Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 30, 2005
Team investigates Active Denial System for security applications
A multi-organizational team is adapting for DOE use a technology that can help keep security adversaries out of DOE sites that contain nuclear assets.

NIST to accredit voting systems test labs
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has established a program for accrediting laboratories that will test voting systems and components in accordance with the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002.

Researchers discover novel pathway of inflammation that contributes to lung damage in CF patients
Because in cystic fibrosis patients the inflammation is never

Dirk Inzé receives the Francqui Prize for Biological and Medical Sciences 2005
Dirk Inzé, scientific director of the department of Plant Systems Biology, receives this prestigious reward for his research and vision.

US/African project deciphers deadly parasite genome
An innovative North-South research collaboration has culminated in a study that provides molecular clues to help develop new ways to treat or prevent East Coast fever.

Change in prenatal genetic testing could reduce detection rate of abnormalities
A proposed change to the type of prenatal genetic testing offered to couples in the UK could result in certain chromosome abnormalities being missed, suggests a study published online today (Thursday June 30, 2005) by The Lancet.

Purdue researchers find key to rice blast fungus
Efforts to halt a fungus that deprives about 60 million people a year of food have led Purdue University scientists to discover the molecular machinery that enables the pathogen to blast its way into rice plants.

Health professionals believe gender bias limits women's progression in NHS
The NHS suffers from an institutional gender bias that favours the progression of men over women according to health professionals.

Help for osteoporosis sufferers in the primary care office
A primary care practitioner can help improve quality of life and mobility for those who suffer from pain resulting from osteoporosis-related fractures by referring a patient for two relatively new non-invasive procedures.

'Perfume' to lure mosquitoes and control malaria
A five-year, $8.5-million dollar research project, to substantially reduce the spread of malaria by redirecting mosquitoes with odor cues, is being undertaken by an international team of scientists including John Carlson, at Yale University.

Einstein ring in distant universe
Using ESO's Very Large Telescope, Rémi Cabanac and his European colleagues have discovered an amazing cosmic mirage, known to scientists as an Einstein Ring.

Rosetta gets first glimpse of Deep Impact target
ESA's Rosetta comet-chaser spacecraft has acquired its first view of the Deep Impact target, Comet 9P/Tempel 1.

Time is running out for Mississippi's HIV-positive Medicaid beneficiaries
Medicaid beneficiaries living with HIV/AIDS in Mississippi are about to be denied access to medications they need to stay alive.

Targacept compounds show long-lasting improvement in cognition
Compounds that selectively target nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the brain appear to have a beneficial effect on cognition long after they are no longer present in the central nervous system.

New drug is effective in reducing rejection in heart transplantation
A new study shows daclizumab is effective in reducing rejection and risk for infection in heart transplant patients.

ARRS president responds to NAS report on ionizing radiation
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) today released a report that indicates that low levels of ionizing radiation may cause harm.

Stolen gene allows insect virus to enter cells
A gene enabling an insect virus to enter new cells was likely stolen from a host cell and adapted for the virus's use, researchers at Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) at Cornell University report.

A 'dimmer switch' for genes
A protein that was thought to simply turn genes on and off now looks to be more like a cellular

What don't we know? Science presents the great unsolved scientific mysteries of our time
What is the universe made of? What is the biological basis of consciousness?

New design developed for silicon nanowire transistors
In an advance for nanoscale electronics, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have demonstrated a new design for silicon nanowire transistors that both simplifies processing and allows the devices to be switched on and off more easily.

Does manganese inhaled from the shower represent a public health threat?
A new analysis based on animal studies suggests that showering in manganese-contaminated water for a decade or more could have permanent effects on the nervous system.

Imaging goes 3-D: 'exquisite' PET/CT image captures SNM's 2005 Image of the Year
An image by Stanford University researchers that details taking molecular/nuclear imaging to a three-dimensional level--providing a merged or

Satellite images of wildfire smoke now available for Media
Images showing smoke from Interior Alaska wildfires suitable for publication in newspapers and for still images for television are available from the Geographic Information Network of Alaska Web site, located at http://www.gina.alaska.edu/media/.

A giant step toward tiny functional nanowires
Carved gaps are essential to a nanowire's function, and controlling those gaps would allow scientists and engineers to design with precision devices ranging from tiny integrated circuits to gene chips and protein arrays for diagnostics and drug discovery.

Molecular Profiling Institute, Inc. acquires NanoBiomics, Inc.
The Molecular Profiling Institute, Inc. (Molecular Profiling) today announced the acquisition of the assets of NanoBiomics, Inc.

Weight-loss surgery produces unexpected drop in heart disease risk, Stanford researchers find
Stanford University School of Medicine study using new measures of heart disease risk shows that gastric bypass surgery reduces the risk of heart disease even more than previously believed.

Political prejudice preventing progress on prison health
Measures to improve the health of prisoners should be based on evidence not political prejudice, states an editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Virginia Center for Coal and Energy Research leads team in $14.3 million climate-change project
Power plants that use coal and oil produce energy and various byproducts - among them the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

Steward T. A. Pickett, director of the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, honored by CERC
Dr. Pickett was recognized by CERC for his contributions to the field of conservation science.

FDA approves new indication for Topamax as initial monotherapy for adults and children with epilepsy
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) today approved a new use for TOPAMAX (topiramate) Tablets and TOPAMAX (topiramate capsules) Sprinkle Capsules as initial monotherapy in patients 10 years of age and older with partial onset or primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures.

Rockefeller University vaccine researchers selected for a grant offer from Foundation for NIH
A team of researchers led by Rockefeller University immunologist Ralph M.

