Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 10, 2005
Alcohol intervention attempted for violent males
Alcohol intervention attempted for violent males will be discussed at the upcoming 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research conference.

Houston meeting kicks off collaboration to advance cancer research
Researchers from the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and Imperial College London met today to launch a joint initiative aimed at advancing scientific discovery of novel cancer therapies.

Biologists discover why 10% of Europeans are safe from HIV infection
Biologists at the University of Liverpool have discovered how the plagues of the Middle Ages have made around 10% of Europeans resistant to HIV.

World's largest scientific society backs green chemistry bill
The American Chemical Society (ACS) has strongly backed a green chemistry bill, introduced in the House March 10, which will improve federal coordination, dissemination and investment in green chemistry research and development.

Neanderthal reconstructed
Anthropologists have constructed the world's first complete articulated Neanderthal skeleton to expand public and scientific understanding of the group, as well as of the differences between Neanderthals and modern humans.

A reformed social security can help families and economic growth
Policymakers and citizens pondering the merits of social security reform should consider new evidence showing that

Sex selection popular among infertile women
A new survey says a significant number of women being treated for infertility would choose the sex of their next child if given the option -- and those as yet childless would choose baby girls and boys in approximately equal numbers.

Fractured leg bone not the end of Tutankhamen mystery
Original X-rays of Tutankhamen's body, taken by scientists at the University of Liverpool, could throw new light on the mystery of the young King's death.

Physiological effects of reduced gravity on bacteria
In this study, water system bacterial isolates from the ISS were compared to other isolates from corresponding type strains of the same species.

Lip piercing can lead to receding gums
Numerous case reports and a few clinical studies have examined the association between tongue piercing and receding gums, and oral piercing, typically involving the tongue and/or the lip, has been associated with periodontal complications.

Steady rise in HIV among heterosexuals in the UK
Numbers of HIV infections acquired through heterosexual intercourse in the United Kingdom are rising steadily, according to surveillance figures published online by today's BMJ.

New technique uses seismic 'garbage' to view Earth's interior
Seismologists have long relied on earthquakes or expensive tools like explosives to help create images of Earth's interior, but a new method created by University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder) researchers will produce quicker, cheaper and clearer images.

Scientists discuss tsunamis, other coastal and marine issues
The program includes local, regional, and national topics of interest.

Blocking PLK-1 to beat bladder cancer
Novel therapeutic approaches are needed to treat bladder cancer. In a JCI study researchers use small interfering RNA (siRNA) to silence polo like kinase-1 (PLK-1) to protect against bladder cancer in mice.

Preventing SCD1 expression prevents obesity
Effective therapies to treat obesity and metabolic syndrome are urgently needed but are currently lacking.

Put culture in your life and reduce bad breath: Eat yogurt!
Eating traditional yogurt reduces the bacteria that cause bad breath.

Gene for age-related macular degeneration discovered by Yale researchers
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have identified a gene for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on a region of chromosome 1, leading the way for targeted treatment for this widespread eye disease that causes blindness in millions of people.

Enriched environment delays onset of Alzheimer's in mice
An enriched environment can reduce the biological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease in mice that are predisposed to the disorder.

Will your kids grow up to be fat?
New research shows that children between 8 and 15 years old who are in the upper half of the normal weight range are more likely than their leaner peers to become obese or overweight as young adults.

Study: Turkey hunting most dangerous, deer hunting most deadly
Turkey hunters have higher rates of shooting-related injuries than hunters of other species in Pennsylvania, according to a Penn State College of Medicine study.

New NHS payment system 'is no panacea'
The new NHS payment system has already run into problems and requires careful monitoring, say researchers at Dr Foster in this week's BMJ.

Gene variant increases risk of age-related macular degeneration
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center and Vanderbilt University Medical Center have pinpointed the first major gene that determines an individual's risk for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Carnegie Mellon researchers develop new software to detect viruses
New types of insidious programs are burrowing into a variety of embedded systems in cars and cellphones, creating all sorts of problems.

Researchers identify gene that plays major role in age-related blindness disease
By combining the tools of high-throughput biology and statistical genetics, scientists at Rockefeller University, Yale University School of Public Health and the National Eye Institute have identified a gene that confers susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most common cause of vision loss in the United Sates for those over 60.

New class of tuberculosis-fighting antibiotics suggested by biochemical-pathway study
Tuberculosis kills more people than any other bacterial infection. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have identified a biochemical target that could lead to a new class of antibiotics to fight TB.

Survivors to revisit the polio scare
On April 9, 2005, 2-5 p.m., Children's Hospital Boston, the Spaulding Rehabilitation Center, and Harvard Medical School are holding a polio survivors' reunion and symposium in Boston.

International physiologists mark post-genomic resurgence March 31-April 5 in San Diego
The 35th IUPS Congress meets in San Diego, March 31-April 5, 2005.

Busy brains may stave off Alzheimer's signs
Mice who keep their brains and bodies busy in an

Eight to receive President's 2003 National Medal of Science
President Bush will present medals to eight scientists and engineers, including two Nobel Laureates, on March 14 for their distinguished careers and lifelong and individual achievements.

Black holes influence knowledge of the universe
Black holes have a reputation for voraciously eating everything in their immediate neighborhood, but these large gravity wells also affect electromagnetic radiation and may hinder our ability to ever locate the center of the universe, according to an international research team.

