Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 08, 2005
Mount Sinai Hospital researcher develops Canada's first embryonic stem cell lines
A senior scientist at Mount Sinai Hospital has developed Canada's first two human embryonic stem cell lines, giving researchers across the country new potential and hope for eventually discovering treatments and cures for many chronic and fatal diseases.

Van Berkel earns Biemann Medal for contributions to mass spec field
Gary Van Berkel of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Chemical Sciences Division has been awarded the Biemann Medal by the American Society for Mass Spectrometry.

College students have evolved from clients to consumers
Over the past two generations, the marketplace forces in higher education have resulted in the evolution of college students into consumers, affecting the nature of learning and favoring affluent students who can afford academic resources, says a Penn State researcher.

Once given 'no respect,' cells' tiny RNAS take driver's seat
Ribonucleic acid, or RNA, has long been thought to be important only to translate a gene's DNA into the proteins that are cells' workhorses.

Minorities receive less diabetes-related prevention care
African-American and Hispanic patients with diabete are less likely than white patients to get eye exams, flu shots or cholesterol tests as part of their diabetes prevention care, according to a new review of recent studies in the latest issue of American Journal of Managed Care.

Crime victims may benefit from UC PhD recipient's findings
New research on victimization by UC PhD recipient Shannon Santana shows that the severity of crimes can be reduced by matching the right defensive response to the type of attack being perpetrated.

First annual Global Conservation Award announced at World Ocean Day
Carlos Manuel Rodriguez received the first annual Global Conservation Award during the World Ocean Day in Washington, D.C. today for his efforts in Costa Rica.

Researchers determine temperature-driven rootworm forecast
Western corn rootworm can chew through as much as $1 billion yearly due to lost production and treatment costs across the corn belt.

FSU meteorologists' work may lead to better tracking of hurricanes
Recently, two NASA-funded scientists from Florida State University analyzed ozone levels surrounding hurricanes.

New report on human security in war-torn societies contrasts local views with outside personnel
A new study by researchers at the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts University found that local people in war-torn societies view peace and security in vastly different ways than international military and aid personnel serving there.

SMART-1 detects calcium on the Moon
Thanks to measurements by the D-CIXS X-ray spectrometer, ESA's SMART-1 spacecraft has made the first ever unambiguous remote-sensing detection of calcium on the Moon.

Unweaving amyloid fibers to solve prion puzzles
Amyloid fibers are best known as the plaque that gunks up neurons in people with neurodegenerative illnesses such as Alzheimer's and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease--the human analog of mad cow disease.

Symposium honors achievements of Fox Chase Cancer Center Nobel Laureate Baruch Blumberg
Fox Chase Cancer Center will honor the lifetime achievement of Nobel Laureate Baruch S.

Study establishes new class of cancer-causing genes
Over the past few years, scientists have discovered that a new class of genetic regulators called

'Molecular zipper' may hold important clues to Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and mad cow disease
An international team of chemists and molecular biologists has discovered a fundamental molecular mechanism that seems to play an important role in Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, mad cow disease, and two dozen other degenerative and fatal diseases.

TV confuses children about which foods are healthy, new study finds
Despite -- or perhaps because of -- the barrage of information about food that they consume while watching television, kids are getting the wrong message about healthy eating.

New hope for treating heart rhythm irregularity that often follows surgery
Atrial fibrillation, one of the most common and least manageable postoperative complications of heart surgery may soon have an effective treatment.

A new insight into breast cancer: Breast density is directly related to breast cancer
Research published today in the journal Breast Cancer Research reveals that the density of tissue in the breast is a risk factor for the development of tumours.

Ozone levels drop when hurricanes are strengthening
Scientists are continually exploring different aspects of hurricanes to increase the understanding of how they behave.

Digging in the dirt for life's biochemical foundations
It seems a mighty feat for a microscopic fungus built from threadlike filaments.

CI launches unprecedented marine conservation initiatives
Conservation International announced major initiatives tonight that will create marine protected areas, increase marine research, and identify priorities for conserving marine species on an unprecedented scale.

Are microRNAs oncogenes?
In discoveries that may open a new chapter in understanding and diagnosing cancer, Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators and their colleagues have established that tiny microRNAs provide a novel genetic route to the initiation of some forms of cancer.

Johns Hopkins study shows home test kits highly effective against sexually transmitted diseases
Researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have evidence that more than one-third of young women are willing and able to use a free, easily available home test kit to privately and accurately learn if they are infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in this group.

