Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 29, 2005
New bipolar survey: Patients' satisfaction influenced
Preliminary results from a large-scale global study of people living with bipolar disorder,1 presented today at the World Congress of Biological Psychiatry (WCBP), found that patient satisfaction with treatment is achieved through combining broad-based efficacy with a favourable tolerability profile.

Unlike other mammals, newborn dolphins and orcas stay active 24/7 during first months of development
A study led by UCLA researchers and published in the upcoming edition of Nature finds that unlike other mammals, newborn dolphins and killer whales remain awake and active 24/7 during the first weeks of life when critical development takes place.

The DFG and the German Science Council welcome agreement on the Excellence Initiative
The President of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation), Professor Ernst-Ludwig Winnacker, and the chairman of the German Science Council, Professor Karl Max Einhäupl, have welcomed today's approval of the 'Excellence Initiative' by the German federal government and the states.

Genetic on-off switches pinpointed in human genome
In another step to decipher information in the human genome, scientists have discovered the location and sequence of over 10,000 DNA regions that function as genetic on-off switches, or

Mountain-building process much faster - and cooler - than previously thought, say Queen's geologists
Geologists at Queen's University have discovered that the time it takes for mountain ranges to form is millions of years shorter than previously thought.

Researchers create first nanofluidic transistor, the basis of future chemical processors
Transistors use a gate voltage to turn currents on and off.

New chem-bio sensors offer simultaneous monitoring
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and the Vienna University of Technology have developed a modular system that combines chemical and biological sensing tools capable of providing simultaneous, nano-level resolution information on cell topography and biological activity.

Salmon survival, cleaner hydropower focus of ORNL research
A new advanced turbine being tested at Wanapum Dam in Washington state produces nearly 5 percent more power, but before more are installed researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are getting input from several thousand fish.

Size matters: Friction, adhesion change on atomic level
Physicists have a pretty good idea of what to expect when friction and adhesion occur in the visible world.

Global survey reveals personal impact of bipolar disorder
The World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) today announced results of a global bipolar disorder consumer survey, Thinking Ahead, at the World Congress of Biological Psychiatry.

New drug candidate against HIV developed in Sweden
As a part of a research collaboration, scientists at the Sahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg University, Sweden, have developed a new drug candidate against HIV-infection.

Florida Tech student team takes first place in digital signal processor contest
A Florida Tech team of two students and a faculty member developed a real-time algorithm that removes background noise to earn first place in the 2005 UML-ADI First Regional Contest hosted by the University of Massachusetts, Lowell.

Scientists construct a physical map of the Drosophila buzzatii genome
An international team of researchers led by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Professor Alfredo Ruiz, has launched in this month's issue of the journal Genome Research the first detailed physical map of the Drosophila buzzatii chromosomes.

Changing job criteria to discriminate in employment
A Yale study finds that shifting hiring criteria after learning the gender of job applicants is one way that employers engage in sex discrimination, despite laws and policies banning it.

Black holes can't escape the phantom menace
When physicists first suggested that our universe could end in a big rip - where all matter would be torn apart by phantom energy - many considered it implausible because it wasn't clear how anything could destroy black holes.

Scientist refines cosmic clock to determine age of Milky Way
The University of Chicago's Nicolas Dauphas has developed a new way to calculate the age of the Milky Way that is free of the unvalidated assumptions that have plagued previous methods.

Where China goes, the rest follow in the global neighborhood
Globalization is making it a small world, after all, and the costs of this newfound neighborliness are high.

NCAR analysis shows widespread pollution from 2004 wildfires
Wildfires in Alaska and Canada in 2004 emitted as much carbon monoxide as did human-related activities in the continental United States during the same time period, according to new research by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

ESA 90th Annual Meeting
The Ecological Society of America's (ESA) 90th Annual Meeting will be held jointly with the INTECOL IX International Congress of Ecology in Montréal, Quebec, August 7-12, 2005.

Women's health suffers under welfare reform, study says
Women who are current and former welfare recipients suffer a whole host of health problems---and getting a job doesn't always help matters.

Research team receives $7.5 million to study cassava
Ohio State University will lead an interdisciplinary team of scientists in a multi-million dollar project to help improve one of the most important food crops in Africa, cassava.

ORNL establishes Shull Fellowship for neutron research
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has announced the establishment of the Clifford G.

Warmer air may cause increased Antarctic sea ice cover
Predicted increases in precipitation due to warmer air temperatures from greenhouse gas emissions may actually increase sea ice volume in the Antarctic's Southern Ocean.

Voice-to-voice translation machine perfects bedside manner
Three years of work by a large interdisciplinary team at the University of Southern California has created a rudimentary but working two-way voice translation system that allows an English-speaking doctor to talk to a Persian-speaking patient.