Researchers unlock mechanism creating jigsaw puzzle-like plant cells
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have unlocked the molecular give and take that allows cells in thin structures such as leaves to develop in a jigsaw-like pattern, providing the leaf a surprising degree of strength.

Blocking neurodegeneration by radiation and bone marrow transfer prevents inherited glaucoma in mice
In a discovery that could point to new treatments for a wide range of neurodegenerative diseases, Jackson Laboratory researchers have found that high-dose radiation and bone marrow transfer treatments on glaucoma-susceptible mice completely blocked the development of glaucoma, by preventing neurodegeneration.

Tumor-targeted immune cells cure prostate cancer in mice without causing systemic immune suppression
In a major breakthrough in cancer gene therapy, a Northwestern University researcher has endowed immune cells with the ability to specifically target metastatic prostate cancer in mice without causing the toxic immune suppression that has been associated with earlier forms of cancer gene therapy.

U. of Colorado researchers pioneer new technique for imaging Earth's interior
Seismologists have long relied on earthquakes or expensive tools like explosives to help create images of Earth's interior, but a new method created by University of Colorado at Boulder researchers will produce quicker, cheaper and clearer images.

Openness is key to winning the war over MMR
Openness and communication between experts and the public is key to winning the war over MMR, says an expert in this week's BMJ.

UCLA Medical Center becomes first hospital to introduce remote presence robots in ICU
UCLA Medical Center has announced initial clinical tests of the RP-6 mobile robot system in its neurosurgery intensive care unit (ICU).

Rasagiline reduces disability for patients with advanced Parkinson's disease
Giving Parkinson's patients on levodopa treatment an additional drug called rasagiline once daily can improve their motor function, concludes a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

If not land, then water for expelled Arabs
A new proposal to the Israel/Palestine conflict suggests the return of water rights to the one million Arabs expelled from Israel.

MINOS neutrino experiment launched at Fermilab
Officials at the Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory today (March 4, 2005) dedicated the MINOS experiment and the beam that will send subatomic particles called neutrinos from Fermilab, near Chicago, to a particle detector in Minnesota.

Insight into DNA's 'weakest links' may yield clues to cancer biology
The chromosomes of mammals, including humans, contain regions that are particularly prone to breaking under conditions of stress and in cancer.

New Web site 'drills down' into government standards
Protracted and, sometimes, fruitless searches for government-applied technical standards may soon be a thing of the past.

Aircraft cabin ventilation influences the transmission of diseases in-flight
Increasing ventilation within aircraft cabins can reduce the spread of infectious diseases in-flight, suggests a review published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Gene variation could be responsible for age-related macular degeneration
Half of all cases of age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness among the elderly, could be caused by a variation in a particular gene, according to UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers involved in a multicenter study.

Sharing clinical trial results with participants may be beneficial
Offering patients the results of clinical trials that they have participated in could have a positive effect, suggests a study published in his week's issue of The Lancet.

Teen athletes continue tobacco use, despite severe consequences
One of the topics -- teen athletes continue tobacco use, despite severe consequences -- will be discussed at the upcoming 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research conference.

Bush record on human rights
The Bush Administration has received a

Shutting down the HIV assembly line
Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators have identified an early step in HIV particle assembly.

Drug abuse treatment slashes HIV-related sex behaviors in urban meth addicts
A randomized, controlled study evaluated the effectiveness of four behavioral drug abuse treatments in reducing methamphetamine use and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among 162 gay and bisexual methamphetamine addicts in Los Angeles County.

Access to oral health care: Not a level playing field
One of the topics, Access to oral health care: Not a level playing field, will be discussed at the upcoming 83rd General Session of the International Association for Dental Research conference.

Study examines lessons learned at Africa's first public antiretroviral treatment clinic
A public clinic offering antiretroviral (ARV) treatment to people with HIV/AIDS, recently established in Botswana, has had its share of trials and errors.

Double volcanic eruption in Eastern Russia
Acquired from orbit 800 kilometres away, this Envisat image shows two volcanoes erupting simultaneously on Russia's snowy Kamchatka Peninsula this week.

New guideline tackles leading cause of mother and child death
A new guideline published in this week's BMJ will help to tackle one of the leading causes of illness and death during pregnancy.

Study: Soap and water work best in ridding hands of disease viruses
The largest, most comprehensive study ever done comparing the effectiveness of hand hygiene products shows that nothing works better in getting rid of disease-causing viruses than simply washing one's hands with good old-fashioned soap and water.

Drug companies and governments must act on fake drug problem
An article published in the premier open-access online health journal PLoS Medicine reveals the production of substandard and fake drugs is a vast and underreported problem, particularly affecting poorer countries.

New tumor-suppressor gene discovered
A new tumor-suppressor gene has been discovered, along with information about how it works with another tumor suppressor to control tissue growth.

European folic acid policies are not effective enough
The prevalence of neural tube defects in Europe has not declined substantially in the past decade, despite national policies of folic acid supplementation in half the countries, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Cooperation is key--a new way of looking at MicroRNA and how it controls gene expression
A group of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute is reporting a discovery that sheds light on an area of research fundamental to everything from the normal processes that govern the everyday life of human cells to the aberrant mechanisms that underlie many diseases, including cancer and septic shock.

Failure to count Iraqi casualties is irresponsible, say experts
An international group of public health experts has accused the British and American governments of being

Aggressive aquatic species invading Great Lakes
Foreign species, such as zebra mussels and carp, are invading the Great Lakes and changing the ecology of this vital ecosystem.
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