Study shows ramelteon reduced insomnia symptoms in elderly
Results from a Phase 3, three-way crossover study presented at the National Institutes of Mental Health New Clinical Drug Evaluation Unit (NCDEU) Scientific Conference on Wednesday, June 8, showed that ramelteon, an investigational compound currently undergoing review with the FDA for the treatment of insomnia, helped elderly patients with chronic insomnia fall asleep faster and sleep longer compared to placebo.

The universe, appearing at a reactor near you
Nuclear fusion reactors could be used as models to study the early universe.

US specialists call for heart patients to be screened for psychological distress
Heart patients should be screened for psychological distress and, if necessary, referred for help from mental health professionals, according to the authors of research published (Thursday 9 June) in Europe's leading cardiology journal, the European Heart Journal.

Mayo Clinic case series illuminates connection between welding, brain damage
A Mayo Clinic case series analysis has pinpointed for the first time syndromes associated with toxic damage to the brain and nervous system from manganese fumes generated during welding.

Several minute intermediate stage in virus-cell fusion discovered; opportunity for drug development
To ignite a life-threatening infection in the body, a virus such as HIV invades body cells by first merging, or fusing, with the cell's outer membrane.

Clear rules needed to govern deep sea bioprospecting: UNU
Vast genetic resources -

Home care managers should implement strategies to reduce high nurse turnover
Home care administrators should implement strategies that create a culture of nurse retention, according to a Rutgers College of Nursing faculty member.

NHGRI selects 13 new targets for large-scale sequencing program
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), announced today that the Large-Scale Sequencing Research Network will target 13 more organisms as part of its ongoing effort to produce genomic data that will expand biological knowledge and improve human health.

Waterloo engineering students in race to the future
The University of Waterloo has joined 16 other top North American universities as teams of engineering students compete to design the vehicles of the future.

Raisins as a functional food for oral health
Compounds found in raisins fight bacteria in the mouth that cause cavities and gum disease, according to research presented today at the 105th General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology.

Autism and X-fragile syndrome
According to the World Health Organisation, the definition of autism is based on a specific pattern of behaviour characteristics, as neither its aetiology nor pathology is defined.

UIC developing drug for SARS
A prototype drug created by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago shows promise in slowing replication of the virus responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS.

UCSD computer scientists develop ubiquitous video application for 3D environments
Computer scientists at UC San Diego unveiled a new technique for mixing images and live video feeds from roving cameras to provide remote viewers with a virtual window into a physical environment.

Consumers suspicious of sponsored links
Sponsored links are marketed as a sure-fire way to lure consumers to specific Web sites, but a Penn State study shows most online shoppers don't take the bait.

Despite WHO/UNICEF push for 'rooming-in,' mothers and babies being separated at birth
Mothers of newborns are not rooming-in with their babies, even when they think it is valuable, according to a study published in Birth.

Florida Tech receives $430,000 from NASA for lunar oxygen project
Florida Tech is collaborating with British Titanium, Cambridge University and the Kennedy Space Center on a NASA-funded project to produce oxygen from the Moon's regolith (top soil covering solid rock).

Phthalates found in infants treated in NICUs that use devices containing phthalates
Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), two Harvard-affiliated hospitals, and the U.S.

Veterans of first Gulf War have more chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia
More than a decade after the first Gulf War in 1991, a detailed comparison of the health of veterans who were deployed to the Persian Gulf region and veterans who served elsewhere has found that the health of the two groups is very similar.

Plant pathologists explore using fungi to control plant diseases
The use of endophytes, non-harmful fungi, bacteria, or viruses that naturally grow inside plants, is an emerging tool for managing plant diseases, say plant pathologists with The American Phytopathological Society (APS).

Researchers get first peek at amyloid's spine
Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have provided the first detailed look at the core structure of the abnormal protein filaments found in at least 20 devastating diseases, ranging from Alzheimer's to Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the human version of

Can two killers make a cure?
Regulators in the US could soon be asked to approve a human trial of gene therapy for cystic fibrosis that uses a hybrid of the HIV and Ebola viruses.

NJIT student named Fellow by NJ Commission on Science and Technology
Adnan Gundel, a graduate student at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) who is developing a biomedical device to help cardiac and lung patients monitor their conditions, was named a New Jersey Technology Fellow by the New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology.
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