Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2005
See yourself as outsiders do to measure progress toward goals, study says
When people feel they've hit a roadblock in reaching a personal goal, such as losing weight, a change in perspective may give them the help they need to move forward, a new study suggests.

UCSF study offers insight into human circadian rhythms
Scientists have identified a gene and mutation within it that causes a rare sleep behavior, in which individuals have a

International breast cancer prevention study launches in the United States and Canada
Today, a new clinical trial evaluating a novel approach to breast cancer prevention launched in the United States and Canada.

Urine helps infectious yeast stick
Researchers from Johns Hopkins and the University of Maryland have discovered that urine actually helps a particular yeast stick to cells along the urinary tract.

Glowing hearts shine light on heart disease
Vanderbilt University Medical Center investigators found that blocking the activity of a single protein, called CaM kinase, in the mouse heart protects against the damaging effects of a heart attack.

HIV testing should be routine part of primary health care for sexually active
Primary health care providers should incorporate HIV testing into routine patient care for all sexually active individuals, regardless of risk factors, say a group of physician/researchers at Emory University School of Medicine, Brown Medical School, and the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

Immigration has become hallmark of America's image at home and abroad
Even though the American government and people have not always embraced immigrants, the image of the United States as a land of opportunity and refuge has become the focal point of the nation's identity at home and around the world, says the incoming president of the Population Association of America.

Ecologist plays critical role in first global ecosystem study
Up to 60 percent of

Researchers identify cause of 'early bird' sleep disorder
A few rare people who consistently nod off early, then wake up wide-eyed much before dawn, can blame a newly-found mutant gene for their sleep troubles, according to Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers.

National Academies advisory: May 2 Symposium on International Science Policy
Many of the issues facing the world -- such as emerging infectious diseases, global climate change, energy sources, human migration, and the problems of megacities and environmental sustainability -- are fundamentally international and do not respect national borders.

Virginia Tech wildlife specialist helping to protect state's new official bat
To protect the endangered Virginia Big-Eared bat, which is the newly named official Virginia state bat, as well as other species of bats, Virginia Tech Extension wildlife specialist Jim Parkhurst has written a guide that can help citizens deal with bats that have strayed from natural habitats into their homes.

Solving sleep problems helps epileptic children
Epilepsy has long been thought to cause excitability and contrariness in children.

First UK cases of previously rare disease reported in gay men
The first UK cases of a previously rare disease have been reported in gay men, reveals an editorial in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

National Academies advisory: May 1 Symposium on Understanding Social Networks
The computational analysis of social networks has recently become a hot topic at the interface of computer science, the social sciences, and statistical physics.

New study in 'Nature' demonstrates protection against cell death during heart attack
A new study, conducted at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and published in the journal Nature, has uncovered a fundamental mechanism by which cells die - a finding that could quickly lead to improved emergency treatments for heart attack and stroke.

Brain activity prior to treatment flags vulnerability to antidepressant side effects
In a finding that opens new doors to determining susceptibility to antidepressant side effects, researchers at the UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute report that changes in brain activity prior to treatment with antidepressants can flag patient vulnerability.

UO-ONAMI researcher gets patent for nanoparticle-based electronic devices
Ultrasmall transistors that operate efficiently at room temperature are among the possible nanoscale electronics and optics that will be possible under a patent issued to the University of Oregon.

Late developers may run higher risk of infection than sexually mature younger teens
Late developers may be more susceptible to high risk sexually transmitted infections than sexually precocious younger teens, suggests research in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. Sexual maturity, rather than age at first sex, seems to be a critical factor.

It's winning, not losing, that triggers violence at sports events
It is winning, not losing, major sporting events that triggers the risk of violence, suggests research in Injury Prevention.

Earth's services in peril, report concludes
The innumerable benefits provided by the Earth - everything from fresh water and clean air to productive soils, wild fisheries, and genetic resources - have been depleted at an unprecedented rate in the past 50 years, and in many cases humans are living on borrowed time unless they wake up, a group of scientific experts said today.

Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
Scientists at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and three other institutions are setting out to find what activates the spores in anthrax, the deadly bacterial infection that is back in the news.

Alberta solar-heating project first in North America
Capturing the sun's rays in the summer to heat homes in the winter will soon be a reality in a neighbourhood in Alberta.

Violent crime surges hurt businesses most in low-crime areas
When violent crime surges in low-crime areas, retail businesses there seem to suffer more than do their counterparts in areas with normally high crime rates, new research has found.

Engineers protect coastlines from threat of ocean waves
Engineers at the University of Liverpool are conducting research to reduce the threat posed to homes and property by ocean waves.

U of M researcher says Viagra may cause permanent vision loss in some men
Ophthalmologists at the University of Minnesota say that a condition that causes permanent vision loss has been diagnosed in a small group of men who have taken the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra.

U of M researcher examines newly emerging deadly disease
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified a newly emerging illness, named staphylococcal purpura fulminans.

Europe faces brain drain and declining patient care unless cancer research funding is doubled
The first survey to analyse the way cancer research is funded in Europe has revealed findings that have major implications for cancer patients and European policy.

Satellite survey enhances knowledge of Tuscan landslides
The 240-km-long River Arno winds its way seaward through the tranquil countryside of Umbria and Tuscany, but this tranquillity masks potential danger.

Scripps global climate change pioneer to receive Tyler Prize
Charles David Keeling, a professor of oceanography at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, has been selected to receive the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, which is awarded for accomplishments in environmental science, energy and medicine that confer great benefit upon mankind.

National Academies advisory: May 3 Einstein in the 21st Century
This public symposium, which will take place during the annual meeting of the National Academy of Sciences, will celebrate Einstein's published papers, which shook the foundations of modern science.

Early onset of puberty - the EU gets serious
Children in Europe and other parts of the world are entering puberty at an ever younger age.

Hausman to give keynote address at 'Breastfeeding, Motherhood and Feminism' symposium
Dramatic changes in employment patterns have brought women many new opportunities.

Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
Scientists have discovered that a protein that was originally believed to be involved in tuberculosis antibiotic resistance is actually a

Separate genes influence speed, accuracy in decoding written words in dyslexia
Researchers trying to tease out the genetic basis of dyslexia have discovered a location on chromosome 2 that may contain one or more genes that contribute to the reading disorder and make it difficult for people to rapid pronounce pseudowords.

'Free-for-all' illegal logging of mahogany in Peruvian parks, says Duke-based monitoring group
A new report
Geodon effective in psychiatric emergencies; Sharply reduces time in restraints
A study conducted under real-world, Emergency Department conditions by researchers at Stony Brook University Hospital has found that the injectable form of the second generation antipsychotic Geodon (ziprasidone) effectively calms the most severely agitated patients.

Public morally obliged to take part in scientific research, says leading ethicist
The public has a moral obligation to support and take part in scientific research, says a leading ethicist in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Patients newly diagnosed with HIV are more likely to enter outpatient care with case management
Patients recently diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are significantly more likely to seek medical treatment if they are followed even briefly by a case manager, according to findings of the national Antiretroviral Treatment Access Study (ARTAS).

Global team member comments on landmark ecosystem report
Brown University's Osvaldo Sala, a leading authority on biodiversity and global change, says that the new Millennium Ecosystem Assessment report points up the need for policies that reduce demands on the earth's resources.

Aspirin is safer than warfarin and just as effective for treating blocked arteries in the brain
To reduce the risk of stroke, partial blockage of arteries in the brain (intracranial stenosis) has for decades been treated with drugs such as aspirin and warfarin that reduce blood clotting.

To train the eye, keep it simple
In PNAS, researchers at the University of Southern California and UC Irvine identify the best method of visual training for soldiers, athletes, drivers or patients in rehabilitation.
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