Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 31, 2005
U of T researchers map role of Epstein-Barr virus in cancer
Researchers at the University of Toronto have mapped the molecular details that show how a viral protein coded in the Epstein-Barr virus immortalizes cells and causes them to continuously grow, thereby predisposing people to certain types of cancer.

Forsyth scientists find blue light fights gum disease culprits
Scientists at The Forsyth Institute have found that blue light can be used to selectively suppress certain bacteria commonly associated with destructive gum disease.

Natural tumor suppressor in body discovered by UCSD medical researchers
A natural tumor suppressor that could potentially be turned on in certain cancer cells to prevent the formation of tumors has been discovered by researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine.

Targeting tumor growth
Blood vessels nourish healthy tissues, but also provide a conduit for tumor growth and metastasis.

Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950s pandemic, study suggests
An early type of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that caused a global epidemic of infections in the 1950s has re-emerged as one of the community-acquired MRSA 'superbugs', according to a study published in The Lancet tomorrow (Saturday 2 April 2005).

New fuel cell drives around hydrogen economy roadblocks
As gasoline prices climb ever higher, the possibility of a hydrogen economy gleams more brightly.

Nobel Laureate Sydney Brenner receives 2005 UCSD/Merck Life Science Achievement Award
Sydney Brenner, a distinguished professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and a recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize in medicine, has been selected to receive the 2005 UCSD/Merck Life Sciences Achievement Award.

Tapia named one of tech's top 50 Hispanics
Hispanic Engineer & Information Technology magazine has selected Rice University's Richard Tapia for the prestigious 50 Most Important Hispanics in Technology and Business list for 2005.

First fuel-cell cars in Canada hit B.C. streets
Five fuel-cell cars powered by hydrogen instead of gasoline were delivered by Dr.

Boston University chemists probe secrets in ancient textile dyes from China, Peru
Two Boston University chemists have refined a technique that helps archaeologists and anthropologists identify the plant species that ancient people used to make fabric dyes.

Researchers bridge superconductivity gap
University of California scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory working with a researcher from Chonnam National University in South Korea have found that magnetic fluctuations appear to be responsible for superconductivity in a compound called plutonium-cobalt-pentagallium (PuCoGa5).

Inexpensive treatment stops multi-drug resistant TB in its tracks
A standard and inexpensive TB treatment regimen recommended by the World Health Organization cut the overall TB rate in half and lowered the rate of drug-resistant cases even more dramatically in a remote Mexican health district with a high prevalence of the disease.

MRSA: Political point-scoring over hospital cleanliness ignores the real issue
Political point-scoring over policies to control MRSA (meticillin-resistant Staphlococcus aureus) confuses cleanliness with the real failure in UK hospitals - poor hand hygiene and inadequate use of gloves, states an editorial in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Sexual lifestyles vary among ethnic groups in Britain
Patterns of sexual lifestyles and sexually transmitted infections (STI) vary among ethnic groups in Great Britain, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

First head-to-head study to compare lidoderm patch and Celebrex in treating pain
Today at the 24th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Pain Society, Endo Pharmaceuticals Inc. released new clinical trial data which found patients receiving either Lidoderm® (lidocaine patch 5%) or Celebrex® (celecoxib) 200 mg for pain associated with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee experienced improvement in average daily pain intensity.

Research breakthrough in the understanding of the spread of cholera
Scientists from the University of Haifa and Technion, the Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel, have reported an important breakthrough in our understanding of the continental and intercontinental distribution of cholera.

Psychological interventions can reduce child abuse and neglect
A preliminary study has determined that psychological treatments are effective in reducing the cognitive and psychosocial injuries that arise from child maltreatment, and enhancing parenting skills among these children's caregivers.

Legendary Siberian tiger, Olga, killed by poachers
Olga, the first Siberian tiger ever fitted with a radio-collar, is dead, according to officials from the Bronx Zoo-based Wildlife Conservation Society, who have been tracking the big cat for the past 13 years.

New protocol can defuse turf wars over information sharing among federal agencies
Penn State researchers have devised a new protocol -- and created the proof-of-concept software to implement it -- that can prevent information-sharing turf wars among government agencies without jeopardizing or compromising their own interests.

Study shows promise in identifying kidney failure
A researcher at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center has identified a protein that allows for earlier and quicker diagnosis of kidney failure - a diagnosis that now often occurs too late to treat kidney failure effectively.

The trust game: Measuring social interaction
If trust is a two-way street, then researchers at Baylor College of Medicine have mapped where in the brain that trust is formulated and how the decision to trust shifts with experience.

Natural disaster hotspots: A global risk analysis
The report,

Chronic pain treatments more effective when taken together, new study shows
Combination of morphine with anti-seizure drug works better - at lower doses - than either drug alone.

