Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 29, 2005
Physicians may not be accurate in their confidence levels of their diagnoses, says Pitt study
Physicians often do not have correct perceptions of the accuracy of their diagnoses at the time they make them, and in significant numbers of cases they may be overconfident-wrong when they believe they are right; or under confident-right when they believe they are wrong-about their diagnostic assessments, according to a University of Pittsburgh study.

The power of pride
A shopping experience can be a good thing. So good, in fact, that you might leave a store with a level of pride at having found a good deal.

Study finds that coordinating care of chronically ill patients does not increase liability
Conventional wisdom is wrong: primary care doctors who coordinate the care of their patients by specialists may actually have lower liability risk than primary care doctors who do not attempt care coordination.

Gearing up for the next generation of Europe's cars
More than 20 partners from all areas of the European car industry worked together in the EUREKA ITEA Cluster EAST-EEA project to develop a common software interface for electronic devices to be used in all cars from 2009.

Trans-European freight corridor drives rail transformation
EUREKA project E! 2727 POLCORRIDOR has been selected as the 'backbone' trans-European freight transport corridor to explore interoperability in the EU Sixth Framework Programme (FP6) REORIENT project.

Improved dielectric developed for chip-level copper circuitry
A new dielectric material, developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, could facilitate the use of copper circuitry at the chip level.

March/April 2005 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
Highlights from the March/April 2005 issue of Annals of Family Medicine, including new research and an an accompanying editorial on the family's contribution to health status.

Harald Lesch wins the 2005 Communicator Award
Munich astrophysicist Harald Lesch will receive the 2005 Communicator Award, worth €50,000, for his outstanding achievements in relating his scientific work to the public.

AAAS CEO Alan I. Leshner welcomes proposed Washington state legislation on stem cell research
AAAS has welcomed efforts by Washington state legislators to pass a bill banning reproductive cloning in the state while allowing research on human embryonic stem cells.

Nonproliferation, nuclear industry experts to discuss fuel cycle issues at DC conference
Next week policy-makers, academicians, industry representatives, and other experts representing the world's nonproliferation and nuclear power communities will gather near Washington, D.C., to discuss ways to reduce the proliferation risks of civilian nuclear fuels.

Mouse model reveals potential way to reduce cardiac deaths in kidney patients
Scientists have identified an important link between kidney damage and cardiac problems, creating new possibilities for treating the primary cause of death in kidney disease patients.

AAAS CEO Alan I. Leshner registers 'strong concerns' over suppression of science films
The following letter was sent Monday 28 March 2005 to 410 members of the
Carrots of color
In a Texas A&M University processing room, yellow carrots were stacked up against maroon, red and orange carrots for strenuous tests to see which would make it to the next step in breeding.

Oaxacan migrants support family and community
The majority of migrants from southern Mexico come to the U.S. for financial reasons, but have strong ties to communities back home, according to a Penn State anthropologist.

Culture forms a bridge between Japan and Germany
The Japanese theatre scholar, Professor Tatsuji Iwabuchi, and the Director of Japanese Studies at the University of Bonn, Professor Josef Kreiner, are this year's winners of the Eugen and Ilse Seibold Prize in recognition of their contributions to the advancement of sciences and mutual understanding in both countries.

From galaxy collisions to star birth: ISO finds the missing link
Data from ISO, the infrared observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA), have provided the first direct evidence that shock waves generated by galaxy collisions excite the gas from which new stars will form.

UW study shows blacks and Latinos are more satisfied with physicians of the same race
Black and Latino patients who perceive racism in the health care system prefer and are more satisfied with physicians from the same race or ethnicity, according to a University of Washington study published in the Annals of Family Medicine.

Being resolute with resolutions
New research by Anirban Mukhopadhyay (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology) and Gita Johar (Columbia University) published in the March 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research suggests that while self-control is indeed an important variable, belief in self-control may be more important.

OHSU scientists test medication to treat involuntary weight loss
Scientists at Oregon Health & Science University, in collaboration with Neurocrine Biosciences Inc., have successfully tested a research medication that both stimulates appetite and reduces metabolic rate in preclinical trials.

Pitt marks 50th anniversary of its Salk polio vaccine with reunion, scientific symposium
The development of the Salk polio vaccine at the University of Pittsburgh represents one of the most important milestones in medical history.

Cranfield leads development of next generation anti-land mine device
UK-based humanitarian de-mining specialists Disarmco have teamed up with ordnance and explosives experts at Cranfield University at Shrivenham to develop the next generation of anti-land mine device.

Weather forecasts may be predictors for prevalence of West Nile virus
Weather forecasts could become barometers for predicting the potential threat of West Nile virus to humans and wildlife, according to scientists at two state agencies based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

'Color-blind' method opens new doors in DNA sequencing
A 'color-blind' method of fluorescence detection developed by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Rice University could open new doors for DNA sequencing at a patient's bedside or in a doctor's office.

