Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 02, 2005
Baby, you can drive my song
A new University of Southern California computer system lets a user

The link between passive and active smoking and breast cancer
Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers among women in Western countries.

Inventory established for European space test facilities
The ESTEC Test Centre is one of the four major test centres in Europe for the verification of spacecraft at system level, the others being Industrieanlagen-Betriebsgesellschaft (IABG), INTESPACE (ITS), and the Alcatel Test Centre in Cannes.

Scientists find a maturity gene
University of Utah researchers showed that a fruit fly gene is crucial for determining when juveniles begin to mature into adults, and how the transformation initially proceeds.

Is a picture really worth a thousand words?
Almost every advertisement is accompanied by a visual image. And consumers use these images to infer about the product being offered.

How you feel drives how you choose
How do you think emotions affect your choices during challenging decisions, such as compromising on vehicle safety to get better gas mileage on a car?

Hebrew University researcher develops compounds to control bacteria
A method for controlling bacterial activity without antibiotics by interfering with their communication process has been developed by a young Hebrew University of Jerusalem researcher.

New insights into role of tumor necrosis factor on sex hormone production in rheumatoid arthritis
A new study featured in the June 2005 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism sheds new light on suppression of androgen by TNF in RA patients, as well as on the different nature of inflammation in RA from the most common inflammatory disease: osteoarthritis (OA).

Knee injury causes decrease in lubrication, has implications for arthritis
Researchers have found an association between inflammation from knee injuries and a progressive loss of joint lubrication, which may predispose people to arthritis.

New law for resolution allows unprecedented sharpness in fluorescence microscopy
Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen establish a new law allowing unlimited optical resolution in fluorescence microscopy.

Higher medicaid payments are good, but not great
Increased Medicaid payments can improve access and care for beneficiaries, but the effects are not dramatic.

Canada Wood: New funding announced to strengthen markets
Canada's wood industry is bridging new markets around the world with the help of a joint government-industry export development program.

From sound analysis to nicotine addiction
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) will fund sixteen new Priority Programmes from the beginning of 2006.

JCI table of contents July 1, 2005
This press release contains links, author contacts, and summaries of the following newsworthy papers to be published online on June 2 and in advance of our July 1 print edition: Vaccine targets tumors where they live; Protease inhibitors reach beyond HIV; The Type 1 diabetes -- T cell link; Nixing arthritis with NIK; Regulating regulatory T cells without thymic help; Treating HIV with IL-2 produces a new subset of T cells; and TGF beta system sees cancer coming.

Benefits of continuous NSAID use in ankylosing spondylitis
Featured in the June 2005 issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism, this study offers hope for decreasing the progression of AS, without increasing the risk of peptic ulcers or other adverse events.

A radical solution for environmental pollution
Nature abounds with examples of bacteria that can thrive in extreme situations---surviving on toxic chemicals, for instance.

Healthy buildings go beyond green
The Washington area's top green developer, Jeffrey Abramson of the award-winning Tower Companies, will present to architects and developers plans for the world's largest Vedic green office building-

Fungal contamination in breast implant surgery: A rare, preventable complication
Although apparently uncommon, fungal contamination of saline-filled breast implants is readily preventable, according to a study in the July 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online.

Vanilla vs. rocky road
Why did our parents' crayon box only yield six colors while kids today are enjoying a dizzying 120?!

Novel combination overcomes drug-resistant myeloma cells
A novel strategy devised by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists has proved highly effective in killing drug-resistant multiple myeloma cells in the laboratory and could open a new form of attack on the deadly blood cancer, they report.

ARC solar thermal building product demonstrates energy savings of 48 per cent
Researchers at the Alberta Research Council Inc. (ARC) have completed a pilot study identifying a more efficient technology to insulate homes, reducing space heating costs for homeowners.

How constraints influence consumer behavior
Although many people do not consider themselves very creative, the opposite is actually true according to research in the June 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research examining consumer creativity.

Crazed by consumption!
With consumption comes a cost, says a report in the June 2005 issue the Journal of Consumer Research.

Virus uses tiny RNA to evade the immune system
HHMI researchers have found that a virus appears to cloak itself with a recently discovered gene silencing device to evade detection and destruction by immune cells.

