Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 31, 2005
New research on endocrine disrupting chemicals to be presented at ENDO 2005 - 87th Annual meeting
The 87th Annual Meeting of The Endocrine Society will take place June 3 - 7, 2005 at the San Diego Convention Center in San Diego CA.

Harmful chemicals may reprogram gene response to estrogen
New research shows that exposure to harmful chemicals and drugs during critical developmental periods early in life may actually

Tort reform associated with increase in physician supply
States that enacted malpractice reforms had an increase in their overall supply of physicians, according to a study in the June 1 issue of JAMA.

Cancer survivors may be at higher risk for cognitive dysfunction
A new study from the University of Southern California finds increased cognitive problems in long-term survivors of cancer.

Location, access to trauma centers often inadequate, inefficient
Nearly 50 millions Americans do not have access to a level I or II trauma center within an hour if they were to be seriously injured, according to a study in the June 1 issue of JAMA.

Penn study documents access to trauma centers in the United States
A study led by University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers has, for the first time, determined access to trauma centers at the national level.

Non-dieters more successful at boosting health than dieters, study finds
Behavior change and self-acceptance trump dieting when it comes to achieving long-term health improvements in obese women, according to a study by University of California, Davis, nutritionists.

People with diabetes more sensitive to cardiovascular effects from air pollution
People with diabetes may be at higher risk for cardiovascular problems when air pollution levels are higher, according to a new study of Boston-area residents.

May/June 2005 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
At a time when chronic diseases have become more widespread and are often poorly controlled, a cluster of three articles in the current issue of Annals of Family Medicine tackles important questions about comorbidity and chronic disease.

Richer nations at more risk of schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is more common in developed countries than poorer nations, but it is less widespread than previously thought.

College of Nursing faculty member honored for excellence as nurse educator
The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services (NJDHSS) will present its 2005 Governor's Nursing Merit Award for excellence in the nurse educator category to Mary Ann Scoloveno, a Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member, during a dinner at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, Princeton on June 8.

Children in foster care may be underaccounted for in the Medicaid program
The currently accepted statistics for numbers of children who live in foster care and are eligible for Medicaid may seriously underestimate the actual figure, according to a new analysis by pediatric researchers at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

miRNA profiling
Dr. Thomas Tuschl and colleagues describe the most comprehensive profile to date of microRNA (miRNA) expression during zebrafish development.

Delirium in non-ventilated patients - predictor of longer hospital stay
A study published today in the journal Critical Care reveals for the first time that nearly half of non-ventilated patients in intensive care units (ICU) experience delirium, which is also an independent predictor of longer hospital stay.

Reservoirs may accelerate the spread of invasive aquatic species, researchers say
The construction of reservoirs around the globe could be contributing to the accelerating spread of exotic aquatic species, according to a Forum article in the June 2005 issue of BioScience.

Astronomers hot on the trail of nature's exotic flashers, the short gamma-ray bursts
Unlike gamma-ray bursts created by collapsing stars,

Psychosocial aspects of genetic testing for hereditary cancers meeting at Jefferson June 9-10
While the discovery and identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 -- the so-called breast cancer genes -- ushered in a quiet revolution in genetic testing for hereditary cancer in the mid-1990s, the accompanying psychological and social issues have taken on new importance as well.

African HIV subtypes identified in Minnesota population
Public health researchers in Minnesota recently identified 83 persons infected with subtypes of HIV-1 that are not common in the United States, according to a report published in the June 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Leading theories of cosmic explosions contradicted in a flash
Observations of a cosmic explosion detected on Feb. 15 by two NASA satellites have thrown into doubt one popular explanation for such explosions and have also seriously weakened the argument for yet another, according to University of Chicago astrophysicist Don Lamb.

Newly developed treatment for severe grief shown more effective than standard therapy
A recently developed method for treating complicated grief, which includes discussing certain aspects of the death of a loved one, was found more effective than a standard therapy for depression, according to a study in the June 1 issue of JAMA.

Shorter course of radiotherapy effective for palliation of painful bone metastases
A single treatment of 8 gray (Gy--a unit of measure of absorbed radiation dose) of radiation appears to be as effective in palliating painful bone metastases as the current U.S. standard treatment course of 30 Gy delivered in 10 daily treatments, according to a new study in the June 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Cancer patients have increased risk of cognitive dysfunction, study finds
Cancer patients may have an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction compared with individuals who have never had cancer, according to a new study in the June 1 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Evolution 2005 Conference
Evolution 2005 is a jointly sponsored, annual conference of the Society for the Study of Evolution, the Society of Systematic Biologists, and the American Society of Naturalists.

Other highlights in the June 1 JNCI
Other highlights in the June 1 JNCI include a study of cancer risk in ATM mutation carriers, the results of a trial testing UDCA for the prevention of colorectal adenoma recurrence, a description of a potential molecular target for the treatment of malignant glioma, and a study of NM23 gene expression and metastasis in a mouse model of cancer.

Love's all in the brain: fMRI study shows strong, lateralized reward, not sex, drive
Einstein/SUNY Stony Brook/Rutgers team find quantifiable love responses in fMRIs of 17 young people who were newly, madly in love.

Health professionals should quit being passive about smoking
Health professionals should push for a smoking ban in hospitals, research facilities, and health-care clinics as well as in public places, states a comment published online today (Tuesday May 31, 2005) by The Lancet to coincide with World No Tobacco Day.

New complicated grief treatment holds promise for millions, Pitt researchers report
More than a million people in the United States each year develop a chronic, debilitating condition known as complicated grief that is more intense than normal grief yet different than clinical depression and is both under recognized and under treated.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings studies risk factors for blood clots
The prolonged immobility of flight passengers during long-haul air travel increases the risk of developing blood clots, which could prove fatal especially to people whose travel occurs just prior to major surgery, medical researchers report in the current issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Messenger peeks at Earth
NASA's Mercury-bound MESSENGER spacecraft -- less than three months from an Earth flyby that will slingshot it toward the inner solar system -- successfully tested its main camera by snapping distant approach shots of Earth and the Moon.

ESC emphasizes underestimated effects of tobacco use
The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) is calling on health professionals to join efforts toward tobacco control by underscoring the importance of effects of tobacco use which have been underestimated in the past.

Einstein Year 2005: Measuring the shape of distant stars using gravitational microlensing
An international team of astronomers has used a phenomenon first predicted by Einstein in 1936, called gravitational lensing, to determine the shape of stars.

Practice of defensive medicine widespread among physicians in specialties at high risk of lawsuits
More than 90 percent of surveyed physicians in Pennsylvania reported defensive medicine practices such as over-ordering of diagnostic tests, unnecessary referrals and avoidance of high-risk patients, according to a study in the June 1 issue of JAMA.

New technique appears to stop abnormal blood vessel growth
Dr. Balamurali K. Ambati, corneal specialist at the Medical College of Georgia, is studying a new approach to halting growth of blood vessels that can cause blindness or help tumors survive.

Navigating an integrated yeast network
Scientists have for the first time mapped multiple complex biological interactions in a yeast cell in a simple graphical form, enhancing our understanding of how the networks of interaction by which components of a cell influence one another.
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