while avoiding toxic side effects
Physician-researchers have shown an investigational medication, known as LEA29Y (belatacept), is effective in preserving transplanted kidney function while at the same time avoiding the toxic side effects that are common in the currently used long-term, immunosuppressive transplant medications.

Press advisory: White House Conference on Aging Forum
A public forum and official 2005 White House Conference on Aging (WHCoA) event to gather information on the involvement of older Americans in civic life.

UIC offers new weight loss surgery for obese teens
UIC is the only medical center in the United States currently involved in a Food and Drug Administration-approved protocol to study the safety and effectiveness of the LAP-BAND system in patients under age 18.

NYU Child Study Center receives grant from the American Red Cross September 11 recovery program
The NYU Child Study Center is pleased to announce the creation of the Silver Shield Life Enrichment & Continued Care Program which will be offered to widows and children of firefighters, policemen, emergency medical service and port authority personnel whose lives were lost as a result of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001.

Clemson hydraulics lab attracts international customers
Nail together some two-by-fours, add a maze of PVC, Plexiglas, red dye and 10,000 gallons of water and you've got a living room-sized model that costs as much as an SUV -- fully loaded.

Plants respond similarly to signals from friends, enemies
Two soil-dwelling strangers - a friend and a foe - approach a plant and communicate with it in order to enter a partnership.

Science is ally of international law on Danube
A new UN University study reveals the limits of international environmental law, and the potential for scientific methods to help resolve disputes between countries that share water resources.

Screening finds bipolar disorder to be common in an urban primary care practice
Ten percent of patients screened at a general medicine clinic in an urban area were found to have a history of bipolar disorder, according to a study in the February 23 issue of JAMA.

UCLA study shows that people drink less alcohol as they age
A new UCLA study shows that people drink less alcohol as they age -- but drinking among those who were born in earlier years showed a faster decline than among people born more recently.

Celecoxib safe for short-term use in patients with cirrhosis
Short-term use of selective COX-2 inhibitors may be safe for patients with cirrhosis of the liver, according to a recent study that compared the effects of celecoxib, naproxen, and a placebo on cirrhotic patients in a double-blind randomized controlled study.

New device will help stroke victims' recovery
Engineers at Cardiff University, UK are using their expertise to help create a device which could greatly increase the rate of recovery for stroke victims.

Probable trigger of kidney disease in diabetics identified
Researchers identified a protein that might trigger kidney disease in diabetic patients, a condition that affects one in three people with type 1 and one in ten people with type 2 diabetes.

Scientists replicate hepatitis C virus in laboratory
For the first time, scientists have replicated hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the laboratory.

Clemson's Burg brings 'Era of Hope' to breast cancer research
Bioengineer Karen Burg is one of eight recipients of the Era of Hope Scholar Award -- the U.S.

Scientific evidence for diets: don't believe everything you read
In a society increasingly fixated with body image, we are bombarded with so-called scientific evidence promoting the use of a myriad of diets.

Antibody that neutralizes most HIV strains described by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute
A group of scientists from The Scripps Research Institute and several other institutions has solved the structure of a rare human antibody that broadly neutralizes human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Treatment guidelines for kids with bipolar disorder published
Early diagnosis and treatment is important for children and adolescents with bipolar disorder, according to new treatment guidelines.

Potential drug target for treating cocaine abuse found
A substance similar to a drug used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease blocks the stimulating effects of cocaine and could potentially be used to develop drug therapy for cocaine abuse, new research shows.

Researcher explores ways to make hypnosis a more effective therapeutic technique
Hypnosis can serve as a valuable adjunct to certain kinds of psychotherapy, says Steven Lynn, professor of psychology at Binghamton University, State University of New York.

Solar tadpoles wave at astrophysicists
Researchers at the University of Warwick's Department of Physics have gained insight into the mysterious giant dark

High-intensity ultrasound creates hollow nanospheres and nanocrystals
Using high-intensity ultrasound, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have created hollow nanospheres and the first hollow nanocrystals.

Latest findings on genetic blood disorder 'Cooley's Anemia'
The latest advances in understanding and treating Cooley's Anemia, an inherited life-threatening blood disorder, is the focus of an international conference on March 17-19 in Orlando, Florida.

Study examines three-day antibiotic regimens for treating bladder infection in women
A three-day regimen of the antibiotic amoxicillin-clavulanate is not as effective as ciprofloxacin at treating an uncomplicated bladder infection in women, according to a study in the February 23 issue of JAMA.

Almost only counts in horseshoes -- and computer chips
Computer chip manufacturers traditionally have had a single, simple standard for their product: perfection.

Anti-rollover device for tractors
An Agricultural Mechanisation team from the Department of Rural Projects and Engineering at the Public University of Navarre have designed a new anti-rollover structure for pre-1980 registered tractors.

Marijuana ingredient may stall decline from Alzheimer's
New research shows that a synthetic analogue of the active component of marijuana may reduce the inflammation and prevent the mental decline associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Rapid, new test develped for inherited immune deficiency
Researchers at the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), have developed a new laboratory method that rapidly identifies babies born with inherited forms of severe immune deficiency.

Physician roles at Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo
On Tuesday, March 1, the Harvard Medical School Division of Medical Ethics will host a public forum,

Hormone therapy increases risk of urinary incontinence
What has been considered a treatment for urinary incontinence -- estrogen alone or with progestin -- has been found to increase the incidence of incontinence in postmenopausal women, according to a study in the February 23 issue of JAMA.

When the brain, not the ears, goes hard of hearing
Problems with the brain - not just the ears - cause a great deal of the age-related hearing loss in older people.

Mothers on the run: Despite more hours at work, there's always more to do at home
Dramatic changes in working patterns have taken place in the UK, particularly in the rise of women in employment.
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