Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 04, 2005
Tip sheet Annals of Internal Medicine, April 5, 2005
The current issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine includes: ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery; Platelet function normalizes by 24 hours after last dose of ibuprofen; ACP publishes fifth edition of Ethics Manual.

U.S. Senator Richard Durbin of Illinois wins American Chemical Society Award
Sen. Richard (Dick) Durbin (D-Ill.), Democratic Whip and a member of the Appropriation and Judiciary Committees, will receive the American Chemical Society Public Service Award during ceremonies April 5 at the U.S.

UCF, US Geological Survey to conduct water research in joint facility
The U.S. Geological Survey and the University of Central Florida will build a joint facility to study Central Florida's water and how it is affected by stresses including urban growth and hurricanes.

New insight into brain and speech promises help for learning disabilities
Learning disabilities such as dyslexia are believed to affect nearly one in 10 children.

Sex hormones hold key to higher rates of abdominal aortic aneurysms in males
Men have a four times greater risk than women of developing abdominal aortic aneurysms, estimated to be the cause of death in 4 percent of people over the age of 65, and University of Kentucky researchers found that removing circulating androgens, including testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, from male mice lowers their risk of aneurysm to that of females.

Panel discusses effect of individualized diets on chronic disease risk
Today at the 2005 Experimental Biology Conference, the Dairy Council of California sponsored a thought-provoking symposium titled

Bone SPECT superior to FDG PET for detecting bone metastases in breast cancer
Bone SPECT is better than FDG PET for detecting breast cancer that has spread (metastasized) to a patient's bones, according to researchers from Shizuoka Cancer Center Hospital in Japan.

If you fill it, they will slurp, and slurp, and slurp ...
The eye is greater than the gut. Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report dramatic evidence of the importance of visual cues in the control of food intake in the current issue of Obesity Research.

Six week mini-med school to focus on the fascinating science of aging
Some of the eternal questions of life - how and why we age, why some people age faster or live longer, and what can be done to fight the diseases and disabilities associated with old age - will be explored by distinguished scientists in a provocative Spring 2005

In treatment of depression, cognitive therapy and medication both effective
Cognitive therapy, when provided by an experienced therapist, may be as effective as antidepressant medications in the initial treatment of moderate to severe major depression, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NYU, Rockefeller researchers find complexity of regulation by microRNA genes
Collaborating researchers at New York University and Rockefeller University have discovered that microRNA genes, which have recently been shown to have key roles in gene regulation, can team up and regulate target genes in mammals.

Endangered species: Who will teach anatomy in 2010?
Are there too many, too few, or just enough future anatomists in the training pipeline to meet teaching needs in the coming years?

BI-RADS lexicon for ultrasound useful for differentiating benign from malignant solid masses
Descriptors from the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon for ultrasound can be useful in differentiating benign from malignant solid masses, according to a new study by researchers at Duke University School of Medicine in Durham, NC, and supported by the National Institutes of Health.

New alloy verified for safer disposal of spent nuclear energy fuel
Researchers at Lehigh University and the Sandia and Idaho national laboratories have received a patent for the new material, which shows far greater ability than any other material to absorb the deadly radioactive neutrons emitted by nuclear waste.

Different antipsychotic medications may have different effects on brain volume
After a first psychotic episode, patients who were treated with an atypical antipsychotic medication had less change in brain volume compared with patients treated with a conventional antipsychotic medication, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

It takes a village to improve the health of children
The ever-evolving role of pediatric physicians requires a fuller understanding of children and adolescents' total environment.

Researchers pioneer new gene therapy technique using natural repair process
Harnessing the strength of a natural process that repairs damage to the human genome, a researcher from UT Southwestern Medical Center has helped establish a method of gene therapy that can accurately and permanently correct mutations in disease-causing genes.

AACR awards scholarships for minority and underrepresented scientists
Three Scholar Awards programs, sponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research, will provide scientists traditionally underrepresented in cancer research with financial support to participate in the premier international meeting in the field.

