Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 28, 2005
Imperial College London and Imperial Innovations raise over £20m from City deal
Imperial College London and its technology commercialisation company Imperial Innovations, have jointly raised over £20m from a private placement to institutional investors, it was announced today.

Program for abdominal and pelvic health offered at Rush University Medical Center
Unique to the Chicago area, the Program for Abdominal and Pelvic Health at Rush University Medical Center offers a multi-specialty approach to diagnosing and treating a wide range of abdominal and pelvic conditions in women as well as men of all ages.

Economic consequences of a radiological or nuclear attack
Loss of lives, injuries and property destroyed during a nuclear or radiological attack have significant economic as well as personal consequences.

Multiple sightings of long-lost woodpecker reported
Observers in eastern Arkansas have reported at least eight independent sightings of a bird that appears to be an ivory-billed woodpecker, a species widely thought to be extinct.

No wisdom in routinely pulling wisdom teeth, study says
No reliable studies exist to support removal of trouble-free impacted wisdom teeth, according to a systematic review of evidence.

Study proposes new method to investigate genetic hybridization
Hybridization is most likely to occur in recently evolved species, yet these are the species in which it is most difficult to detect owing to strong genetic similarity deriving from their recently shared ancestry.

Scientists take major step to improve river restoration efforts
A group of the nation's leading river scientists, including Dr.

Improved cancer treatments aim of new biology research program
Cancer research in Alberta, Canada, is taking a major step forward with a new research program being housed at the University of Calgary.

LUCA technologies confirms real-time methane generation
Luca Technologies has confirmed within the 110,000 acre Monument Butte oilfield in North Eastern Utah the presence of a living, community of microorganisms capable of actively converting hydrocarbons (including oil, coal fields or oil shales) deep with the earth to methane on an ongoing, real-time basis.

New prognostic markers help identify risk of relapse
CCIA/CCC&BD researchers have found new prognostic markers to help clinicians identfy those children with leukaemia who are at high risk of relapse and most in need of intensified treatment to improve their chance of survivial.

College education protects middle-age caucasian women against obesity
There are significant racial differences in the association between education level and weight change for middle-aged women, according to an article in the March 14 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, by Tené T.

'Wonderful' star reveals its hot nature
For the first time an X-ray image of a pair of interacting stars has been made by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory.

Rush University Medical Center studies advanced 3D imaging system for radiation therapy
Rush University Medical Center in Chicago is the only test site in the world exploring the use of the Perspecta Spatial 3D system to improve evaluation and planning of radiation treatments.

Eliminating enzyme dramatically reduces cardiovascular disease
How does cholesterol in our diets end up as artery-clogging plaque that can cause heart attacks and strokes?

Researchers merge game theory with wireless networks, create 'smarter' garments
Using economic theory to improve wireless communications networks and designing garments that can sense their own shapes are among the goals of two National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) Award projects recently funded at Virginia Tech.

Use of insecticides linked to lasting neurological problems for farmers
New research shows that farmers who used agricultural insecticides experienced increased neurological symptoms, even when they were no longer using the products.

The national debate on prisons & punishment
The American Association for Correctional and Forensic Psychology (AAFCP) will host

Antibiotic might fight HIV-induced neurological problems
By studying animals, Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that the antibiotic minocycline might help alleviate HIV's negative effects on the brain and central nervous system, problems that can develop even though antiretroviral therapy controls the virus elsewhere in the body.

Duke 'all-optical' switch could advance light-based telecommunications
Duke University physicists have developed a switching technique that uses a very weak beam of light to control a much stronger beam.

Rice and Michigan State build database on State Supreme Courts
State Supreme Court Data Project at Rice University and Michigan State University features data on more than 30,000 cases in 50 states for use by scholars.

M. D. Anderson announces collaboration with India's largest yoga research institution
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center and the Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (Research Foundation), Bangalore, India, today announced a research collaboration to scientifically validate the age-old belief that mind-body interventions have a beneficial impact on the health of cancer patients.

Long thought extinct, ivory-billed woodpecker rediscovered in Big Woods of Arkansas
Long believed to be extinct, a magnificent bird - the ivory-billed woodpecker - has been rediscovered in the Big Woods of eastern Arkansas.

UK politicians failing to address low morale among doctors
All the UK's main political parties have all failed to address the single most important factor hindering the improvement of health services in their election campaigns--the collapse in morale among doctors, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Researchers drill historic hole in Atlantic Ocean floor
Researchers from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) have drilled into sections of the Earth's crust for the first time ever, and their findings could provide new insights about how Earth was formed.

Dream teams thrive on mix of old and new blood
By studying creative teams in the arts and sciences, Northwestern University researchers have determined that the composition of a great team is the same whether you are working on Broadway or in economics.

ENERGY STAR®: New high efficiency levels introduced
Canadians seeking the most energy-efficient windows, doors and skylights for their homes will have an added information tool with ENERGY STAR.

Carnegie Mellon robot will run time trials to enter $2 million desert race
On May 5, Carnegie Mellon University's autonomous H1ghlander robot will demonstrate that it has the skills to compete in the 2005 Grand Challenge, a driverless rumble through 175 miles of hostile desert terrain for a $2-million prize.

