Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 17, 2005
Red wine protects the heart
A review article of the latest studies looking at red wine and cardiovascular health shows drinking two to three glasses of red wine daily is good for the heart.

Men with severe sleep breathing disorder have higher risk of heart problems
Men with a severe form of a sleep breathing disorder called obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea have an increased risk of fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular events, concludes a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Dropping nano-anchor
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Wash., and the University of Washington say they can control the deposition of anchor molecules on a carbon nanotube, 10,000 times smaller than a human hair, without muting the nanotube's promising physical properties.

Medically supervised drug injection facilities safer for users
Facilities that provide medical supervision for illicit drug injections could reduce syringe sharing among users, concludes a Canadian study published online by The Lancet.

Virginity pledges do not reduce STD risk: May encourage high risk sexual behavior
Young adults who take virginity pledges as adolescents are as likely to be infected with sexually transmitted diseases as those who do not take virginity pledges, Yale and Columbia University researchers report in the March 18 issue of Journal of Adolescent Health.

New machines could turn homes into small factories
A revolutionary machine which can make everything from a cup to a clarinet quickly and cheaply could be in all our homes in the next few years.

PillCam enables study of esophagus by swallowing a pill
Diagnosing inflammation, pre-cancerous changes or dilated veins in the esophagus is now as easy as taking a pill - a pill housing miniature video cameras.

Patient with drug-resistant form of HIV identified
Researchers have identified a patient with a unique variant of HIV that is resistant to multiple classes of antiretroviral drugs and associated with the rapid development of AIDS, reporting their findings in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Yale authors raise concerns regarding regionalized heart attack care
Calls to regionalize the care of patients with heart attacks are premature, and do not account for potential unintended consequences, according to a commentary by Yale researchers published in today's Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Nanotechnology's progress and challenges addressed during ACS meeting
From promising diagnostic tests to tomorrow's electronics, nanotechnology -- the science and technology of the ultra-small -- is getting bigger all the time.

Invasive pneumonia and antibiotic resistance decreased after childhood vaccine introduced
The problem of increasing antibiotic resistance in cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae, a major cause of pneumonia, meningitis and sepsis, was dramatically reversed following the licensing and use of a new conjugate vaccine for young children in February 2000, Researchers also found a significant decrease in the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease in both vaccinated children and unvaccinated adults after the vaccine was introduced.

Costs of antidepressants could have funded effective alternatives
Some of the costs of prescribing antidepressant drugs over the last decade could have been used to deliver psychological treatments of proven effectiveness, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.

Marine researchers deliver blueprint for rescuing America's troubled coral reefs
An international team of marine ecologists is urging the United States to take immediate action to save its fragile coral reefs.

2005 Energy Efficiency Awards: Winners honoured in Ottawa
On March 18, in Ottawa, Marlene Catterall, Member of Parliament for Ottawa West-Nepean, will present Canada's Energy Efficiency Awards.

Institute for Medical Research scientists identify gene critical to type 1 diabetes
An international team of scientists, led by Yousef Al-Abed, PhD, a medicinal chemist at the Institute for Medical Research of the North Shore-Long Island Jewish (LIJ) Health System in Manhasset, NY, has identified a gene that plays a critical role in the development of type 1 diabetes, a disease that typically arises in childhood, requires insulin injections for life and can have serious complications.

Waist size linked to diabetes risk in adult men
The circumference of a man's waist is a better predictor of his risk of developing type 2 diabetes than his body mass index, which is a weight-to-height ratio, or waist-to-hip ratio alone.

JCI table of contents April 1, 2005
The following press release contains the following newsworthy papers to be published online March 17 in advance of April 1 print edition of the Journal of Clinical Investigation: Birthing a new model of aspirin therapy in preeclampsia; Cholesterol adrift on a lipid raft affects cancer progression; Liver disease faces a new menace; Thymic recovery restores T cells.

Countywide forecasts of water use available for Illinois, Midwest
Water use in Illinois is expected to grow faster than the population in the next 20 years, with Chicago-area counties leading increased demand in 89 of the state's 102 counties, according to two new studies released by the Illinois State Water Survey.

Canada's wind power capacity jumps almost 25 percent
Canada's wind-power capacity, already the fastest-growing form of electricity generation in Canada, took another significant step forward today with the announcement of funding for two new wind-power projects in Murdochville, Quebec.

Chemists identify key gene in development of type 1 diabetes
Chemists say they have identified a gene that appears to play a key role in the development of type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes, a disease that affects about one million people in the U.S. and is on the rise worldwide.

Chemical decoy shows promise for slowing Alzheimer's by acting as decoy
Researchers are developing a chemical decoy that shows promise in blocking the toxic brain proteins thought to cause Alzheimer's disease.

Protein that helps skin cancer spread identified by Stanford researchers
A protein that normally helps hold the skin intact is also needed by skin cancer cells as they spread to other regions of the body, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have discovered.

Diagnostic test for range of blood disorders on the horizon
Scientists have discovered a single mutation that is responsible for a number of blood disorders, reporting their findings in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Devolution has meant growing policy differences between Scotland, Wales and England
Significantly different approaches to key public policy issues have emerged in Scotland and Wales since devolution, as the new administrations in Edinburgh and Cardiff have rejected consumer choice and diversity in favour of professionalism and uniformity.