ACTOS® (pioglitazone HCl) significantly improved components of diabetic dyslipidemia
A new study published in today's issue of Diabetes Care demonstrated that ACTOS improved components of diabetic dyslipidemia to a significantly greater extent than Avandia.

Amazon symposium to address large-scale conservation
On July 19, 2005, at the Society of Conservation Biology annual meetings, in Brasília, Brazil, the Woods Hole Research Center and the Instituto de Pesquisa Ambiental da Amazonia (IPAM) will hold an international symposium on the prospects for large-scale conservation of natural resources in the Amazon Basin.

Not all industrial sectors respond the same way to changes and shocks
Business cycles are a fact of economic life and they can have a significant impact on new technology sectors where the risks are high and product development takes time.

Whole genome promoter mapping - Human Genome Project v2.0?
Investigators from the University California, San Diego (UCSD) Branch of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR) and NimbleGen Systems have developed an efficient method to identify thousands of regulatory sequences in the human genome, according to a study published today in Nature.

Sunshine mapping from space means brighter solar energy future
How sunny is it outside right now - not just locally but all across Europe and Africa?

Oregon study confirms health benefits of cobblestone walking for older adults
A recently completed study by scientists at the Oregon Research Institute (ORI) in Eugene confirmed earlier findings from a pilot study that walking on a cobblestone mat surface resulted in significant reductions in blood pressure and improvements in balance and physical performance among adults 60 and over.

Scripps research scientists discover new key to pulmonary edema in respiratory distress syndrome
Scripps Research Professor Hugh Rosen and his colleagues are reporting a new molecular mechanism that controls how the lungs are kept dry and under what conditions they permit fluids to enter.

NASA probe could reveal comet life, scientists claim
Scientists at Cardiff University, UK, believe a NASA mission could reveal living matter in the icy layers beneath the surface of a comet.

Children's Hospital Boston hosts live Webcast
Children's Hospital Boston will broadcast a robotic assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty to remove an obstruction from a kidney and reconnect the kidney's drainage system.

DVD-editing software raises ire of Hollywood, interest of courts
What Hollywood studios call censorship and copyright infringement, software companies call freedom and parental choice.

Female butterflies go for sparkle -- not size -- when choosing to mate
Size doesn't matter, at least not the size of the eyespots on a male butterfly's wings when female butterflies consider potential mates.

New research puts a fresh spin on current thinking of speech evolution in humans
A study, published in Nature by Dr. Michael Petrides at the Montreal Neurological Institute at McGill University, identifies a distinct brain region in macaque monkeys homologous to Broca's area - the region in humans critical for speech production.

Hubble sees outburst from Deep Impact comet
In a dress rehearsal for the rendezvous between NASA's Deep Impact spacecraft and Comet 9P/Tempel 1, the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope captured dramatic images of a new jet of dust streaming from the icy comet.

Shark attack worries? Driving to the beach is more deadly
Which is more likely to happen - you being in a car wreck or being bitten by a shark?

U. of Colorado geophysicists image rock layers under Himalaya
A team of geophysicists at the University of Colorado at Boulder has developed a new technique to visualize the colliding rock bodies beneath the Himalaya with unprecedented detail, answering a number of questions about the world's highest mountains and providing a new tool for assessing earthquake hazards.

Viagra shows potential vasopressin-independent cGMP signaling in certain diabetes
Harvard/Mass General researchers believed they might bypass malfunctioning vasopressin receptors and alleviate NDI symptoms by activating the kidney's water channels (aquaporins) pharmacologically.

Researchers confirm increasing risk for heart failure in aging US population
A report published in the July issue of The American Journal of suggests that heart failure is an important clinical syndrome affecting residents a large northeast community.

Costly breeding programs for endangered species pay off
New findings from a comparison of the long-term implications of zoo breeding programs bolster the case for so-called

Communication, ethics and the law in healthcare - international conference
The latest research and views on the intersections of communication, ethics and law in healthcare will be presented in Sydney at the Third International Conference on Communication, Medicine and Ethics and the Eighth Annual Seminar of the Centre for Values, Ethics and Law in Medicine (COMET-VELIM) from June 30 to July 2.

Three reasons not to believe in an autism epidemic
Some people think we are witnessing an autism epidemic. However, according to a new report published in Current Directions in Psychological Science, there are three good reasons not to believe in this so-called epidemic.

Are we on our way back to the Dark Ages?
You may think that with faster internet connectivity, internet phone calls and iPods, that we're living in a technological nirvana.

Historic schooner carries Stevens technology to monitor NY Harbor
Stevens Institute of Technology, South Street Seaport Museum, and the New York Department of Environmental Protection have announced a joint project to measure water conditions in New York Harbor.

Vigorous hurricane season expected to strike United States
What can homeowners do to protect every opening in their home from destructive high winds? is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to