Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 13, 2005
Study shows eutrophic lakes may not recover for a millennium
Although it has taken just 60 years for humans to put many freshwater lakes on the eutrophication fast track, a new study shows their recovery may take a thousand years under the best of circumstances.

Researchers identify new catfish family
New catfish family doesn't fit into patterns established in an area of diverse life in southern Mexico region.

Scientists gain insight into spring onset, better forecasting expected
Scientists have discovered that the interplay between two layers of the atmosphere plays a major role in the arrival of spring -- a finding that could lead to improved weather and climate forecasting.

News briefs from the journal CHEST June 2005
News briefs from the journal CHEST highlight studies related to lung volume reduction surgery and emphysema, obesity and mortality rate in the MICU, and lung function and cardiovascular disease.

Diets rich in calcium and vitamin D may decrease risk of PMS
A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D may lower the risk of developing premenstrual syndrome (PMS), according to a study in the June 13 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Pediatricians lack confidence in managing obesity, and their own weight might be an important factor
If North Carolina reflects what is happening nationally, most pediatricians across the country lack confidence in their ability to treat obesity, which is increasingly recognized as robbing children of physical vigor now and good health in later life, a new study shows.

Mass production of human papillomavirus could lead to gains against cervical cancer
HHMI researchers may be on the verge of exploiting the vulnerabilities of a virus that causes cervical cancer, thanks to a newly developed technique that enables scientists to mass-produce human papillomavirus (HPV) in the laboratory.

The wonders of science on display at June 21 congressional exhibition
Scientific advances across a broad spectrum of disciplines will be featured at the 11th Annual Exhibition and Reception sponsored by the Coalition for National Science Funding.

'Plastic oil' could improve fuel economy in cars, chemists say
Recycled plastic bottles could one day be used to lubricate your car's engine, according to researchers at Chevron and the University of Kentucky, who in laboratory experiments converted waste plastic into lubricating oil.

Social support linked to prognostic marker for ovarian cancer
A new study reports that social support and other behavioral factors are related to levels of a circulating protein, which at high levels is associated with a poor prognosis in advanced ovarian cancer.

Children need 60 minutes of daily physical activity, expert panel says
The take-home message for parents is that it is very important to ensure that their children spend at least an hour a day in some form of appropriate physical activity.

What comes first...the chicken, the egg, or the bad attitude?
Researchers at the University of Alberta have discovered that chickens raised for meat can choose whether or not they'll funnel the nutrients they eat towards themselves or their eggs.

Smoking and obesity accelerate human ageing
People who smoke or are obese are biologically older than slim individuals and non-smokers, suggests a study published online today (Tuesday June 14, 2005) by THE LANCET.

Nutritious frozen foods can play role in weight-loss programs
Size matters when it comes to meal portions in weight-loss diets, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Diabetic retinopathy occurs in pre-diabetes
Diabetic retinopathy has been found in nearly 8 percent of pre-diabetic participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), according to a report presented today at the American Diabetes Association's 65th Annual Scientific Sessions.

30 years later, epilepsy surgery shows good results
A new study shows that the prognosis is good for people who have epilepsy surgery, even 30 years after the surgery.

Flight stockings significantly reduce DVT risk, says research review
People who don't wear graduated compression stockings when they fly are more than 12 times more likely to develop Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) than those who do, according to a research review published in the latest Journal of Advanced Nursing.

Journey begins for NASA's New Horizons Probe
The first spacecraft designed to study Pluto took the first steps on a long journey when it was shipped to NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., for its next round of pre-launch tests.

Paul Barber, BU biologist, receives Presidential Early Career Award for research endeavors
Boston University's Paul Barber will be honored today as one of this nation's most promising young researchers.

Study examines reasons for suboptimal outcomes following deep brain stimulation surgery
A study of follow-up care for patients with unsatisfactory outcomes from deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery for movement disorders offers insights into reasons for problems and proposes strategies for improved outcomes.

