Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 08, 2005
New system for the analysis of facial movement in three dimensions
Navarre University Hospital has launched a novel system for capturing facial movement that enables such movement to be monitored and quantified in a precise manner.

Combining PET and CT scans leads to more accurate radiation therapy for lung cancer patients
Using Positron Emission Tomography in addition to Computed Tomography can reduce the amount of radiation exposure to normal tissue in some lung cancer patients, according to a new study published in the March 1, 2005, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

Could microbes solve Russia's chemical weapons conundrum?
One of nature's most versatile microorganisms - a bacterium called Pseudomonas putida - could help mop up the toxic by-products caused by the destruction of the chemical weapon mustard, write Russian researchers in Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology this month.

Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowships for Manchester academics
Two academics from The University of Manchester, Professor Hillel Steiner and Professor David Hulme, have received Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowships- one of the most prestigious research awards in the UK.

Decreased levels of 'good' cholesterol in children with Progeria may cause premature heart disease
In a study published in the March issue of The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers found that decreased levels of

Cockroach allergens have greatest impact on childhood asthma in many US cities
New results from a nationwide study on factors that affect asthma in inner-city children show that cockroach allergen appears to worsen asthma symptoms more than either dust mite or pet allergens.

Pregnant women should exercise to keep depression away
A study in a recent issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine presents data that characterizes these changes and highlights exercise as an effective means for preventing decline in physical function and emotional health for pregnant women.

Sampling 'small atmospheres' in the tiny new worlds of MEMS
Just as astronomers want to understand the atmospheres of planets and moons, so engineers want atmospheric knowledge of worlds they create that are the size of pinheads, their

Violence exposure and traumatic stress reactions can lead to poor health in children
A study in the March issue of The Journal of Pediatrics examines the effect of traumatic stress reactions on the health of children exposed to violence and maltreatment within the community and their families.

Pet scanning better for heart disease diagnosis, management
Using positron emission tomography (PET) scanning rather than other types of imaging as the first tool to diagnose heart-vessel blockages is more accurate, less invasive and saves dollars, a study by University at Buffalo researchers has shown.

Emory Study finds HIV is not an independent risk factor for severe heart disease
Several studies have suggested that HIV infection poses a serious threat to the heart -- specifically, that HIV positivity leads to an increased risk for the development of angiographically severe coronary artery disease (CAD).

Student identifies electrical changes preceding heart failure
A Johns Hopkins undergraduate has contributed to new research showing that electrical changes in the heart leading to heart failure can occur long before a patient exhibits any clinical symptoms.

National Academies Advisory: April 22 Science Cafe on Alternative Energy
The Marian Koshland Science Museum of the National Academy of Sciences will celebrate Earth Day with a night of informal discussion on alternative energy.

Endowments to bring new courses, foster research in geosciences at UH
Endowments given to the University of Houston hold promise for new research and additional courses in fields aiding the energy exploration and production industry.

Karlheinz Schmidt awarded the Carl Duisberg Medal
The German Chemical Society has awarded the Carl Duisberg Medal to Dr.

UF-developed detectors help guard against foam flaws in shuttle's fuel tank
The engineers who built the massive external fuel tank that will power the shuttle Discovery into orbit this spring used sophisticated X-ray detectors developed by UF researchers to reduce the chance of a defect in the foam insulation covering the tank.

Simple question from your doctor can help identify your risk for breast cancer
In a recent study published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, researchers found that only 26% out of 1700 women in the Greater Boston area had documentation of their family history of breast cancer.

End AIDS drug waiting lists, HIV care providers tell policymakers
The nation's frontline HIV medical providers are calling for an end to waiting lists for essential anti-AIDS drugs that patients need in order to live.

Bad news for employment can be good news for the stock market
On average, the stock market rises on the announcement of higher unemployment when the economy is expanding but fall on hearing similar announcements during economic contractions.

William C. Rose Award lecture will focus on cytochrome P450
Dr. Frederick P. Guengerich, Professor of Biochemistry at the School of Medicine at Vanderbilt University, will discuss the many functions of cytochrome P450 when he receives the William C.

Emotional memory study reveals evidence for a self-reinforcing loop
Researchers exploring the brain structures involved in recalling an emotional memory a year later have found evidence for a self-reinforcing

Powerful tool crunches commutes
Websites for commuters are nothing new, but researchers in Sunnyvale, Calif., have developed an advanced system with a twist: in addition to tracking traffic congestion, the program crunches data from 14,000 sensors, in some cases every 30 seconds, to decipher evolving rush-hour patterns.

UCLA scientists store materials in cells' natural vaults
Scientists at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA have exploited thousands of tiny capsules in cells to store vast amounts of biomaterial.

Dig Manchester!
The University of Manchester's Field Archaeology Centre is to continue its successful 'Dig Manchester' project, which gives local communities the opportunity to sample archaeology in their own area, after receiving £500,000 from the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF).

Two years after gene therapy treatments, severe angina patients showed prolonged clinical benefit
Results being reported in the current issue of the Journal of Interventional Cardiology (Vol. 18, No.

Earth Institute announces results of global mapping project
Led by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University's Earth Institute, the Global Rural Urban Mapping Project, or GRUMP, has resulted in the creation of a suite of products constituting the first detailed and systematic data sets on urban population distribution and the extents of human settlements across the globe.

