Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 13, 2005
Crossing Africa with EGNOS
Flying over Africa using navigation information via satellite is what the European Space Agency (ESA) is undertaking next week between Senegal and Kenya.

€50,000 for German-Polish cooperation in the promotion of young researchers
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) and the Foundation for Polish Science (Fundacja na Rzecz Nauki Polskiej, FNP) have established the first-ever Copernicus Award.

Man, chimp difference may have made us prone to cancer
The one percent of the human and chimpanzee genomes that differ from each other reveal how evolution has individually shaped the two species' genes since sharing a common ancestor five million years ago, according to a study led by Cornell University researchers Rasmus Nielsen, Andrew Clark and Carlos Bustamante.

Scientific Integrity text adds website support to new edition
The latest edition of a textbook on scientific ethics from ASM Press comes with the added bonus of a continually updated website containing links to online resources for both students and instructors.

Size matters: fish genitalia attractiveness vs. predatory escape value
Competing evolutionary mechanisms influence male genital size in some fish species reflecting the tradeoff between a capacity to attract mates and the ability to quickly evade predators, according to a report in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Function of cancer genes discovered
Dutch researcher Sebastian Nijman has discovered new genes which are involved in the development of cancer.

Plunge into warmer waters this summer with ESA's Mediterranean heat map
Summer in Europe means time for the beach. Testing the waters is a traditional holiday ritual: a swift hand or foot in the surf to check sea temperature.

Experiment station researchers to explore genome of disease-fighting fungus
A team of Texas Agricultural Experiment Station scientists will soon begin genome sequencing a disease-fighting fungus used to protect crops, which has implications for both agriculture and the pharmaceutical industry.

Galvani to receive Young Investigators' Prize from American Society of Naturalists
Yale Assistant Professor Alison Galvani, in the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at Yale School of Medicine, will receive a Young Investigators' Prize from the American Society of Naturalists (ASN).

Blocking blood vessels provides new option for large group of advanced lung cancer patients
Patients with a particular type of advanced lung cancer may have a new option based on data showing that combining a drug that cuts off the cancer's blood supply with standard chemotherapy can shrink tumors and extend life.

Study explains mystery of mars icecaps
Scientists think they have an answer to the mystery of why the permanent icecap on Mars' South Pole is offset from the pole itself.

NASA satellite launch rescheduled for May 14
NASA's launch of the NOAA-N environmental satellite for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) was postponed for 24 hours.

Scientists unexpectedly discover enols in flames
A compound discovered to be ubiquitous in fire has amazingly eluded detection in spite of 150 years of research on how flames burn, according to a recent paper appearing in the journal Science on its Science Express Web site (May 12, 2005), co-authored by Cornell University Professor Terrill A.

Lipids get new comprehensive classification system
In response to the growing number of lipids expected to be discovered through lipidomics and in anticipation of the massive amounts of data that will be generated by the lipid community, an international group of scientists has developed a comprehensive classification, nomenclature, and chemical representation system for lipids.

Social Security not in peril as President Bush suggests, expert says
Social Security is not

Sponges as drugs
Dutch researcher Nicole de Voogd has investigated the possibilities for rearing sea sponges in Indonesia.

Innovative coating could give medical implants a longer life
By mimicking an adhesive protein secreted by mussels and a polymer that repels cells and proteins, Northwestern University researchers have designed a two-sided antifouling coating that could breathe life into medical implants.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Tips include: Organisms in soil may protect lettuce from E.

Two pioneers in genetic research win $250,000 March of Dimes prize
For their pioneering work on gene targeting, an indispensable tool for research on genetic birth defects and other serious disorders such as cancer and atherosclerosis, Mario R.

Finding an Alzheimer's switch
Researchers in the Life Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have discovered an unsuspected subunit of the protein complex gamma-secretase, which plays a central role in Alzheimer's disease.

In war on terrorism, new search engine seeks hidden vulnerabilities
As part of an effort to anticipate -- and thwart -- the plans of potential terrorists, the Federal Aviation Administration is supporting the development of a new search engine by University at Buffalo researchers that is designed to detect

PENN researchers use robotic surgery
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, have completed two studies - the most comprehensive and largest to date - that demonstrate the effective use of the daVinci Surgical Robotic System to perform Trans-Oral Robotic Surgery (TORS) which greatly reduces surgical trauma for patients.

New book explains antibiotic resistance for a broad audience
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Tamoxifen shows no benefit, risk for breast cancer survivors' heart health
Despite previous studies hinting at tamoxifen's potential benefit for breast cancer survivors' heart health, California researchers have found that the breast cancer drug does not decrease survivors' risk of heart attack.

Yale scientist studying virus infections named Burroughs Wellcome Investigator
Akiko Iwasaki, assistant professor in the Section of Immunobiology at Yale University School of Medicine, is one of 11 recipients of the 2005 Burroughs Wellcome Investigator in Pathogenesis in Infectious Diseases Award.

New 'nuclear battery' runs 10 years, 10 times more powerful
A battery with a lifespan measured in decades is in development at the University of Rochester, as scientists demonstrate a new fabrication method that in its roughest form is already 10 times more efficient than current nuclear batteries -- and has the potential to be nearly 200 times more efficient.

Two-thirds of patients brush off their dentist's advice, study suggests
The best efforts of dentists don't always mean people will look after their teeth, British researchers have found.

High overnight blood pressure linked to increased blood sugar levels
People whose blood pressure doesn't drop significantly overnight tend to have more cardiovascular problems.

Genome of a social amoeba sequenced for the first time
As part of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft's (DFG, German Research Foundation)

National Inventors Hall of Fame welcomes 2005 inductees
Washington, D.C. (May 13, 2005)--Continuing its tradition of honoring invention and innovation, the National Inventors Hall of Fame welcomes its latest class of inductees.

First full mosaics of Titan's surface
As the large amount of data collected by the ESA Huygens probe during its descent onto Titan is being processed, new views of this fascinating world become available.
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