Nature of industry changing around the world, K-State experts say
The character of work is changing around the world, according to Kansas State University professors.

Gene controlling circadian rhythms linked to drug addiction, UT Southwestern researchers find
The gene that regulates the body's main biological clocks also may play a pivotal role in drug addiction, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Conservation International and SC Johnson partner again to offset carbon impacts
In an effort to help protect the rain forests of northeastern Madagascar, SC Johnson has made a $5,000 contribution to Conservation International's Conservation Carbon program.

GINA collaboration to boost response to summer fires
Armed with images taken from space, fire personnel will be able to track hot spots and fire movement, even under smoke that may ground mapping aircraft.

IEEE-USA President to be inducted into New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame
IEEE-USA President Dr. Gerard A. Alphonse of Princeton, N.J., will be inducted into the New Jersey Inventors Hall of Fame on 23 June.

Increasing the success of liver transplants by managing levels of anti-rejection drugs
A study on patients who receive liver transplantation provides a new approach to keeping the levels of anti-rejection drugs within a safe range for each patient.

When believing becomes seeing, or how the brain learns to fill in the blanks
Our ability to learn to see things that may be new or unfamiliar is a plus; it allows us to adapt to changes in our environment and to learn to do new tasks.

Mayan stingless bee keeping: Going, going, gone?
Long before Europeans brought honey bees (Apis mellifera) to the Americas, Mayan bee keepers harvested honey from the log nests of stingless bees native to tropical forests.

New program focuses on the sometimes neglected needs of siblings of sick children
A sick child in the family sometimes means that well children don't always receive a proportional share of parents' attention; a new program focuses on the needs of well children dealing with the complexity of having an ill sibling.

Homeless prefer aggressive medical treatment
A new study published in the June issue of Chest, the peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Chest Physicians, reports that homeless persons are more likely than physicians to want lifesaving procedures performed on them.

Penn-led team to look to distant galaxies with balloon-borne telescope
An international team of researchers, led by astronomers at the University of Pennsylvania, has launched the most highly sensitive telescope of its kind to be carried by balloon.

Treating pregnancy-related diabetes is a win-win for mum and baby
A major international study coordinated from Adelaide, South Australia has shown that treating pregnant women who develop mild gestational diabetes helps their babies and improves the mother's health-related quality of life without increasing the risk of caesarian section.

International commissions and the power of ideas
This looks at the role of international commissions as providing an inter connected process shaping the mind - and the architectural body -of global governance.

Tough child support laws deter single men from becoming dads
States that are strict in enforcing child support have up to 20 percent fewer unmarried births than states that are lax about getting unmarried dads to pay.

Tagging pathogens with synthetic DNA 'barcodes'
A new technology developed at Cornell University can identify genes, pathogens, illegal drugs and other chemicals of interest by tagging them with color-coded probes made out of synthetic DNA.

Scientists streamline method for making key virus
By devising a novel way to package the genome of a common human tumor virus -- the virus that causes common warts, genital warts and that is implicated in prevalent cancers -- scientists have paved the way for making the pathogen far more accessible to biomedical science.

Burnham Institute awarded $13 M for Program of Excellence in Nanotechnology
The Burnham Institute has been selected as a

First test of predictions of climate change impacts on biodiversity
In a fascinating new study published this week in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography, a group of Oxford Scientists have tested the ability of environmental science to predict the future.

Chemotherapy for brain tumors is boosted after vaccine targets resistance-related antigen
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai's Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute recently documented that chemotherapy after immunotherapy provides significantly better results than either therapy can provide alone.

Chinese Minister of Sciences visits Ghent biotechnologists
The Chinese Minister of Sciences, Ma Songde, and Flemish Minister for Science and Innovation, Fientje Moerman, are today visiting the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) in Ghent.

Delaying radiation for prostate cancer does not affect outcome
For men diagnosed with prostate cancer, there is no risk of recurrence if external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is delayed by several months, according to a new study.

