Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 03, 2005
TAT2005 - 3rd International Symposium on Targeted Anticancer Therapies
The 3rd International Symposium on Targeted Anticancer Therapies (TAT 2005) will provide an update of recent developments concerning the new generation of rationally designed anticancer agents with well defined molecular targets in the cancer cell or the cancer cell's environment: targeted agents.

MRI better than current standard in assessing neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer
More breast cancer patients with large palpable tumors are now undergoing chemotherapy before surgery in an effort to reduce the size of their tumor, and MRI is the best way to predict if the chemotherapy is working, preliminary results of a study show.

Undercover stars among exoplanet candidates
Astronomers have accurately determined the radius and mass of the smallest non-compact star known until now.

Surf's up in the solar nebula
The process that formed the giant planet Jupiter may also have spawned some of the tiniest and oldest members of our solar system -- millimeter-sized spheres called chondrules, the major part of the most primitive meteorites.

Daily supplement may boost birthweight of babies in the developing world
Giving pregnant women in the developing world a daily supplement containing 10 vitamins and five minerals could help increase the birthweight of their babies, concludes a study published online by The Lancet.

HIV testing should no longer be accorded any special status
HIV testing should no longer be accorded any special status, argue two senior doctors in this week's BMJ.

Scientists link gene to dyslexia
A gene which is likely to be one of the causes of dyslexia in children has been discovered by researchers at Cardiff University.

NASA satellite sees ocean plants increase, coasts greening
A few years ago, NASA researcher Watson Gregg published a study showing that tiny free-floating ocean plants called phytoplankton had declined in abundance globally by 6 percent between the 1980s and 1990s.

IADR & GSK announce 2005 Innovation in Oral Care Awards
The International Association for Dental Research and GlaxoSmithKline have announced the three winning teams for the 2005 Innovationn in Oral Care Awards.

Research may provide ways to inhibit cancer's ability to resist treatments
A team of researchers at the University of Alberta in Edmonton and the Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute in Toronto have discovered how a key enzyme involved in repairing DNA is put together and how it works--a development that opens up new therapies for making cancer cells more vulnerable to attack.

Eureka! Presentation to the European Parliament
Brussels: Eureka!, the pan-European research initiative, will be presented to the Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) Committee of the European Parliament on 30th March 2005.

Leading journalists named for new Templeton-Cambridge fellowships
Ten journalists with distinguished careers covering topics ranging from science and the environment to ethics and religion have been named as the first recipients of the annual Templeton-Cambridge Journalism Fellowships in Science & Religion.

Study examines racial differences among children to environmental tobacco smoke exposure
A new study may help explain why African American children suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illness.

CAD detects breast cancers that are most challenging to detect
A computer-aided detection system (CAD) can effectively detect breast cancers a radiologist is more apt to initially miss, a new study shows.

Molecular thermometers on skin cells detect heat and camphor
In the latest issue of the journal Science, A group of researchers from The Scripps Research Institute and the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation (GNF) reports definitive evidence that the protein TRPV3 is indeed a temperature sensor.

FSU anthropologist leads incredible journey through 'hobbit' brain
Florida State University professor and chair of anthropology Dean Falk led an international team of scientists on an incredible virtual journey through the tiny brain of an 18,000 year-old hobbit-sized human.

JCI table of contents April 1, 2005
This press release contains summaries of the following newsworthy papers to be published online on March 3, 2005: Osteopontin is swell for arthritis; Seizing the cause of cysts in ADPKD; Major information on MODY mutation; B cells cry for help in XLP; and New ways to ease liver disease.

Orthodontists must brace against back pain
Long hours of bending low and working in patients' mouths put heavy strain on the lower back and neck--burdens that translated into weights of up to 138 kilograms in males and 93 kg in females.

Medical technologies may hinder rather than help newborn survival
Medical interventions during pregnancy and childbirth may not be the best way to improve newborn survival in middle-income countries, suggests a study published online today by The Lancet.

School-based smoking prevention programs ineffective
Smoking prevention programs in junior high or high school have little influence on whether teens choose to light up or not, according to Sarah Wiehe, M.D., M.P.H., assistant professor at the Indiana University School of Medicine, first author of a study published in the March issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Honorary doctors, 2005
This year's honorary doctors at Karolinska Institutet are Nelson Mandela, Sir Richard Doll, Margaretha Wallenius-Kleberg and Professor Reijo Vihko.

Telemedicine revolution is 'disappearing' from the NHS
Despite high expectations, telemedicine and telehealthcare systems, which enable doctors to interact with patients many miles away via video, digital imaging and electronic data transmission, have had only limited impact on the National Health Service, according to a study sponsored by the ESRC.

