Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 26, 2005
New online portal merges vast data on Gulf of Maine ecosystem
A new online portal consolidates decades of rich marine data, much of it available for the first time, enabling resource managers and scientific researchers to combine and analyze information in unprecedented ways, creating new insights into the Gulf of Maine's ecology.

A new look at genes that cause testicular cancer
Since 1970, the incidence of testicular cancer in Australian blokes has doubled, while rates of other types of cancer have stayed the same.

UT Southwestern lead site for study of a new multiple sclerosis drug
UT Southwestern Medical Center is the lead research site testing a new treatment for a rare form of multiple sclerosis.

Green machine drives for ultra fuel savings
This is what cars of the future or at least a family's second car should look like, according to University of Queensland students.

Access to mammography may worsen
Community-based mammography facilities do not have enough radiologists and certified technologists to adequately deliver screening and diagnostic services to the public, and the situation may get worse.

Fatal brain disease holds clues to dementia
Scientists at Melbourne's Howard Florey Institute have uncovered a clue about the causes of dementia in Huntington's disease by showing that mice susceptible to Huntington's disease have problems with learning and memory before the diseases' typical movement problems appear.

Revised Bethesda guidelines effective at identifying patients at risk of colorectal cancer
The revised Bethesda guidelines, used for screening patients for a type of hereditary colorectal cancer, are effective for determining which patients should undergo further genetic testing, according to a study in the April 27 issue of JAMA.

It is possible to predict the quality of veal
Carrying out measurements on carcasses - such as the thickness of the dorsal fat mass or the veining in the meat by means of ultrasonic technology - enables a determination to be made of the amount of fat or the flavour of the veal, essential parameters for establishing its quality.

New portable device developed by Georgia Tech and Emory checks for concussions on the sidelines
Georgia Tech and Emory have developed a portable device that can detect mild concussions on the sidelines of a football game or in the ER.

Viral protein influences key cell-signaling pathway
New research shows that a protein produced by a cancer-causing virus influences a key signaling pathway in the immune cells that the virus infects.

Use of PET can reduce, may eliminate more strenuous drug development trials with animals
A number of articles explore the use of positron emission tomography (PET) and small animal imaging -- nonsurgical techniques that open the door to understanding and treating human diseases -- in the April issue of the Society of Nuclear Medicine's Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

'Fickle' enzyme helps protect, but also can promote heart failure, animal study shows
Enzymes that make the gas nitric oxide (NO) not only protect the heart from damage due to high blood pressure or a heart attack, but also promote heart failure through overgrowth and enlargement of the muscle tissue, say animal researchers at Johns Hopkins.

Successful spin out leads to new commercialisation acceleration fund
The next wave of biotechnology commercialisation stands to benefit from a new source of capital established by the University of Queensland's (UQ) Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB) and its commercialisation company IMBcom.

Hereditary colorectal cancer risk lowered in those without certain gene defect
Families with a certain type of hereditary colorectal cancer have a reduced cancer risk if they do not have a gene defect found in many with this type of cancer risk, according to a study in the April 27 issue of JAMA.

Managed care organizations evaluate trends in epilepsy to provide better care
Computer algorithms were used in a recent study to identify the prevalence and incidence of epilepsy, and epilepsy-related mortality of patients in a managed care organization (MCO).

Jefferson Lab scientists build small-animal imager for German Cancer Research Center
This week three Jefferson Lab Detector Group members travel to Heidelberg, Germany, to assemble and bring on-line a small-animal imaging device the group developed and built for the German Cancer Research Center (GCRC), an institute similar to the National Cancer Institute within the National Institutes of Health in the United States.

Women more financially vulnerable post break-up
After the breakup of unmarried, cohabitating couples, women are substantially worse off economically than men.

Report reveals need to improve physical health of people with schizophrenia
People with schizophrenia often die prematurely. However researchers from the University of Glasgow now assert that much of the excess mortality of schizophrenia is preventable through lifestyle changes and the treatment of common diseases.

Robotic arm could help stroke survivors regain range of motion
A robotic arm that can be worn at home is being developed to help stroke survivors regain the ability to reach and grasp objects and perform basic tasks such as feed themselves.

UQ develops West Nile virus treatment
A University of Queensland researcher has developed the world's first specific immunotherapy product using monoclonal antibodies for the potentially lethal West Nile virus, which causes seasonal epidemics around the globe.

Great White shark evolution debate involves WSU Lake Campus geology professor
A significant debate is currently underway in the scientific community over the evolution of the Great White shark, and Chuck Ciampaglio, Ph.D., an assistant professor of geology at the Wright State University Lake Campus, is right in the middle of it.

Direct-to-consumer advertising may influence physicians' prescribing decisions
Patients requesting specific medications can have a profound effect on physicians prescribing medications for major depression, according to a new study in the April 27 issue of JAMA.

South Asia disaster shows tsunamis are an ongoing threat to humans
The tsunami that devastated south Asia coastlines and killed more than 200,000 people last December is a powerful reminder of just how dangerous those waves can be to humans, and scientists should use the event to help people prepare for the next one, a University of Washington scientist says.