Children need 60 minutes of daily physical activity, expert panel says
School-age children should participate in 60 minutes or more of moderate to vigorous physical activity daily, according to an expert panel.

Obese women with breast cancer may be undertreated
Overweight and obese women with breast cancer may receive reduced doses of chemotherapy drugs, which may put them at greater risk of cancer recurrence, according to a study in the June 13 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Report describes details of four transplant recipients who contracted rabies from donor
A new report describes details of the clinical, radiological and pathological findings of four patients who received organs or tissue from a single donor, contracted rabies from the transplant and subsequently died, according to a study in the June issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cancer drug could aid premature labour
An anti-cancer drug could potentially be the first effective treatment for the many thousands of premature births that occur worldwide each year, scientific tests by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne have found.

Sleep therapy may protect against death from heart disease
A common sleep therapy used to treat patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may actually have a protective effect against death related to cardiovascular disease.

Children born prematurely at risk for poorer vision
Children who were born prematurely are more likely to have visual problems at 10 years of age than children who were born at full term, according to a study in the June issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

ASPB Annual Meeting July 16-20 in Seattle
Nearly 1,700 plant scientists from throughout the world will convene in Seattle July 16 to 20, 2005 for the annual meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB).

For first time, brain cells generated in a dish
Cell culture method holds promise of producing a limitless supply of a person's own brain cells to potentially heal disorders.

GroPep infertility data presented at US meeting
GroPep's program to develop a treatment for infertility reached another milestone with the release of key data at the 25th Anniversary Meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Immunology in the US.

Physical and functional interaction of key cell growth molecules linked to cancer
Scientists have uncovered new information about a specific mechanism involved in the biology of malignant human tumor cells.

Large multinational general population study shows restless legs syndrome is common, under-diagnosed
The first multinational study to asses patients considered to have diagnostic criteria for Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS), a chronic and disruptive neurological disorder characterized by a compelling urge to move the legs, found that the condition is common, under-diagnosed and can significantly impact sleep and daily activities.

Scripps studies provide new details about Antarctic iceberg detachment
A multifaceted research effort by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, and their colleagues has resulted in several important new findings about Antarctica and the changing dynamics of its ice structure.

Tobacco linked to 63 percent of cancer death burden among African-American men
A new analysis links tobacco smoke to 63 percent of cancer deaths among African-American men in the United States.

Scientists devise way to measure RNA synthesis on the fly in a live cell
A team of scientists at the University of Chicago has developed a non-invasive laboratory technique that allows them to instantly map when genes are switching off and on in a living bacterium as it becomes exposed to antibiotics and other changes in its environment.

Plant pathologists evaluate eco-friendly alternatives to methyl bromide
Alternatives to a powerful pesticide that was found to be an ozone depletor are now being evaluated in agricultural production areas of Florida, say plant pathologists with USDA's Agricultural Research Service.

Carnegie Mellon computational biologist wins PECASE Award
Computational biologist Russell Schwartz of Carnegie Mellon University is being recognized as part of an elite group of the most promising early-career scientists and engineers at a Washington, D.C., ceremony Monday, June 13.

Astronomers discover most Earth-like extrasolar planet yet
A small, dim red star 15 light years away has been found to harbor a planet only seven and a half times the size of Earth, which means it is possibly a rocky world like our four inner planets.

How scanning your finger could save your life
Who would have thought taking a simple scan of your finger could save your life?

Highlights in the June 2005 issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Several review ppaers in the June issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment cover a wide variety of issues, including: Chesapeake Bay restoration, community recovery of agricultural landscapes, an ecological nutrition link to infections, and an examination of the threats facing marine species.

UCSB professors among team awarded $13 million to mount nano-attack on plaque
A partnership of 25 scientists from the College of Engineering at UC Santa Barbara, the Burnham Institute and The Scripps Researchh Institute have been awarded $13 million to use nanotechnologies in the design of new ways to detect, monitor, treat, and eliminate
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