Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 05, 2005
Steiner symposium brings together leading diabetes experts
On Friday, July 15, 2005, 28 of the world's leading diabetes researchers will gather at the at the University of Chicago's Biological Sciences Learning Center, 924 E.

New model may better predict outcomes for children with autism and autistic spectrum disorders
A new classification tool may allow healthcare professionals treating children with autism and autism-related disorders to more systematically sort out the combination of traits in the condition, and to better predict how children may improve over time.

Ethanol: Government of Canada announces second round of funding
On Wednesday, July 6, the Honourable Andy Mitchell, Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, will announce the second round of funding of the Government of Canada's Ethanol Expansion Program.

Child early intervention programs make for healthier adults
A 25-year follow-up study of a comprehensive early health and education intervention program begun in the early 1970s shows that inner-city children who participated not only did better educationally, but had better physical and mental health in adulthood.

New partnership to clear landmines for African elephants
A region made impassable by civil war in recent decades will be cleared of landmines to allow huge elephant herds to resume their normal spread in southern Africa, Roots of Peace (RoP) and Conservation International (CI) announced today.

ESO Very Large Telescopes study comet after impact
Through the night of 4 July 2005, all European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes observed the effects of the impact on Comet 9P/Tempel 1.

Parked cars get dangerously hot, even on cool days, Stanford study finds
Even on a relatively cool day, the temperature inside a parked car can quickly spike to life-threatening levels if the sun is out, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found.

Nutritional info helps teens make better choices
Mystery meat not withstanding, high school cafeterias can provide nutritional, balanced and healthful meals, but students have to choose correctly.

Researchers discover gene that determines asthma susceptibility by regulating inflammation
A research team at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the absence of Nrf2 exacerbated allergen-mediated asthma in mice models.

Largest study to date reveals baseline findings for flexible sigmoidoscopy
The largest study to date on the early detection of colorectal cancer offers benchmark data for what could be expected from large-scale use of flexible sigmoidoscopy as a screening tool.

Urine test may help monitor disfiguring birthmarks
Vascular anomalies - birthmarks caused by abnormal development of arteries, capillaries, veins or lymph vessels - can sometimes begin to progress, requiring aggressive treatment to save the child's health or vision.

NASA's swift satellite offers a different view of the great comet collision
Scientists using the Swift satellite witnessed a tale of fire and ice on July 4th, as NASA's Deep Impact probe slammed into the frozen comet Tempel 1.

UF researchers test drug that could cut orthodontic treatment time in half
A natural human hormone to biochemically move teeth faster and less painfully during orthodontic treatment is being tested.

Forensic Science: The Nexus of Science and the Law
During this program, expert panelists will address questions and examine the basic science underlying forensic technologies.

New pediatrician workforce policy addresses growing challenges in health care
A report from the Committee on Pediatric Workforce, authored by David Goodman, M.D. of Dartmouth Medical School, has resulted in a revised policy statement from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), challenging current assumptions about the need for greater numbers of doctors and raising concerns about a continued lack of racial diversity and geographic distribution in the pediatric workforce.

Controlling wildlife trade key to preventing health crises, study says
According to a study by the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society, controlling the movements of wildlife in markets is a cost-effective means of keeping potential deadly pandemics such as SARS and influenza from occurring.

Who do you trust? Men and women answer that differently
Men and women differ in how they decide which strangers they can trust, according to new research.

8th World Wilderness Congress announces details of forthcoming news events
The 8th World Wilderness Congress (WWC), convening from September 30 - October 6, 2005 at the Egan Convention Center in Anchorage, Alaska, is a public forum expected to attract more than 1,000 conservationists and experts from 40 countries.

ANTLE, development for environmental respect
The test phase of the engine ANTLE (Affordable Near Term Low Emissions) has concluded.

University of Oregon chemists discover new way to fix nitrogen
For the first time, hydrogen has been used as the source of electrons in the laboratory fixation of nitrogen, according to David Tyler, a University of Oregon chemistry professor.