Tumor detection, data encryption to benefit from UH research
From detecting tumors to encrypting data better, one young engineering professor's nanotechnology work at the University of Houston holds enormous potential for medicine and electronics.

Rush designated Center of Excellence by Huntington's Disease Society of America
Rush University Medical Center has been designated a regional Center of Excellence by the Huntington's Disease Society of America (HDSA).

New insights into HIV immunity suggest alternative approach to vaccines
New insights by Duke University Medical Center researchers as to how HIV evades the human immune system may offer a new approach for developing HIV vaccines.

Specific behaviors seen in infants can predict autism, new research shows
Canadian researchers have become the first to pinpoint specific behavioral signs in infants as young as 12 months that can predict, with remarkable accuracy, whether a child will develop autism.

VELCADE® for injection receives EU marketing authorisation for second-line use in multiple myeloma
Ortho Biotech, the biopharmaceutical division of Janssen-Cilag, today announced that the European Commission has approved the use of VELCADE® (bortezomib) for Injection as a second-line treatment in patients with multiple myeloma.

Re-discovered ivory billed woodpecker still faces challenge to survival
The National Wildlife Refuge Association (NWRA) today hailed the announcement in today's Science Express that a thought-to-be extinct ivory-billed woodpecker has been discovered at Cache River National Wildlife Refuge in Arkansas, but expressed concern about its chances for survival.

New prostate cancer studies look at hormone and protein connection
Two researchers at McMaster University's Faculty of Health Sciences have been awarded research grants from the Prostate Cancer Research Foundation of Canada.

Lower vaccination rates put children at risk
Children treated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) have lower vaccination rates than the general population, exposing them to added risk from preventable illnesses such as mumps and measles.

Patients swallow 'camera-in-a-pill' to help doctors check for diseases of esophagus, GERD
A new camera-in-a-pill can help doctors diagnose and evaluate diseases of the esophagus including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus (a pre-cancerous condition) without the use of a traditional endoscope.

Ophthalmologists implant five patients with artificial silicon retina microchip
Ophthalmologists at Rush University Medical Center implanted Artificial Silicon Retina (ASR) microchips in the eyes of five patients to treat vision loss caused by retinitis pigmentosa (RP).

Little evidence found for IVF as most effective infertility treatment
In vitro fertilization can improve pregnancy rates among couples with unexplained infertility, but there is little evidence to show whether IVF results in more live births than other treatments, according to a new review of recent studies.

Health inequalities continue to widen, despite government rhetoric
Health inequalities in Britain have continued to increase, despite the government's commitment to tackle the problem, argue researchers in this week's BMJ.

Community efforts can reduce alcohol fatalities
Communities can decrease alcohol-related fatal crashes by providing better access to substance abuse treatment while reducing the availability of alcohol in the community, according to a new study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

Role of soy foods in addressing obesity to be topic of Illinois forum
The problem of obesity, especially among children, has risen to near epidemic proportions in recent years.

The state of river restoration in the US
Top river-systems experts, including two UGA ecologists, report on the state of efforts to restore U.S. streams and rivers in today's issue of the journal Science.

Risk of womb cancer varies according to the type of HRT used
Certain types of hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) increase a woman's risk of womb cancer while others do not, concludes a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Restoring polluted rivers hindered by lack of coordination
If the nation's increasingly polluted rivers are to be rehabilitated, the restoration projects must be better organized and coordinated, according to a national group of experts in the field.

Project shows need for better monitoring of river restoration
A recent study of river restoration efforts nationwide found that pre- and post-project monitoring of regional projects is largely inadequate to determine their ecological success.

No evidence that calcium and vitamin D prevent fractures
A study in this week's BMJ finds no evidence that calcium and vitamin D supplements reduce the risk of fractures in older women living in the community.

A new study examines how shared pathogens affect host populations
A study, to appear in the July 2005 issue of The American Naturalist, by Volker H.

Genetically modified rice in China benefits farmers' health, study finds
Farmers growing genetically modified rice in field trials in China report higher crop yields, reduced pesticide use and fewer pesticide-related health problems, according to a study by researchers in China and at Rutgers University and the University of California, Davis.

Obesity in middle age increases risk of dementia in later life
Obesity in middle age increases the risk of dementia in later life, finds a study published online by the BMJ today.

River restoration field booms, matures
Leading river scientists present first-of-its-kind research in Science this month on the state of river restoration by documenting and analyzing current trends.

Yale researchers identify molecule for detecting parasitic infection in humans
Researchers at Yale, in collaboration with NIH researchers, have identified a specific protein molecule that is used by the immune system for detection of parasitic infections, leading the way for development of future vaccines to combat these infections.

Burden of parasitic worm infection greater than previous estimates
The disability associated with schistosomiasis is far greater than previously thought, concludes a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Scientists confirm Earth's energy is out of balance
Using satellites and computer models to study the Earth's oceans, scientists have concluded that more energy is being absorbed from the Sun than is reflected back to space, throwing the Earth's energy
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