Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 03, 2005
Mailman School shares new virus identification technologies
The recent outbreaks of avian influenza throughout Asia and hemorrhagic fever due to exposure to Marburg virus in Angola highlight the importance of ensuring that as many labs as possible have access to new pathogen identification technologies as they are developed.

NJIT digital poetry expert receives Fulbright to study in Malaysia
Christopher Funkhouser, PhD, an assistant professor in the humanities department at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) will bring his own brand of digital literature to a cutting edge, technological university in Malaysia next spring.

CONRAD receives $24 million from Gates Foundation and USAID for HIV microbicide trials
The CONRAD program of the Eastern Virginia Medical School today announced that it has received a $12M grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, with $12 million in matching funds committed by the US Agency for International Development (USAID), for a total of $24M.

Study identifies possible marker for efficacy of gefitinib in lung cancer patients
Patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumor cells contain extra copies of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene may be more likely to respond to the drug gefitinib (Iressa), and this high gene copy number may be an effective predictor of gefitinib efficacy, according to a new study in the May 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Monitoring program finds serious, unreported adverse drug reactions
A monitoring program developed by a Northwestern University researcher has successfully identified a large number of previously unknown, serious and often-fatal drug reactions associated with 15 commonly used drugs, including Plavix®, thalidomide and drug-coated cardiac stents.

Study examines influence of celebrity endorsements of cancer screening
More than one-half of adults surveyed nationwide had seen or heard celebrity endorsements of cancer screening tests, and more than one-fourth of those who had seen or heard an endorsement reported that it made them more likely to undergo the promoted screening test, according to a new study in the May 4 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Babies show ripple effects of mothers stress from 9/11 trauma
Pregnant women present during the September 11 World Trade Center collapse have passed on markers of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) to their unborn babies through transgenerational transmission.

Other highlights in the May 4 JNCI
Other highlights in the May 4 JNCI include an examination of the most common reasons for cervical cancer diagnosis, a study of dose-dense chemotherapy for small-cell lung cancer, an animal study of the effect of a hormone on the ability of breast cancer to spread, and a study of a B vitamin and colorectal cancer risk in women.

Long-term outcomes promising for patients with localized, low-grade prostate cancer
A study that includes 20 years of follow-up does not support aggressive treatment for localized, low-grade prostate cancer, with data indicating a small risk of progression of this grade of cancer, according to a study in the May 4 issue of JAMA.

Low-dose MDCT 'better option' than x-rays for imaging children's sinuses
Low-dose MDCT of the sinuses in children is effective in diagnosing conditions such as sinusitis and middle ear fluid with a radiation dose comparable to standard x-rays.

Fracture risk lower for black women than white women at all bone mineral density levels
Black women have a lower risk of fracture than white women at every level of bone mineral density, according to an article in the May 4 issue of JAMA.

Acupuncture treatment no more effective than sham treatment in reducing migraine headaches
Migraine patients who received true acupuncture had no decrease in headaches as compared with those who received sham acupuncture treatment, according to a study in the May 4 issue of JAMA.

Diabetes and pizza: Slow and steady insulin delivery wins the race
With its doughy, carbohydrate-dense crust and high fat content, pizza can wreak havoc in people with diabetes.

University of Kentucky researcher wins American Heart Association award
University of Kentucky researcher Dr. Dennis Bruemmer received the prestigious 2005 Irvine Page Award for Young Investigators at last week's meeting of the American Heart Association in Washington, D.C.

PPPL physicist Davidson Garners 2005 Particle Accelerator Science and Technology Award
In recognition of his important contributions to beam physics, Ronald C.

New tool reveals secrets of migrating cells
Cells migrate in many, if not all, tissues, but their treks have until now been inferred from observations of chemically fixed tissue at different stages of development.

Scientists find microRNAs regulate plant development
MicroRNAs are tiny ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules (~22 nucleotides long) that recently have been found to play important roles in regulating gene expression in eukaryotic organisms, including plants and animals.

Adapting to climate change: Natural Resources Canada sponsors national conference
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), through its Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Program, is sponsoring the conference Adapting to Climate Change in Canada 2005: Understanding Risks and Building Capacity, to be held from May 4 to 6 in Montréal.

Rutgers' Tabasco Sauce connection
Rutgers University plant scientists are truly into something hot. They are working with a research laboratory named for the late Tabasco® Pepper Sauce heir, John S.

Museum rescues 'endangered' recordings
In 1958, The Field Museum recorded information about 6,622 artifacts in a new Pacific collection acquired over 60 years.

MRI study shows hormone leptin alters brains, may ease cravings of people with obesity gene
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study finds that the protein hormone leptin promotes development of gray matter in the part of the brain that regulates cravings and the ability to monitor personal behavior.

UCI eye doctors invent laser-assisted cornea-transplant surgery
A UC Irvine ophthalmologist and his team have invented a new laser-surgery technique to perform cornea-transplant surgery that can replace the use of traditional handheld surgical blades and potentially improve recovery time for patients.

The Ape in the Tree: An intellectual and natural history of proconsul
Part adventure story and part cutting-edge science, this new book provides a privileged insiders' view of how fossils are found and how they are interpreted.

FDA approves Boostrix® a new US vaccine for adolescents against pertussis
GlaxoSmithKline (NYSE: GSK) today announced that its booster vaccine, Boostrix® [Tetanus Toxoid, Reduced Diphtheria Toxoid and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine, Adsorbed (Tdap)] received approval from the United States (U.S.) Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Drug-releasing stents showing higher complication rate than clinical trials indicated
In a report in the May 4 JAMA,

New frontiers in molecular bioscience topic of UD symposium
The University of Delaware will host a symposium titled

Wild grasses and man-made wheats advance research capabilities
Getting resistance to the latest biotype of greenbug or rust in wheat may require some bridge building.

MDCT accurate for diagnosing coronary artery disease in patients with no to moderate calcification
In patients with no or moderate coronary calcification, 16-slice MDCT allows the reliable detection of coronary artery stenosis with high diagnostic accuracy, say researchers from Tuebingen University Hospital in Germany.

Earth and Moon through Rosetta's eyes
ESA's comet chaser mission Rosetta took these infrared and visible images of Earth and the Moon, during the Earth fly-by of 4/5 March 2005 while on its way to Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko.

New studies released at the Heart Rhythm Society's Annual Meeting
The latest advances in implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy and hundreds of new studies on sudden cardiac death, atrial fibrillation and other heart rhythm disorders will be presented at Heart Rhythm 2005, the Heart Rhythm Society's 26th Annual Scientific Sessions, May 4-7 in New Orleans.

Research takes big picture of wheat streak mosaic
Seeing a field of damage confirms a wheat streak mosaic problem exists.

OneWorld Health awarded Sapling Foundation grant
The Institute for OneWorld Health, the first nonprofit pharmaceutical company in the U.S., today announced it received a grant from the Sapling Foundation (Woodside, Calif.) to further engage the pharmaceutical industry in global health partnerships to benefit developing countries.

Stents that release medication appear more effective than traditional stents
A type of coronary artery stent that releases a medication appears to result in better outcomes than traditional stents for heart attack patients, according to a study in the May 4 issue of JAMA.

Jefferson scientists create plant factories churning out antibodies against tumor cells
Scientists at Jefferson Medical College are using tobacco plants to produce monoclonal antibodies - tiny guided protein missiles - that can target and hunt down colorectal cancer cells.
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