Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 01, 2005
Day care settings are a significant source of indoor allergens
Researchers studying day care facilities in the South have found the facilities to be a significant source for indoor allergen levels.

Genetic variation alters response to common anti-clotting drug
Millions of people take the anticoagulant drug warfarin to prevent harmful clotting after a heart attack, stroke, or major surgery.

UC Davis Cancer Center awarded $4.5 million
UC Davis Cancer Center has received $4.48 million from the National Cancer Institute to lead a new nationwide effort aimed at reducing cancer in Asian Americans.

Pay up or the PC gets it
The FBI is warning that criminals have found a way to kidnap documents on your computer by exploiting encryption technology originally designed to protect your data.

Cities lead the way to greener world
City governments tired of waiting for national action on global warming, are taking the initiative to cut greenhouse gas emissions on the local level instead.

Gram-negative bacteria shoot their way into cells
The bacteria that cause food poisoning, bubonic plague, and whooping cough all deploy the same weapon to infect the body.

ESA and ECMWF sign agreement to exchange information and expertise
An agreement signed at ESA Headquarters in Paris yesterday by Director-General Jean Jacques Dordain of ESA and Director Dominique Marbouty of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) and attended by ESA Earth Observation Director Volker Liebig establishes long-term cooperation between these two international organisations.

American Indians and Alaska Native veterans have higher mortality rate after surgery than Caucasians
Contributing to growing literature on marked racial and ethnic disparities in US healthcare, a study led by Dartmouth Medical School has concluded that American Indians and Alaska Natives have a greater chance of death within 30 days of surgery and suffer more from several preoperative risks compared to Caucasian patients.

Treating autism 'right the first time'
Autism therapy is bedeviled by unpredictable outcomes. A new study by UC San Diego researchers develops a predictive profile and successfully matches autistic children with an appropriate treatment.

NIEHS brings researchers and leaders together to find environmental solutions to childhood obesity
National and community leaders join researchers today to sort out how a child's environment increases the risk for obesity and to identify ways the environment can be changed to address this health epidemic.

Brain networks change according to cognitive task
A newly released method to analyze fMRI enabled researchers to demonstrate that interconnections between different brain areas are dynamic.

Researchers develop new concept for single molecule transistor
Molecular electronics--using molecules in the construction of electronic circuitry--just took a significant step closer to reality.

High cost of malpractice insurance threatens supply of ob/gyns, especially in some urban areas
The high cost of malpractice insurance for some medical specialties affects not only how many doctors are entering the field of obstetrics and gynecology, but also where they offer their widely needed obstetric, prenatal and gynecological care, according to new University of Michigan Health System research.

Stress, mood and other factors may affect mom's diet during pregnancy
Stress, anxiety, fatigue and other psychosocial characteristics may influence the food choices women make during pregnancy, according to a study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Research cluster to improve competitiveness of B.C. forest industry
A new collaborative forest-research effort will harness the research and innovation capabilities present in British Columbia to improve the competitiveness of the forest industry and increase the economic and social value of Canada's forests.

DOE JGI releases latest version of IMG
An enhanced version of the Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) data management system has been released by the U.S.

Despite alternatives, addictive drugs most often prescribed for sleep problems
Nearly one out of two visits to a doctor's office for help with a sleep disorder result in the prescription of potentially addictive medications, a new study reports.

Home-based intervention increases physical activity in breast cancer survivors
Breast cancer survivors who receive weekly phone calls and direct mail promoting physical activity are likely to be more physically active and experience improved psychological outcomes.

Air pollution raises risk for dangerous arrhythmias among people with ICDs
Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues from Boston area medical institutions have linked short term high pollution concentrations with an increased incidence of irregular and very dangerous heart arrhythmias among a group of cardiac patients from the greater Boston area who had implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICD).