Orqis® Medical receives unconditional FDA approval for pivotal trial of percutaneous CHF therapy
Orqis Medical Corporation, developer of the novel and proprietary catheter-based Cancion® cardiac recovery system (CRSTM) to treat congestive heart failure (CHF), today announced U.S.

Prof: Stop explaining 'why' when teens kill; Instead reach out
The labels put on youths who commit violent crimes not only prevent society from understanding their behavior, but also act as a barrier to solving the problem, says a Purdue University sociologist.

Innovative fountain pen writes on the nanoscale
The first practical fountain pen was invented in 1884 by Lewis Waterman who solved the problem of ink leaks by inventing the capillary feed which produced even ink flow.

University of Chicago instrument detects particles near Saturn's moon Enceladus
An instrument designed and built at the University of Chicago for the Cassini space probe has discovered dust particles around Enceladus, an ice-covered moon of Saturn that has the distinction of being the most reflective object in the solar system.

National Academies news: Stem cell guidelines released
The National Academies today recommended guidelines for research involving human embryonic stem cells, and urged all institutions conducting such research to establish oversight committees to ensure that the new guidelines will be followed.

Participants needed for generalized anxiety disorder study at UT Southwestern
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers are looking for participants for a nationwide study of an investigational medication for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), a type of mental illness characterized by excessive and persistent worry about everyday events and activities.

Permitting workers to carry weapons ups the chance that they will be killed
Homicides among workers are three times as likely in workplaces that permit weapons as in those in which all weapons are prohibited, a new University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill study shows.

LHC computing centres join forces for global grid challenge
Today, in a significant milestone for scientific grid computing, eight major computing centres successfully completed a challenge to sustain a continuous data flow of 600 megabytes per second (MB/s) on average for 10 days from CERN in Geneva, Switzerland to seven sites in Europe and the US.

Pi seems a good random number generator - but not always the best
Physicists have completed a study comparing the

The power of drug advertising: Patients often get what they ask for
Direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising - a $3.2 billion industry in the United States - not only sways patients to ask for certain medications, but profoundly influences the way doctors make initial treatment decisions, according to an April 27 study in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abnormal liver tests in a Mediterranean population
A recent population-based study in a small town in Southern Italy found that one in eight residents had abnormal liver tests.

Webcast: Does ending collection of data make the problem go away?
In the final symposium of the

Exercise slows development of Alzheimer's-like brain changes in mice, new study finds
Physical Activity appears to inhibit Alzheimer's-like changes in mice, slowing the development of a key feature of the disease, according to a new study.

Pulsating ultrasound enhances gene therapy for tumors
High-intensity focused ultrasound emitted in short pulses is a promising, non-invasive procedure for enhancing gene delivery to cancerous cells without destroying healthy tissue.

College and government physicists collaborate to create more stable gyroscope for Navy
Dr. Charles Adler, a physics professor at St. Mary's College of Maryland, and Dr.

American Academy of Neurology sums up scientific highlights from 57th annual meeting
New insights into risk factors for Parkinson's disease and stroke, new understanding of disease mechanisms in MS, and new treatment possibilities for pain, epilepsy, and ALS were among the scientific highlights at the 57th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), where results from more than 1,400 scientific studies were presented.

UW-Madison gains two new stem cell programs
Capitalizing on its across-the-board-strengths in stem cell research, the University of Wisconsin-Madison will add two new stem cell programs to its portfolio.

Natural glucose byproduct may prevent brain damage and cognitive impairment after diabetic coma
A natural, non-toxic byproduct of glucose may prevent brain cell death and cognitive impairment in diabetics following an episode of severely low blood sugar, according to researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center (SFVAMC).

Parent/child businesses stronger than those of cousins and colleagues
Family businesses with a parent/child management team were more cohesive and had less conflict than other family and non-family businesses.

A frog's life is food for thought
Starvation, malnutrition and re-feeding can have deadly consequences for humans and most animals but not Australia's green-striped burrowing frog.

Color doppler sonography speeds detection of serious illness in premature infants
Measuring blood flow to a newborn's intestines using a special form of ultrasound can help radiologists identify a life-threatening complication in a serious bowel disease.

Moderate alcohol consumption enhances the formation of new nerve cells
Moderate alcohol consumption over a relatively long period of time can enhance the formation of new nerve cells in the adult brain.

Royal Society study on adaptability of fish to warming oceans
Royal Society journals release including study into the adaptability of antarctic fish to warmer oceans and study on macacques recognising when they are being imitated.

Second consecutive UH win puts national spotlight on pharmacy student
For the second consecutive year, the University of Houston College of Pharmacy took first place in the National Patient Counseling Competition held at the American Pharmacists Association annual meeting.

Romond heads up study and reduces breast cancer recurrence
Results from two clinical trials show that patients with early-stage breast cancer who received trastuzumab (Herceptin®) in combination with chemotherapy had a 52 percent decrease in risk for breast cancer recurrence, compared with patients who received the same chemotherapy without the drug.

Ceramides from sheeps wool similar to those of the human skin
The high concentration of ceramides extracted by means of supercritical fluid technology has provoked great interest in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries.
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