Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 23, 2005
Retirement communities need to do more to help residents cope with loneliness and depression
As the nation's population ages, greater numbers of people will be moving to old-age/retirement communities.

RIT takes eye-tracking research to next level
Scientists at the Visual Perception Laboratory at Rochester Institute of Technology study the link between eye movements and cognition using wearable eye trackers.

First real-time view of developing neurons reveals surprises, say Stanford researchers
Scientists have believed that neurons need a long period of fine-tuning and training with other neurons before they take on their adult role.

Treatment of cardiac lesions without anaesthesic
Navarre University Hospital has introduced a novel technique for the treatment of congenital heart defects and involving the percutaneous closure of the patent foramen ovale (PFO) with monitoring through intracavernous ecography.

NJIT team designs driverless vehicle to enter the grand challenge
A team of students from New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) is designing a driverless vehicle that will compete in a national race in which it must navigate 175-miles of daunting desert terrain.

Mental health service costs offset by savings in other public sectors
Penn State researchers have found that reduced expenditures for inpatient hospitalization, the juvenile justice system, the child welfare system and the special education system offset the costs of the improved mental health services delivered to youth through the system of care approach now being tried in communities in every state in the U.S.

NYU College of Dentistry study equates poor oral health with preterm birth risk
Pregnant women with high levels of an oral bacterium associated with tooth decay and caries (cavities) are at risk for delivering preterm low birth weight (PLBW) babies, according to a study that was published today in the Journal of Periodontology.

Regular exercise helps protect muscles in elderly from soreness, injury
Researchers now have the physical evidence to show why it's important for older people to exercise.

Yale technology translates to sonic golf training tool
Robert D. Grober, Yale professor of Applied Physics and Physics, has combined his passion for golf and his professional expertise to produce a unique audio biofeedback device for teaching and training golf.

Everybody wins from short term eastern European migration
Despite current concerns in the UK about working conditions and breaches of safety standards in agriculture involving eastern European migrants, there is conclusive evidence that others in different occupations are benefiting from short term employment opportunities.

Risky surgery not always necessary to treat cervical disease
Revolutionary advancements in the treatment options for diseases associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) now include nonsurgical options such as chemoprevention and vaccines.

New noble gas chemical compounds created as result of Hebrew University research
Chemical compounds consisting of noble gases combined with hydrocarbon molecules - a feat previously thought to be unattainable - have been created as the result of the work of researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Novel ultrafast laser detection of cancer cells also may improve understanding of stem cells
A lightning-fast laser technique, led by Sandia National Laboratories researcher Paul Gourley, has provided laboratory demonstrations of accurate, real-time, high-throughput identification of liver tumor cells at their earliest stages, and without invasive chemical reagents.

NASA study finds soot may be changing the Arctic environment
NASA continues to explore the impact of black carbon or soot on the Earth's climate.

New research indicates a 'troubled' greenhouse is brewing
Ancient soils are providing new insight about what to expect from global warming, according to a University of Oregon study published in the April issue of the journal Geology.

Neuroscientists locate 'imaginary' colors
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have found that not only do grapheme-color synesthetes really see the colors they report, as measured in behavioral tests, but fMRI scans of their brains also show activation in the color-selective regions of the cortex when they view black-and-white letters or numbers.

African students get web link to MIT labs
Students at three African universities can now perform real engineering and science experiments over the Internet thanks to a grant of $800,000 from Carnegie Corporation of New York to disseminate the use of educational technology developed at MIT.

Light is detected from two confirmed extrasolar planets
Using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, researchers have for the first time detected light from confirmed planets orbiting stars outside our solar system.

NIAID initiates trial of experimental avian flu vaccine
Fast-track recruitment has begun for a trial to investigate the safety of a vaccine against H5N1 avian influenza, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today.

UCLA researchers first to capture elusive lightning-quick waveforms
Researchers at UCLA have for the first time been able to capture and digitize electrical signals at the rate of 1 trillion times per second, a discovery that eventually may help scientists develop defenses against high-powered microwave weapons attacks and allow physicists to peer into the fundamental building blocks of nature.

Ice core 'dipstick' indicates West Antarctic ice has thinned less than believed
New research using a thousand-meter ice core shows a key section of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet probably never contained as much ice as scientists originally thought it did, so it couldn't have contributed as much as believed to higher sea levels 20,000 years ago.

Massive weight loss conference Dallas April 1-2
While massive weight loss surgery is increasingly becoming the treatment of choice for the morbidly obese, many patients are unaware that additional plastic surgery - body contouring - will likely be necessary to achieve their desired body shape.

Harvard, Texas A&M scientists develop new laser
Engineers and applied physicists have laid the foundations for a new type of

Mystery minerals formed in fireball from colliding asteroid that destroyed the dinosaurs
Scientists at the American Museum of Natural History and the University of Chicago have explained how a globe-encircling residue formed in the aftermath of the asteroid impact that triggered the extinction of the dinosaurs.

Understanding how vulnerabilities may keep women in abusive relationships
A new model looks to the socio-cultural contexts that make women susceptible to abusive relationships.

New studies suggest airborne SARS transmission is possible
Two new studies present evidence that the virus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) may spread through the air, not just through direct contact with contaminated water droplets as previous research had shown.

Greece becomes 16th ESA Member State
Following its ratification of the ESA Convention, Greece has now become ESA's 16th Member State.

Student work in human subjects protection sought for FDA conference at UH
From glucometers used by diabetics to stents used by cardiologists, new medical devices inevitably must be tested on human subjects.

Oral bacteria may predict pregnancy outcomes
Researchers from New York University found that certain bacteria from the mouth may be related to preterm delivery and low birthweight according to a study in the Journal of Periodontology (JOP).

Cardiac deaths peak in sleep hours for patients with sleep apnea
The 20 million Americans who have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are more likely to die suddenly of cardiac causes between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. than during the other 16 hours of the day combined, according to findings of a Mayo Clinic study published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Opponents of needle-exchange programs should think about their message to drug users
Many opponents of needle-exchange programs argue that supplying drug users with clean needles sends the wrong message.

Stanford patient is first to test new treatment for peripheral arterial disease
On March 21, Stanford researchers implanted a drug-coated, flexible, metal-mesh tube called a drug-eluting stent into the superficial femoral artery in Erickson's thigh.

New insight into people who 'see' colors in letters and numbers
People with a form of synesthesia in which they see colors when viewing letters and numbers really do see colors, researchers have found.

Climate change poorly understood by US public, MIT survey finds
Climate change and the threat of global warming are poorly understood by the U.S. public, and taking action to reduce their impact is not a high priority, according to a recent MIT survey.

First mouse model for multiple system atrophy points to new treatment targets for brain diseases
In a newly developed animal model for Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) - a collection of neurodegenerative disorders once thought to be three separate diseases - investigators at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have demonstrated that the mice showed symptoms similar to human MSA.

Can you read my mind? W.M. Keck Foundation funds innovative brain research at Carnegie Mellon
The W.M. Keck Foundation has awarded Carnegie Mellon University a $750,000 grant to support research into how the human brain deciphers language, which could one day yield advances in the treatment of neurological disorders such as autism and dyslexia.

Beyond lithium for bipolar disorder
While lithium treatment has proven to be a godsend for many with bipolar disorder, it is not without its downside.

It's a taxing time for air travelers, researchers from MIT, Daniel Webster College discover
Airline passengers are giving an ever-increasing portion of their travel dollars to Uncle Sam, according to data released by MIT's Global Airline Industry Program and Daniel Webster College.
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