NHS stop-smoking services are insufficient to deliver national smoking targets
NHS Stop-Smoking Services are insufficient to deliver national smoking targets, and Government smoking targets are themselves insufficient for the poorest communities, says a study published online by the BMJ today.

Yale scientists find microRNA regulates Ras cancer gene
Research in the laboratory of Assistant Professor Frank J. Slack at Yale University has identified a new way that a familiar gene is regulated in lung cancer, presenting new possibilities for diagnosis and treatment.

Children's Hospital & Research Ctr. at Oakland's DNA library helps to map the sex chromosome
Children's Hospital & Research Center at Oakland's DNA library was used to duplicate strands of DNA for an international team of scientists to generate the most complete analysis of the X chromosome.

Climate change inevitable in 21st century
Even if all greenhouse gases had been stabilized in the year 2000, we would still be committed to a warmer Earth and greater sea level rise in the present century, according to a new study by a team of climate modelers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

Faculty of 1000 Biology launch ecology faculty
Faculty of 1000 Biology, a revolutionary literature awareness service for the life sciences, today announce the launch of a new faculty - ecology.

Test-drive ESA technology
PlayStation users worldwide can now see for themselves what happens when Ariane launcher technology is applied to Le Mans racing.

Epidemiologist Trichopoulos receives $5.8 million Department of Defense 'Innovator Award'
A renowned cancer epidemiologist, HSPH Professor Dimitrios Trichopoulos has received a U.S.

Harnessing microbes, one by one, to build a better nanoworld
Taking a new approach to the painstaking assembly of nanometer-sized machines, a team of scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has successfully used single bacterial cells to make tiny bio-electronic circuits.

Will aid to poor put wildlife at risk?
Even a small increase in the wealth of poor, rural families in Gabon may cause a substantial increase in the consumption of bushmeat, according to a study by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in a recent issue of Conservation Biology.

Elizabeth Blackburn and Janet Rowley awarded
Two scientists whose fundamental discoveries into the cause and progression of cancer opened new paths for the treatment of this disease are being honored this year with the prestigious Landon-AACR Prizes for Basic and Translational Cancer Research.

New thrust needed to tackle health inequalities globally says UCL scientist
UCL public health scientist, Professor Sir Michael Marmot, writes in a paper published in the Lancet journal on 18th March 2005 that a major new thrust is needed internationally to tackle health inequalities.

Obtaining patient consent for clinical audit is unworkable without extra resources
Obtaining signed patient consent for audit purposes is difficult and is unlikely to be successful unless extra resources are made available, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.

Single mothers at higher risk for depression
A recent study showed that low-income single mothers have a very high prevalence of depressive symptoms.

UF researcher: Ideas about fossil horses undergo evolution in thinking
The old gray mare, she ain't what she used to be, says a University of Florida researcher whose findings show that the evolution of horses had more twists and turns than previously thought.

HIV and ID doctors oppose ideologically driven STI prevention policies
HIV and infectious disease experts are urging the federal government to stop funding unproven strategies, like abstinence-only sexual health education, to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STI).

Genes for alcohol consumption identified
How much alcohol we drink could be influenced by our genes, scientists reveal in a study published today.

Public policy should address the social factors behind ill health
National and global public policy needs to change to take into account the social factors behind ill health and reduce the health inequalities seen within and between countries, states an article in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Highlights of chemical society national meeting in San Diego, March 13-17
An antioxidant mixture that may help prevent skin cancer, efforts to genetically engineer bacteria for the mass production of antibiotics, and novel gene therapy vectors that employ the herpes simplex virus to help fight chronic pain and brain cancer are among the new research topics to be addressed at the 229th national meeting of the American Chemical Society, held in San Diego, March 13-17.

High cholesterol levels accelerate growth of prostate cancer
Population studies have linked prostate cancer with high cholesterol levels and Western-style, high-cholesterol diets.

NJIT chemists modify carbon nanotubes using microwaves
Researchers at New Jersey Institute of Technology have discovered a novel method of changing the chemical characteristics of carbon nanotubes by heating them in a closed vessel microwave oven.

The European Society of Cardiology launches Women at Heart
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) today launches its new initiative Women at Heart at the Spring Meeting of its 49 National Cardiac Societies.

Protecting human subjects focus of national FDA conference at UH
New medical devices must be tested on humans, but protecting the rights of those subjects can present challenges.

Birthing a new model of aspirin therapy in preeclampsia
Preeclampsia can be detrimental to the health of the fetus and mother.

Energy ambassadors: Canadian University students honoured in Ottawa
On March 17, in Ottawa, Carole Olsen, Chairperson of the National Advisory Council on Energy Efficiency, will present 43 university students from across Canada with awards as part of Natural Resources Canada's Energy Ambassadors program.

Pall prion removal technology presented to FDA blood products advisory committee
An update on Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, including variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD), was a key topic at the FDA's Blood Products Advisory Committee meeting today.

UC Berkeley researchers working on ouchless injections
Taking a child to the doctor's office to get immunization shots can be a pain on many levels.

Acupuncture relieves pelvic pain during pregnancy
Acupuncture and strengthening exercises help relieve pelvic girdle pain during pregnancy and are effective complements to standard treatment, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.
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