Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 11, 2005
Robot walks, balances like a human
If you nudge this robot, it steps forward and catches its balance -- much like a human.

Soft drinks consumption may increase the risk of childhood obesity
Excessive consumption of sugar sweetened drinks may be a key factor in the rise of childhood obesity.

Discovery of key inflammation mechanism in COPD could lead to new treatments
An international team of researchers has identified a mechanism which increases lung inflammation, making Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) more severe, and potentially points towards new treatments.

Statin therapy cost-effective for a wider range of individuals
Statin therapy is cost-effective for a wider range of individuals with vascular disease or diabetes than previously recognised, concludes a study published online today (Thursday May 12, 2005) by THE LANCET.

Wiley to publish UICC TNM Atlas in July 2005
Global publisher John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the July 2005 publication of the fifth edition of the International Union Against Cancer (UICC)'s TNM Atlas.

A new look at theory, evidence and policies in innovation
The World Bank, the Centre for International Economic Research (CREI) of the Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona and Stanford University organise a scientific conference on

American Urological Association honors Novartis Pharmaceuticals with annual health science award
The American Urological Association (AUA) has announced that Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation is the 2005 recipient of the AUA Health Science Award.

NASA postpones satellite launch
NASA's launch of the NOAA-N environmental satellite for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was postponed for 24 hours due to high winds.

Program finds lost genes in nematode genome
A computer scientist at Washington University in St. Louis has applied software that he has developed to the genome of a worm and has found 150 genes that were missed by previous genome analysis methods.

Mitigating ethical stress of government financial managers
Supervisors who encourage ethical behavior and co-workers' with a high amount of personal integrity lead to less ethical stress for government financial managers.

Teamwork will beat spammers
The social network that already exists in email could help foil spammers.

Mayo Clinic study determines surgery is best remedy for hammer hand
The hand pain, tingling, numbness and cold sensitivity of hypothenar hammer syndrome, also known as hammer hand, are best alleviated by bypass grafting surgery.

Sex, gender and heart disease--MUHC researcher leads Canada-wide team
A new research project involving more than thirty investigators from across Canada has just been launched.

Creation of gene targeting earns Smithies March of Dimes honor
For developing an indispensable tool for genetic disease research, two scientists have been named co-recipients of this year's March of Dimes Prize in Developmental Biology, to be awarded Monday (May 16) in Washington, D.C.

Spinoff company receives $2.5 million NIH grant to build prototype scanner
Koning Corp., a Rochester-based imaging spinoff company from the University of Rochester Medical Center, has received a $2.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to build a next-generation scanner for the early diagnosis of breast cancer, image-guided therapeutics and breast cancer screening.

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine gets $4 million to make 'smart nanoparticles'
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine received $4 million in funding from the State of Ohio for Targeted Nanoparticles for Imaging and Therapeutics (TNIP), which will support the development and commercialization of sub-atomic particles for the early detection of breast cancers and new therapies for hemophilia.

NIH funds DOE lab for cellular studies
Two National Institutes of Health grants, totaling nearly $3 million, aim to alleviate painful conditions that affect millions of Americans.

Hyperhidrosis and its treatment becoming better understood
The often embarrassing, excessive sweating disorder, hyperhidrosis, and its treatment options are gaining greater attention from physicians.

New findings may help preserve rare Gutenberg Bibles
Using modern analytical techniques, researchers in England say they have for the first time precisely identified the pigments used to illustrate seven Gutenberg Bibles located in Europe.

OHSU study says national injury prevention program working
Oregon Health & Science University researchers examined the ThinkFirst National Injury Prevention Foundation, created in 1986, and found it made significant strides in preventing injury by combining education with legislative initiatives, community-wide safety programs and a large public presence nationwide, according to a review in this month's Journal of Neurosurgery.

UCLA cancer researchers shake loose hidden biomarker
Using a common chemotherapy agent, researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Cancer Center and the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine found a way to move an important biomarker expressed in prostate cancer, shaking it loose from one location in a cell - where it could not be accessed by blood - to another, easier to target area.

Climate change, ground water sustainability, and more at GSA North-Central Section Meeting
Geoscientists will gather 19-20 May in Minneapolis, MN, for the 39th annual meeting of the North-Central Section of the Geological Society of America.