Drug to block mother-to-child HIV transmission induces resistance more often than previously thought
The incidence of drug resistance associated with single-dose nevirapine, a drug used to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1, may be substantially higher than previously thought and of particular risk for those infected with HIV-1 subtype C, according to three new studies published in the July 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Lactose intolerance linked to ancestral environment
People whose ancestors came from where dairy herds could be raised safely can digest milk as adults.

A few 30 second sprints as beneficial as hour long jog
Just six minutes of intense exercise a week could be as effective as an hour of daily moderate activity suggests new findings from researchers at McMaster University.

Exploring the 'corner-of-your-eye' phenomenon
Look at something red in the room, and you'll be more likely to notice something red out of the corner of your eye, elsewhere in the room.

Most heart failure cases are discovered after patients are admitted to hospital
About three out of four people diagnosed at a hospital with congestive heart failure were admitted for some other health condition, a new study found.

Dartmouth professor finds prescription drug advertising 'walks a communications tightrope'
Dartmouth linguistics expert Lewis Glinert studies how people use and interpret language, and two of his studies appear in the June issue of the journal Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

The Gerontological Society of America chooses 2005 Hartford faculty scholars
The Gerontological of America is proud to introduce the ten newest geriatric social work faculty members to be chosen for the Hartford Faculty Scholars Program.

Status of US citizens influences economic aid to Mexico/Asia
Whether or not legislators vote to help rescue weaker economies depends on the skill and education levels of their constituents back home.

June 2005 Ophthalmology journal
Studies from the June 2005 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, are now available.

Removing the spleen may help fight leukemia, mouse model suggests
Early surgical removal of the spleen combined with antiangiogenic cancer therapy may halt the progression of leukemia, according to scientists at Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre.

Rapid-scanning doppler on wheels keeps pace with twisters
A multibeam Doppler radar that scans storms every 5 to 10 seconds is prowling the Great Plains through June in search of its first close-up tornado.

Water quality a major focus of $14 million grant to the University of Arizona
The detection, remediation and prevention of water contamination in the Southwest and its human health effects will be a major thrust of The University of Arizona's Superfund Basic Research Program (SBRP) in the next five years.

Experimental shingles vaccine proves effective in nationwide study
In one of the largest adult vaccine clinical trials ever, researchers have found that an experimental vaccine against shingles (zoster vaccine) prevented about half of cases of shingles--a painful nerve and skin infection--and dramatically reduced its severity and complications in vaccinated persons who got the disease.

New NHLBI-sponsored study shows programs can teach children to eat healthier
Parents, take heart: You can teach your child to eat healthier.

Scientists use gene transfer technology and common virus to block neuropathic pain
Scientists at the U-M Medical School have developed a way to block the signals responsible for neuropathic pain.

International conference on bipolar disorder June 16-18 a forum for new research
New findings in clinical and basic science research will be presented for the first time at the Sixth International Conference on Bipolar Disorder, June 16 - 18, among them results of a national survey indicating bipolar disorder, commonly known as manic depression, is much more prevalent than previously believed.

Stress may increase long-term success of vaccinations
The latest study in a series of Ohio State University research projects looking at the differences between acute and chronic stress suggests that acute, or short-term, stress may actually increase a vaccine's effectiveness.

New information on reproductive health in St Petersburg
Abortions are still very common in St Petersburg, as is the use of unreliable contraceptives, despite the fact that sexual education reaches out to young people better than before.

Yale scientists identify structure for RNA quality control
A report by Yale scientists in the journal Cell sheds new light on how the protein Ro, a major autoantigen in patients with autoimmune disease, recognizes misfolded RNAs, creating a RNA quality control system for cells.

European experiments successfully launched aboard Foton spacecraft
An unmanned Foton-M spacecraft carrying a mainly European payload was put into orbit by a Russian Soyuz-U launcher today at 14:00 Central European Time (18:00 local time) from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Supercomputer simulations explain the formation of galaxies and quasars in the universe
An international team of astrophysicists led by researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics presents the worldwide largest simulation of the universe and an accurate theoretical model for the growth of galaxies and supermassive black holes.