Bone marrow researcher recieves Pew Award
A researcher investigating how cells in the bone marrow influence the creation of blood cells is one of 15 nationwide selected as 2005 Pew Scholars in Biomedical Science.

New study examines characteristics of women with an aggressive form of breast cancer
Women with a relatively rare and aggressive form of breast cancer tend to be younger, have larger tumors, and have a poorer survival rate compared with women with the most common forms of the disease, reports a new study in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Adult lifestyle biggest risk factor for diabetes, study finds
ADULT lifestyle - not childhood experience as previously thought - has the biggests influence on your chances of developing Type 2 diabetes in later life according to new research by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, whose findings contradict previously-held beliefs.

Treatments for prostate cancer may affect employment
Prostate cancer and its treatment may affect short-term employment status, and debilitating effects from the treatment may impede some job-related tasks, reports a new study in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Big ears for British wheat
Scientists at the University of Nottingham are working with researchers in Mexico to develop new varieties of wheat that could combine the best characteristics of British and Mexican types to bring about a quantum leap in yield while increasing the sustainability of UK agriculture.

Quantum cryptography
Quantum cryptography is often advertised as the answer to classical cryptographers' nightmares, since it gives a way of sending secret messages which is guaranteed by the laws of quantum theory to be secure.

Columbia University takes leading role in second phase of NIH protein structure initiative
Researchers at Columbia University are taking a major role in the second phase of the National Institutes of Health's Protein Structure Initiative, leading or participating in three of the 10 new research centers announced Friday by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences.

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
Only to the most skittish are mice considered fierce. However in the absence of nuclear receptor 2E1 (NR2E1), even laboratory mice can become fierce, displaying pathological violent behavior as well as hypoplastic brian and retinal development.

Dieting linked to increased wealth, study finds
Overweight Americans who lose a lot of weight also tend to build more wealth as they drop the pounds, according to new research.

Children's Hospital Oakland new sickle cell research
A new study led by a researcher at Children's Hospital & Research Center at Oakland is the first to find that an amino acid deficiency in sickle cell disease is the result of hemolysis, a process where red blood cells rupture and release their contents into the blood stream.

Rutgers to lead $52.7 million protein research program
A new Rutgers-led $52.7 million research program will help reveal the roles that proteins play in life's most fundamental processes and point the way to designing new medicines.

Women's health study finds vitamin E does not protect women from heart attack, stroke, or cancer
Vitamin E supplements do not protect healthy women against heart attacks and stroke, according to new results from the Women's Health Study, a long-term clinical trial of the effect of vitamin E and aspirin on both the prevention of cardiovascular disease and of cancer.

Researchers devise improved controls for advanced tokamak fusion reactor
In a paper published in the July issue of Automatica, researchers describe a way to more effectively dampen the vertical instabilities of the ionized hydrogen gas in a type of tokamak fusion reactor.

Study examines accuracy of PSA values for detecting prostate cancer
A new study indicates there is no specific PSA value that has both high sensitivity and high specificity for monitoring healthy men for prostate cancer, but rather there is a continuum of prostate cancer risk at all values of PSA, according to a study in the July 6 issue of JAMA.

Genetics center to launch new genetic-testing initiative
The Pew Charitable Trusts announced today that it is making a $3 million investment in the Genetics and Public Policy Center at Johns hopkins University to improve the overall effectiveness, safety, and reliability of genetic testing, and to develop and promote recommendations where appropriate.

UK science helps farmers in Africa and India
As the world's attention is focused on issues of aid and trade in developing countries, UK researchers have shown how science can improve the lives of farmers in Africa and Asia.

Canadian researchers call for more angiograms
More tests need to be prescribed to save and prolong the lives of Canadians living with coronary artery disease, says a study released today from the University of Alberta.

No link found between low androgen levels and low sexual function in women
No single androgen (sex hormone) level was found to be predictive of low sexual function in women, according to a study in the July 6 issue of JAMA.