Visual screening could prevent 37,000 deaths from mouth cancer worldwide
Visually screening the mouths of individuals at high-risk of oral cancer could prevent around 37,000 worldwide deaths annually from the disease, suggests a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Study: Plants use dual defense system to fight pathogens
Researchers have uncovered the link between two biochemical pathways that plants use to defend themselves against pathogens - pathways that scientists have long believed worked independently of each other.

Software addresses terrorist building threats
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) economists have released risk assessment software that building owners and managers can use to identify and guard against terrorist threats to their facilities.

Vaccine targets tumors where they live
Effective vaccines against tumors require T cells to traffic to the tumors and get locally activated to kill cancer cells.

Alternatives to conventional solder help electronics manufacturers get the lead out
Improvements in electrically conductive adhesives and alternative solder materials are helping manufacturers get the lead out of consumer electronic devices.

Good, bad and indifferent
We each have that one flavor of jelly bean -- the one that we can consume endlessly in one sitting.

NIST photon detectors have record efficiency
Sensors that detect and count single photons, the smallest quantities of light, with 88 percent efficiency have been demonstrated by NIST physicists.

Love thy stuff
How does the saying go? Love what you drive, don't drive what you love?

New technique aids nano-electronic manufacturing
By merging the latest principles of lithography and self-assembly block-copolymer techniques, researchers at UW-Madison and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland developed a hybrid approach that maximizes the benefits and minimizes the limitations of each approach to nano-manufacturing.

Penny pinching
Have you ever wondered why prices do not often end in simple round numbers?

Einstein researchers identify new way that bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics
Scientists at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have discovered a novel strategy by which the bacterium that causes tuberculosis may soon be able to resist the effects of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones.

JAMA study finds whooping cough vaccine effective, safe for teens and adults
The Journal of the American Medical Association today announced that a study to be published in the June 22/29 issue found that a new vaccine against whooping cough is effective in teens and adults, carriers of the contagious respiratory disease so dangerous to infants.

Millennium simulation
The Virgo consortium, an international group of astrophysicists from the UK, Germany, Japan, Canada and the USA has today (June 2nd) released first results from the largest and most realistic simulation ever of the growth of cosmic structure and the formation of galaxies and quasars.

Fitter by degress? Higher education no panacea for adult health
Poor education may be linked to bad health, but simply putting more of us through university will not ensure adults are fit and well, according to new research sponsored by the ESRC.

Variant prion protein causes infection but no symptoms
Abnormal prion proteins are little-understood disease agents involved in causing horrific brain-wasting diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease in people, mad cow disease in cattle and chronic wasting disease in deer and elk.

Exposure to carcinogenic crop toxin lowered by simple intervention
Exposure to a cancer-causing toxin that contaminates crops in developing countries can be reduced by a simple, cost-effective intervention on post-harvest storage, concludes a study in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Prescription of heroin is less costly for society
Prescribing methadone plus heroin to chronic, treatment resistant addicts is less costly than methadone alone because it reduces criminal behaviour, finds a study in this week's BMJ.

Consumer literacy
With more than one fifth of American consumers considered functionally illiterate, the assumption that consumer research and the related marketing techniques should be focused solely on literate consumers may be inaccurate.

DOE JGI sequences DNA from extinct cave bear
The genomic DNA sequencing of an extinct Pleistocene cave bear species, has been logged into scientific literature thanks to investigators from the U.S.

Is there a link between childhood cancer and overhead power lines?
Children living close to high voltage overhead power lines at birth may be at an increased risk of leukaemia, finds a large study in this week's BMJ.

Single gene is genetic switch for fly sexual behavior
A single neuronal gene in Drosophila, called fruitless, is the switch that determines how male and female flies behave during courtship, according to new research.

Scripps-led global ocean warming research paper published in Science
Research led by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, that describes the first clear evidence of human-produced warming in the world's oceans will be published June 2, 2005, in the peer-reviewed journal Science.

Shadow technique improves measurement of micro holes
A new measurement method developed by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses the shadow cast by a small glass probe to infer the dimensions of tiny, microscale holes or other micrometer-sized components with an uncertainty of only 35 nanometers.

Greater risk of death for cardiac surgery patients with long ICU stay
A recent study determined that patients who underwent recent cardiac surgical procedures and had prolonged stay in the intensive care unit had lower survival rates and lower quality of life.

From memory formation during sleep to novel components for physics
Eight of the 16 new Collaborative Research Centres established by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) as of 1 July 2005 are primarily focussed on the life sciences.

