Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 26, 2005
Queen's poll - Ontarians don't want to close institutions for those with intellectual disabilities
A new Queen's University poll measuring the public's attitude toward the provincial government's planned closure of institutions for people with intellectual disabilities suggests an overwhelming number of Ontarians do not want the institutions to close.

Recreational use of an erectile dysfunction drug can be risky for some
Although the drugs used to treat Erectile Dysfunction, Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Vardenafil (Levitra), have generally been proven safe, recreational use of these drugs is associated with higher risks of sexually-transmitted diseases (STD's), including HIV.

Rice unveils 'green' microcapsule production method
Chemical engineers from Rice University have unveiled the most environmentally sensitive approach yet devised for making tiny hollow spheres called microcapsules.

Pre-K students expelled at more than three times the rate of K-12 students
Pre-K students are expelled at a rate more than three times that of children in grades K-12, according to a primary study by researchers at Yale on the rate of expulsion in prekindergarten programs serving three- and four-year-olds.

Cardiff-Kyoto research vision
A new partnership between scientists in Wales and Japan is set to bring major advances in the global fight against eye disease.

K-State professor researching whether simulators help young teenagers become better drivers
Researchers at Kansas State University are studying whether using driving simulators helps make young teenagers safer when they take to the road.

K-State researcher discovers compliments go a long way to improve body self-image in women
When many women look in the mirror, they see themselves as a collection of body parts -- and they don't like what they see.

More needs to be done to tackle heart disease among South Asians
Much more needs to be done to tackle heart disease in South Asians in the United Kingdom, say doctors in this week's BMJ.

Errors in intensive care units: medical staff report fewer unintended events than observers
A study published today in the journal BMC Emergency Medicine reveals that in intensive care units, staff report less than half of the unintended events - defined as an event that reduced or could have reduced the safety of patients in intensive care - that are reported by neutral observers.

Hydrogen sensors are faster, more sensitive
The same kind of chemical coating used to shed rainwater from aircraft and automobile windows also dramatically enhances the sensitivity and reaction time of hydrogen sensors.

Government of Canada and Purolator to unveil hybrid electric vehicles
On May 27, the Honourable Jean Augustine, Member of Parliament for Etobicoke-Lakeshore, on behalf of the Government of Canada, will join Robert C.

Research shows women's weight gain brings loss of income, job prestige
An increase in a woman's body mass results in a decrease in her family income and a decline in her occupational prestige, according to research conducted by New York University sociologist Dalton Conley and Rebecca Glauber, an NYU graduate student.

UK receives $6 million for Appalachia Community Cancer Network
The University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center has received a $6 million grant to operate the seven-state Appalachia Community Cancer Network (ACCN).

IEEE-USA launches compensation portal for employers of technical professionals
The IEEE-USA Salary Service provides employers advanced online tools for accurately benchmarking technical professionals' compensation.

Pella brings home the art and science of windows
Pella Windows & Doors demonstrates the science of windows and patio doors with a revolutionary new product takes innovation to a whole new level.

Face value: Hidden smiles influence consumption and judgment
In studies led by Piotr Winkielman, of the University of California, San Diego, people altered their consumption behaviors after exposure to subliminal facial expressions.

RIKEN-BNL Research Center dedicates new supercomputer for physics research
A new computer - the RIKEN BNL Research Center supercomputer - was unveiled today at a dedication ceremony at the U.S.

Familiar songs act as strong memory cues, K-State researcher finds
Memories associated with music are strong. So strong that even the mere mention of a song's title or a glimpse of the album cover can bring the recollections of a time or place flooding back.

Learning through laughter: New study supports use of humor in online courses
Watch out Leno, here come the professors. Though most students would argue that academia and humor are about as compatible as oil and water, two Ohio University psychology professors argue that the use of humor in online courses can yield good results.

ESRC - Building a strong and sustainable future for UK social science
The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) today publishes its Delivery Plan, which highlights the core themes of quality research, sustainability and partnerships.

Midday sun holds the key to good health
Scientists at The University of Manchester have today unveiled new research which claims that going out in the midday sun, without sunscreen, is good for you.

Association between depression severity and poor glycemic control among Hispanics with diabetes
In a study of more than 200 Hispanics with diabetes, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and College of Physicians and Surgeons found a significant association between depression severity and poor glycemic control (PGC).

Naked carbon/oxygen stars linked to gamma-ray bursts
Since several gamma-ray bursts have been associated with supernovae, various models have arisen to explain how collapsing stars could produce such energetic jets.

Witnessing gun violence increases likelihood that a child will also commit violent crime
In a study designed to isolate the root causes of violent behavior, Harvard Medical School researchers found that young teens who witnessed gun violence were more than twice as likely as non-witnesses to commit violent crime themselves in the following years.

Partnership focuses on compounds to protect against radiation exposure
The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine (HJF) has entered into an agreement with the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) and Humanetics Corporation to develop and commercialize nutritional supplements and drugs that show promise in boosting the immune system to protect against challenges from exposure to radiation.

Global analysis of membrane proteins
Scientists at Stockholm University in Sweden have now mapped out nearly all of the membrane proteins in the enteric bacterium Escherichia coli.

New opportunities from old chemistry in surface science, say Purdue chemists
Gold surfaces are often used as baseplates of sensors and in nanomaterials, and scientists have been searching for stable organic coatings they can attach to gold to form an interface between the organic and inorganic worlds.

Short on time, long on feeling: Study suggests deadlines intensify emotions
Older people often have more intense and complex emotional lives than their younger cohort.

New understanding of DNA repair may pave way to cancer treatments
A Burnham Institute study has found that a protein known for its role in gene regulation has another important function, that of initiating DNA repair.