Pediatric use of complementary and alternative medicine
Insured pediatric and adolescent patients account for only a small part of total insurance expenditures for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) but are more likely to use these therapies if their adult family members also use CAM professionals, according to an article in the April issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Obese shoppers more likely to experience discrimination
Sales clerks tend to subtly discriminate against overweight shoppers but treat them more favorably if they perceive that the individual is trying to lose weight, according to a study by Rice University researchers.

Study shows light therapy to effectively treat mood disorders, including SAD
A study commissioned by the American Psychiatric Association and led by a psychiatrist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine has found that light therapy effectively treats mood disorders, including seasonal affective disorder (SAD) and other depressive disorders.

Early home environment and television watching influence bullying behavior
Four-year-old children who receive emotional support and cognitive stimulation from their parents are significantly less likely to become bullies in grade school, but the more television four-year-olds watch the more likely they are to bully later, according to an article in the April issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Automated imaging screen reveals promising drug candidates
Research published in the premier open-access online journal PLoS Biology demonstrates that an imaging-based screen, followed by structural and functional analysis, led to the discovery of new inhibitors of carbonyl reductase 1, a potential anticancer target.

Society of Nuclear Medicine offers program to meet patients' current, future needs for radionuclides
The Society of Nuclear Medicine (SNM) -- in recognizing that the future of radionuclide therapies and innovative research in molecular imaging/nuclear medicine depends on a reliable, affordable and sustainable domestic supply of radionuclides -- has developed an important, new position paper on a proposed National Radionuclide Production Enhancement (NRPE) program.

American Phytopathological Society opens access to several years of research in online journals
Beginning in April 2005, The American Phytopathological Society (APS) will offer free access to research articles after 24 months of publication in Phytopathology, Plant Disease, and Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions (MPMI).

Understanding natural killers could lead to new hepatitis treatments
Researchers have discovered that natural killer T (NKT) cells, the immune system's sentinels, patrol the labyrinthine blood vessels of the liver for invaders or signs of tissue damage and demonstrate a dogged behavior not seen before in other T cells.

Scientists find molecular pathway suspected in precancerous stomach lesions
Researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute have identified a chain of molecular signals that generate the specialized lining of the stomach during fetal development - a discovery that could lead to better diagnosis, treatment and prevention of stomach and esophageal cancer in adults.

Society of Nuclear Medicine holds 52nd annual meeting June 18-22 in Toronto
Nearly 4,000 physicians, technologists, scientists and pharmacists will gather in Toronto when the Society of Nuclear Medicine holds its 52nd Annual Meeting June 18-22 at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre.

Users of digital music sharing system judge others by their playlists
Co-workers sharing digital music in the workplace via Apple Computer's popular iTunesĀ® software form impressions of each other based on their musical libraries, according to a new study by human-computer interaction researchers.

Institute for OneWorld Health CEO speaks at 2005 World Life Sciences Forum, BioVision
Victoria Hale, Ph.D., CEO and Founder of the Institute for OneWorld Health will provide perspectives on drug and vaccine development from a nonprofit pharmaceutical company's viewpoint at two events at BioVision, April 10-15 in Lyon, France.

Carnegie Mellon researchers open window into the ability of humans to recognize faces
Carnegie Mellon Psychology Professor Marlene Behrmann and postdoctoral associate Galia Avidan have found that people with congenital prosopagnosia are not just deficient at recognizing individuals they know, but they are also poor at simply discriminating between two faces when presented side by side.

Study shows new antipsychotic drug prevents brain loss in schizophrenia
A new brain imaging study of recently diagnosed schizophrenia patients has found, for the first time, that the loss of gray matter typically experienced by patients can be prevented by one of the new atypical antipsychotic drugs, olanzapine, but not by haloperidol, an older, conventional drug.