Loyola employs high-tech software to target irregular heartbeat more accurately
Loyola University Health System is one of the first hospitals in the United States to employ new high-tech imaging software - in conjunction with a three-dimensional cardiac mapping and navigation system - to locate more accurately the abnormal electrical impulses that produce heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias).

Dealing with dying
In our post 9/11 world, Americans demand more -- more food, more drink, more time with friends and family, and more time for religion.

Branded young
An article in the June 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research reports on findings from a series of studies into the development of self-brand connections in children and young adults.

GroPep news: Key psoriasis patent granted in Japan and new asthma patent filed for GroPep drug
Biopharmaceutical company GroPep Limited, (ASX: GRO) made two significant patent announcements today: (1) the granting in Japan of a key patent covering the active ingredient of its developmental psoriasis drug, PP0102.

New authentication code urged for digital data
The National Institute of Standards and Technology is recommending a new algorithm for authenticating digital data for federal agencies.

Research into the role of friendship among gay and lesbians
The role of friendship in care giving among gay men and lesbians provides a number of valuable lessons for other sectors of society according to San Francisco-based researcher Dr.

Exposure to aircraft noise may affect children's reading and memory
Exposure to high levels of aircraft noise could impair the development of reading and memory in children, suggests a study published in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Protease inhibitors reach beyond HIV
The immunodeficiency that arises in HIV may be due to excessive programmed cell death of immune CD4 T cells.

Infection-fighting strategy backfires in cystic fibrosis
Cells sent to fight infections in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients actually enhance the development of permanent bacterial infections, according to new research.

Native lands issues to be highlighted at 8th World Wilderness Congress
In light of these diverse and positive experiences, the 8th World Wilderness Congress (WWC) will, for the first time ever, bring together as many as 30 indigenous groups - from the United States, Canada, Central and South America, Asia and Africa - with the goal of forming an international Native Lands and Wilderness Council.

Developing nervous system sculpted by opposing chemical messengers
A newborn baby moves, breathes and cries in part because a network of nerves called motor neurons carry signals from the infant's brain and spinal cord to muscles throughout its body.

GroPep announces US FDA approval of biopharmaceutical that uses its cell culture product
Biopharmaceutical company, GroPep Limited, announced today that a biopharmaceutical - with a key raw material ingredient supplied by GroPep - has received regulatory approval in the USA.

Green diesel: New process makes liquid transportation fuel from plants
University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Engineering researchers have discovered a new way to make a diesel-like liquid fuel from carbohydrates commonly found in plants.

The consumer's cache
An article in the June 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research contends that consumers do not always want to show off their belongings.

Meeting slated to discuss structural steel and fire
The World Trade Center terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, showed the critical importance of fire resistant materials for structural steel.

Dinosaur fossil bone leads to gender, age determinations
Paleontologists at North Carolina State University have determined that a 68 million year-old Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil from Montana is that of a young female, and that she was producing eggs when she died.

Diabetes knowledge has little effect on improving outcomes
A new study by Duke Clinical Research Institute researchers finds little relationship between what a diabetic patient knows about the disease and control of its associated cardiovascular risk factors or how well the patient ultimately fares.

Making up your mind
Imagine a shiny new BMW sitting in your driveway. Now, imagine a shiny new Hyundai.

Cueing in on quality
Should you get the red car or the black one?

Booster vaccine for adolescents and adults that includes protection against pertussis shows promise
A new combination vaccine not yet on the market appears to provide a booster for immunity against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis for adolescents and adults and was found to have a similar overall safety profile when compared to the current licensed tetanus-diphtheria vaccine, according to a new study in JAMA.

ARVO presents Ocular Cell and Molecular Biology Conference
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) has extended the deadline for abstract submissions to June 16, 2005 for its Ocular Cell and Molecular Biology (OCMB) Conference to be held September 8-10, 2005 at the Colony Beach and Tennis Resort in Sarasota, Fla.

Charge it!
Research in the June 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research investigates how credit cards serve as lifestyle facilitators, allowing us to buy what we previously could not and to live a life that otherwise would be unattainable.

New plant DNA libraries provides massive boost to world's plant researchers
Researchers at the University of Warwick's horticultural research arm Warwick HRI have created an extensive new range of libraries of plant DNA that will provide a massive boost to the world's plant researchers.

Washington State University study points to role of toxins in inherited disease
A disease you are suffering today could be a result of your great-grandmother being exposed to an environmental toxin during pregnancy.
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