Extra-large 'atoms' allow Penn physicists to solve the riddle of why things melt
Physicists at the University of Pennsylvania have experimentally discovered a fundamental principal about how solid materials melt.

Fighting malaria by manipulating mosquitoes' sense of smell
Combating the spread of malaria by manipulating the mosquitoes' sense of smell is the object of an ambitious research project, led by Vanderbilt University, that has been selected to receive $8.5 million as part of the Grand Challenges to Global Health.

Grand Challenges in Global Health initiative funds Yale project
Yale has been offered $17 million from the Grand Challenges in Global health initiative to genetically engineer mice with immune systems similar enough to humans to aid in testing the safety and effectiveness of potential vaccines.

Measures can help save frontal sinuses
A few X-ray measurements can help determine whether chronic problems with the hard-to-reach frontal sinuses can be corrected with surgery, according to a new study.

Urgent measures needed to tackle HIV epidemic in Moscow
HIV infection rates in vulnerable groups in Moscow could be between 30-120 times higher than those found in the general Russian Federation population, concludes a research letter in this week's issue of The Lancet. US researchers found high rates of HIV infection and sexually transmitted infections (STI's) in homeless adults, juvenile detainees, and remand detainees, especially women.

Final nightclub fire report urges code compliance
NIST fire investigators have urged all state and local governments to adopt and aggressively enforce national model building and fire safety codes for nightclubs.

Knowledge of Tuskegee study doesn't increase medical mistrust
According to research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, knowledge of the Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphiliis in the Negro Male does not increase distrust in medical care.

Prescription pain patch abuse blamed for increase in deaths
Addicts are misusing a clear patch that transfers a controlled dose of fentanyl through the skin into the bloodstream over the course of a few days, University of Florida experts say.

ORNL wins three R&D 100s
Researchers and engineers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have won three R&D 100 Awards, presented each year by R&D Magazine in recognition of the year's most significant technological innovations.

U-M scientists discover identifying markers for primitive blood-forming stem cells
Scientists at the University of Michigan Medical School have discovered the biological equivalent of a grocery store bar code on the surface of primitive, blood-forming stem cells in mice.

NYU's Center for Comparative Functional Genomics helps to unravel the function of microRNAS
MicroRNAs are a recently discovered large class of small, non-coding genes.

Roy Meadow should not be found guilty of serious professional misconduct
Facts and fairness demand that Professor Roy Meadow should not be found guilty of serious professional misconduct, states a comment in this week's issue of The Lancet.

Is Cajun in the genes?
LSU Professor of Life Sciences Mark Batzer has been working for more than a decade with researchers from the LSU Health Sciences Center and the Tulane Health Sciences Center in New Orleans to trace, analyze and better understand the genetics of the Acadian, or

ASM to host 45th ICAAC in New Orleans
American Society for Microbiology is hosting the 45th ICAAC in New Orleans, being held September 21-24, 2005 in New Orleans, LA.

Identifying blood stem cells is a SLAM dunk
HHMI researchers have developed a simple technique to identify hematopoietic, or blood-forming, stem cells based on a set of characteristic markers that the cells display on their surface.

UCAR training helps forecasters predict rip currents
Innovative online courses developed at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research are helping NOAA forecasters protect the public from rip currents.

Landscape corridors promote animal, plant dispersal
A study by a North Carolina State University zoologist and colleagues from the University of Florida and Allegheny College says that landscape corridors - strips of land connecting separated areas of similar habitat - are effective in promoting animal and plant seed movement to help sustain diversity and dispersal of native animals and plants.

NIST World Trade Center investigation team calls for improvements
At press and public briefings in New York City on June 23, investigators from the National Institute of Standards and Technology called on organizations that develop building and fire safety codes, standards and practices to make specific changes to improve the safety of tall buildings, their occupants and first responders.

Are aerosols reducing coastal drizzle and increasing cloud cover?
Scientists are conducting a six-month atmospheric research campaign at the Point Reyes National Seashore in California.

E-mail can be good for you
A steady diet of e-mails that promote healthy behavior can change a person's outlook and behavior regarding healthier eating and increased physical activity, says a new study from the University of Alberta.

Electricity transmission: Governments and agencies cooperate to ensure reliability
A bilateral working group from the United States and Canada will address key issues related to electricity reliability in North America.

Oceans turning to acid from rise in CO2
A report issued by the Royal Society in the UK sounds the alarm about the world's oceans.

NIST scientist honored for neutron probe advances
For his role in enhancing both the hardware and theory in the field known as neutron reflectometry, Majkrzak, who leads the Surfaces and Interfacial Science Team at the National Institute of Standards and Technology Center for Neutron Research, will receive the 2006 Bertram E.

LSU scientists develop new theory about human genome evolution by tracking 'stealth' DNA elements
A group of LSU researchers, led by biological sciences Professor Mark Batzer, have unraveled the details of a 25-million-year-old evolutionary process in the human genome.

UT Southwestern researchers discover master switch in cell death
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found an enzyme vital for controlling the early stages of cell death - a beneficial and normal process when it works right, but malignant in a variety of cancers when it malfunctions.

Takeda submits new drug application for combination type 2 diabetes medication
Takeda Pharmaceuticals North America today announced that the company has submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) for a new oral medication that combines pioglitazone HCl and glimepiride, a sulfonylurea, to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

A sharper focus for soft x-rays
A new pattern-overlay method allows researchers in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO) to achieve better than 15-nanometer resolution with the XM-1 x-ray microscope at the Advanced Light Source.
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