Study: Physicians need to be more vocal about encouraging diabetic patients to exercise
Doctors can make a difference in encouraging diabetic patients to exercise by helping them create and follow through on a concrete plan, Saint Louis University research shows.

Saving virtual lives with nanobots goal of UH-led project
Building and controlling a team of nanobots to seek and destroy infected tissue within a simulated terminally ill patient, a University of Houston computer science student and his teammate have advanced to the 2005 Microsoft Imagine Cup world semifinals.

First MARSIS boom successfully deployed
Thanks to a manoeuvre performed on 10 May 2005 at 20:20 CET, ESA flight controllers have successfully completed the deployment of the first boom of the MARSIS radar on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft.

UNC scientists develop promising new X-ray device using carbon nanotubes
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a UNC start-up company, Xintek, Inc., have invented a new X-ray device based on carbon nanotubes that emits a scanning X-ray beam composed of multiple smaller beams while also remaining stationary.

Massey Cancer Center researcher helps to identify a piece of the cancer puzzle
A structural biologist from the Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center, in collaboration with researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, has identified the crystal structure of a protein that plays a role in supplying nutrients to solid tumors.

MIT student studies disaster relief logistics
The devastation caused by last December's tsunami prompted an unprecedented outpouring of global aid that presented disaster relief providers with innumerable logistical challenges.

Simple but seminal: Building a robot that can reproduce
Cornell University researchers have created a machine that can build copies of itself.

ENERGY STARĀ®: Bagnell presents national awards
Businesses and utilities across Canada are bringing the message about energy efficiency home to Canadians.

African Americans just as likely to be diagnosed with depression
A study in the May Journal of the American Geriatrics Society combats the notion that ethnic differences and inherent biases are responsible for a lower number of depression diagnoses in the African American elderly population versus whites.

University of Chicago researchers reveal secrets of snake flight
On the cover of the May 15, 2005, issue of the Journal of Experimental Biology, University of Chicago researchers described the effects of size and behavior of flying snakes, and found that the smaller animals were better gliders.

How exactly does the brain control breathing?
An understanding of exactly how the brain controls breathing is fundamental to the treatment of respiratory disorders.

WHO centre calls for global action on cleft palate
A global research network is needed if scientists are ever going to understand and prevent cleft palate, say experts at the first World Health Organization Collaborating Centre set up to develop such a structure.

Whimpers from the Sun?
Solar physicists have observed the smallest ever coronal mass ejection (CME) - a type of explosion where plasma from the Sun is thrown out into space, sometimes striking the Earth and damaging orbiting satellites.

Instant messaging falls prey to worms
Instant messaging (IM) the popular alternative to email that allows friends to chat online in real time, is becoming the latest target for malicious hackers.

Vitamin A's paradoxical role in influencing symmetry during embryonic development revealed
In this week's journal Nature, scientists at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies report that they have solved one of the

Type 2 diabetes is increasing among children all over the world
A review article in the May issue of The Journal of Pediatrics reports that the rate of type 2 diabetes among children worldwide appears to have increased significantly over the last 15 years.

Scientists discover odd-ball rodent
A team of scientists working in Southeast Asia have discovered a long-whiskered rodent with stubby legs and a tail covered in dense hair.

Season of birth influences age of menopause, say Italian researchers
Research by Italian experts on the menopause has found that that the month and the season in which a woman is born influence the age at which she reaches menopause.

Younger is better when implanting cochlear implants, IU study finds
Deaf children who receive cochlear implants do better learning language and speech the younger they receive the implants, according to research by scientists at Indiana University School of Medicine.

New moon making waves
The NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini spacecraft has confirmed earlier suspicions of an unseen moon hidden in a gap in Saturn's outer A ring.

Map of life on Earth could be used on Mars
A geologist from Washington University in St. Louis is developing new techniques to render a more coherent story of how primitive life arose and diverged on Earth - with implications for Mars.

Salk Institute scientist Rusty Gage elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Salk institute scientist Rusty Gage elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Awardees also include sculptor, actor and Supreme Court Chief Justice.

A hospital stay can make an older person more likely to commit suicide
A study in the May edition of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society indicates that suicide in persons age 80 and older is more prevalent among those who have been hospitalized than in those who have not.

AACE media teach-in
Leading endocrinologists will explain the latest research in the emerging field of incretin hormones and their potential role in diabetes treatment.
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