Yeast network prevents damage by oxygen radicals
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego Branch of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR) have identified a key network of DNA repair and cell cycle control genes in yeast that prevents the deleterious effects of reactive oxygen species.

York study tests enhanced care for depression patients
Researchers at the University of York are investigating a new method of organising care for some of the three million adults in the UK who suffer from clinical depression.

Heart surgeons publish death rates
Twenty five heart surgeons in Northwest England publish their individual mortality rates in this week's BMJ.

Some HIV patients at risk of exhausting treatment options
A small but growing proportion of HIV infected patients in the United Kingdom may be in danger of exhausting current treatment options, says a paper published online by the BMJ today.

Linking brain to mind in a common genetic disease
Certain genetic diseases affect children's educational abilities in a distinctive pattern: impairing their numerical abilities more than their verbal skills.

Sunflower seed oil can protect low birth weight babies from infection
Massaging low birth weight babies with sunflower seed oil is a low cost intervention that can protect them from infections, concludes a study published online by The Lancet.

Study reveals frequent non-guideline treatment of late-life depression
A new study documenting the treatment of late-life depression by Canadian health professionals will be presented today at the American Psychosomatic Society Annual Meeting in Vancouver, Canada.

New ways to ease liver disease
Many liver diseases are driven by immune-mediated mechanisms and therapies that can inhibit these immune-based triggers and block liver damage are needed.

The impact of cruciate ligament rupture on osteoarthritis of the knee
The findings of a recent study published in the March 2005 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism indicate anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture as a widely under-recognized and under-treated factor in knee OA.

A shallow hip socket predicts osteoarthritis of the hip
The results of a recent study published in the March 2005 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism indicate acetabular dysplasia, even when assessed at a mild degree, as a strong independent risk factor for OA of the hip, even in an elderly population.

Hydrogen and methane provide raw energy for life at 'Lost City'
Gases produced at the Lost City hydrothermal vent field and the organisms that make their living off them are both so different from so-called black-smoker hydrothermal vents that they may provide a whole new avenue for looking for the earliest life on Earth and for signs of life on other planets.

Inflammation elevates risk of cardiac death in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Mayo Clinic epidemiologists have found that the systemic inflammation characterizing rheumatoid arthritis may be to blame for the increased risk of cardiovascular death in patients with the disease.

US technical employment falls by more than 220,000 workers from 2000 to 2004
The number of employed U.S. technical workers has fallen by 221,000 in six major computer and engineering job classifications from 2000 to 2004, according to data compiled by the U.S.

European communication equipment for the ATV and the Eneide mission reaches the ISS
Preparations for the arrival of

Researchers discover a good side to cholesterol in controlling cell signals
Cholesterol, often stigmatized for its role in heart disease, has long been known to be essential for the health of the fat-laden membranes that surround individual cells.

'Hobbit' fossil likely represents new branch on human family tree
A fossil of a diminutive human nicknamed

Top honor for head of Epilepsy Foundation
Eric R. Hargis, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Epilepsy Foundation, has been selected by the International Bureau for Epilepsy and the International League Against Epilepsy to receive an Ambassador for Epilepsy Award 2005.

Researchers find three major beetle groups coming up one testis short
A systematic survey of carabid beetles has revealed that a surprisingly large number of them are missing one of their testes.

Mayo Clinic develops first genomic-based test to predict stroke from ruptured brain aneurysm
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered a genetic marker that may pave the way for a fast, inexpensive blood test to predict one type of deadly stroke that strikes 30,000 people in the United States annually.

Important discovery about second most fatal cancer
An international team of medical scientists has made an important advance in our understanding of the second most fatal form of cancer in the industrialized world.

MRI proves useful in assessment of suspected breast cancer patients
If a mammogram or sonogram suggests that a woman has breast cancer, an MRI should be done to help determine whether there actually is a cancer and if so, what are the woman's best treatment options, a new study shows.

Three out of the four million newborn babies who die each year could be saved
Three million of the four million newborn babies who die worldwide each year could be saved by low-tech and low-cost interventions, concludes a landmark series of articles published online by The Lancet (Thursday March 3, 2005).

Hopkins convenes 'consensus' conference to develop blueprint for nationwide matching program
Kidney transplant experts from across the United States will convene here March 2 to March 5, 2005, to design a national paired kidney exchange program.

Texas police, border agents using Labs' sniffer to nab drug traffickers
On a South Texas highway local police and border agents are using a hand-held sniffer developed at Sandia National Laboratories to help stem the flow of illegal drugs northward into the U.S.
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