Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 01, 2005
Highlights of the 2005 July Journal of the American Dietetic Association
The July 2005 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest.

Small farmers are key to easing poverty - G8 advised
Small farmers can be a driving force in cutting hunger and poverty worldwide.

Agreement signed for European instruments on Chandrayaan-1
The European Space Agency (ESA) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) signed an agreement on 27 June 2005 for including European instruments on board India's first scientific mission to the Moon, Chandrayaan-1.

Scripps research-based center awarded more than $50 million by NIH to solve protein structures
A consortium of scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and several other California institutions has been awarded a $52.7 million grant by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), part of the National Institutes of Health.

Size doesn't matter
The beauty of fruit flies as a scientific model system is that they are easy to manipulate and they give results fast.

EPO upholds limited patent on BRCA2 gene
The European Society of Human Genetics is concerned that the granting of a limited patent on the BRCA2 will mean that, for the first time, doctors will have to ask the ethnic origins of patients before testing for breast cancer.

Wright leads US delegation at 2nd Japan/US workshop
Dr. Rebecca Wright, Associate Professor of Computer Science at Stevens Institute of Technology, led the US delegation and co-chaired the Second Japan/US Workshop on Critical Information Infrastructure Protection (CIIP) on June 26 and 27 in Tokyo, Japan.

American Thoracic Society Journal news tips for July 2005 (first issue)
Newsworthy articles show that: children's exposure to pre- and post-natal tobacco smoke carries a substantial risk for them to develop asthma and respiratory symptoms as adults; a study of 1,022 children who were followed from birth to age 26 revealed that there are different mechanisms for the development of asthma at varying ages between males and females; and pulmonary rehabilitation programs increase the peak work rate in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

DNA scans reveal possible location of lung cancer genes
Using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array technology, researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and collaborating institutions have found something much larger: sections of the chromosomes of lung cancer cells where cancer-related genes may lurk.

Doctors able to predict potential ovarian failure after radiation
Doctors in the United Kingdom have created a table to predict when a woman who has undergone radiation therapy as a part of cancer treatment regimen in her abdominal or pelvic area may become sterile, according to a new study published in the July 2005 issue of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, the official journal of ASTRO, the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.

Techniques available to detect soil that inhibits destructive soybean pest
Identification of soils that inhibit a tiny soybean-destroying organism is an important tool in reducing yield losses, according to a Purdue University plant pathologist.

Catchers mitts don't provide enough protection
Despite improvements in the catchers' mitts used by professional baseball players, the gloves still do not adequately protect players' hands from injury, according to a study by Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center.

NIMH study finds antipsychotic Risperidone safe, effective as intermediate term treatment for autism
A multi-site research group working under contract with NIMH finds that Risperidone, one of the newer anti-psychotic medications, is safe and effective for controlling aggressive and violent behavior in autistic children with minimal side effects for up to six months.

UK offers computer-based agroterrorism awareness courses
Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center (KIPRC), part of the University of Kentucky College of Public Health, has collaborated with the Kentucky Department of Agriculture (KDA) and the UK College of Agriculture to create two online courses on agroterrorism education.

Poly/mono balance important to cholesterol-lowering diet
In the search for the best fats for a heart healthy diet, trans- and saturated fats have long been recognized as undesirable and those that contain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are preferred -- with no clear benefit demonstrated for higher levels of either the PUFAs or the MUFAs within recommended limits.

July 2005 Ophthalmology journal
Studies from the July 2005 issue of Ophthalmology, the clinical journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, are now available.

Study links adolescent IQ/activity levels with risk of dementia
Your IQ and extracurricular interests as a teenager may forecast your memory and thinking abilities decades later.

One-drug therapy works for bipolar disorder
For the first time, researchers have demonstrated in separate short-term trials that a single drug therapy may be effective in treating both the manic and depressive phases of bipolar disorder.

Radiation exposure during virtual colonoscopy doesn't significantly raise cancer risks
The risk of developing cancer as a result of being exposed to X-rays during computed tomography colonography (also known as

Low birth weight linked to psychological distress in adulthood
Low birth weight is associated with adult psychological distress. The research found that children born full term but weighing less than 5.5 lbs had a 50% increased risk of psychological distress in later life.

Argonne receives $50 million NIH grant
Proteins are the molecular machines that make growth possible, and understanding their structure is key to developing pharmaceuticals.

$7.3 million NIH grant establishes Wellstone Muscular Dystrophy Research Center at the UI
The University of Iowa has received a five-year, $7.3 million grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke to establish a Paul D.

USC researchers link cellular stress to drug resistance in tumors
Cancer cells may be able to avoid destruction by anti-vascular and anti-angiogenesis agents through a cellular stress response that activates a pro-survival protein called GRP78.

Geophysical Institute graduate preparing for 'Deep Impact'
Don Hampton, a graduate of the Geophysical Institute at the University of Alaska Fairbanks, is now part of the Operations Team working on the Deep Impact mission.

Harvard scientists report public health impact of 1990 Iraq invasion of Kuwait
Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) made public the findings of Phase I of their investigation of the public health impacts on Kuwaiti Nationals of Iraq's 1990 invasion and seven-month occupation of Kuwait.

Trees, vines and nets - microbial evolution changes its face
EBI researchers have changed our view of 4 billion years of microbial evolution.

Snoring now, hyperactive later?
A new four-year study gives some of the strongest evidence yet that children who snore when they sleep are far more likely to have attention and hyperactivity problems than their non-snoring peers.

Animal research suggests new treatment target for epilepsy
New research suggests novel treatment targets for the most common form of childhood epilepsy - with the potential to have fewer side effects than traditional therapy.

Fuel ethanol cannot alleviate US dependence on petroleum
Researchers assessed carbon dioxide emissions, cropland requirements, and other environmental impacts of the use of fuel ethanol made from corn or sugarcane in the United States and Brazil.

Building better therapeutic vaccines for chronic infections
Familiar preventive vaccines protect an individual from infections. Therapeutic vaccines, however, are designed for patients who have acquired chronic infections, such as HIV or hepatitis, or even cancers.

Eliminating bacterial infections out of thin air
The cells responsible for destroying bacteria are effective in low-oxygen environments.

Protein structure initiative advances to rapid production phase
With the announcement of 10 new research centers, the Protein Structure Initiative (PSI) launches the second phase of its national effort to find the three-dimensional shapes of a wide range of proteins.

AGU Journal highlights - 30 June 2005
In this issue: Listening to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami quake; Building a better virtual raindrop; Looking to Europe's past to predict future climate; A new tool in the search for water on Mars; Surface gases found in deep-mantle volcanic rock; Ground tilt gives clues to crater activity inside a volcano; Alaskan wildfires emitted copious carbon monoxide; Moonlets may create propellers in Saturn's rings.

UCSD researchers boost white blood cells' ability to kill bacteria
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego have determined how white blood cells up the ante against invading bacteria, a finding that may lead to new treatments for infections including those caused by invasive--

Virginia Tech partner in discovery of quark interaction
Physics researchers working at the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) Laboratory in Japan have observed a new type of interaction among the most fundamental of particles, the quark.

Johns Hopkins scientists uncover clues to 'disappearing' precancers
New research sheds light on why cervical precancers disappear in some women and not in others.
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