Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 01, 2005
Unlocking genetic mysteries focus of UH symposium
Biologists and computer scientists are coming together at the University of Houston to explore the mysteries of genetic material and its potential for leading to advances in evolutionary biology and human health.

New miniaturised chip dramatically reduces time taken for DNA analysis
A team of researchers at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona has developed new miniature sensors for analysing DNA.

Rockefeller University researchers are changing the face of drug addiction treatment
For a great many addicts, they may only become drug and alcohol free after many attempts at recovery, if they get there at all.

How lupus T cells lose IL-2
Lupus T cells produce IL-2 at low levels. A study in the JCI explores the mechanisms underlying this.

Community MRSA is re-emergence of 1950's pandemic
An early type of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that caused a global epidemic of infections in the 1950s has re-emerged as one of the community-acquired MRSA 'superbugs', according to a study published in the Lancet tomorrow (Saturday 2 April 2005).

Sucampo submits new drug application for lubiprostone
Sucampo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a leader in functional fatty acid research and development, today announced that it has submitted a new drug application (NDA) to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on March 31, 2005 to market lubiprostone, a novel compound with a unique mechanism of action, for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) and associated symptoms in adults.

Two-part blood pressure control suggests new approach to hypertension therapy
The kidneys have long been known to play a major role in many cases of high blood pressure, but a new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center reveals that the body's control of blood pressure depends as much on other organs in the body.

Shirley Malcom of AAAS named to election reform commission
Shirley Malcom, the head of Education and Human Resources at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), has been named to an elite panel convened by former U.S.

Climatologists discover deep-sea secret
A research team from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the Cardiff University has shown for the first time that ocean circulation in the southern hemisphere has, in the past, adapted to sudden changes in the north.

Depression research earns top national honors for UO psychology student
Severe life stress may turn on a

Implanted medical device aims to lower blood pressure
Doctors yesterday implanted into a patient an investigational medical device designed to lower blood pressure by activating the body's natural blood pressure regulation systems.

New vaccine means bye-bye to bacteria in the lung
Pseudomonas aeruginosa can cause fatal respiratory tract infections in patients who have cystic fibrosis.

Study finds radiation therapy for prostate cancer nearly doubles risk for rectal cancer
A University of Minnesota Cancer Center study indicates that men who undergo radiation therapy for prostate cancer have nearly double the risk of developing rectal cancer when compared to men who opt to have surgery to treat prostate cancer.

Purdue scientists unravel Midwest tornado formation
Although tornadoes are often conceived of as arising from springtime storms that develop in early evenings out of isolated weather cells, a new study spearheaded by Purdue's Robert

Two Columbia neuroscientists named Howard Hughes investigators
Two young scientists at Columbia University have been appointed as Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) investigators and will now receive research funding from HHMI.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for April 2005 (first issue)
Newsworthy highlights show that: in a study of 752 patients who underwent either lung or heart-lung transplantation, investigators revealed a close relationship between long-term survival and the time period required from organ removal to the restoration of blood flow in the recipient's graft; and how, over the last 100 years, tuberculosis has changed from a disease with a 50 percent mortality rate to a condition successfully cured by chemotherapy.

Feat of experimental acrobatics leads to first synthesis of ultracold molecules
A research team that in 2003 created an exotic new form of matter has now shown for the first time how to arrange that matter into complex molecules.

Puberty onset - influence of nutritional, environmental and endogenous regulators?
The new research project, PIONEER, addresses the phenomenon of precocious puberty (early onset of puberty), observed in humans in Europe and other parts of the world, and suspected to be linked with environmental, including nutritional factors.

Radiation therapy for prostate cancer nearly doubles the risk of rectal cancer
Men who undergo radiation for prostate cancer have nearly double the risk of developing rectal cancer when compared to men who opt to have surgery to treat prostate cancer, according to a study published today in the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) journal Gastroenterology.

Carnegie Mellon collaborative research driving force for new technology
A collaborative research team led by Carnegie Mellon's Jose M.F.

Roundup®highly lethal to amphibians, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher
In a study published today in the journal Ecological Applications, University of Pittsburgh assistant professor of biology Rick Relyea found that Roundup®, the second most commonly applied herbicide in the United States, is

NASH clinical research network launches new trial for treatment of liver disease
The Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Clinical Research Network is launching its first two clinical trials for the study of NASH, a liver disease that resembles alcoholic liver disease but occurs in patients who drink little or no alcohol.

CAP prize winners at Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
The CAP has just announced the recipients of the 2005 CAP medal winners and Perimeter Institute is pleased to announce that its members have won two of six annual awards.

US-India research team completes analysis of X chromosome
By intensely and systematically comparing the human X chromosome to genetic information from chimpanzees, rats and mice, a team of scientists from the United States and India has uncovered dozens of new genes, many of which are located in regions of the chromosome already tied to disease.

Advanced prostate cancer previously considered inoperable may be operable, curable
New findings from Mayo Clinic indicate that cT3 prostate cancer, a disease in which the cancer has spread locally from inside the prostate to immediately outside it, is operable and has 15-year cancer survival rates of almost 80 percent.

JCI table of contents May 1, 2005
The following press release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for newsworthy papers to be published online on April 1, 2005 in advance of print publication of the JCI.

Chemical compounds present in diet increase risk of colon cancer
A team of researchers at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, The Catalan Institute of Oncology and the Higher Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) have published a study indicating that exposure to organochlorine compounds, which we ingest in our diets, increases the risk of suffering colorectal cancer.

A change of heart for MEF2A in coronary artery disease
Mutations in MEF2A were previously reported to be causative of coronary artery disease (CAD).

Highlights of the April 2005 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Many parents are concerned with their children refusing to eat certain foods.

Study: Many New York City employers discriminate against minorities and ex-offenders
Black applicants without criminal records are no more likely to get a job than white applicants just out of prison, according to a Princeton University study of nearly 1,500 private employers in New York City.

Mesoamerican book wins archaeology book award
Aztec child raising, how to play the Maya ball game and the calorie counts for a forager's diet are a few of the special features found in

NNii media advisory about David Kirby's book questioning vaccine safety
Reporter David Kirby has recently written a book,

Regional AAAS meeting to be held at The University of Arizona April 13 through 16
Scientists, teachers and students from around the region will present their work in oral presentations and poster sessions at the 80th annual Southwestern and Rocky Mountain regional meeting (SWARM).

New approach to eye training may significantly improve performance
A new study suggests there may be a better way to sharpen the eyes of radiologists, military pilots and other professionals for whom identifying objects or patterns in a monitor or visual display - often quickly and with pinpoint accuracy - is a critical part of the job.

Endangered Species Act provisions appear to benefit imperiled organisms
An analysis of the conservation status of 1095 species that have been protected under the US Endangered Species Act (ESA) indicates that those that have been given more protection under the act are more likely to be improving in status and less likely to be declining than species given less protection.
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