ACP guidelines to treat obesity cover diet, exercise, drugs and surgery
New guidelines for management of obesity from the American College of Physicians recommend diet and exercise for everyone, with drugs and surgery only for obese patients who are not able to achieve weight-loss goals with diet and exercise alone.

Thumbnail sampler of 10 diverse physiology papers from IUPS 2005
An IUPS sampler: Thumbnail sketches of 10 additional research presentations from the 35th Congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences being held in San Diego, March 31-April 5.

Education program reduces incidents of shaken baby syndrome
A low-cost, hospital-based parent education program can reduce the incidence of abusive head injuries caused by shaken baby syndrome by nearly 50 percent, a Penn State Milton S.

MIT: Science becomes art in 'Weird Fields'
The whorls and swirls of color may look like something by art nouveau painter Gustav Klimt, but the winning images from MIT's annual 8.02

Pezcoller Foundation-AACR International Award for Cancer Research
Lewis C. Cantley, Ph.D., professor of Systems Biology at Harvard Medical School and chief of the Division of Signal Transduction at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, both in Boston, is the recipient of the eighth annual Pezcoller Foundation-American Association for Cancer Research International Award for Cancer Research, for his leadership in the field of signal transduction, including the discovery of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K).

US Senator Pete Domenici of New Mexico wins American Chemical Society Award
Sen. Pete Domenici (R-N.M.), Chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, and a member of the Appropriations and Budget Committees and the Senate Science and Technology Caucus, will receive the American Chemical Society Public Service Award during ceremonies April 5 at the U.S.

Genetic link to cervical cancer
Certain combinations of genes that encode receptors on innate immune cells increase the risk of developing cervical cancer, according to a study by Mary Carrington and colleagues in the April 4 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Altering steroid receptor genes creates fat burning muscle
Salk Institute researchers focus on genes for two of the nuclear hormone receptors that control broad aspects of body physiology, including serving as molecular sensors for numerous fat soluble hormones, Vitamins A and D, and dietary lipids.

Last call for Annual World of Children award nominations
World of Children is taking nominations for the only international awards to recognize child advocates.

Urban neighborhoods affect how people think about health
The number of days people stay home ill is influenced by neighborhood poverty and whether they receive subsidized health care, such as Medicaid, says a Purdue University urban sociologist.

Zinc supplementation improved mental performance of 7th-grade boys and girls
Seventh graders given 20 mg zinc, five days per week, for 10 to 12 weeks showed improvement in mental performance, responding more quickly and accurately on memory tasks and with more sustained attention, than classmates who received no additional zinc.

Growth disorder gene plays a big role in normal size variation
The genetic basis of variation in complex traits remains poorly understood.

14 highlighted physiology papers from IUPS 2005: From 'genomics to functions'
Summaries of 14 research presentations from the 35th Congress of the International Union of Physiological Sciences being held in San Diego, March 31-April 5.

Infants needing a heart transplant can accept organs from different blood types
The Toronto Protocol study showing that infants under one year of age can accept heart transplants from donors of different blood groups without the risk of organ rejection means a better chance of survival for infant patients and more efficient use of donor organs overall.

Ophthalmologists and physicists team up to design 'bionic eye'
Stanford physicists and eye doctors have teamed up to design a

Gene mutation protecting against malaria linked to prostate cancer incidence in African-American men
A University of Cincinnati College of Medicine suggests that the 60 percent greater incidence of prostate cancer among African-American men is related to a gene mutation developed generations ago in West Africa as nature's way of providing protection from the malaria infection endemic in that part of the world.

Cognitive therapy works as well as antidepressants, but with lasting effect after therapy ends
Cognitive therapy to treat moderate to severe depression works just as well as antidepressants.

Gearing up for the next generation of Europe's cars
More than 20 partners from all areas of the European car industry worked together in the EUREKA ITEA Cluster EAST-EEA project to develop a common software interface for electronic devices to be used in all cars from 2009.

Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member co-authors book that address the role of the I/DD nurse
A Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member has co-authored a book that addresses the role of the nurse who specializes in intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD).

Chemical guidebook may help Mars rover track extraterrestrial life
To help a NASA rover eventually hunt for life on Mars, scientists are writing a chemical guidebook to aid the search for extraterrestrial life.

On the hunt for deadly frog disease
A workshop on new methods of detecting and controlling the spread of one of the world's most deadly frog diseases - chytridiomycosis - will be held from 4-7 April at CSIRO Livestock Industries' Australian Animal Health Laboratory (AAHL) in Geelong, Victoria.

AACR celebrates 20th anniversary of minority scholar awards
A little over twenty years ago, members of the American Association for Cancer Research began an important dialogue about the advancement of minority investigators in the field of cancer research.

AACR establishes new lectureship in honor of Dr. Jane C. Wright
Continuing a 45-year-old tradition of honoring outstanding achievement in cancer research, the American Association for Cancer Research is pleased to announce the addition of a new lectureship to its series of annual awards.

Chronic inflammation caused by too little stomach acid leads to gastric cancer
When it comes to gastric cancer, too little stomach acid can be just as dangerous as too much, according to scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School.

Teens believe oral sex is safer, more acceptable to peers
Young adolescents believe that oral sex is less risky to their health and emotions than vaginal sex, more prevalent among teens their age and more acceptable among their peers.

Children of mothers with preeclampsia more likely to have pulmonary hypertension
Children born of mothers who had preeclampsia during their pregnancy are more likely to have pulmonary hypertension than similar children born from normal pregnancies, according to a study conducted in Bolivia by Swiss and Bolivian researchers.

Brain region recovery possible in former methamphetamine users
Adaptive changes in chemical activity in certain regions of the brain of former methamphetamine users who have not used the drug for a year or more suggest some recovery of neuronal structure and function, according to an article in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study: obesity impairs immune response of mice, boosts chances of dying from influenza infection
Obesity apparently reduces laboratory mice's ability to turn on elements of their immune systems needed for controlling influenza infection, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine study shows.

More exhaust inhaled by kids inside school buses than by others in the area, says new UC study
Children on school buses breathe in as much or more exhaust emitted from those buses as does the rest of the city's population, according to a new analysis by UC Berkeley and UCLA researchers.

Largest NIH grant for NYU will create research network in dental practices
New York University College of Dentistry has received a $26.7 million award from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), to establish a regional

Newer imaging techniques may lead to over-treatment
Newer imaging technologies allow physicians to visualize more of the arteries in the lungs, including detecting small blood clots not previously seen, but seeing more may have little impact on the patient's outcome, a new study suggests.

Immune cells in the liver take a ride
Scientists at New York University School of Medicine viewing the actual journey of immune cells in the liver have found that these cells travel in the liver's blood vessels with surprising speed and agility.

Angiogenesis factor may help tumors prepare the way for spread to lymph nodes
Production of the protein VEGF-A, already known to stimulate the growth of blood vessels associated with tumors, also contributes in unexpected ways to the spread of cancer.

U. Iowa researchers improve Huntington's disease symptoms in mice
Researchers at the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A.

Pediatricians must confront community-based threats to health
Pediatricians must look beyond the walls of the examining room and into their own communities to understand and confront the socioeconomic and environmental threats to the health of children and adolescents, such as poor nutrition, exposure to violence, and substance abuse.

Consumers not getting accurate information about smokeless tobacco
Information on the internet about the health risks associated with the consumption of smokeless tobacco usually overstates the risk.

The petroleum umbrella
Several companies are extracting black gold - petroleum - from the North Sea.

Liverpool scientists uncover how E.coli became lethal
A University of Liverpool scientist has discovered how the food poisoning bug E.Coli 0157 became deadly to humans.
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