Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 27, 2005
Dartmouth Medical School researchers identify enzymatic activity of neurological disease gene
Opening a window to understand the molecular basis of a hereditary ataxia, Dartmouth Medical School researchers have identified an enzyme activity that is inactivated in all reported mutant forms of a disease protein.

Fluorescence device to diagnose atherosclerosis and tumors described at optics conference
At a conference on optics and photonics, the director of the Biophotonics Research and Technology Development Laboratory of Cedars-Sinai's Department of Surgery will describe the development of an experimental fluorescence spectroscopy device that has been able to diagnose dangerous atherosclerotic plaques (vulnerable plaques) and aggressive brain tumors (gliomas).

Teenage depression can be enduring, but is more often short-lived
Teenage depression is widespread and can become a life-long illness, but is more often transitory, said UCLA Psychology Professor Constance Hammen.

UCLA physiologist elected to prestigious British Royal Society
Ernest Wright, professor of physiology and Melinkoff Professor in Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, has been named a 2005 Fellow to the Royal Society, an honor considered one of the highest accolades a scientist can achieve next to the Nobel Prize.

Swedish researchers first in the world to gain access to BIMS
Owing to the system now being developed at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, and that was presented this week at an international conference on biobanks, the university's biobank will now be based on informatics as well as tissue and blood samples.

PET/CT can identify new cancer lesions at early stage, allowing for prompt treatment
A team of researchers at Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions in Baltimore, Md., reports that whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans may help physicians identify new, unexpected malignant cancerous tumors in patients, according to an article in the May issue of the Society of Nuclear Medicine's Journal of Nuclear Medicine.

Shift of weather patterns necessitates rethinking of reforestation methods
Forest landowners can greatly increase the survival rate of pine tree seedlings by changing when and how they plant, according to research conducted at the Texas A&M University Research and Extension Center .

Clarke Prize for water science and technology to Yale's Elimelech
The 2005 Athalie Richardson Irvine Clarke Prize for outstanding achievement in water science and technology will be presented to Professor Menachem Elimelech of Yale University on July 7 in a ceremony in Dana Point, Calif. by the National Water Research Institute (NWRI).

Medical whistleblowers speak out
High-profile medical whistleblowers tell their stories of how American medicine's close ties with the pharmaceutical industry may be putting patients' safety at risk.

New data demonstrate that Benicar and Benicar HCT significantly reduces systolic hypertension
Mean blood pressure drops of 35 mm hg in systolic hypertensive patients presented at the American Society of Hypertension's Twentieth Annual Scientific Meeting (ASH 2005).

All about Phoebe
Data from the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini-Huygens mission are providing convincing evidence that Saturn's moon Phoebe was formed elsewhere in the Solar System, and was only later caught by the planet's gravitational pull.

A dedicated Ariane 5 to launch Jules Verne
Jules Verne, the first Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), will be launched next year by a specific version of Ariane 5 called the Ariane 5 Evolution Storable upper stage Automated Transfer Vehicle, or A5 ES-ATV for short.

Leprosy microbes lead scientists to immune discovery
With the unusual opportunity that human leprosy infections provide for study of human immune responses, scientists have discovered how the body's early warning system prompts a rapid immune response by two separate armies of defensive cells.

CSIRO and MIT join forces in robotics
Australia's CSIRO ICT Centre has announced a collaborative research alliance which will bring researchers from MIT's computer science and artificial intelligence lab together with CSIRO researchers to work on practical applications in robotics.

Cancer as major cause of childhood death in developing countries not being adequately addressed
The emergence of cancer as a major cause of death among children in developing regions of the world is not being adequately addressed by national or international health organizations and charities, according to investigators at St.

Physicists control the flip of electron spin in new study
Today's computers and other technological gizmos operate on electronic charges, but researchers predict that a new generation of smaller, faster, more efficient devices could be developed based on another scientific concept - electronic

UNC launches study of liver injury caused by drugs
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is one of five clinical centers nationwide to receive funds from the National Institutes of Health to study why good medications are sometimes bad for the liver.

Undergraduate engineers devise basketball system for the blind
Three engineering undergraduates -- two of them starters on the Johns Hopkins women's basketball team -- have designed and built a system that uses sound emitters in the ball and on the backboard to enable blind people to play basketball.

UCF, Ga. researchers: Hurricane winds most likely to hit N.C., Florida cities
Hurricane-force winds are most likely to strike this year in Cape Hatteras, N.C., and Miami Beach and Naples, Fla., according to an analysis of coastal cities by a University of Central Florida professor and a Georgia researcher released today.
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