Boston University psychologists find neurological mechanism for subliminal learning
Psychologist Takeo Watanabe and his team at Boston University have uncovered the mechanism that primes the subconscious, enabling individuals to learn a task without actually realizing it.

Exposure to gun violence boosts odds of teens acting violently
Exposure to gun violence makes adolescents twice as likely to perpetrate serious violence in the next two years, according to a University of Michigan researcher.

Patients with metabolic syndrome, moderate coronary calcium have greater risk of blocked arteries
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center have found that patients with metabolic syndrome and a moderate level of calcium in the coronary arteries had a greater chance of having blockage of those arteries, as detected on a stress imaging test.

Feelings of threat lead to restricted civil liberties
An increased perception of terrorist threat, strengthens peoples' support of measures that limit civil liberties.

Grasping metaphors: UC San Diego research ties brain area to figures of speech
A region of the brain known as the angular gyrus is partly responsible for the human ability to understand metaphor, according to research led by V.

Depression is common in patients after heart attack, new Johns Hopkins study shows
Researchers at Johns Hopkins' Evidenced-Based Practice Center have found that one in five patients hospitalized for heart attack experiences a major depression.

New underwater volcano found near Samoa
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of Oregon and University of Sydney, has discovered an active underwater volcano near the Samoan Island chain about 2,400 miles southwest of Hawaii.

New insight into potential cause of sexual dysfunction in women
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have found that female sexual dysfunction (FSD) affects 48.2 percent of women in a new study and that these women had decreased sensation in the clitoris, which increased the risk of sexual dysfunction.

Southern Co., Georgia Tech partner on Southeast's first wind power project
The Southern Co. and Georgia Tech are partnering on the Southeast's first offshore wind project off the coast of Savannah.

Resistance training benefits older Hispanic adults with type 2 diabetes
While adults with diabetes are often told to lose weight to benefit their health, new information from researchers at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University suggests that resistance training, even without weight loss, may offer similar benefits.

New haptics systems challenge stroke patients to grasp, pinch, squeeze their way to recovery
Stroke patients who face months of tedious rehabilitation to regain the use of impaired limbs may benefit from some new haptics systems -- interfaces that allow them to touch and feel objects in immersive computer environments -- that are being designed at USC's Integrated Media Systems Center (IMSC).

Yale professor honored for achievements in the history of physics
The first annual Abraham Pais Award for the History of Physics was presented to Martin J.

Natural relaxant protects against asthma, may yield new therapy
A substance that naturally opens airways also offers protection against asthma, a condition that affects about 15 million people in the United States, including five million children, according to Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers at Duke University Medical Center.

Duke engineers develop new 3-D cardiac imaging probe
Biomedical engineers at Duke University's Pratt School of Engineering have created a new three-dimensional ultrasound cardiac imaging probe.

Difference in talking louder, talking over noise depends on verbal cues, internal targets
Purdue University researchers found that how you speak louder when told to

Live vaccines more effective against horse herpes virus
Cornell University researcher Klaus Osterrieder announces preliminary research that shows vaccines containing weakened live viruses, called a modified live vaccine (MLV), are more effective against equine herpes than other more widely used vaccines.

New birth defects study - animal tests accurate half the time
A newly published study in the peer-reviewed journal Biogenic Amines shows that drugs and household chemicals certified as safe on the basis of tests on animals are accurate, on average, only half the time, putting unborn children at risk of birth defects.

University looks to the past in fight against disease
A review of the history of infectious diseases commissioned by the Government is to be carried out by The University of Manchester.

Preliminary data suggest that soda and sweet drinks are the main source of calories in American diet
Tufts researchers recently reported that while the leading source of calories in the average American diet used to be from white bread, that may have changed.

Ontario's mental health care evaluated
For the first time, Ontario hospitals have common information to help assess the quality of in-patient mental health care, with the release of a new Hospital Report by the University of Toronto-based Hospital Report Research Collaborative.

UK demand for overseas doctors severely affecting sub-Saharan Africa
Almost half of the recent 16,000 staff expansion of the NHS came from the recruitment of health professionals trained outside the UK and Europe, states an article in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Everyone is entitled to a good doctor, says former GMC president
Everyone is entitled to a good doctor and the public will no longer tolerate substandard practice, says Donald Irvine, former president of the General Medical Council in this week's BMJ.

U-M study shows devotion to Islam is not linked to terror
Islam is not to blame for suicide bombings, a University of Michigan study shows.

Study: 'homemade' gene expression technology unreliable
Technology for analyzing gene expression must be standardized among laboratories and across platforms around the world to support this age of human genome exploration, an Oregon Health & Science University researcher says.

Largest red tide outbreak in 12 years in Massachusetts Bay monitored
With shellfish beds from Maine to Cape Cod coast closed from the largest outbreak of red tide in 12 years in Massachusetts Bay, scientists from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) are studying the algae that causes these

Easy access to nicotine patches could help more smokers to quit
Giving smokers easy access to free nicotine patches could substantially increase the likelihood of them quitting, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

A&E doctors call for ban on pointed kitchen knives
Long pointed kitchen knives should be banned to reduce violent crime and deaths from stabbing, say accident and emergency doctors in this week's BMJ.

Home care patients suffering high rate of pneumonia, complications
A two-year study showed home-care patients suffering from Community-Acquired Pneumonia (CAP is acquired outside of hospitals) account for 25 of every 1,000 people who visited emergency rooms suffering pneumonia.

NCAR researcher sheds light on solar storms
New research from the National Center for Atmospheric Research links a particular magnetic structure on the Sun with the genesis of powerful solar storms that can buffet Earth's atmosphere.
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