The transparent organism: EMBLEM and Carl Zeiss give labs a unique look at life
A novel high-tech microscope will be brought to the marketplace, giving laboratories everywhere fascinating new insights into living organisms.

UIC professor receives international humanitarian award
Dr. Samuel Epstein, professor emeritus of environmental and occupational medicine at the University of Illinois at Chicago School of Public Health, has received the Albert Schweitzer Golden Grand Medal for Humanitarianism.

Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
As Britain and other countries promise to focus more attention on Africa, UC Berkeley and Harvard researchers have identified one area where a small investment could yield big health and environmental savings.

Not enough evidence that multivitamins prevent infections in the elderly
There is currently not enough evidence to suggest that multivitamin and mineral supplements prevent infections in elderly people, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.

As the protein folds: The tail of the gene tells the tale of Machado-Joseph disease
The ataxin-3 protein is both the cause of - and perhaps a solution to - Machado-Joseph disease and an entire family of similar genetic disorders.

Follow the energy
Scientists have been able to follow the flow of excitation energy in both time and space in a molecular complex using a new technique called two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy.

Southern California tsunami could cause $42 billion damage
A new University of Southern California study, finds that the potential damage from a tsunami in Southern California could range from $7 billion to as much as $42 billion.

Nanotech experts gather for national meeting hosted by UH
Internationally renowned nanotechnology leaders from both industry and academia will meet in Houston for the second Nanoscale Devices & System Integration (NDSI'05) conference April 4-6.

Introductory geoscience enrollments in the United States
The American Geological Institute (AGI) has released a report on the state of introductory geoscience enrollment in the United States during the 2003-2004 academic year.

More evidence of cannabis-induced psychosis
Volunteers taking cannabis-based therapeutic drugs as part of a controlled trial, which had been approved by an ethics board as safe for the subjects, experienced psychotic effects just as strong as if they had smoked cannabis.

Balancing act at chromosome ends
Each of our 46 chromosomes is capped by a telomere - a long stretch of repeated DNA (TTAGG).

Unique library of plant genes germinates, takes root at UNC
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's newest

UMaine study looks at infants and chronic nighttime crying
Two University of Maine researchers working in conjunction with colleagues in Japan have found links between infant and child sleeping arrangements and the phenomenon of

Drezek wins Beckman Young Investigator Award
The Beckman Foundation has awarded Rice University bioengineer Rebekah Drezek a 2005 Beckman Young Investigator Award.

Charcoal and forest management could reduce greenhouse gas levels & save lives in Africa
A study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Harvard School of Public Health, finds that promoting cleaner, more efficient technologies for producing charcoal in Africa can save millions of lives.

Strategy effective against drug resistant tuberculosis
Directly observed therapy (DOTS) - the main strategy for tuberculosis control- can rapidly reduce the transmission and incidence of the drug resistant form of the disease, concludes a study published in this week's issue of THE LANCET.

Exercise-induced shortness of breath not always caused by asthma
Asthma is the most common cause of exercise-induced shortness of breath in children and adolescents.

New hope for Chagas disease treatment
Until now, there has been no effective treatment for chronic Chagas disease, which kills up to one-third of those infected, usually by heart failure.

Hormonal treatment improves survival in high-risk prostate cancer patients
Administering hormonal treatment in addition to radiation therapy in patients with high-risk prostate cancer can improve survival rate, according to a new study published in the April 1, 2005, issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

New marker for early diagnosis of kidney failure identified
Researchers have found a novel protein marker that can give a rapid and early diagnosis of kidney failure in children undergoing heart surgery, reporting their results in this week's issue of The Lancet.

UNC study: Most N.C. family practitioners engage in unrecognized community service
North Carolina family physicians contribute much to society because the great majority of them participate regularly in one or more volunteer community service activities, a unique new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study concludes.

Study shows patch therapy may be as effective as oral medications
Researchers from the Altoona Arthritis and Osteoporosis Center announced today that data presented at the 24th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Pain Society suggest that patch therapy provides similar pain relief as oral medications for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) knee pain.

Grass makes environmentally friendly biofuel
Jerry Cherney, the E.V. Baker Professor of Agriculture at Cornell University, says that burning grass pellets for fuel is economical, energy-efficient, environmentally friendly and easy to produce.

Study shows soy is well accepted in school lunches
Childhood obesity is a national health concern and affects as many as 20 percent of school children.

Wolfowitz is the wrong choice for the World Bank
The nomination of Paul Wolfowitz to head the World Bank is the wrong choice and should be rejected, says an editorial in this week's BMJ.

CERN confirms commitment to Open Access
CERN confirms its commitment to open access to scientific information.

Gladstone building honored with San Francisco Business Times award
The new J. David Gladstone Institutes research facility, located at Mission Bay in San Francisco and dedicated in December, is the recipient of the San Francisco Business Times 2004 Real Estate Deal of the Year Award as Best New Office R&D Development/San Francisco.
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