Skin infections caused by MRSA are cured more often when treated with Pfizer's ZYVOX®
Pfizer's antibiotic ZYVOX® (linezolid injection, tablets, and for oral suspension) is more effective than vancomycin for the treatment of complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTIs) caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), according to the largest MRSA cSSTIs study to date published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

UCI awarded $40 million to establish regional biodefense and infectious disease research center
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) has awarded UC Irvine $40 million over four years to establish the Pacific-Southwest Center for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research -- one of only 10 federally funded regional centers dedicated to research for countering threats from bioterrorism agents and infectious diseases.

New NIAID grants strengthen national biodefense and emerging infectious diseases research network
NIAID, part of the NIH, announced four-year grants totaling approximately $80 million for two new Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research (RCE).

Airbags associated with increased automobile accident deaths, according to new UGA study
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that airbags installed in automobiles have saved some 10,000 lives as of January 2004.

Pfizer's antifungal VFEND® provides significant cost advantages when used as initial therapy
Initial therapy with Pfizer's antifungal treatment, VFEND® (voriconazole), IV for injection, tablets, and oral suspension, has significant cost advantages over the standard therapy, amphotericin B deoxycholate, for patients with invasive aspergillosis infections, according to a study in the June issue of Pharmacotherapy.

Highlights of the June 2005 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
Adolescent girls skip breakfast more frequently as they grow older, with African-American girls more likely to skip their morning meal than white girls, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Launch of BMC Veterinary Research
BioMed Central today announces the launch of BMC Veterinary Research, the first international Open Access journal to cover all areas of veterinary science and medicine.

MSKCC researchers uncover structure of key protein complex in cells
Scientists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) have uncovered the structure of a network of proteins that help regulate the life cycle of cells.

Elusive salamanders have role in developing new sampling models
Rare salamanders at a Georgia military base are the guinea pigs for Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers whose goal is to develop methods to better determine whether a species has vanished.

Where life's memories are stored
By studying in detail the ability of patients with selective brain damage to recall events in their past, researchers, led by Larry R.

New study has surprise findings on childhood depression
A child's social environment may have only a modest effect on whether very young children become depressed, according to new Australian research.

Eleven gene 'signature' reliably predicts cancer prognosis
In a revolutionary JCI study researchers evaluated patients with 10 different types of cancer.

Drugs from the deep blue
For Tadeusz Molinski, the sea is full of riches -- and he does not mean oil fields or fisheries.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for June 2005 (first issue)
Newsworthy research shows that: in a 21-year study of adults from age 19 to 40, researchers found a long-term relationship between asthma and panic; the exhaled breath from patients with lung cancer has distinct characteristics that allow such patients to be identified by an electronic nose; and in a study of 5,262 lung transplant patients 43 percent of those who died within 30 days after transplantation had primary graft dysfunction.

Better screening for sexual and physical abuse could improve the health of minority adolescent women
Minority adolescent women have the highest rates of sexually transmitted diseases which places them at higher risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and HIV/STD, a recent study shows.

Ancient floods on Mars: Where Iani Chaos opens into Ares Vallis
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) aboard ESA's Mars Express spacecraft, show a large depression called Iani Chaos and the upper reaches of a large outflow channel called Ares Vallis.

Optimizing cell therapy against tumors is a balancing ACT
ACT therapy is used to treat patients with metastatic solid tumors.

Diabetes, hypertension and obesity negatively effect joint replacement outcomes
Using a database of nearly 1 million Americans who underwent major joint replacement surgery, a team led by researchers at Duke University Medical Center have determined those surgical patients with diabetes, hypertension or obesity were significantly more likely to suffer post-operative complications.

Looking deep in Earth, researchers see upwellings that could be root of volcanic islands
Deep within Earth, researchers are finding hints of exotic materials and behaviors unrivaled anywhere else on the planet.
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