Adolescent binge drinking issues
During a web-based CME conference on June 14th, two of the nation's leading experts on substance abuse and toxicology presented the latest information on adolescent binge drinking.

Vitamin E supplementation shows no overall benefit for major cardiovascular events or cancer
In an article in the July 6 JAMA, I-Min Lee, M.B.B.S., Sc.D., of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, and colleagues analyzed data from the vitamin E component of the Women's Health Study, which tested whether vitamin E supplementation decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer among healthy women.

Tempel 1 is weak X-ray source, XMM-Newton confirms
ESA's XMM-Newton observations of Comet 9P/Tempel 1 revealed that the object is a weak X-ray source.

Exercise program and special weighted back support improves balance in elderly
By wearing a unique weighted back support device and participating in a special exercise program, women over 60 with osteoporosis-caused curvature of the spine improved their balance and experienced diminished back pain, giving researchers at Mayo Clinic a promising therapy to reduce falls among this population.

Other highlights in the July 6 JNCI
Other highlights in the July 6 JNCI include a study of long-term use of aspirin and NSAIDs and the risk of prostate cancer, an examination of gene variants associated with melanoma risk in a Mediterranean population, a study of gene mutations in colorectal tumors and response to bevacizumab, the results of the baseline colorectal cancer screening in the PLCO trial, and a study of the transmission of a cancer-related virus during bone marrow transplants.

Technique provides new look on response of diseased canine heart
Using newly available biological technology, researchers have developed the first molecular portrait of multiple gene activity in diseased heart tissue taken from dogs near death from a devastating disease.

Dust and gas from Comet 9P/Tempel 1 seen by ESA OGS
Dust and gas are seen in these images of Comet 9P/Tempel 1, as observed with the 1-metre ESA Optical Ground Station (OGS) telescope, located at the Observatorio del Teide on Tenerife, Canary Islands.

Industry highlights need for stability and coordination in funding research in Europe
Lively debate at the EUREKA Industry Day in The Netherlands on 22 June 2005 illustrated the value European business places on the bottom-up, non-bureaucratic, flexible and near-to-market character of this intergovernmental research Initiative.

Brain function in schizophrenia can improve with support, holds promise for cognitive rehabilitation
When encouraged to use memorization strategies commonly employed by healthy individuals, people with schizophrenia can be helped to remember information just as well as their healthy counterparts, a process that in itself seems to spur a normalization of memory-related activities in the brains of people with schizophrenia, suggests new research from Washington University in St.

EUREKA Dutch Chair ends year with plea for improved funding for initiative
The EUREKA Dutch Chair marked the end of its July 2004 to June 2005 chair year with a clear message to governments at member country and European level of the need to improve funding and funding coordination for projects.

Study shows nicotine levels in Lexington service workers drop 56% after Smoke-Free Law
A new study being released today demonstrates that the health of area restaurant and bar workers has improved dramatically since the enactment last year of Lexington's Smoke-Free Law.

Turn up da noise
We usually think of noise as a bad thing -- like the background sound of street traffic that makes it hard to hear a conversation or your favorite CD.

MIT develops 'Anklebot' for stroke patients
Clinical trials have already shown that an MIT robotic arm can help stroke patients regain movement faster.

Large-scale trial indicates no benefit from low-dose aspirin in preventing cancer in healthy women
A major study that includes nearly 40,000 healthy women found no benefit on preventing cancer from taking low-dose aspirin, or benefit on preventing cancer or cardiovascular disease from taking vitamin E, according to two articles in the July 6 issue of JAMA.

Pediatricians' opinions vary on reporting threshold for suspected child abuse
What look like playground injuries to one physician, may be suspected child abuse to another.

Ethanol and biodiesel from crops not worth the energy
David Pimentel, professor of ecology and agriculture at Cornell University, has co-authored an analysis that finds that producing ethanol or biodiesel from corn and other biomass uses more energy than is produced.
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