Last hardware needed for ATV arrival installed during ISS spacewalk
The last outstanding hardware needed before arrival of the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), the European-built ISS supply ship due for launch in 2006, has been installed outside the International Space Station (ISS) during a 4 1/2 hour Extra Vehicular Activity (EVA) on Monday 28 March.

The Medusa Fossae formation on Mars
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show part of the Medusa Fossae formation and adjacent areas at the highland-lowland boundary on Mars.

Do minorities survive hospitalization better than others?
While two recent studies showed lower in-hospital mortality for African-Americans than for non-Hispanic whites, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco investigated the incidence of DNR orders in a large population of hospital patients.

Study reveals potential new target for cholesterol-lowering drugs
Mice lacking a key protein involved in cholesterol regulation have low-density lipoprotein, or

Changes in Earth's tilt control when glacial cycles end
Scientists have long debated what causes glacial/interglacial cycles, which have occurred most recently at intervals of about 100,000 years.

Prominent North Shore-LIJ physician-researcher brings science to the masses with new book
Though most people have not heard of it, the mysterious and deadly syndrome called severe sepsis is the third leading cause of death for hospitalized patients in the developed world.

Researchers reveal the infectious impact of salmon farms on wild salmon
A new study published in the March 30th edition of the prestigious scientific journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B (a publication of the UK's national academy of science) shows that the transfer of parasitic sea lice from salmon farms to wild salmon populations is much larger and more extensive than previously believed.

Unexpected benefit seen in treating HER-2 breast cancer with new preoperative drug combo
A new use of the drug Herceptin appears to offer a much more powerful treatment advantage than expected for patients with HER-2-positive breast cancer, say researchers at The University of Texas M.

EUREKA supports European Council commitment to R&D investment
Following the European Council on 22 and 23 March 2005, the EUREKA Network fully supports the Council's commitment to maintaining the objective of 3% investment in research and development (R&D).

New study into how consumers weigh the costs and benefits of promotions and rewards
An article in the March 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research explores how consumers react to and are affected by promotions.

Playing the game
Self perception, specifically in regard to lifestyle and social class, plays a significant role in how a consumer surveys consumer markets and their attention and reaction to them, suggests new research by Paul C.

Sea skate experiment sheds light on human cell transport
An experiment using the red blood cells of skates - the flat, boneless fish of the sea - has netted a critical finding about how human cells work.

DFG awards 2005 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize
The DFG will present the 2005 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize to six young researchers in a ceremony to be held in Bonn on 6 June 2005.

Doctoral students' dreams come true
From 25 March 2005, ten doctoral and postdoctoral chemistry students will be leaving to commence research visits in Japan, initiated and funded by the DFG and the German Chemical Society.

Rare historical psychoanalysis of Hitler available online
A rare psychological analysis of the personality of Adolph Hitler, done in 1943, is now available on the Cornell Law Library's Web site.

Autism linked to mirror neuron dysfunction
Seeing is doing - at least it is when mirror neurons are working normally.

'Chemical dynamic' duo aids Navy
A new research effort is addressing 21st century energy needs of the U.S.

Monaco formalises its EUREKA membership in Paris
The Principality of Monaco was formally welcomed as a member of the EUREKA research initiative yesterday at the Monegasque Embassy in Paris.

How important is sexual conflict?
The May special issue of The American Naturalist, edited by David Hosken and Rhonda Snook, will explore timely issues of sexual conflict and their biological basis.

Enticing the bilingual consumer
A recent study of

New findings about protection against pneumococcal disease
The current pneumococcal vaccine for U.S. infants, Prevnar, is expensive and only protects against the 7 strains most common in this country.

Petroleum and the Environment
The recent run-up in oil prices combined with continued global instability in major oil-producing areas has highlighted America's dependency on oil.

Software to manage CGI animation helps Europe achieve feature film first
EUREKA project E! 3062 DAMAGE has developed a software tool to track and manage digital assets - the sound, illustrations, backgrounds, colour schemes and special effects - for production of a feature-length computer-generated imaging (CGI) animated film.

Earth Institute launches New York area climate change information portal
On Tuesday, March 29, 2005 at 6pm, the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at the Earth Institute at Columbia will launch a new web portal providing comprehensive information on climate change in the New York Metropolitan area.

The cult of consumerism
Everything that is crucial to religion--shared values and beliefs, community interactions, storytelling, and an acceptance of the supernatural--can also be found in the worship by consumers of many marginal brands to hit the marketplace.

Research into how consumers pick from a host of product features
New research suggests that a consumer's ultimate decision is based on her ability to differentiate between those brand attributes that add utility, called complementary features, and those that do not, called noncomplementary features.

Selling your self and losing your memory
John Lastovicka and Karen Fernandez explain an unexplored phenomenon--the effect of passing a possession to a stranger.

Components in grapes inhibit enzyme key to proliferation of cancer cells
Components in grapes, including some newly identified ones, work together to dramatically inhibit an enzyme crucial to the proliferation of cancer cells, say scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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