News tips from the 2005, 54th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American College of Cardiology
News tips from the 2005, 54th Annual Scientific Sessions of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) on March 6-9 in Orlando, Florida include several newsworthy ACC presentations by Johns Hopkins researchers such as: 1) Modern Implantable Heart Devices Safe for use in MRI Scans, and 2) Disrupted Fat Cell Signaling in Obese Mice Linked to Increased Cell Death In Enlarged Hearts.

Oldest fossil human protein ever sequenced
An international team led by researchers at the Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Liepzig, Germany and Washington University in St.

Norovirus found to cause traveler's diarrhea
A new study from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that a majority of traveler's diarrhea cases among U.S. travelers to Mexico and Guatemala were attributed to Norovirus.

New way to make human embryonic stem cell therapy safer
A new system for growing human embryonic stem cells could make therapies utilising the cells safer for patients, concludes a study published online by The Lancet (Tuesday, March 8, 2005).

Allergen exposure in inner cities varies throughout the U.S.
Inner city children with asthma are exposed to significantly different levels of indoor allergens depending on the area of the country and type of home in which they live.

Panacea or Pandora's box
Health-care policymakers and administrators have championed specialty-designed software systems - including the highly-touted Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) systems - as the cornerstone of improved patient safety.

How effective are herbal supplements in reducing illnesses in children?
A study in the March issue of The Journal of Pediatrics reviews the medical literature to provide information about the effectiveness of some of the most common herbal supplements in children.

How much can your mind keep track of?
New research shows why it doesn't take much for a new problem or an unfamiliar task to tax our thinking.

Husbands' careers trump wives in relocation quest
When both husband and wife hold college degrees, it is the husband's degree -- and the husband's degree alone -- that typically determines whether a

Superglue of planet formation: Sticky ice
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, reporting in Astrophysical Journal, offer a cool answer to an age-old planet- formation riddle: Micron-wide dust particles encrusted with molecularly gluey ice enabled planets to bulk up like dirty snowballs quickly enough to overcome the scattering force of solar winds.

Study suggests smoking while pregnant may increase chromosomal abnormalities in fetal cells
A preliminary report suggests that maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with increased chromosomal abnormalities in fetal cells, according to a study in the March 9 issue of JAMA.

Northwestern Memorial physicians encourage screenings during colon cancer awareness month
March is Colon Cancer Awareness Month and doctors at Northwestern Memorial Hospital are encouraging Chicagoans to know their family history and get screened.

Blood pressure treatment could cut risk of strokes and heart attacks
A new treatment strategy for hypertension can cut the risk of strokes by around 25 percent and coronary events by around 15 percent according to the preliminary results of a major international trial.

MUHC researchers make cancer target breakthrough
Researchers at the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC), in Montreal, have identified a new gene to combat cancer.

Mouse gene shows new mechanism behind cardiac infarction in man
A gene that, in different variants, increases or decreases the level of atherosclerosis has been identified in mice.

Cigarette smoke worsens respiratory infections in infants
Studying Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) to learn what puts children at risk for the most severe infections, Washington University researchers at St.

Researchers close in on breast cancer vaccine
Progress toward development of a breast cancer vaccine has been reported by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine and the Siteman Cancer Center in St.

APS announces 2005 Young Investigators Awards
American Physiological Society awards more $54,000 to outstanding researchers. Award-winning science includes work with vascular stems cells, restored respiratory ability in the spinally injured, ion channels in kidney cells and muscle damage and repair.

NJIT researcher creates opportunities for studying chiral ionic liquids
Ionic liquids, especially chiral ones, fascinate Sanjay V. Malhotra, PhD, assistant professor of chemistry and environmental science at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT).

Father of regenerative medicine pushes M prize over the $1 million mark
In a move that will push the Methuselah Foundation's MPrize over the $1 million mark, Dr.

Study finds indoor allergen levels vary, cockroach allergens cause more asthma symptoms
Cockroach allergens exacerbate the symptoms of asthmatic children living in inner cities - more so than dust mite or pet allergens - and amounts of cockroach allergens varies widely in cities across the country, according to a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher involved in a multicenter study.

Is your job giving you a heart attack? Occupational health conference answers that, and more
The UCI Center for Occupational and Environmental Health is hosting The International Commission of Occupational Health (ICOH) conference, during which original research is being presented in the following areas: the changing nature of work; the relationship between working conditions, social class and social inequality as determinants of cardiovascular disease research; and the relationship between working conditions, social class and social inequality as determinants of cardiovascular disease risk.

Computational tool predicts how drugs work in cells, advancing efforts to design better medicines
The ability to select and develop compounds that act on specific cellular targets has just gained a computational ally -- a mathematical algorithm that predicts the precise effects a given compound will have on a cell's molecular components or chemical processes.

Novel, computer-assisted method for colorization developed at Hebrew University
A novel, computer-assisted method for colorizing black and white images and movies has been developed by researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem's Benin School of Computer Science and Engineering.

Computerized order entry systems can increase risk of medication errors
A new study suggests that computerized order entry systems which are implemented in part to reduce prescribing errors can actually increase the risk of medication errors in certain situations, according to a study in the March 9 issue of JAMA.

Many children are undervaccinated or have delayed vaccinations in their first 2 years of life
Approximately one-third of U.S. children were undervaccinated for more than six months and one-fourth experienced delays in receiving many of the recommended vaccinations during their first 24 months of life, according to a study in the March 9 issue of JAMA.
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