Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2005
Report suggests infectious connection to chronic diseases
Some diseases like ulcers and certain types of cancer, once thought to be primarily related to lifestyle factors, are now known to be caused by microorganisms, and many more syndromes, including some psychiatric conditions, may have a connection to infection, according to a report released today by the American Academy of Microbiology.

High levels of immunosuppressant may lead to tumor recurrence
A new study on the incidence of liver cancer after transplant found that high levels of the immunosuppressant cyclosporine favored tumor recurrence and identified blood levels of the drug that should not be exceeded.

PSU data fusion software is brain for new chemical weapon sensor
By combining three different chemical vapor detectors with data fusion software developed at Penn State's Applied Research Laboratory (ARL), researchers have developed a prototype system to reduce the number of false alarms from trace chemical weapon sensors.

Solar wind originates in coronal funnels
The ESA/NASA SOHO spacecraft determines the origin of the fast solar wind in the magnetized atmosphere of the Sun.

The blob, the very rare massive star and the two populations
The nebula N214, is a large region of gas and dust located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, where massive stars are forming.

The mesas of Aureum Chaos
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show the 'chaotic' terrain of the Aureum Chaos region on Mars.

ESA at the European Geosciences Union General Assembly
Taking place in Vienna from 24 to 29 April 2005, the European Geosciences Union General Assembly will bring together over 8 000 scientists from the fields of Earth and Planetary sciences.

Method holds promise in identifying markers of non-metastatic vs. metastatic breast cancer
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have used a new strategy to identify differences between non-metastatic and highly metastatic breast cancer cells.

Nanoparticles offer new hope for detection and treatment
Specially designed nanoparticles can reveal tiny cancerous tumors that are invisible to ordinary means of detection, according to a study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Lessons to be learnt from life at the very limit
University College London (UCL) is hosting a conference on Wednesday 27 April 2005 to explore the parallels between extreme environment physiology and intensive care in hospitals.

Environmental factors, particularly air pollution, increases risk of myocardial infarction
Exposure to air pollutants increases the risk of fatal myocardial infarction (MI), particularly pollutants caused by motor traffic.

GroPep announces Japanese approval of biopharmaceutical that uses its cell culture products
Adelaide biotechnology company, GroPep, announced today that a biopharmaceutical product - with a key manufacturing ingredient supplied by GroPep - has received regulatory approval in Japan.

Rare surgery performed to remove pancreas, prevent diabetes
In a 12-hour, dual-stage surgery known to be performed at only two other centers in the U.S., doctors at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) on Tuesday returned a patient's own insulin-producing cells to him after surgically removing his pancreas to eliminate constant, severe pain from chronic pancreatitis.

Thalys train to pilot high-speed Internet access to passengers
Thanks to the support of the European Space Agency (ESA), broadband Internet access via satellite is being offered to passengers on the Thalys train running between Brussels and Paris.

Energy issues, water quality, earthquakes and other hazards, on agenda at joint GSA-AAPG meeting
Geoscientists are gathering 29 April - 1 May 2005 in San Jose, California, for a joint meeting of the Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists Pacific Section.

Living metals
Using Synchrotron x-ray microbeams, a research team from the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart and the ESRF has been able to observe for the first time that the microscopic structure of a crystalline material fluctuates in time.

NJIT professor explains bird songs with science, poetry, music
A better understanding of why birds sing has led David Rothenberg, PhD, a professor in the department of humanities at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), on a journey into the seemingly disparate worlds of science, poetry and music.

Microbial fuel cell: High yield hydrogen source and wastewater cleaner
Using a new electrically-assisted microbial fuel cell (MFC) that does not require oxygen, Penn State environmental engineers and a scientist at Ion Power Inc. have developed the first process that enables bacteria to coax four times as much hydrogen directly out of biomass than can be generated typically by fermentation alone.

Emory holds national conference on HIV vaccine and drug research
A two-day conference at Emory University will assemble key scientific leaders from the fields of HIV vaccine research and HIV drug development to

Day care in infancy protects against childhood leukaemia
Children who attend day care centres on a regular basis in the first few months of life are less likely to develop leukaemia than children who do not, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.
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